English IV
Mr. Gilliand
English IV
                                           Mr. Gilliand




Journal: From the fierce, doomed Anglo-Saxon warrio...
The British Isles and
     Beowulf
     Cultural Foundations
         Mr. Gilliand
          English IV
The Celts
• Occupied most of the
  isles about 2000 years
  ago.
• Also called “Brythons”
• Arrived around 500 BC
• Tribal...
The Roman Invasion
           Socio-Political Unification
•   Romans invaded in 55
    B.C. under General Julius
    Caesar...
The Roman Invasion
           Socio-Political Unification
•   Romans invaded in 55
    B.C. under General Julius
    Caesar...
Fall of Rome/Angles and
         Saxons
•   As Rome fell, the
    Legions either withdrew
    or remained and
    assimila...
Fall of Rome/Angles and
         Saxons
•   As Rome fell, the
    Legions either withdrew
    or remained and
    assimila...
Fall of Rome/Angles and
         Saxons
•   As Rome fell, the
    Legions either withdrew
                                ...
Christianity
               Religious Unification
•   430 AD-First Christian
    Missionaries come

•   461 AD-St. Patrick
...
Vikings
•   780 AD-Vikings invade
    savagely

•   880ish AD-King Alfred of
    Wessex unites the Isles
    under Christi...
Vikings
•   780 AD-Vikings invade
    savagely




                                  s
                                 ng...
Beowulf
British History Captured in Literature
Beowulf
 British History Captured in Literature

•Originally a Viking story
Beowulf
 British History Captured in Literature

•Originally a Viking story
•Oral Traditions
Beowulf
 British History Captured in Literature

•Originally a Viking story
•Oral Traditions

•Didactic: Meant to teach
Beowulf
 British History Captured in Literature

•Originally a Viking story
•Oral Traditions

•Didactic: Meant to teach

•...
Beowulf
 British History Captured in Literature

•Originally a Viking story
•Oral Traditions

•Didactic: Meant to teach

•...
•   This is the first page of
    our only existing copy of
    Beowulf. This is the only
    document that preserves
    E...
•   This is the first page of
        our only existing copy of
        Beowulf. This is the only
        document that pre...
•   This is the first page of
        our only existing copy of
        Beowulf. This is the only
        document that pre...
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01 The History Of The British Isles

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  • 01 The History Of The British Isles

    1. 1. English IV Mr. Gilliand
    2. 2. English IV Mr. Gilliand Journal: From the fierce, doomed Anglo-Saxon warrior Beowulf to King Arthur and his loyal knights, bound by their code of chivalry, early British literature shows a deep fascination with the hero as the embodiment of society’s highest ideals. As these ideals have shifted, the image of the hero has changed too. What do you believe are the qualities of a true hero? Do you have any heroes who live up to this ideal? Describe them.
    3. 3. The British Isles and Beowulf Cultural Foundations Mr. Gilliand English IV
    4. 4. The Celts • Occupied most of the isles about 2000 years ago. • Also called “Brythons” • Arrived around 500 BC • Tribal, not territorial • Unifying Force?
    5. 5. The Roman Invasion Socio-Political Unification • Romans invaded in 55 B.C. under General Julius Caesar • Brought “civilization” to the isles. • Most of the Celts were integrated into the new order. • Founded Londinium
    6. 6. The Roman Invasion Socio-Political Unification • Romans invaded in 55 B.C. under General Julius Caesar • Brought “civilization” to the isles. • Most of the Celts were integrated into the new Romans order. • Founded Londinium
    7. 7. Fall of Rome/Angles and Saxons • As Rome fell, the Legions either withdrew or remained and assimilated. Either way the isles lost the support of the Empire around 409 AD • 449 AD-Seeing an Romans opportunity, the Angles and Saxons invade.
    8. 8. Fall of Rome/Angles and Saxons • As Rome fell, the Legions either withdrew or remained and assimilated. Either way the isles lost the support of the Empire around 409 AD • 449 AD-Seeing an opportunity, the Angles and Saxons invade.
    9. 9. Fall of Rome/Angles and Saxons • As Rome fell, the Legions either withdrew o ns or remained and ax /S assimilated. Either way g les An the isles lost the support of the Empire around 409 AD • 449 AD-Seeing an opportunity, the Angles and Saxons invade.
    10. 10. Christianity Religious Unification • 430 AD-First Christian Missionaries come • 461 AD-St. Patrick comes to Ireland • 540 AD-Historical Welsh King leads many united tribes against invaders from the north • 597 AD-St. Augustine
    11. 11. Vikings • 780 AD-Vikings invade savagely • 880ish AD-King Alfred of Wessex unites the Isles under Christianity...a country is born. • National unification follows
    12. 12. Vikings • 780 AD-Vikings invade savagely s ngi • Vik 880ish AD-King Alfred of Wessex unites the Isles under Christianity...a country is born. • National unification follows
    13. 13. Beowulf British History Captured in Literature
    14. 14. Beowulf British History Captured in Literature •Originally a Viking story
    15. 15. Beowulf British History Captured in Literature •Originally a Viking story •Oral Traditions
    16. 16. Beowulf British History Captured in Literature •Originally a Viking story •Oral Traditions •Didactic: Meant to teach
    17. 17. Beowulf British History Captured in Literature •Originally a Viking story •Oral Traditions •Didactic: Meant to teach •Christian Influence/Overlap. Why?
    18. 18. Beowulf British History Captured in Literature •Originally a Viking story •Oral Traditions •Didactic: Meant to teach •Christian Influence/Overlap. Why? •Our manuscript is 1000 years old
    19. 19. • This is the first page of our only existing copy of Beowulf. This is the only document that preserves English storytelling of this era.
    20. 20. • This is the first page of our only existing copy of Beowulf. This is the only document that preserves English storytelling of this era. • And this is an audio sample, read in Old English.
    21. 21. • This is the first page of our only existing copy of Beowulf. This is the only document that preserves English storytelling of this era. • And this is an audio sample, read in Old English.

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