Part II. Data and Network Infrastructure                                         C hapter 4                               ...
Chapter 4 Outline4.1 Business Networks4.2 Wireless Broadband Networks4.3 Network Management and Portals4.4 Collaboration4....
Chapter 4 Learning Objectives    Describe networks, standards, and mobility.    Discuss network and collaboration techno...
For Class Discussion & DebateWorlds First 4G WiMAX Rail NetworkScenario for Brainstorming & Discussion (see book for full ...
Debate (see book for full text)a)       Identify 4 business-related risks that you face as a user who relies on the       ...
4.1 Business NetworksBusiness networks support 4 basic functions:      1. mobility      2. collaboration      3. relations...
Network basics       Figure 4.2 A signal is transmitted from a sender/source to a       receiver/destination via circuit o...
Switching: transmission of the signal    Circuit switching: Circuit switching is older technology that     was used for t...
Network Terminology    Bandwidth: Throughput capacity or speed of a network.    Protocol: Standards that govern how netw...
3G and 4G networks  3G: Short for third generation of cellular telecommunications    technology.  4G: Short for fourth gen...
4.2 Wireless Broadband Networks    Enterprises are moving away from unsystematic adoption     of mobile devices and infra...
Figure 4.4 How Wi-Fi works Wi-Fi allows computers to share a network wirelessly without connecting to a commercial network...
WiMAX: a broadband                                              wireless metropolitan                                     ...
4.3 Networks Management and Portals    When the network goes down or access is blocked, so does     the ability to operat...
Figure 4.6 Model                                         of                                         Network, Collabo      ...
IT at Work 4.1    Check page 102Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.                                         16
TCP/IP Networks    The Internet protocol suite consists of the IP (Internet     Protocol) and TCP (Transport Control Prot...
Internet Application Categories    Discovery or search. Discovery involves browsing, finding, and     retrieving informat...
Figure 4.9 Overview of enterprise search.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.                                           ...
Network Computing Infrastructures    Intranets: a network serving the internal informational needs     of a company.    ...
Figure 4.7 Virtual Private Network (VPN)Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.                                            ...
4.4 CollaborationMessaging and collaboration tools include: older communications media such as e-  mail, videoconferencin...
Group Decision ProcessesBenefits of working in groups:    Groups tend to be better than individuals at understanding prob...
Collaboration Support Technologies    Portals, intranets, extranets, and shared workspaces are     examples.    Web 2.0 ...
IT at Work 4.4    Check page 112Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.                                         25
4.5 Green, Legal, and Ethical Issues    Managers need to consider ethical and social issues, such as     quality of worki...
Risks and Ethical Issues    Driving while distracted    Health    Personal time    RF emissions and SAR       • specif...
Chapter 4 Link Library•      Google Wave http://wave.google.com/ video wave.google.com/about.html#video•      Twitter netw...
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Chapter 04 it-8ed-volonino

  1. 1. Part II. Data and Network Infrastructure C hapter 4 Network Management and Mobility M a n a g e m e n t I n fo r m a t i o n S y s te m s EIMBACopyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-1
  2. 2. Chapter 4 Outline4.1 Business Networks4.2 Wireless Broadband Networks4.3 Network Management and Portals4.4 Collaboration4.5 Green, Legal, and Ethical IssuesCopyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-2
  3. 3. Chapter 4 Learning Objectives Describe networks, standards, and mobility. Discuss network and collaboration technologies. Understand 4G and other mobile networks. Describe group work technologies. Evaluate green, social, and ethical issues related to the use and operations of networks.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-3
  4. 4. For Class Discussion & DebateWorlds First 4G WiMAX Rail NetworkScenario for Brainstorming & Discussion (see book for full text)a) Discuss potential consequences of the 4G WiMAX/Wi-Fi Rail Network. What constraints have been eliminated?b) Assume that other cities have implemented similar systems and that commuters own mobiles with the latest mobile OS. Brainstorm some far- reaching impacts of such a networked transportation system in the U.S.c) Identify several risks or negative unintended consequences. Discuss your estimate of their costs--both financial and non-financial ones.d) What impact might this network have on other transportation methods? Would those changes be helpful or harmful to the environment?e) How do all taxpayers benefit from this tax-supported network?Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-4
  5. 5. Debate (see book for full text)a) Identify 4 business-related risks that you face as a user who relies on the DOT network; and how those risks might impact you or your job.b) Assume that each risk actually happened. Debate the following: Who is responsible or is no one responsible of the consequences of each one? Take the position that it’s: • no one’s fault (“technology crashes happen”) • the DOT’s fault as the provider, or • the user’s fault That is, when things go wrong with the network, who gets the blame and who suffers the consequences? Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-5
  6. 6. 4.1 Business NetworksBusiness networks support 4 basic functions: 1. mobility 2. collaboration 3. relationships 4. Search Common to all network functions are traffic and the circuits that transmit the traffic.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-6
  7. 7. Network basics Figure 4.2 A signal is transmitted from a sender/source to a receiver/destination via circuit or packet switching.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-7
  8. 8. Switching: transmission of the signal Circuit switching: Circuit switching is older technology that was used for telephone calls. Plain old telephone service (POTS) and most wired telephone calls are transmitted, at least in part, over a dedicated circuit. Packet switching: The path of the signal is digital, and is neither dedicated nor exclusive. A file is broken into smaller blocks, called packets. Figure 4.3 Wireless routers use antennae to transmit signalsCopyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-8
  9. 9. Network Terminology Bandwidth: Throughput capacity or speed of a network. Protocol: Standards that govern how networked devices exchange information. TCP/IP: Transmission control protocol/Internet Protocol) are a suite of Internet protocols. Broadband: Short for broad bandwidth. • Fixed-line broadband: Cable or DSL Internet connections. • Mobile broadband: Wireless high-speed Internet access through a portable modem, phone, or other device.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-9
  10. 10. 3G and 4G networks 3G: Short for third generation of cellular telecommunications technology. 4G: Short for fourth generation. 4G mobile network standards enable faster data transfer rates. Users can get 4G wireless connectivity through one of two standards: 1. WiMAX 2. LTE (Long-Term Evolution)Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-10
  11. 11. 4.2 Wireless Broadband Networks Enterprises are moving away from unsystematic adoption of mobile devices and infrastructure to a strategic build- out of mobile capabilities. • But identifying strategic technologies and avoiding wasted investments is difficult. Mobile infrastructure consists of technology, software, support, security measures, and devices to manage and deliver wireless communications.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-11
  12. 12. Figure 4.4 How Wi-Fi works Wi-Fi allows computers to share a network wirelessly without connecting to a commercial network.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-12
  13. 13. WiMAX: a broadband wireless metropolitan area network (MAN) access standard that can deliver voice and data at distances ofFigure 4.5 WiMAX/Wi-Fi network architecture 30 miles 4-13
  14. 14. 4.3 Networks Management and Portals When the network goes down or access is blocked, so does the ability to operate or function. Damages when a company cannot operate or fulfill orders include: • lost sales and productivity • Inability to send and receive payments • inability to process payroll and inventory Network infrastructure alone does not improve business performance. It’s how network capabilities combine with other IT to support employees, connect remote locations, service customers, and coordinate with supply chain partners.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-14
  15. 15. Figure 4.6 Model of Network, Collabo ration, and Performance RelationshipCopyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-15
  16. 16. IT at Work 4.1 Check page 102Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 16
  17. 17. TCP/IP Networks The Internet protocol suite consists of the IP (Internet Protocol) and TCP (Transport Control Protocol), or TCP/IP. In preparation for transmission, data are digitized into packets and sent via packet-switched networks, local area networks (LAN), or wide area networks (WAN). Voice over IP (VoIP), or IP telephony, involves an analog-to- digital conversion. Voice and data transmissions travel over telephone wires in packets.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-17
  18. 18. Internet Application Categories Discovery or search. Discovery involves browsing, finding, and retrieving information. Communication. Developments in Internet-based and wireless communication such as podcasting, RSS, and micro- blogging transform business communications, marketing channels, and supply chain management Collaboration. Tools and technologies are available, ranging from online meetings with screen sharing to videoconferencing and group support systems.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-18
  19. 19. Figure 4.9 Overview of enterprise search.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-19
  20. 20. Network Computing Infrastructures Intranets: a network serving the internal informational needs of a company. Extranets: private, company-owned network that uses IP technology to securely share part of a business’s information or operations with suppliers, vendors, partners, customers, or other businesses. Extranets can use virtual private networks (VPNs). VPNs are created using specialized software and hardware to encrypt/send/decrypt transmissions over the Internet.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-20
  21. 21. Figure 4.7 Virtual Private Network (VPN)Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-21
  22. 22. 4.4 CollaborationMessaging and collaboration tools include: older communications media such as e- mail, videoconferencing, fax, and IM newer media such as blogs, podcasts, RSS, wikis, VoIP, Web meetings, and torrents (for sharing very large files)Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-22
  23. 23. Group Decision ProcessesBenefits of working in groups: Groups tend to be better than individuals at understanding problems. Group members have their egos embedded in the decision, and so they will be committed to the solution. A group has more information (knowledge) than any one member. Groups can leverage this knowledge to create new knowledge. Groups are better than individuals at catching errors. Despite the benefits of collaborative work, groups are not always successful.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-23
  24. 24. Collaboration Support Technologies Portals, intranets, extranets, and shared workspaces are examples. Web 2.0 or Enterprise 2.0 technologies such as wikis, blogs and microblogs, provide more options to promote and support enterprise collaboration.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-24
  25. 25. IT at Work 4.4 Check page 112Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 25
  26. 26. 4.5 Green, Legal, and Ethical Issues Managers need to consider ethical and social issues, such as quality of working life. Workers will experience both positive and negative impacts from being linked to a 24/7 workplace environment, working in computer-contrived virtual teams, and being connected to handhelds whose impact on health can be damaging.Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-26
  27. 27. Risks and Ethical Issues Driving while distracted Health Personal time RF emissions and SAR • specific absorption rate, or SAR, is a way of measuring the quantity of radio frequency (RF) energy that is absorbed by the body. Life out of controlCopyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-27
  28. 28. Chapter 4 Link Library• Google Wave http://wave.google.com/ video wave.google.com/about.html#video• Twitter network status http://status.twitter.com/• Azulstar http://azulstar.com/• Clear 4G WiMAX http://clear.com• International CTIA Wireless Tradeshows http://ctiawireless.com/• Cisco http://cisco.com• Microsoft SharePoint 2010 http://sharepoint.microsoft.com/Pages/Default.aspx• Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association http://ctia.org/• WiMAX Forum http://wimaxforum.org• Packet switching flash demo http://pbs.org/opb/nerds2.0.1/geek_glossary/packet_switching_flash.html• Cell phone radiation levels (SAR) http://reviews.cnet.com/2719-6602_7-291- 2.html?tag=• Kaiser Permanente HealthConnect video http://youtube.com/kaiserpermanenteorg Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4-28

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