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What is Abstract Art?• nonobjective and nonrepresentational• portraying non-visual aspects of an object• color, form and line - only things that matter• took meaning out of the paintings and emphasized emotion
Untitled, First Abstract Watercolour by Kandinsky, 1910
Kandinsky • Incorporated music into his artwork • ex. saturation associated with volume of sound• “Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soil is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key to another, to cause vibrations in the soil.” -Kandinsky
Der Blaue Reiter• 1911 Kandinsky organized a group called “Der Blaue Reiter” (The Blue Rider) - 9 artists• promote abstract art• transferring spiritual experiences through color and sound• published Concerning the Spiritual in Art
Concerning the Spiritual in Art • got all his ideas out there about abstract art - western culture • “inner necessity” needed for art
Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944)“Every artist has been inspired more by the beauty of lines and color and the relationships between ”them than by the concrete subject of the picture.
De Stijl (1917 - 1931)• In 1917 Mondrian helped begin the periodical art movement known as “De Stijl”• Classified as Neoplacticism• Complete rejection of visual reality• Stripped art to its most basic form• Straight lines, primary colors, and black white or gray
Composition With Yellow, Composition II in Red, Blue, Blue, and Red and Yellow (1937) (1930)
Red and Blue Chair Rietveld Shroder HouseGerrit Rietveld (1917)
“The emotion of beauty is always obscured by the appearance of the object. Therefore, theobject must be eliminated from the picture. ” –Piet Mondrian Composition 10 (1939)