Gothic Architecture• At the end of the 12th century , the Romanesque style gave way to the gothic style, which originated in France and quickly spread throughout Europe
CATHEDRALS• The most representative building was the Cathedral• It was the centre of the city• There were religious services inside• It is a place of meeting for guilds or municipal councils• Cities competed with each other to build the biggest cathedral because of it showed the power and wealth of the cities.
Main Characterictics• They were very different from Romanesque cathedrals.• 1- Pointed arches• 2-Rib vaults
Question of weight• The weight of the rib vault didn´t rest on the walls, but on the pillars inside the cathedral and on the flying buttresses (arbotantes y contrafuertes)outsides.
Walls, Where are the walls? mmm• So, thick walls weren´t necessary and large windows could be built. The windows were made of stained glass (vidrieras) and there were rose windows (rosetones) in bright colours.• Gothic cathedrals were high and full of light, to represent heaven.
Graund plan• The ground plan of Gothic cathedrals was also different. The Latin cross shape continued to be used• The East ends (cabeceras) were polygonal , not semicircular• The central nave was much higher and wider the side naves