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Personality disorders
 

Personality disorders

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My presentation on personality disorders.

My presentation on personality disorders.

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    Personality disorders Personality disorders Presentation Transcript

    • Antisocial Personality Disorder By: Kelsey Luibrand
    • Personality Disorders
      • What are they?
      • Disruptive, enduring patterns of thought and behavior that interfere with everyday life.
      • Examples: Schizoid, histrionic, borderline, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive, narcissistic, paranoid, dependent, antisocial personality.
    • Antisocial Personality Disorder When someone has abnormal thinking patterns, no regard for right or wrong, and a complete disregard for the rights, thoughts, and feelings of others. People with the disorder are more commonly referred to as sociopaths. About 20% of prisoners would qualify as being a psychopath. What is it?
    • Symptoms
      • -charming/smooth-talking
      • -extremely high self-esteem
      • -manipulative
      • -a lack of guilt
      • -compulsive liar
      • -lacking of emotions
      • -a need for stimulation
      • -dependence on others
      • -promiscuity
      -rule-breaker -bad behavior control -impulsive -dysfunctional relationships
    • Possible Causes
      • The definite cause of antisocial personality disorder is still unknown .
      However, these factors are linked to the disorder: 1. A history of antisocial disorder or other personality disorders. 2. Being sexually or physically abused as a child. 3. Suffering a loss of parents through death or divorce. 4. Having been diagnosed with childhood conduct disorder. 5. An unusually small amygdala in the brain.
    • The Risks
      • Risks of the disorder may include constant conflict with the law, unemployment, physical injuries, and substance abuse.
    • Prevalence
      • Antisocial personality disorder is diagnosed in men 3 times as much as women .
      • About 3% of males in the U.S. have ASPD.
      • Inside clinics, as much as 30% of the patients have this disorder.
    • Case Study #1:
      • Ted Bundy
      *Convicted for the rape and murder of over 20 women. *he was once a good student and had good manners, but he was the subject of teasing and bullying due to being unpopular. *Charmed victims to get close to them. He used artificial casts to approach women and ask them to carry something to his car. *he was apprehended, escaped, and caught again after doing some more violent acts. *Sentenced to death in 1989 in Florida. *Before execution, he confessed to at least 28 murders.
    • Case Study #2:
      • Jeffrey Dahmer
      *painfully shy and had low self-esteem. *was molested by a neighbor when he was a child. *parents went through a bitter divorce. *killed animals and put their heads on stakes in his yard. *was abandoned after graduating from high school at age 17 *was responsible for killing 17 men and boys between the years 1978 and 1991. *victims were stabbed or strangled to death. He performed sexual acts to the cadavers, and sometimes performed lobotomies on them.
    • Case Study #3
      • John Wayne Gacy
      *When he was 11, he was hit while playing on the swing set and suffered a brain aneurism which caused many blackouts. *He also had a heart ailment. *Was a very likeable man and good Christian in his community *Given the title of “Killer Clown” because he entertained kids as “Pogo the Clown.” *Convicted of the torture, rape and murder of 33 males between the years 1972 and 1978. *Executed by lethal injection on May 10 th , 1994.
    • Treatment
      • -Many people with this disorder will not seek help unless required by court or someone important in their life.
      • -The person should engage in a long-term psychotherapy session.
      • -The person should try to focus on emotions that are not aggressive or angry.
      -Medication should not be used to try and cure the disorder.
    • Bibliography
      • Burns, Kari Sable. (1994-2011). “Jeffrey Dahmer.” http:// karisable.com/skazdahmer.htm Retrieved May 4th, 2011.
      • Long, Phillip W. (1995-2011). “Antisocial Personality Disorder.” http://www.mentalhealth.com/dis/p20-pe04.html Retrieved May 2nd, 2011.
      • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education. (1998-2011). “Definition.” http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antisocial-personality-disorder/DS00829 Retrieved May 1st, 2011.
      • Taylor, Troy. (2003). “The Clown that Killed.” http:// www.prairieghosts.com/gacy.html Retrieved May 4th, 2011.
      • Unknown. (1992-2011). “Antisocial personality Disorder Treatment.” http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx7t.htm Retrieved May 6th, 2011.
      • Unknown. (2000). “Theodore Robert Bundy.” http://www.carpenoctem.tv/killers/bundy.html Retrieved May 3rd, 2011.
      • Veague, Heather Barnett. (2007). “Personality Disorders”: Infobase Publishing.