01 The History Of The British IslesPresentation Transcript
Journal: From the fierce, doomed Anglo-Saxon warrior Beowulf to King Arthur and his loyal knights, bound by their code of chivalry, early British literature shows a deep fascination with the hero as the embodiment of society’s highest ideals. As these ideals have shifted, the image of the hero has changed too. What do you believe are the qualities of a true hero? Do you have any heroes who live up to this ideal? Describe them. English IV Mr. Gilliand
The British Isles and Beowulf
Occupied most of the isles about 2000 years ago.
Also called “Brythons”
Arrived around 500 BC
Tribal, not territorial
The Roman Invasion Socio-Political Unification Socio-Political Unification
Romans invaded in 55 B.C. under General Julius Caesar
Brought “civilization” to the isles.
Most of the Celts were integrated into the new order.
Fall of Rome/Angles and Saxons
As Rome fell, the Legions either withdrew or remained and assimilated. Either way the isles lost the support of the Empire around 409 AD
449 AD-Seeing an opportunity, the Angles and Saxons invade.
Christianity Religious Unification Religious Unification
430 AD-First Christian Missionaries come
461 AD-St. Patrick comes to Ireland
540 AD-Historical Welsh King leads many united tribes against invaders from the north
597 AD-St. Augustine
780 AD-Vikings invade savagely
880ish AD-King Alfred of Wessex unites the Isles under Christianity...a country is born.
National unification follows
Beowulf British History Captured in Literature British History Captured in Literature • Originally a Viking story • Oral Traditions • Didactic: Meant to teach • Christian Influence/Overlap. Why? • Our manuscript is 1000 years old
This is the first page of our only existing copy of Beowulf. This is the only document that preserves English storytelling of this era.