UKE MASANGO-DIBO BEN EDDY SARAH GADBERRY MAX THORNTON (BENEDDY@YMAIL.COM) Tropical Rainforest
Where is it?
Tropical Rainforest is in the southernmost parts of North America
The rainfall is between 57.7 and 96.2 in. per year.
There is no dry season.
The temperature ranges from 68° F to 95° F, mostly getting colder at night.
There is very little difference in temperature between months.
The dominant plant species of tropical rainforests are:
Tall evergreen trees
There are three different layers of plant life:
Canopy (the top layer)
It contains giant trees that grow as tall as 75 m or more. This prevents much of the sunlight from reaching the ground. Vines are also found in the canopy.
Understory (the middle layer)
It is made up of vines, smaller trees, ferns, and palms. They generally receive very little sunlight because of the shade of the canopy.
The floor (the bottom layer)
It is covered with wet leaves and leaf litter which decompose quickly making the soil very fertile.
With the great deal of rainfall, plants have adaptations that help them shed water off their leaves quickly. In order to absorb as much sunlight as possible on the dark understory, leaves of these plants are very large. Some trees grow large leaves at the lower canopy level and small leaves in the upper canopy. Many plants grow in the upper canopy on larger trees to get sunlight.
Poison dart frog
A specially adapted bill that helps them to eat food