U.N. Once Germany was defeated the Court of representatives of 48 Justice countries met in New York and they signed the U.N. Charter Economic There are five and General Security permanent members in Social assambly Council Council the Security Council .They have got the veto´s right secretariat
Key factors A complete lack of trust among politicians on each side Building up huge armed forces to threaten the other side (but not actually using them) Using the media to criticize the actions of the other side Co-operating with and supporting anyone who was an enemy of the ‘other side’
The Marshall Plan The Marshall Plan sent $13 billion as economic aid to help rebuild Europe – Helped stabilize European economies – Restarted consumer production in factories
Berlin Blockade (1948-1949) Stalin blockades roads into West Berlin, so Allies cannot get supplies in Stalin hopes to take complete control of Berlin Believes USA will not fight against Berlin Blockade
Berlin Airlift (1948-1949) Allies airlift supplies into West Berlin After 321 days, Stalin gives up blockade and creates communist East Germany
The Berlin wall 1961 West Berlin was booming , with plenty of jobs , goods and shops A steady stream (marea humana) of East berliners moved to the richer life in west Berlin. The URSS decided to put a stop to this and built the Berlin in wall across the city, with checkpints to control who went in and out.
KOREA The tension between communist and non communist states was not limited to Europe and in 1950 it led to war in Korea. Korea was divided in two states , the same Germany In 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea General MacArthur played the most important role The war finished in 1953 They are drawn (empatados, en tablas)
CUBA 1962, the longest night In 1962 USA spy planes discovered that the USSR was building missile bases on the island of Cuba, which meant that USSR missiles could be lounched against the USA The USA sent warships to interceot the missiles that were being delivered to the bases on Cuba . This meant that the warships of the USA and USSR might clash and star a war
The Cuban Missile Crisis1962
The Vietnam Warc.1963-1975
Ho Chi Minh North Vietnam was under the communist goverment of Ho Chi-Minh South Vietnam had government that was friendly to USA There were elections and USA was against them fearing the communists won them .
Vietcong Vietcong fought to overthrow the government of South Vietnam They were helped by North Vietnam In 1973 a ceasefire was agreed upon , but the fight continued until 1975. The conmunist won the fight and USA left Vietnam
Vietnam War EndsEnd of War 1973, after long negotiations, U.S. reached peace agreement with North Vietnam, withdrew military support; without support, South lost ground 1975, North Vietnamese tanks rolled into Saigon, ending warAfter the War 1976, Vietnam reunited officially, but faced major problems Millions dead or made homeless; Vietnamese economy severely crippled 1980s, abandoned Soviet-style planned economy, made economic reformsStill Communist Nation 1995, U.S. formally recognized united Vietnam Two nations agreed to improve trade relationship Many economic reforms; political reforms slow for Communist nation
Peaceful Coexistence A new generations of rulers helped to continue this peaceful atmosphere. Krushchev in USSR and Kennedy in USA showed the world more tolerant behaviour, when it came to ideological differences with the opponents