Megan gines kkk musolini fascism

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Megan gines kkk musolini fascism

  1. 1. IKAImperialKlans ofAmerica
  2. 2. The Ku Klux Klan• The Ku Klux Klan first emerged in the southern United States in the late 1860s, just after the end of the American Civil War and the abolition of slavery in the United States.• Some of the characteristics of the Klan were white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration sentiments. They were anti- communist, extremely racist, and used violence and fear to spread their influence.
  3. 3. • Klan members would wear white costumes of robes, masks, and long conical hats to hide their identities and to inspire fear when people saw them.• The Klan became known for burning crosses and for their violence against black americans, especially through beatings and lynchings (hangings with no trial).• The KKK reached it’s peak in the 1920s, claiming to have about 4-5 million members.
  4. 4. Rise of the KKK was due to the everchanging of a traditional America. 1925: Membership of 5 million 1926: Marched on Washington. Attack on urban culture and defends Christian/Protestant and rural values Against immigrants from Southern Europe, European Jews, Catholics and American Blacks Sought to win U.S. by persuasion andgaining control in local/state government. Violence, internal corruption result inKlan’s virtual disappearance by 1930 but will reappear in the 1950s and 1960s.
  5. 5. Features of the fascism
  6. 6. Political ideas F i D n Anarchism D e i T e m s h m o h e oSolution : The c Socialism e y cFascism , It can r d rstop them. a W a c w c y Communism a n i y t t e h Defend the Liberal system d t in the policy and h capitalism e
  7. 7. FC.133 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is aggressively aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Slide 1 Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries to build Italy’s power by developing: Italy’s ind’s, esp. Italy’s military Public works (e.g., Depression Few resources shipping & aircraft strength Hydro-elect.dams) (FC.132) in Italy Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 134)
  8. 8. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., Depression Few resources shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams) (FC.131) in Italy Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 133))
  9. 9. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS“Books are good…
  10. 10. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS“Books are good, muskets are better.”
  11. 11. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS“Books are good, muskets are better.”“…only blood makes the wheels of history turn.”
  12. 12. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS“Books are good, muskets are better.”“…only blood makes the wheels of history turn.”“Mussolini is always right.”
  13. 13. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)
  14. 14. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Political & economic chaos in Italy
  15. 15. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Italy & Germany?mad about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in ItalyVersailles (FC.128)
  16. 16. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Revolution about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy  Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) what ?
  17. 17. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130)
  18. 18. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) New polit. Philosophy? Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic
  19. 19. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive Controls what? free enterprise nationalistic
  20. 20. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Private prop. & free Is very aggressive aspects of society enterprise? nationalistic
  21. 21. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Attitude toward the aspects of society free enterprise nation?
  22. 22. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Fascism gets its name from the ancient Roman fasces, a bundle of rods carried before Roman consuls as a symbol of their power.
  23. 23. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Who likes it & why? Fascism gets its name from the ancient Roman fasces, a bundle of rods carried before Roman consuls as a symbol of their power.
  24. 24. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Leader & tactics he uses to gain popularity?
  25. 25. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order.
  26. 26. A fascist mass rally in Rome. Mussolini’s use of such events would influence Hitler’s theories &practices concerning the manipulation of mass democratic politics.
  27. 27. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. How do Fascists gain control of the Italian govt?
  28. 28. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along
  29. 29. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922)
  30. 30. Benito’s march on Rome
  31. 31. Benito and VictorEmmanuel III. “Yourmajesty will forgive myappearance, but I comefrom a battlefield.”
  32. 32. Painting glorifying the massive trafficjam known as the March on Rome.
  33. 33. Believe it or not, this company put out “March on Rome” playset so that kids could re-enact asomewhat lame event that got bogged down in traffic. Just to be safe, this comes with 4 Benitos,just in case the other 3 get lost. In this series there are playsets to re-enact a Nazi rally, aBolshevik rally, and a Chinese Communist rally.
  34. 34. “Without the March onRome, there could be nomarch on Moscow.”
  35. 35. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  ?
  36. 36. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties
  37. 37. Benito as an heroic warrior and as an heroic warrior on a horse!
  38. 38. Benito visiting soldiers in the hospital
  39. 39. Benito as an heroic warrior fighting a LION (cub)!
  40. 40. Benito as abuilding block
  41. 41. Benito pretending to be on the covers of Life Magazine (upper left) and Time Magazinewith lots of Italies coming out of his head
  42. 42. Benito as five heroic warriors at the same time!
  43. 43. Benito as Darth Vader
  44. 44. Benito as a giantmountain of Italiansall agreeing withhimself
  45. 45. Benito’s modest (60’ X 40’) office
  46. 46. The Alphabet Dancers praisingBenito after his takeove of SesameStreet.
  47. 47. A beautiful woman coveringa gaping tear in herswimsuit with a picture ofBenito’s big head.
  48. 48. 1929- Signing the Lateran Treaty by which the Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $,indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools and have Bingo nights every Wednesday.Apparently Benito couldn’t even resist cheating when signing a treaty. -> +1 on die rolls
  49. 49. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams)
  50. 50. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams)
  51. 51. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams)
  52. 52. “Good blood doesn’t lie”
  53. 53. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed:
  54. 54. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)
  55. 55. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)
  56. 56. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)
  57. 57. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 million
  58. 58. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed:
  59. 59. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month
  60. 60. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.
  61. 61. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI
  62. 62. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks
  63. 63. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it
  64. 64. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it -> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades
  65. 65. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)• Reality never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed 450 pieces/month•Reality-> only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it -> Borrowed armored cars from police for paradesAir Force•Claimed: 8530 planes
  66. 66. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it -> Borrowed armored cars from police for paradesAir Force•Claimed: 8530 planes•Reality: 3k (acc. to 1 minister)
  67. 67. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it -> Borrowed armored cars from police for paradesAir Force•Claimed: 8530 planes•Reality: 3k (acc. to 1 minister)->1k (acc. to navy)
  68. 68. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it -> Borrowed armored cars from police for paradesAir Force•Claimed: 8530 planes•Reality: 3k (acc. to 1 minister)-> 1k (acc. to navy)-> Actually 583-> Flew field to field for mult. reviews
  69. 69. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it -> Borrowed armored cars from police for paradesAir Force•Claimed: 8530 planes•Reality: 3k (acc. to 1 minister)->1k (acc. to navy)-> Actually 583-> Flew field to field for mult. reviews3 Spy services
  70. 70. BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUPArmy•Claimed: 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39)•Reality: never more than 3 millionArtillery•Claimed: 450 pieces/month•Reality: only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod.•Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWITanks•Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks•Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it -> Borrowed armored cars from police for paradesAir Force•Claimed: 8530 planes•Reality: 3k (acc. to 1 minister)-> 1k (acc. to navy)-> Actually 583-> Flew field to field for mult. reviews3 Spy services-> Arrest each other, put false documents in others’ files
  71. 71. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams)
  72. 72. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., Few resources shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams) in Italy
  73. 73. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., Depression Few resources shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams) (FC.131) in Italy
  74. 74. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., Depression Few resources shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams) (FC.131) in Italy Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power
  75. 75. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929- Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return World War I (FC.127) for $, indep. Vatican state, & rightItaly & Germany mad Russian Rev.  to teach in schools about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., Depression Few resources shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams) (FC.131) in Italy Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 133))
  76. 76. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127)Italy & Germany mad Russian Rev.  about Treaty of Political & economic chaos in Italy Growing fear of Versailles (FC.128) Communism (FC.130) Rise of Fascism which: Controls most Allows private prop. & Is very aggressive aspects of society free enterprise nationalistic Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Builds ind’s, esp. Build up Italy’s Public works (e.g., Depression Few resources shipping & aircraft military strength Hydro-elect.dams) (FC.131) in Italy Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 133))

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