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Phrasal verbs presentation

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  • 1.  A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb alone.
  • 2.  Phrasal verbs are part of a large group of verbs called “multi-part” or "multi- word” verbs.  The preposition or adverb that follows the verb is sometimes called a particle.
  • 3.  Phrasal verbs and other multi-word verbs are an important part of the English language.  However, they are mainly used in spoken English and informal texts.
  • 4.  They should be avoided in academic writing where it is preferable to use a formal verb such as “to postpone” rather than “to put off”.
  • 5.  To get = to obtain  I need to get a new battery for my motorcycle.  To get together = to meet  Why don’t we get together for a picnic one day?
  • 6.  Phrasal verbs can be either transitive or intransitive.
  • 7.  These phrasal verbs need an object in order to be used.  E.g. I made up an excuse about the computer. ('Excuse' is the object of the verb.)
  • 8.  You can separate some of the transitive phrasal verbs, it means, you can place the object between the verb and the particle.  E.g. I looked the word up in the dictionary.
  • 9.  However, some verbs can’t be separated and the object must be placed after the particle.  E.g. I will look into the matter as soon as possible.
  • 10.  Some phrasal verbs can take an object either between the verb and the particle or after the particle.  E.g.  I picked up the book.  I picked the book up.
  • 11.  Note: However, if the object is a pronoun, it must be placed between the verb and the preposition.  E.g. I picked it up
  • 12.  Unlike the transitive ones, these verbs don’t need an object when used in a sentence.  E.g. My car broke down.