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Utopia and Dystopia	English IV: Honors  Mr. Gilliand
Defining our terms	Expressed most simply, a utopia  is a perfect place.Conversely, a dystopia is a bad place.
It’s all Greek to me. Dys - a prefix from Greek meaning bad, harsh, wrong; ill; hard to, difficult at; slow of; disordered. ...
Modern OriginSir Thomas MoreWrote “Utopia” in Latin in 1516The word is derived from the Greek words -ou, "not", and -topos...
Characteristics of aDystopian Society
Characteristics of aDystopian Society Propaganda is used to control the citizens of society. 
Characteristics of aDystopian Society Information, independent thought, and freedom are restricted. 
Characteristics of aDystopian Society A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society. 
Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens are perceived to be under constant surveillance. 
Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens have a fear of the outside world. 
Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens live in a dehumanized state. 
Characteristics of aDystopian Society The natural world is banished and distrusted. 
Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens conform to uniform expectations. Individuality and dissent are bad. 
The Dystopian Protagonist
The Dystopian ProtagonistOften feels trapped and is struggling to escape. 
The Dystopian ProtagonistQuestions the existing social and political systems. 
The Dystopian ProtagonistBelieves or feels that something is terribly wrong withthe society in which he or she lives. 
The Dystopian ProtagonistHelps the audience recognize the negative aspects ofthe dystopian world through his or her perspe...
Dystopian Controls
Dystopian ControlsMost dystopian works present a world in whichoppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfectso...
Dystopian ControlsCorporate control: One or more large corporationscontrol society through products, advertising, and/orth...
Dystopian ControlsBureaucratic control: Society is controlled by amindless bureaucracy through a tangle of red tape,relent...
Dystopian ControlsTechnological control: Society is controlled bytechnology—through computers, robots, and/orscientific mea...
Dystopian ControlsPhilosophical/religious control: Society is controlledby philosophical or religious ideology often enfor...
Dystopian fiction
Traits of Dystopian Fiction  The society is an illusion of a perfect utopian world. 
Traits of Dystopian Fiction  A selectively told back story of a war, revolution, uprising, spike in overpopulation, natura...
Traits of Dystopian Fiction  A standard of living among the lower and middle class that is generally poorer than in the co...
Traits of Dystopian Fiction  A protagonist who questions the society. 
Traits of Dystopian Fiction  The dystopian protagonist often feels trapped and is struggling to escape; questions the exis...
Traits of Dystopian Fiction  Necessarily, if it is based on our world, a shift of emphasis of control to corporations, aut...
Traits of Dystopian Fiction  Because dystopian literature takes place in the future, it often features technology more adv...
Traits of Dystopian Fiction For the reader to engage with it, dystopian fiction typically has one other trait: familiarity....
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Dystopia

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  • Transcript of "Dystopia"

    1. 1. Utopia and Dystopia English IV: Honors Mr. Gilliand
    2. 2. Defining our terms Expressed most simply, a utopia  is a perfect place.Conversely, a dystopia is a bad place.
    3. 3. It’s all Greek to me. Dys - a prefix from Greek meaning bad, harsh, wrong; ill; hard to, difficult at; slow of; disordered. Eu - a prefix from Greek meaning good. Ou - a prefix from Greek meaning not. Topia - a root from Greek meaning place - originally a field. Dystopia - literally, a bad place, often used as a literary device in which authors warn readers of the dangers of societys present course if continued in the future. A futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral, or totalitarian control. Dystopias, through an exaggerated worst-case scenario, make a criticism about a current trend, societal norm, or political system. Eutopia/Utopia - an ideal place that does not exist in reality. A place, state, or condition that is ideally perfect in respect of politics, laws, customs, and conditions (From Greek outopia meaning no place and eutopia meaning good place.)
    4. 4. Modern OriginSir Thomas MoreWrote “Utopia” in Latin in 1516The word is derived from the Greek words -ou, "not", and -topos"place"; hence Outopia means "no-place".In early modern English, Utopia was spelled "Eutopie”, becauseof confusion with the prefix -eu, “good”, which is pronounced thesame as -ou in English.The implication of More’s original meaning, “no-place”, is thatoutopia is unattainable.Consequently, our word dystopia is flawed in that it was createdto contrast a word whose original meaning has been lost.
    5. 5. Characteristics of aDystopian Society
    6. 6. Characteristics of aDystopian Society Propaganda is used to control the citizens of society. 
    7. 7. Characteristics of aDystopian Society Information, independent thought, and freedom are restricted. 
    8. 8. Characteristics of aDystopian Society A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society. 
    9. 9. Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens are perceived to be under constant surveillance. 
    10. 10. Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens have a fear of the outside world. 
    11. 11. Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens live in a dehumanized state. 
    12. 12. Characteristics of aDystopian Society The natural world is banished and distrusted. 
    13. 13. Characteristics of aDystopian Society Citizens conform to uniform expectations. Individuality and dissent are bad. 
    14. 14. The Dystopian Protagonist
    15. 15. The Dystopian ProtagonistOften feels trapped and is struggling to escape. 
    16. 16. The Dystopian ProtagonistQuestions the existing social and political systems. 
    17. 17. The Dystopian ProtagonistBelieves or feels that something is terribly wrong withthe society in which he or she lives. 
    18. 18. The Dystopian ProtagonistHelps the audience recognize the negative aspects ofthe dystopian world through his or her perspective 
    19. 19. Dystopian Controls
    20. 20. Dystopian ControlsMost dystopian works present a world in whichoppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfectsociety are maintained through one or more of thefollowing types of controls:
    21. 21. Dystopian ControlsCorporate control: One or more large corporationscontrol society through products, advertising, and/orthe media. Examples include Minority Report andRunning Man.
    22. 22. Dystopian ControlsBureaucratic control: Society is controlled by amindless bureaucracy through a tangle of red tape,relentless regulations, and incompetent governmentofficials. Examples in film include Brazil. 
    23. 23. Dystopian ControlsTechnological control: Society is controlled bytechnology—through computers, robots, and/orscientific means. Examples include The Matrix, TheTerminator, and I, Robot. 
    24. 24. Dystopian ControlsPhilosophical/religious control: Society is controlledby philosophical or religious ideology often enforcedthrough a dictatorship or theocratic government. 
    25. 25. Dystopian fiction
    26. 26. Traits of Dystopian Fiction  The society is an illusion of a perfect utopian world. 
    27. 27. Traits of Dystopian Fiction  A selectively told back story of a war, revolution, uprising, spike in overpopulation, natural disaster or some other climatic event which resulted in dramatic changes to society 
    28. 28. Traits of Dystopian Fiction  A standard of living among the lower and middle class that is generally poorer than in the contemporary society. This is not always the case. 
    29. 29. Traits of Dystopian Fiction  A protagonist who questions the society. 
    30. 30. Traits of Dystopian Fiction  The dystopian protagonist often feels trapped and is struggling to escape; questions the existing social and political systems; believes or feels that something is terribly wrong with the society in which he or she lives; helps the audience recognizes the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his or her perspective. 
    31. 31. Traits of Dystopian Fiction  Necessarily, if it is based on our world, a shift of emphasis of control to corporations, autocratic cliques or bureaucracies. 
    32. 32. Traits of Dystopian Fiction  Because dystopian literature takes place in the future, it often features technology more advanced than that of the contemporary society. Usually, the advanced technology comparable to or more primitive than what we have today. 
    33. 33. Traits of Dystopian Fiction For the reader to engage with it, dystopian fiction typically has one other trait: familiarity. It is not enough to show people living in a society that seems pleasant. The society must have echoes of  today, of the reader’s own experience. If the reader can identify the patterns or trends that would lead to the dystopia, it becomes a more involving and effective experience. Authors can use a dystopia effectively to highlight their own concerns about societal trends 
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