The japanese period


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The japanese period

  1. 1. Presented by: FUNESTO, Quirina Victoria JUVERO, Ramjie REFUERZO, Lerma SOBREVILLA, Allen
  2. 2. Historical Background Between 1941-1945, Philippine Literature was interrupted in its development when the Philippines were again conquered by another foreign country, Japan. Philippine Literature in English came to a halt. Except for the TRIBUNE and the PHILIPPINE REVIEW, almost all newspapers in English were stopped by the Japanese.
  3. 3. This had an advantageous effect on Filipino Literature, which experienced renewed attention because writers in English turned to writing in Filipino. Juan Laya, who use to write in English turned to Filipino because of the strict prohibitions of the Japanese regarding any writing in English. The weekly LIWAYWAY was placed under strict surveillance until it was managed by Japanese named “Ishiwara”.
  4. 4. *In other words, Filipino Literature was given a break during this period. Many wrote plays, poems, short stories, etc. Topics and themes were often about life in the provinces.
  5. 5. The Fall of Bataan and Corregidor
  6. 6. As many as 10,000 people died on the bataan death march.
  7. 7. • Japan launched a surprise attack on the Clark Air Base in Pampanga, Philippines onDecember 8, 1941, just ten hours after theattack on Pearl Harbor . Aerial bombardment was followed bylandings of ground troops on Luzon. The defending Philippineand United States troops were under the command of GeneralDouglas MacArthur Under the pressure of superior numbers,the defending forces withdrew to theBataan Peninsula and tothe island of Corregidor at the entrance to Manila Bay.
  8. 8. The Huks  In the midst of fear and chaos, thefarmers of Pampanga banded together and created local brigades for their protection. Luis Taruc, Juan Feleo,Castro Alejandrino, and other leaders of organized farmers held a meeting inFebruary 1942 in Cabiao, Nueva Ecija.In that meeting, they agreed to fight theJapanese as a unified guerrilla army.Another meeting was held the followingmonth, where in representatives fromTarlac, Pampanga and Nueva Ecija thre shed out various details regarding their organization, which they agreed tocall "  Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa mgaHapon  " or HUKBALAHAP
  9. 9. The Puppet Government  On October 14, 1943, thedeclaration of thePhilippine Independencewas read and the “PuppetRepublic” was formallyinaugurated. Jose P. Laurelwas declared as thePresident of the “PuppetGovernment”.
  10. 10. Ancient literature (until 794) Japanese Writing  Kana- syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji. There are three kana scripts: modern cursive hiragana, modern angular katakana, and the old syllabic use of kanji known as man’yōgana that was ancestral to both.
  11. 11. Classical literature (794– 1185)  Classical Japanese literature generally refers to literature produced during the Heian period, referred to as the golden era of art and literature.  Genji Monogatari (early 11th century) by a woman named Murasaki Shikibu is considered the pre- eminent masterpiece of Heian fiction and an early example of a work of fiction in the form of a novel.  Makura no Sōshi (990s), the latter written by Murasaki Shikibu's contemporary and rival, Sei Shōnagon, as an essay about the life, loves, and pastimes of nobles in the Emperor's court  The iroha poem, now one of two standard orderings for the Japanese syllabary, was also developed during the early part of this period.
  12. 12. Medieval literature (1185– 1603)  Work from this period is notable for its insights into life and death, simple lifestyles, and redemption through killing.  TALES  The Tale of the Heike (1371), an epic account of the struggle between the Minamoto and Tairaclans for control of Japan at the end of the twelfth century. Other important tales of the period include Kamo no Chōmei's Hōjōki (1212) and Yoshida Kenkō's Tsurezuregusa (1331).  Kamo no Chōmei's Hōjōki (An Account of My Hut or The Ten Foot Square Hut) (1212) and Yoshida Kenkō's Tsurezuregusa (1331).  Other notable genres in this period were renga, or linked verse, and Noh theater. Both were rapidly developed in the middle of the 14th century, the early Muromachi period
  13. 13. Early-modern literature (1603–1868)  Yomihon is a type of Japanese book from the Edo period  Often described as moralistic, the books also featured plot elements taken from Chinese and Japanese historical literature and records. The characters often included witches and fairy princesses. They were highly intellectual and were inaccessible to most readers.
  14. 14.  FANTASY/ HISTORICAL ROMANCE  Ugetsu Monogatari ("Tales of Rain and the Moon") and Harusame Monogatari ("Tales of Spring Rain") are central to the canon of Japanese literature.  *Genres included horror, crime stories, morality stories, comedy, and pornography—often accompanied by colorful woodcut prints.
  15. 15. Modern literature (1868–1945)  The Meiji period marks the re-opening of Japan to the West, and a period of rapid industrialization. The introduction of European literature brought free verse into the poetic repertoire. It became widely used for longer works embodying new intellectual themes.
  16. 16.  I NOVEL  - is a literary genre in Japanese literature used to describe a type of confessional literature where the events in the story correspond to events in the author's life. From its beginnings, the "I- Novel" was a genre that also was meant to expose the dark side of society or the dark side of the author's life.
  17. 17. Post-war literature  NOVEL  The Setting Sun is a Japanese novel by Osamu Dazai. It was published in 1947 and is set in Japan after World War II. In the story, the author brings up a number of social and philosophical problems of that time period.  *Popular fiction, non-fiction, and children's literature all flourished in urban Japan in the 1980s. Many popular works fell between "pure literature" and pulp novels, including all sorts of historical serials, information-packed docudramas, science fiction, mysteries, detective fiction, business stories, war journals, and animal stories. Non-fiction covered everything from crime to politics. Although factual journalism predominated, many of these works were interpretive, reflecting a high degree of individualism. Children's works re-emerged in the 1950s, and the newer entrants into this field, many of them younger women, brought new vitality to it in the 1980s.
  18. 18.  Manga (comic books) have penetrated almost every sector of the popular market. They include virtually every field of human interest, such as a multivolume high-school history of Japan and, for the adult market, a manga introduction to economics, and pornography. Manga represented between 20 and 30 percent of annual publications at the end of the 1980s, in sales of some ¥400 billion per year.