Personality Disorders <ul><li>What are they? </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive, enduring patterns of thought and behavior that interfere with everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Schizoid, histrionic, borderline, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive, narcissistic, paranoid, dependent, antisocial personality. </li></ul>
Antisocial Personality Disorder When someone has abnormal thinking patterns, no regard for right or wrong, and a complete disregard for the rights, thoughts, and feelings of others. People with the disorder are more commonly referred to as sociopaths. About 20% of prisoners would qualify as being a psychopath. What is it?
Symptoms <ul><li>-charming/smooth-talking </li></ul><ul><li>-extremely high self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>-manipulative </li></ul><ul><li>-a lack of guilt </li></ul><ul><li>-compulsive liar </li></ul><ul><li>-lacking of emotions </li></ul><ul><li>-a need for stimulation </li></ul><ul><li>-dependence on others </li></ul><ul><li>-promiscuity </li></ul>-rule-breaker -bad behavior control -impulsive -dysfunctional relationships
Possible Causes <ul><li>The definite cause of antisocial personality disorder is still unknown . </li></ul>However, these factors are linked to the disorder: 1. A history of antisocial disorder or other personality disorders. 2. Being sexually or physically abused as a child. 3. Suffering a loss of parents through death or divorce. 4. Having been diagnosed with childhood conduct disorder. 5. An unusually small amygdala in the brain.
The Risks <ul><li>Risks of the disorder may include constant conflict with the law, unemployment, physical injuries, and substance abuse. </li></ul>
Prevalence <ul><li>Antisocial personality disorder is diagnosed in men 3 times as much as women . </li></ul><ul><li>About 3% of males in the U.S. have ASPD. </li></ul><ul><li>Inside clinics, as much as 30% of the patients have this disorder. </li></ul>
Case Study #1: <ul><li>Ted Bundy </li></ul>*Convicted for the rape and murder of over 20 women. *he was once a good student and had good manners, but he was the subject of teasing and bullying due to being unpopular. *Charmed victims to get close to them. He used artificial casts to approach women and ask them to carry something to his car. *he was apprehended, escaped, and caught again after doing some more violent acts. *Sentenced to death in 1989 in Florida. *Before execution, he confessed to at least 28 murders.
Case Study #2: <ul><li>Jeffrey Dahmer </li></ul>*painfully shy and had low self-esteem. *was molested by a neighbor when he was a child. *parents went through a bitter divorce. *killed animals and put their heads on stakes in his yard. *was abandoned after graduating from high school at age 17 *was responsible for killing 17 men and boys between the years 1978 and 1991. *victims were stabbed or strangled to death. He performed sexual acts to the cadavers, and sometimes performed lobotomies on them.
Case Study #3 <ul><li>John Wayne Gacy </li></ul>*When he was 11, he was hit while playing on the swing set and suffered a brain aneurism which caused many blackouts. *He also had a heart ailment. *Was a very likeable man and good Christian in his community *Given the title of “Killer Clown” because he entertained kids as “Pogo the Clown.” *Convicted of the torture, rape and murder of 33 males between the years 1972 and 1978. *Executed by lethal injection on May 10 th , 1994.
Treatment <ul><li>-Many people with this disorder will not seek help unless required by court or someone important in their life. </li></ul><ul><li>-The person should engage in a long-term psychotherapy session. </li></ul><ul><li>-The person should try to focus on emotions that are not aggressive or angry. </li></ul>-Medication should not be used to try and cure the disorder.
Bibliography <ul><li>Burns, Kari Sable. (1994-2011). “Jeffrey Dahmer.” http:// karisable.com/skazdahmer.htm Retrieved May 4th, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Long, Phillip W. (1995-2011). “Antisocial Personality Disorder.” http://www.mentalhealth.com/dis/p20-pe04.html Retrieved May 2nd, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Mayo Foundation for Medical Education. (1998-2011). “Definition.” http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antisocial-personality-disorder/DS00829 Retrieved May 1st, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor, Troy. (2003). “The Clown that Killed.” http:// www.prairieghosts.com/gacy.html Retrieved May 4th, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown. (1992-2011). “Antisocial personality Disorder Treatment.” http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx7t.htm Retrieved May 6th, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown. (2000). “Theodore Robert Bundy.” http://www.carpenoctem.tv/killers/bundy.html Retrieved May 3rd, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Veague, Heather Barnett. (2007). “Personality Disorders”: Infobase Publishing. </li></ul>