Pervasive development (Autistic disorder and Asperger's syndrome)


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Pervasive development (Autistic disorder and Asperger's syndrome)

  1. 1. PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS Is a collection of disorders characterized by gross deficits in many areas of cognitive, emotional, and social development. These results from severe and pervasive impairment of social interaction and communication skills.
  2. 2. AUTISTIC DISORDER Is a pervasive developmental disorder otherwise known as early infantile autism or childhood autism.
  3. 3. Autistic disorders is characterized by the inability of the children to communicate and interact socially. Extreme autistic aloneness An autistic is a loner. He expresses lack of interest in other people.
  4. 4. Language abnormalities Rather than engage in conversation, the autistic tends to repeat the words rather than reply, answer or engage in conversation
  5. 5. Repetitive behaviors An autistic extends concentration or something and preserve the sameness of the environment.
  6. 6. CHECKLIST FOR SIGN OF AUTISM Social interactions Seen to be in their own world Show little eye contact Not use of gestures Not share of enjoyment or interests Show little emotion or empathy Not respond to their names Show not interest to other children or peers Communication Have little or no babble Have little or no spoken language Not engage in pretend play Have echolalia which means they echo or mimic words or phrase without meaning or in an usual tone of voice Have difficulty understanding and following simple instructions
  7. 7. ASPERGER’S SYNDROME Was identified by an Austrian physician Hans Asperger in 1944 calling it a developmental disorder which has many symptoms similar to that of autism.
  8. 8. Although Asperger’s Syndrome and autism have many similarities, there are important differences. Both are classified as pervasive developmental disorder which impairment exists in social interaction, communication and other range of activities and interest. Autism -Delayed speech -have mental retardation Asperger’s syndrome -does not suffer from it -do not suffer from cognitive delay -has an average to above average intelligence -need for high stimulation -overdeveloped use of imagination -fewer language deficits -more social and willful in their behavior
  9. 9. Echolalia Is a form of autism where the autistic repeats what it said by another rather than respond to a question.
  10. 10. Pronoun reversals Autistics refer to themselves by “you” and to others as “I”. Even after acquiring speech, still it is not used for effective social communication. They do not respond to verbal comments.
  11. 11. • Asperger’s Syndrome was first recognized in 1980 and sometimes confused with autism. • Though both share same manifestations in terms of social and affective deficits, children with Asperger syndrome are able to progress in school at a rate farther than those who suffer from autism.
  12. 12. Autistic children • Seem to live in a different world, unmindful of the immediate surroundings • Not interested in other people • They may not be even aware of themselves • Learn to master only a few tasks of life • Need constant help with feeding, cleaning, dressing, and even toileting. Asperger’s Disorder • Do not show significant language delays and are often able to progress in school at a satisfactory rate.