Ginger power point


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  • When building medical words it is important and vital to be correct.
  • Suffixes are the word ending.
  • Combining form is the main basic meaning of the medical word. Take a look at these examples.
  • Take a minute and dissect the following medical terms into prefix, combining form, and suffix.
  • Visual aids help when trying to define, learn, and pronounce medical terms.
  • Diagrams can also help you in locating the actual medical term within a body system. Trachea, larynx, and bronchi are medical terms within the respiratory system.
  • In your textbooks, the author Susan Turley explains how medical language is a living language. Your textbook is titled by medical specialties as well as body systems.
  • The language of medicine changes daily with new diagnoses, new treatments, or new research. However, medical terminology has not received the attention it so desires.
  • This slide is self explanatory.
  • References are from the textbook Medical Language by Susan Turley and images are from the websites located above and on the next slide.
  • Does anyone have any questions for me. If not we will take a short break and meet back in fifteen minutes to go over the presentation. Thank you.
  • Ginger power point

    1. 1. MEDICALTERMINOLOGY Ginger C. Meeker HCA 220 Dr. James McKinney
    3. 3. BUILDING MEDICAL WORDS Medical words are like puzzles There are three different kinds of word parts. Combining forms, suffixes, and prefixes
    4. 4. USING WORD PARTS… Prefixes (P): used at the beginning of a medical term. • Describe, modify or limit the term • Not all medical terms use prefixes • Examples: • an- without anesthesia • Endo- innermost, within endotracheal • Poly- many, much polyneuropathy
    5. 5. USING WORD PARTS…Suffixes (S): the word ending • Changes the meaning of a word…you can make a word a noun, verb, or adjective • All medical terms have a suffix • Examples: • -ly going toward distally • -al pertaining to internal • -ic pertaining to hypogastric • -logy the study of cardiology • -ics knowledge, practice orthopedics
    6. 6. USING WORD PARTS… Combining Form: the basic meaning of the medical term. Gives the word its medical meaning. Medical terms can contain more than one combining form. • Examples: • pulmon/o- lung pulmonology • cost/o- rub costal • vertebr/o- vertebra vertebral • lumb/o lower back lumbar
    7. 7. USING WORD PARTSCombining Vowel • Usually an “o” • Used between word roots or when a suffix begins with a consonant. • Examples: • Neurology • neur/o + -logy • Osteocyte • oste/o + -cyte
    8. 8. DECODING MEDICAL TERMS… “Reading” a medical term is a step-by-step process. Start with the suffix and define it Next the prefix and define it Then, go to the combining form and define Lastly, define the word as a whole
    9. 9. DECODING MEDICAL TERMS…Practice: • Neuropathy • Megakaryoblasts • Cardiomegaly • Malignancy • Laminectomy • Cerebrospinal • Contusion • Multiple Sclerosis • Bronchitis • Pulmonology
    10. 10. PRONUNCIATION Sometimes seeing theactual picture, such as thisskeleton, helps in thepronunciation of a medicalword. Words associated witha skeleton are bones, cartilage,joint, marrow, etc….
    11. 11. • MEDICAL LANGUAGE • A living language • You are challenged to listen, speak, write, watch, respond, examine, think, and make connections. (Turley, S. p. xiii)
    12. 12. THE LANGUAGE OF MEDICINE “There is no recognized discipline called medical linguistics, but perhaps there ought to be one. The language of medicine offers intriguing challenges both to medical historians and to linguists. Classical scholars have analyzed the contents and language of the most ancient medical records in great detail, but the later development of medical terminology has received much less attention.” (Wulff, MD, H. p.1)
    13. 13. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Important to every outlet within the medical field. The communication pathway for all medical professionals. Falsification or wrong use of medical terms can be costly not only for the patient but everyone involved.
    14. 14. REFERENCES Turley, S. (2007). Preface. In Pearson Prentice Hall (Ed.), Medical Language (pp. xiii). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.. (2011). Yahoo! Image Search Results. Retrieved from Right Health. (2011). Retrieved from
    15. 15. REFERENCES CONT’D Wulff, MD., H. (2004). The language of medicine. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, v.97(4), 1. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi