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Finnish Defence Forces International Centre (FINCENT) since 2001; formerly the UN Training Centre, founded in 1969

Finnish Defence Forces International Centre (FINCENT) since 2001; formerly the UN Training Centre, founded in 1969

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  • The Operational Idea of the Finnish Defence Forces: The Finnish Defence Forces upholds and develops the capabilities lined out by the Finnish state leadership in the foreign , security and defence policies. The capability is formed by the capabilities of ground defence, maritime defence and air defence as well as the common capabilities of the Finnish Defence Forces. Capabilities proportioned to the security environment pre-empts crisis situations and their escalation into use of armed force. The capability is fitted for Finland’s military defence and at the same time suitable for the two other tasks of the Finnish Defence Forces. The FDF maintains readiness to fulfil all the tasks assigned to it. The use of the capability of the FDF is prepared so that it covers all of the country. The Finnish Defence Forces are lead by the Commander of the Defence Forces. The Finnish Defence Forces are made of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Defence Command and establishments under it, and the National Defence University. There is approximately 16 00 personnel in the Finnish Defence Forces, of which 8 800 are soldiers and 7 200 are civilians. The Defence Forces train approximately 25 000 conscripts annually and from the year 2008 approximately 25 000 reservists. Approximately 1 000 persons at a time serve in international crisis management duties. The wartime maximum strength of the FDF is 350 000 people. The strength of the Army is approximately 240 000, the Air Force 38 000 and the Navy 28 000. In addition, the Border Guard trains and mobilizes border troops for the use of the wartime Defence Forces.
  • 1. HENKILÖSTÖ Kirjavahvuus PORPRHENKOS:n xls- taulukosta liite_KRIHA-henkilöstötilanneilmoitus_4208 Henkilöstö 14.10.2008 Kokonaisvahvuus 677, muutos viime viikkoon -2
  • What kind of training and education is then needed. First of all we need both practical and academical training. Many countries have found it fruitful to divide the training in three or four phases. First phase is common or general training. The students must not necessarely have to be nominated to any missions before they participate to that training. An example might be military observer courses. During those courses every individual will get basic information what are the tasks and principles for an observer in general. But there are so many operations that all that information is not necessarely valid in all of them. Before deployment, during second phase, observers need pre-mission traing for their specific mission area. In other operations that may include rotation training and individual spesific training for example for signallers or engineers. Third phase, mission spesific training, is often organised by the framework nation or organisation, for a specific operation. For example those key persons, who will be deployed to ISAF operation in Afganistan or KFOR operation in Kosovo, will be trained in NATO school in Germany. Fourth phase is then on the spot training in mission area. There every individual will get the latest information about the mission itself, the area and most dangerous threats in the area. In addition to that, based on lessons learned from each mission, individuals or units can be trained with the latest information for example for counter IED tasks. The more demanding operation, the more thorough training is needed! Very vital point for all this training is interoperability. If possible the training should be organised together with other nations and participating organisations. As an example I would like to show the NORDCAPS arrangement for individual training in a next slide.


  • 1. Finnish Defence Forces International Centre CO Colonel Mauri KOSKELA, 3 October 2009
  • 2. Finnish Know-How in Peace Support Activities since 1956 UNEF I UNTC IFOR FINCENT PfP-TC EUFOR WHITE PAPER 1956 1969 1996 2001 24.7.2001 2003 2008
  • 3. Finnish Defence Forces 1 January 2008 Commander of the Finnish Defence Forces Chief of Defence Command Finland Defence Command Finland Regional echelons Brigade-level units Military Training Establishment Army Materiel Command Commander Finnish Navy Army Command Establishments Navy Command Air Force Command Brigade-level units (equiv.) Military Training Establishment Establishments Brigade-level units (equiv.) Military Training Establishments Establishments Commander Finnish Army Commander Finnish Air Force
  • 4.  
  • 5. National Command Relations FINCENT Crisis Management Forces,Observers Training, R&D Reporting Ministry For Foreign Affairs Pori Bde Army Command National Command
    • National Command
      • Training
      • Administration
    Political guidance, Commitments, Resources Cooperation NORDCAPS training centres CMC Finland NATO/PFP training centres Ministry of Defence Defence Command Finland J5
  • 6. Personnel 21 OCT 08 Total 677 KASHMIR UNMOGIP 5 1961- AFGHANISTAN ISAF 106 2002- LIBERIA UNMIL 2 2003 - TSHAD EUFOR TCHAD/RCA 61 2007 KOSOVO KFOR 433 1999- BOSNIA ALTHEA 54 2004- SUDAN UNMIS 1 2005- MIDDLE-EAST UNTSO 13 1967- GEORGIA MtG 2 2008
  • 7. Troops offered for PSO´s and exercises
    • Mech Battalion
    • Engineer Battalion
    • HQ Company
    • Signal Company
    • CIMIC- Company
    • Staff Officers
    • Military Observers
    Troops for UN, EU, NATO, NORDCAPS or SHIRBRIG led missions
  • 8. Dimensions of Finnish Defence
    • Defence of the territory
    • Defence of Finland´s interests and values
  • 9. Finnish Peacekeeper:
    • Age ~30
    • Trained for war time skills (inf, eng, log)
    • Territorial defence (admin, population)
    • Civilian profession (eng, doc, police)
    • Mission specific issues (culture, religion)
    • Psychologically tested
    • No criminal records
    • Over 80 % Senior High School graduates
  • 10. Phases and ways of training and education
    • Mandatory conscript training
    • Common training
      • General courses and training events
    • Pre-mission training
      • Specialist training, rotation training
    • Mission specific training
      • Operational unit and staff training
    • ” On the spot” training
    • ” Lessons learned” training
  • 11. FRDF Training System Training System B = Basic Training 8 Weeks NCO = NCO-Course 16 Weeks ROC = Reserve Officer Course 14 Weeks S = Spe c i alist Courses 6 Weeks U = Unit Training 5 Weeks PSO = P SO Training 17 Weeks July January July B NCO I ROC NCO II S U PSO
    • All 12 Months
    • All selected and volunteers
    • NCO or Reserve Officer Training
  • 12.
    • 1. WEEK
    • Mission area INFO
    • Admin INFO package
    • Basic PSO Training
        • 1. Mine awareness training
        • 2. Vehicle training (B-license)
        • 3. Weapon training
        • 4. Patrolling
        • 5. First Aid
        • 6. Communication training
        • 7. ROE
        • 8. Maps and GPS
        • 9. Shooting: pistol and assault rifle
        • 10. NBC training
        • 11. Physical test
        • 12. C-IED
        • 13. Combat training:
        • - FIBUA
        • - CIED training
        • - Action in ambush
  • 13.
    • 2. WEEK
    • Admin training
    • Staff / HQ Training
    • Unit training
    • TOC
    • Training for vehicle mechanics
    • Operational Training
    • Tactical use of weapons
    • Shooting Exercises
    • Case Studies
    • Use of force
    • ROE
  • 14. Budget 2008
    • 56 953 000 e
    • salaries, daily alowances
    • insurancies
    • training
    • 40 811 000 e
    • material
    • outsourced services
    • military observers
    Income 1 975 179 e FINCENT courses (MoFA) 792 000 e FINCENT courses (MoD) 664 500 e
  • 15. FINCENT 2008 COMMANDANT CHIEF OF STAFF ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE COURSE DEPARTMENT 13 Officers and NCO’s 14 Civilians 27 TOTAL Student administration sector Coursesector Research and Development sector PSO Gaming Facility
  • 16. Main tasks of FINCENT
    • Arranges national and international courses and exercises, such as NORDCAPS (Nordic Coordinated Arrangement for Military Peace Support), UN, EU, NATO and NATO/PFP courses
    • Supports Finnish civil crisis management efforts
    • Executes research and development projects
    • Administrates affairs of Finnish students participating in courses abroad
    • Cooperates with international and national civil and military partner organizations
  • 17. Courses 2009
    • United Nations Military Observer Course
    • NATO/PfP Coordination, Liaison and Cooperation Course
    • Coordination, Liaison and Cooperation Course for EU Operations
    • Military English Course
    • Peace Support Operations Terminology Course
    • NS M3-45 – NATO/Partner/MD/ Operational Staff Officer Course
    • PFPCIS – PfP/NATO Communication and Information Systems Course
    • PFPLOG – Logistics Course
    • US CMC – US Marine Corps Civil Military Cooperation Course
    • ICMC – Integrated Crisis Management Course
    • AHSC – Applying Human Security Course
    • METT
  • 19. NORDCAPS (Nordic Coordinated Agreement for Military Peace Support)
    • Four Nordic countries have divided
    • the training responsibility among themselves
    • Military observers
    • Monitors / Delegates
    • CIS
    • EOD
    • Staff Officers
    • Junior Officers
    • Engineers
    • PIO
    • Logistic Officers
    • Medical Officers
    • Personnel Officers
    • High Commanders
    • Military Police Officers
    • Intelligence/Liaison
    • CIMIC
  • 20. UNMOC
    • United Nations Military Observer Course
    • 1. week: Basics of working as an observer
      • Observer duties (surveillance, observation, reporting, negotiating, patrolling)
      • Mine awareness
      • Communications
      • First aid
    • 2. week: Using the learned information in practise
      • Observer duties (surveillance, observation, reporting, negotiating, patrolling)
      • DDR, monitoring and verification
      • Cultures and religions
      • Cooperation with other actors in crisis management
    • 3. week: Final Exercise
        • Observation Post Exercise
        • Patrolling Exercise
  • 21. CLC-course
    • Coordination, Liaison and Cooperation Course
    • To prepare nationally trained officers for coordination, liaison and cooperation tasks in UN, EU and NATO led PSOs
    • 8 days
      • Liaison and cooperation tasks (negotiation, cooperation with other parties: IPTF, OSCE, ICRC, UNHCR, local authority, NGOs)
      • Mediation
      • Reporting
      • Cultures and religions
      • Basics and practical exercises
  • 22. Integrated Crisis Management Course
    • For persons heading to HQ and command posts in PSOs
    • 5-day tailored course
    • Practicing cooperation in Finland – carrying out cooperation at operation area
    • Civil-Military Cooperation
      • Legal framework, integrated humanitarian law
      • Development aid, NGOs, IOs
      • Police, Customs, Border Guard, Defence Forces
      • Cultures and religions
    • Principle: To gather experts working in operation area, to promote cooperation in the field
  • 23. Mobile Education and Training Teams
    • Mission tailored
    • Common training modules
      • Military crisis management (CLC, CIMIC, observers, DDR)
      • Civilian crisis management (border control, police, customs, IO’s, NGO’s)
      • Code of conduct
      • Humanitarian law
      • Gender issues
      • Human trafficking
    • Supporting civilian crisis management efforts
    • Interoperability
    • Train the trainers
    • Supporting other training centers
  • 24. Training and Accomodation Facilities In Hyrylä from 1 June 2008:
    • HQ and Course Building
    • High tech auditorium, seating 150 persons
    • 4 classrooms with 20 seats each
    • EDP-classroom with 20 seats
    • PSO gaming classroom with 20 seats
    • Library with readers' corner
    • Reception
    • Office facilities
    • Students’ Hotel
    • Accommodation for 56 persons
    • Lounges with kitchen facilities
    • Well-equipped gym
    • Laundry facilities
    • Sauna
  • 25. Training Facilities and Terrain in Niinisalo
    • Camp President & OP 92
    • Company command post
    • Accommodation for 40 pers
    • 20 pers classroom
    • Kitchen and dining facilities
    34 KMS 27 KMS
  • 26. Questions & answers