MARIACHI FACTS Victoria Sanchez IAS 108 Fall 2012
WHAT IS MARIACHI? Mariachi is a musical genre originated in the 19th century in Mexico The earliest written version of the word Mariachi dates back to 1852 in Rosamorada, Nayarit, carrying the meaning of "fandango" or a popular festivity
ORIGIN Hernan Cortes brought musicians with him in 1519 to Mexico.Over time, the music blended with thenative music. As well as the African musicof the imported slaves.
GEOGRAPHY It is native to the region of western Mexico that includes what are today the states of Jalisco, Nayarit, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Michoacan, and Colima; extending as far north as Sinaloa and Durango and as far south as Guerrero.The exact birthplace of themariachi is unknown
OUTFIT Wide Bow Belt Short Boots Pants & JacketSombrero
INSTRUMENTATIONVihuela- A string instrument similar to aguitar but smaller and with five strings. Trumpet- The trumpets were added to the Mariachi bands in the 20th century.Guitar- This is the modernclassical guitar. Violin- Usually several violins play with a Mariachi.Guitarrón- Literally meaning"large guitar" in Spanish, it is anaccoustic bass with six strings.
DANCE Mariachi also includes regional dances hard rhythmic heel stomping straight backed with gliding shuffling footwork Waltzes Polkas zapatiado
THE MARIACHI AT SPECIAL OCCASIONS Funeral SerenataMariachis are commonly hired for:-baptisms-weddings-patriotic holidays-funerals-serenatas (serenade)Mariachi music has even been Weddingincorporated into the RomanCatholic Churchs most sacred ritual
Mariachi Vargas The most important group in the history of mariachi music is Mariachi Vargas. It founded in 1898 by Gaspar Vargas in Tecalitlán, Jalisco. In the 1930s, its leadership was taken over by his son, Silvestre Vargas, considered the greatest mariachi organizer and visionary of all time.
SUMMARY Mariachi is a musical genre originated in the 19th century in Mexico It is native to the region of western Mexico extending as farnorth as Sinaloa and Durango and as far south as Guerrero. Mariachis wear the suit of the horseman ortraje de charro. Instrumentation consists of a vihuela, guitar,guitarrón, trumpet, & violin. All members may sing Mariachis include regional dances Mariachis are commonly hired for baptisms,weddings, patriotic holidays, and even funerals The most important group in the history of mariachi music is Mariachi Vargas.