Group presentation significant womenPresentation Transcript
Women From the 19 th Century Through the 21 st Susan B. Anthony, Clara Barton, Amelia Earhart, Dolores Huerta & Hillary R. Clinton . Each has made it possible for the other to succeed.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY 19 th Century
Anthony grew up in a strict Quaker family as one of eight children.
Anthony was a precocious (gifted) child and was educationally advanced and independent.
Learned how to read and write by the age of three
Taught at an academy for females and later became headmistress
Position had traditionally been reserved for men
Movements Anthony Was Involved With
Dealt with women and children who suffered abuse from alcoholic husbands/fathers
One of the first expressions of original feminism
Anthony, along with other women formed the Daughter of Temperance society
First organized, radical movement in which women played prominent roles
Served as an agent
Women’s Suffrage Movement
Women’s Suffrage Movement
Crusade began in 1872
Led group of women to ballots in Rochester, New York to test the right to vote
Anthony was arrested and tried two weeks later
Worked with Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Clara Barton
Anthony’s Speech on Women’s Right to Vote
Friends and fellow citizens: I stand before you tonight under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted at the last presidential election, without having a lawful right to vote.
It shall be my work this evening to prove to you that in thus voting, I not only committed no crime, but, instead, simply exercised my citizen's rights, guaranteed to me and all United States citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the power of any state to deny….
And it is a downright mockery to talk to women of their enjoyment of the blessings of liberty while they are denied the use of the only means of securing them provided by this democratic-republican government: the ballot.
For any state to make sex a qualification that must ever result in the disfranchisement of one entire half of the people, is to pass a bill of attainder, or, an ex post facto law, and is therefore a violation of the supreme law of the land. By it the blessings of liberty are forever withheld from women and their female posterity.
Women’s Suffrage Past to Present
Women voted for first time in 1920
19 th Amendment ratified August 18, 1920
continue to vote
hold powerful positions in government
Clara Barton The 19 th & 20 th Century
Her Speech to the Soldiers
“ Soldiers, you have called me here to speak to you of the war we lived together. I have done it. Now I have a word to you…
You glorify the women who made their way to the front to reach you in your misery, and nursed you back to life. You called us angels.
Upon this, other women claimed the right and took the courage, if only to go to an army camp and drag the wounded men out of a trench and try to save them for their families, their country.
And, soldiers, for every woman's hand that ever cooled your fevered brow, stanched your bleeding wounds, gave food to your famishing bodies, or water to your parching lips, you should bless God for Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Frances D. Gage and their followers.”
Founder of the American Red Cross, and first President
Nurse in the Civil War
However she was a nurse from age 11 to 88
Traveled the world nursing wounded soldiers.
Made the first list to relocate soldiers missing in action.
Activist for Women’s Suffrage, & Civil Rights.
Her and Susan B. Anthony spoke at the same Washington DC Convention for Women’s Suffrage.
Even when she was told no to opening up an American chapter of the Red Cross she didn’t give up and continued to fight. She worked closely with other countries and sent out pamphlets to the public to pass the Geneva treaty, which was the first step to forming the Red Cross.
The Women Who Went to the Fields – by Clara Barton
The women who went to the field; and pray What did they go for? Just to be in the way!-- They'd not know the difference betwixt work and play, What did they know about war anyway? What could they do? of what use could they be? They would scream at the sight of a gun, don't you see?... Imagine their skirts 'mong artillery wheels… They would faint at the first drop of blood, in their sight…
And the man liveth not who could say to them nay; They would stand with you now, as they stood with you then, The nurses, consolers, and saviors of men.”
Effects on the Present
Clara Barton was a nurse her entire life, and served as a nurse in many different wars, and fought for her position in these wars.
She fought for women to be closer to the action in wartime to nurse soldiers.
Her passion to help the men at war and their families led her to create the first list to relocate soldiers who went MIA and she appointed to do so by President Lincoln.
She started the American chapter of the Red Cross
Clara Barton made it possible for women to be in the front lines of war and to do their part at wartime
She saw the benefits to the country by forming the American Red Cross, which has helped millions of people today
She was a crusader for the rights of all races and sexes, and her perseverance made it possible for others like her to succeed
Amelia Earhart Late 19 th to the 20 th Century
An Aviator and Pioneer
An author of “ The Fun It”
An Individual who conquered dreams
Established clothing for flying
Helped organize the Ninety Nines
First woman too
Fly across the Atlantic as a passenger and solo
Make a solo round-trip around the U.S.
Set women’s speed records
First person too
Fly solo to Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California
Fly solo from Los Angeles, California to Mexico City
Courage By Amelia Earhart
Courage is the price which life exacts for granting peace. The soul that knows it not, knows no release From little things;
Knows not the livid loneliness of fear Nor mountain heights, where bitter joy you can hear The sound of wings.
How can life grant us boon of living, compensate, For dull gray ugliness and pregnant hate Unless we dare
The soul's dominion? Each time we make a choice we pay With courage to behold resistless day And count it fair.
Women’s Past and Present
Amelia was a courageous woman of her time
She opened the doors for other women as they did for her
She lived through an era where other women were creating opportunities
Women were seeking equality and independence
She benefited from women who stood by their opinions and beliefs
A Legendary Woman
Gained admiration from others
Helped create a better environment for women
A role model who was fearless for herself and others
Dolores Huerta 20 th & 21 st Century
Huerta started her career as an organizer in 1955. She was founding of the Stockton chapter of Community Service Organization (CSO). The CSO battled segregation and police brutality, organized voter registration rights, and pushed for improved public services .
Then in 1960, after recognizing the needs of farm workers, Huerta organized and founded the Agricultural Workers Association. She became a fearless lobbyist of in Sacramento.
In 1962 Huerta and Cesar Chavez launched the National Farm Workers Association, later known as the United Farm Workers (UFW).
Huerta showed her lobbying and negotiating skills when the Aid For Dependent Families, an unemployed and disability insurance for farm workers in the state of California.
Huerta was an instrumental organizer in the 1966 grape strike.
She was not only an organizer she also administered the contracts that established the first health and benefit plans for farm workers.
Huerta was able to succeed in a world of men.
Huerta’s Quotes “ Among poor people, there's not any question about women being strong -- even stronger than men -- they work in the fields right along with the men. When your survival is at stake, you don't have these questions about yourself like middle-class women do.” “ Giving kids clothes and food is one thing but it's much more important to teach them that other people besides themselves are important, and that the best thing they can do with their lives is to use them in the service of other people.” “ Don't be a marshmallow. Walk the street with us into history. Get off the sidewalk. Stop being vegetables. Work for Justice. Viva the boycott!” “ Pride and roots is what it is. It definitely does not mean separation or nationalism in the sense that we want to go back to Mexico.”
Huerta has been heavily criticized because she is not the “Ideal Chicana”.
She has married 3 times and she had 11 children.
Most of the time she had to leave her children with family members because she was not able to take care of them.
Huerta was not able to give her children a stable life.
She was an independent women
“ Sí se puede!”
At the age of 80, Huerta continues to educate workers and has other side projects as well.
She also has her own foundation.
Hillary Rodham Clinton The 20 th and 21 st Century
HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON
Born 1947, involved herself in politics in the 1970s first as a republican, and then after hearing Martin Luther King Jr. speak, she became a democrat…
She benefits from what women of the past fought so hard for. Because women of the past fought for women’s suffrage, political rights, labor rights, etc .
Hillary is married, yet still works on her career as a politician… She isn’t at home only doing household duties and raising her family, she still has a career
She served with U.S. Senator Walter Mondale's subcommittee on migrant workers, and became a member of the presidential impeachment inquiry staff, advising the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives during the Watergate Scandal
She was elected as Senator of New York in 2000
She ran against President Obama for the Democratic Presidential nomination in 2008, and lost
but she won more primaries and delegates than any other female candidate in American history
As of today she serves in President Obama’s Presidential Cabinet as Secretary of State
Hillary has accomplished a lot in her life time, but has yet to accomplish more. She is the ideal women that women of the past have fought so hard to become.
She is a woman that many women in the U.S. can relate to. She is a wife, mother, and has a career of her own. She is a woman who now sits in the position that was once only known to man. Hillary is setting the future for women who come after her.
This presentation was brought to you by: Alicia Caldera Sandy Herr Gina Montanez Kimberly Nouanesy & Anna Ordaz