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  • 1. 1B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTask-Based LearningSource:Jane Willis, A Framework for Task-Based Learning, Longman ELT
  • 2. 2B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMWhy taskWhy task--based learningbased learning??What isWhat is aa tasktask??Six typesSix types ofof taskstasksTheThe TBLTBL frameworkframework
  • 3. 3B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMWhy Task-Based Learning?Conditions for Language LearningdesirableessentialInstructionin language(i.e. chances tofocus on formMotivationto listen andread thelanguage andto speak andwrite (i.e. toprocess anduse theexposure)Useof the languageto do things(i.e. exchangemeanings)Exposureto a rich butcomprehensibleinput of realspoken andwrittenlanguage in useThe TBL framework supports these conditions ina classroom environment.
  • 4. 4B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMWhat is a task?A task is an activity "where thetarget language is used by thelearner for a communicativepurpose (goal) in order toachieve an outcome."Jane Willis
  • 5. 5B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTypes of tasks1. Listingbrainstormingfact-findingOutcome:Completed list or draft mind map.
  • 6. 6B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTypes of tasks2. Ordering and sortingcategorisingclassifyingOutcome:Set of information ordered and sortedaccording to specified criteriasequencingranking
  • 7. 7B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTypes of tasks3. Comparingmatchingfinding similaritiesfinding differencesOutcome:Could be items appropriately matched orassembled, or the identification of similaritiesand/or differeneces.
  • 8. 8B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTypes of tasks4. Problem solvingreasoningdecision makingOutcome:Solutions to the problem, which can thenbe evaluated.analysing real situationsanalysing hypothetical situations
  • 9. 9B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTypes of tasks5. Sharing personal experiencesexploring and explainingattitudes, opinions, reactionsOutcome:Largely social.narratingdescribing
  • 10. 10B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTypes of tasks6. Creative Tasksordering and sortingcomparingproblem solving and many othersOutcome:End product which can be appreciated by awider audience.brainstormingfact-finding
  • 11. 11B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMThe TBL FrameworkPre-taskIntroduction to topic and taskTask cycleTask Planning ReportLanguage focusAnalysis Practice
  • 12. 12B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTMTask-Based LearningKlaus Leonhardt 2003
  • 13. 13B PB L T Mest ractice -est anguage eaching ethodsBP-BLTM
  • 14. 14