0
Digitization, IPR and Access to Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Developing Countries  – the Nigerian Experience <ul><li>...
The Outline <ul><li>Introduction  </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation of Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Nigeria </li></ul><...
Introduction <ul><li>Traditional medicine include a diversity of health practices, approaches, knowledge, and beliefs inco...
Why document and digitize? <ul><ul><li>Preservation of traditional knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protection from biopir...
Documentation of Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Nigeria <ul><ul><li>Key Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigerian Nat...
Nigerian Natural Medicine Development Agency (NNMDA) <ul><ul><li>An agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technolo...
NNMDA Projects <ul><ul><li>Biodiversity of the Sukur-World Heritage Site in North-East Nigeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Sukur-World Heritage Site <ul><li>Very hilly landscape  </li></ul><ul><li>The people in the area depend practically on tra...
Sukur.info caboose.org.uk
caboose.org.uk
Biodiversity of the Sukur-World Heritage Site in North-East Nigeria <ul><ul><li>A partnership with UNESCO </li></ul></ul><...
Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – South West Nigeria Vol. 1   <ul><ul><li>A total of 117 medicinal plant species belonging to ...
Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – North central Nigeria Vol. 1   <ul><ul><li>Documented 102 medicinal plants species belonging...
Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – South East Nigeria Vol. 1   <ul><ul><li>Documented 188 medicinal plants species belonging to...
Nigeria Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD) <ul><ul><li>Established with the primary objective o...
NIPRD <ul><ul><li>Major Achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of Sickle Cell Drug </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Bioresources Development and Conservation Programme (BDCP) <ul><ul><li>An NGO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs series of re...
Observations <ul><ul><li>Lack of unified coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of resources (financial/logistics) <...
IPR and access to traditional medicine knowledge <ul><ul><li>TMK is collectively owned and shared  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Indigenous Knowledge Workshop, Univ. of Ibadan, April 2009
Indigenous Knowledge Workshop, Univ. of Ibadan, April 2009
Proposed Bill   <ul><li>Proposed the establishment of the Traditional Knowledge and Biological Resources Management Board ...
Proposed Bill   <ul><li>Vested ownership of TMK on the local community or individual as the case may be.  </li></ul><ul><l...
End of Presentation <ul><ul><li>Acknowledgements : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Michael Clark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kat...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Digitization, IPR and Access to Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Developing Countries – the Nigerian Experience

1,660

Published on

A presentation on documentation of traditional medicine knowledge in Nigeria as well as access to same

1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Nigerian Ayurveda
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,660
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
37
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Digitization, IPR and Access to Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Developing Countries – the Nigerian Experience"

  1. 1. Digitization, IPR and Access to Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Developing Countries – the Nigerian Experience <ul><li>Gideon Emcee Christian </li></ul><ul><li>December 2008 </li></ul>International Development Research Centre
  2. 2. The Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation of Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>IPR and access to traditional medicine knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Traditional medicine include a diversity of health practices, approaches, knowledge, and beliefs incorporating plant, animal, and/or mineral-based medicines; spiritual therapies; manual techniques; and exercises, applied singly or in combination to maintain well-being, as well as to treat, diagnose, or prevent illness. </li></ul>WHO
  4. 4. Why document and digitize? <ul><ul><li>Preservation of traditional knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protection from biopiracy </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced R&D </li></ul>
  5. 5. Documentation of Traditional Medicine Knowledge in Nigeria <ul><ul><li>Key Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigerian Natural Medicine Development Agency (NNMDA) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nigeria Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioresources Development and Conservation Programme (BDCP) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Nigerian Natural Medicine Development Agency (NNMDA) <ul><ul><li>An agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established in 1997 with the strategic mandate to research, develop, collate, document and promote Nigeria Traditional Health Care System. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To integrate same into the national health care delivery system and to contribute to the socio-economic development of Nigeria. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. NNMDA Projects <ul><ul><li>Biodiversity of the Sukur-World Heritage Site in North-East Nigeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – South West Nigeria Vol. 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – North central Nigeria Vol. 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – South East Nigeria Vol. 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstracts of Published Research Findings on Nigeria Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine Practice </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sukur-World Heritage Site <ul><li>Very hilly landscape </li></ul><ul><li>The people in the area depend practically on traditional medicine derived from the bio-resources around them for their health care needs. </li></ul><ul><li>An exceptional landscape which graphically illustrates a form of land-use that marks a critical stage in human settlement and its relationship with its environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The cultural landscape and biological resources has survived unchanged for many centuries, and continues to do so at a period when such settlement and resources have come under threat in many parts of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The cultural landscape of Sukur is eloquent testimony to a strong and continuing cultural tradition that has endured for many centuries. </li></ul>Characteristics
  9. 9. Sukur.info caboose.org.uk
  10. 10. caboose.org.uk
  11. 11. Biodiversity of the Sukur-World Heritage Site in North-East Nigeria <ul><ul><li>A partnership with UNESCO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A total of 122 medicinal plants species belonging to 58 families where identified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32 species were recorded for use in the treatment of malaria, 14 species were recorded for use in the treatment of measles, rashes, scabies and boils. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16 species were recorded for use in the treatment of catarrh, asthma, pneumonia, cough and sore throat; 12 species were recorded for use in the treatment of STD. 8 were found to be useful in the treatment of dysentery. etc </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – South West Nigeria Vol. 1 <ul><ul><li>A total of 117 medicinal plant species belonging to 58 families were identified with the assistance of the Traditional Medicine Practitioners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 72 plant species were recorded for use in the treatment of malaria and other forms of fever, about 52 are used in various formulations to treat different kinds of skin diseases while 50 were recorded for use in childbirth and other reproductive problems. Additionally, 30 species were identified as worm expellers and 25 for rheumatism. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – North central Nigeria Vol. 1 <ul><ul><li>Documented 102 medicinal plants species belonging to 48 families. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 plants species for the treatment of malaria and other fevers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24 species are used in the treatment of various skin diseases while over 29 other species are for treatment of various reproductive health issues </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Medicinal Plants of Nigeria – South East Nigeria Vol. 1 <ul><ul><li>Documented 188 medicinal plants species belonging to 48 families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33 of the plant species are for the treatment of malaria and other forms of fever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 plant species were for the treatment of various forms of skin diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19 plant species were for the treatment of diabetes etc </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Nigeria Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD) <ul><ul><li>Established with the primary objective of developing drugs, biological products and pharmaceutical raw materials from indigenous resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Though the main objective of the Institute is drug discovery and development, the process of drug discovery and development especially from local sources inevitably involved documentation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently runs two major TMK projects funded the Nigeria Government and the World Bank respectively. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. NIPRD <ul><ul><li>Major Achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of Sickle Cell Drug </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation, No Digitization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of digitization capacity and facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding for the NIPRD’s projects do not often cover provisions for digitization </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Bioresources Development and Conservation Programme (BDCP) <ul><ul><li>An NGO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs series of research and bio-prospecting programmes in Nigeria and in parts of West Central Africa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a large network of collaborators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently running a documentation project on the Obanshi-Okwangwo forest complex in Calabar, South-eastern Nigeria. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established a database of African medicinal plants and CISAMAP - Computerized Information System of African Medicinal and Aromatic Plants </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Observations <ul><ul><li>Lack of unified coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of resources (financial/logistics) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear by traditional knowledge holders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate legislative framework </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. IPR and access to traditional medicine knowledge <ul><ul><li>TMK is collectively owned and shared </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western IPR has the potential to erode TMK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable framework should preserve the communal rights characteristic of TMK and enhance access to TMK </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Indigenous Knowledge Workshop, Univ. of Ibadan, April 2009
  21. 21. Indigenous Knowledge Workshop, Univ. of Ibadan, April 2009
  22. 22. Proposed Bill <ul><li>Proposed the establishment of the Traditional Knowledge and Biological Resources Management Board (The Board) </li></ul><ul><li>The Board is to act on behalf of the local communities in the exercise of their right in relation to exploitation of their biological resources and TMK. </li></ul><ul><li>The Board is to set up a system of documentation and maintain a Database of Traditional Knowledge and Biological Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Grant of right of access to TMK and resources as well as application for patent cannot be filled without the consent of the local community/individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant of patent shall not affect customary right of the local communities. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Proposed Bill <ul><li>Vested ownership of TMK on the local community or individual as the case may be. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to TMK of a community shall be subject to the grant of PIC by the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit sharing arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Representatives of the relevant community must be present at a meeting where application for access are considered. </li></ul><ul><li>Loophole </li></ul><ul><li>Provision with regards to benefit sharing and ownership of patented TMK is not clear. </li></ul>
  24. 24. End of Presentation <ul><ul><li>Acknowledgements : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Michael Clark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kathryn Touré </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IDRC-WARO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigeria Natural Medicine Development Agency (NNMDA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigeria Institute for Pharmaceutical Research & Development (NIPRD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioresources Development and Conservation Programme (BDCP) </li></ul></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×