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Chaparral Power Point

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Transcript

  • 1. Chaparral Jacob Lawson, Cassie Norton, Becca Linnabary, and Jolie Hasselbeck
  • 2. Location
    • The Chaparral is located along the western coast of the United States.
    • It also exists in the southern part of South America, southwestern Australia, Spain, and in the Sahara and Kalahari deserts in Africa.
  • 3. Temperature
    • The range of temperatures is from about 10 ° C in the winter to 40° C in the summer.
    • This translates to about 30° F to about 100° F.
  • 4. Precipitation
    • The average precipitation annually is 10-17 inches.
    • Most of the precipitation occurs during the winter months.
  • 5. Plants
    • Examples of plants include blue oak, corn oak, dwarf trees, scattered scrub, large shrubs, poison oak, scrub oak, yucca wiple, cacti.
    Blue Oak Scrub Oak
  • 6. Plant Adaptations
    • Plants must adapt to heat, little moisture, and poor soil.
    • Plants have small, hard leaves which hold moisture.
    • Because brush fires are frequent, many plants are small.
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. Animals
    • Animals in the Chaparral include coyotes, jack rabbits, mule deer, alligator lizards, horned toads, ground birds (like quail and thrashers), mountain lions, bobcats, grey fox, wild goats, rattlesnakes, and antelope.
  • 10. Animal Adaptations
    • Ground birds nest in brush to protect themselves from the heat and predators.
    • Animals with fur have short fur that can change lengths with season and match their surroundings in color.
    • Reptiles hunt at night to avoid heat.
    • Rabbits have large ears to release heat.
  • 11. Coyotes Puma Rattlesnake Roadrunner Jackrabbit
  • 12. Kangaroo Rat
    • Kangaroo rats vary from 10 to 20 centimeters and 35 to 180 grams. Their most distinctive feature is their large hind legs.
    • They have the ability to convert the dry seeds they eat into water.
    • However, the Giant Kangaroo Rat is now an endangered species because much of its habitat has been lost to agricultural uses.
  • 13.  
  • 14. Conditions
    • The dry, hot conditions make natural brush fires common. They clear out the area and cause the plants to be small.
    • In November of 2009, more than 200 homes were destroyed by brush fires.