BUILDING MEDICAL WORDS Medical words are like puzzles There are three different kinds of word parts. Combining forms, suffixes, and prefixes
USING WORD PARTS… Prefixes (P): used at the beginning of a medical term. • Describe, modify or limit the term • Not all medical terms use prefixes • Examples: • an- without anesthesia • Endo- innermost, within endotracheal • Poly- many, much polyneuropathy
USING WORD PARTS…Suffixes (S): the word ending • Changes the meaning of a word…you can make a word a noun, verb, or adjective • All medical terms have a suffix • Examples: • -ly going toward distally • -al pertaining to internal • -ic pertaining to hypogastric • -logy the study of cardiology • -ics knowledge, practice orthopedics
USING WORD PARTS… Combining Form: the basic meaning of the medical term. Gives the word its medical meaning. Medical terms can contain more than one combining form. • Examples: • pulmon/o- lung pulmonology • cost/o- rub costal • vertebr/o- vertebra vertebral • lumb/o lower back lumbar
USING WORD PARTSCombining Vowel • Usually an “o” • Used between word roots or when a suffix begins with a consonant. • Examples: • Neurology • neur/o + -logy • Osteocyte • oste/o + -cyte
DECODING MEDICAL TERMS… “Reading” a medical term is a step-by-step process. Start with the suffix and define it Next the prefix and define it Then, go to the combining form and define Lastly, define the word as a whole
PRONUNCIATION Sometimes seeing theactual picture, such as thisskeleton, helps in thepronunciation of a medicalword. Words associated witha skeleton are bones, cartilage,joint, marrow, etc….
• MEDICAL LANGUAGE • A living language • You are challenged to listen, speak, write, watch, respond, examine, think, and make connections. (Turley, S. p. xiii)
THE LANGUAGE OF MEDICINE “There is no recognized discipline called medical linguistics, but perhaps there ought to be one. The language of medicine offers intriguing challenges both to medical historians and to linguists. Classical scholars have analyzed the contents and language of the most ancient medical records in great detail, but the later development of medical terminology has received much less attention.” (Wulff, MD, H. p.1)
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Important to every outlet within the medical field. The communication pathway for all medical professionals. Falsification or wrong use of medical terms can be costly not only for the patient but everyone involved.
REFERENCES Turley, S. (2007). Preface. In Pearson Prentice Hall (Ed.), Medical Language (pp. xiii). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.. (2011). Yahoo! Image Search Results. Retrieved fromhttp://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images?_adv_prop=image&fr=yfp-t-701-s&va=nervous+system Right Health. (2011). Righthealth.com. Retrieved fromhttp://www.righthealth.com/topic/Image_Of_Muscle?p=l&as=msn&ac=529&kgl=38687204
REFERENCES CONT’D Wulff, MD., H. (2004). The language of medicine. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, v.97(4), 1. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi .nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1079361/