Reporting on instruments for clean electricity generation in Brazil

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Presentation at the Asia-Pacific Dialog on Clean Energy Governance and Regulation Manila June 21-22 2010

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Reporting on instruments for clean electricity generation in Brazil

  1. 1. Reporting on instruments for clean electricity generation in Brazil<br />Gilberto M Jannuzzi<br />University of Campinas (UNICAMP)<br />and<br />International Energy Initiative (IEI)<br />Asia-Pacific Dialog on Clean Energy Governance and Regulation <br />Manila June 21-22 2010<br />
  2. 2. Brazil: Quick overview of main features<br />Recent official plans and projections to 2030<br />Main programs<br />R&D<br />Proinfra<br />WWF-PowerSwich Study – an IRP exercise and its implications<br />Conclusions<br />Contents<br />
  3. 3. Europe<br />Brazil<br />Brazil 2008<br />Population: 186 million totalconsumption: 430 TWh<br />GDP: US$ 1,600 billions<br />Installedcapacity: 108.5 GW<br />
  4. 4. Oecd 2007<br />World 2006<br />Brazil 2008<br />Renewable<br />Participation of renewable energy in total energy mix<br />
  5. 5. Official electricity supply projections (%)<br />Oil<br />Coal <br />Nuclear<br />Natural gas<br />Other renewables<br />Hydro <br />
  6. 6. Comparison: electricity generation by source<br />Hydroelectricity<br />Biomass<br />Coal<br />Wind<br />Natural gas<br />Fuel oil<br />Diesel oil<br />
  7. 7. National Programs for Electricity conservation: PROCEL mid 80s<br />PROINFA : Law 2002, 2004 Regulation: premium tariff to RE (electricity generation). Target: 3.3 GW<br />Wind 1.422,92 MW<br />Biomass 685,24 MW<br />Small Hydro 1.191,24 MW<br />Law 9991/2000<br />Regulation: EE and RE<br />
  8. 8. Law # 9.991, dated 24 July 2000<br /><ul><li>R&D: Search for innovations to face the technological and market challenges of the Brazilian electric sector.
  9. 9. EE: Demonstrate the importance of EE measures to the market</li></ul>Renewable energy bids (total 2005-2009)*<br /><ul><li>Wind 3.2 GW
  10. 10. Biomass 4.1 GW
  11. 11. Small Hydro 1.5 GW</li></ul>* Includes PROINFA<br />Legal and Regulatory Aspects<br />
  12. 12. R&DInvestments (%) in theelectricity sector: Wire charge (2008)<br />31%<br />Total US$ 356 millions<br />
  13. 13. EE UtilityProgramsinvestments: Wire Charges (1998-2010)<br />Total: US$ 686 millions<br />
  14. 14. WWF- Sustainable Electricity Agenda – 2020 IRP Exercise<br />The Potential for Energy Efficiency<br />Savings from avoided generation = subsidies to RE<br />78 GW<br />Nuclear<br />Renewables<br />Fossil<br />Hydro<br />GW<br />Cost neutral Scenarios for 2020. Same CO2 emissions PSW and 2004<br />PSW<br />2020<br />BAU<br />2020<br />
  15. 15. Energy Policy: energy efficiency and renewables<br />Good mechanisms but lack of better coordination and policy context<br />Evaluation of EE and R&D utility programs need improvements, transparency and benefits to consumers (tariffs)<br />ANEEL has limited staff and expertise <br />Better coordination between the regulator and Ministries (Mines and Science & Technology)<br />IRP is still not a dominant concept in the official Energy Plans<br />Challenges and Opportunities<br />
  16. 16. Thank you!<br />jannuzzi@fem.unicamp.br<br />www.iei-la.org<br />www.gilbertomartino.net <br />

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