Bina Puri Holding BhdTraffic Study for Construction of KarachiHyderabad Motorway (M9) on Built, Operateand Transfer (BOT) ...
Bina Puri Holding BhdTraffic Study for Construction of KarachiHyderabad Motorway (M9) on Built, Operateand Transfer (BOT) ...
Bina Puri Holding BhdTraffic Study for Construction of KarachiHyderabad Motorway (M9) on Built, Operate andTransfer (BOT) ...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                  Contents                  Contents Amendment Record      ...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                       4.8    Origin & Destination Survey                  ...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                  List of Tables                  Table 2-1 Population Proj...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                  Table 4-16 24 Hour Traffic Count On National Highway N5 @...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                  Table 4-44 Capacity Analysis                             ...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                  Figure 4-14 Extra Toll per KM for Bus, Truck and Articula...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project1                 Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project1.1       ...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project1.2               Scope of the Study                  The scope of services...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                  The willingness to pay survey will be carried out for all...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                                                        Figure 1-1   Projec...
Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project                                                        Figure 1-2 Location...
Karachi Education City Master Plan                                                                         Final Report-Ci...
The Project2             The Project2.1           Background              The existing Karachi –Hyderabad Motorway (136 km...
The Project               long. It has a length of about 495 Kms in Sindh Province. This road passes through the          ...
The Project              Manora, lies the port of Karachi, with entire Pakistan and Afghanistan forming its vast          ...
The Project              The Karachi City District has 9,764 kilometres of roads at all levels, from expressway to        ...
The Project              Figure 2-1   Karachi Mass Transit Options               2-7              MARCH 2012
The Project                    Figure 2-2 Karachi Circular Railway              2-8                                MARCH 2...
The Project                    Figure 2-3 Bus Rapid Priority Corridors              2-9                                  M...
The Project2.2.4         Proposed Ring Roads and Bye Passes              An important road and highway initiative is the c...
The Project                     Figure 2-4 Proposed Ring Road              2-11        MARCH 2012
The Project2.3                  Proposed Development Project along Project Corridor              As per Karachi Strategic ...
The Project              Figure 2-5 Location Plan of Education and DHA City              2-13                             ...
The Project2.4           Hyderabad District              Hyderabad is the second largest city in the Sindh province of Pak...
The Project2.6           Brief Profile of Pakistan              Pakistan is situated in South Asia with India on its easte...
The Project            Table 2-2 Pakistan –Administrative CapitalS.No                           Province                  ...
The Project                             Figure 2-6 Population Data2.6.2         Road Sector in Pakistan              The t...
The Project                freight traffic to the road sector mainly due to its provision of door to door                s...
The Project                                Table 2-5 Motor Vehicles Registered DataMotor Vehicles Registered              ...
The Project2004     536972       46997        25706         29398          719882    54525         160944      15744242005...
The Project2.6.4         Pakistan Export              Pakistan exports were worth 2057 Million USD in December of 2011.   ...
The Project                 Figure 2-8       Pakistan GDP Annual Growth Rate2.6.6         Pakistan GDP Per Capita         ...
The Project                         Figure 2-9 Pakistan GDP Per Capita2.6.7         Pakistan Imports              Pakistan...
The Project2.6.8         Pakistan Inflation Rate              The inflation rate in Pakistan was last reported at 10.1 per...
2-25   MARCH 2012
Data Collection3                 Data Collection3.1               Introduction                  Traffic forms a key elemen...
Data Collection                  counts at main points and junctions on 14th -15th December 24 hour traffic               ...
Data Collection                             Table 3-1: Traffic Survey scheduleS.    Type of Survey              No of     ...
Data Collection                                                   3Toll Plaza @              1st March -3rd               ...
Data Collection                     Table 3-2: Vehicle Classification as per Metro CounterAxles     Description           ...
Data Collection3.5               Mid Block Traffic Counts3.5.1             Mid Block Traffic Counts at Karachi Hyderabad M...
Data Collection3.7               Origin and Destination Survey will                  Origin & destination survey were carr...
Data Collection                  Figure 3-1 Location plan of Traffic Counting Stations with GPS Coordinates               ...
Data Collection            Figure 3-2 Location of All Traffic Survey Stations on Linear Plan                              ...
Data Collection                  3-35   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-36   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-37   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-38   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-39   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-40   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-41   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-42   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-43   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-44   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-45   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-46   MARCH 2012
Data Collection                  3-47   MARCH 2012
Data Analysis4               Data Analysis                Detailed data analysis were carried out at each section , inters...
Data Analysis                     Table 4-1 Project road sectionS.No            Section Name         Section Length   Loca...
Data Analysis                               Figure 4-1 Project road sectionThe average daily traffic as per Metro Counter ...
Data Analysis                                  Table 4-2 24 Hour 7-days Traffic Counts @ Karachi Toll Plaza on Motorway M9...
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Traffic report final 20 3-12

  1. 1. Bina Puri Holding BhdTraffic Study for Construction of KarachiHyderabad Motorway (M9) on Built, Operateand Transfer (BOT) BasisDraft Report20 March 2012
  2. 2. Bina Puri Holding BhdTraffic Study for Construction of KarachiHyderabad Motorway (M9) on Built, Operateand Transfer (BOT) BasisDraft ReportHalcrow Pakistan (Pvt) Limited1-B Mezzanine Floor Awan Arcade Jinnah Avenue Blue Area Islamabad PakistanTel +92 51 2870 223//2870 224 Fax +92 51 2870 222Mail@halcrowpk.com.pk, www.halcrow.comHalcrow International Partnership has prepared this report in accordance with theinstructions ofBina Puri holding for their sole and specific use. Any other persons whouse any information contained herein do so at their own risk.© Halcrow Group Limited 2004
  3. 3. Bina Puri Holding BhdTraffic Study for Construction of KarachiHyderabad Motorway (M9) on Built, Operate andTransfer (BOT) BasisDraft ReportContents Amendment RecordThis report has been issued and amended as follows: Issue Revision Description Date Signed 1 05/01/2012 smp 2 20/03/2012 smp 2 MARCH 20
  4. 4. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project Contents Contents Amendment Record 2 1 Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project 1-1 1.1 Introduction 1-1 1.2 Scope of the Study 1-2 1.3 Constraints and Limitation 1-3 1.4 Structure of the Report 1-3 2 The Project 2-3 2.1 Background 2-3 2.2 Demographic Profile 2-3 2.3 Proposed Development Project along Project Corridor 2-12 2.4 Hyderabad District 2-14 2.5 Brief Profile of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 2-14 2.6 Brief Profile of Pakistan 2-15 3 Data Collection 3-26 3.1 Introduction 3-26 3.2 Traffic Surveys 3-27 3.3 Methodology 3-27 3.4 Vehicle Classifications 3-29 3.5 Mid Block Traffic Counts 3-31 3.6 Traffic count surveys at Intersections 3-31 3.7 Origin and Destination Survey will 3-32 3.8 Willingness to pay survey 3-32 3.9 Travel Time and Delay Survey 3-32 4 Data Analysis 4-48 4.1 Average Daily Traffic as per NHA Toll able Classification (ADT)4-48 4.2 Hourly Variation of Traffic 4-123 4.3 Composition of Traffic 4-123 4.4 Weekly and Seasonal Variation in Traffic 4-123 4.5 Intersection Turning Movements 4-124 4.6 Traffic Count at Competing Route National Highway-N5 4-229 4.7 Review of Previous Studies. 4-247 iii MARCH 2012
  5. 5. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project 4.8 Origin & Destination Survey 4-251 4.9 Vehicular Trip and Desire Pattern 4-252 4.10 Travel Characteristics 4-267 4.11 Origin & Destination Survey on Competing Route National Highway N5 4-275 4.12 Vehicular Trip and Desire Pattern 4-275 4.13 Travel Characteristics 4-285 4.14 Willingness-To-Pay (Wtp) Survey 4-291 4.15 Speed and delays Surveys 4-303 4.16 Capacity Analysis 4-304 5 Tolling Strategy 5-308 5.1 Introduction 5-308 5.2 Proposed Toll Rates 5-310 iv MARCH 2012
  6. 6. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project List of Tables Table 2-1 Population Projection of Karachi as per Karachi Strategic Development Plan 2020 –KSDP 2020 2-4 Table 2-2 Pakistan –Administrative Capital 2-16 Table 2-3 The population of Pakistan as per 1998 census 2-16 Table 2-4 – Total Road Length in Pakistan -Km 2-18 Table 2-5 Motor Vehicles Registered Data 2-19 Table 3-1: Traffic Survey schedule 3-28 Table 3-2: Vehicle Classification as per Metro Counter 3-30 Table 3-3 Vehicle Classification as per NHA toll able classification 3-30 Table 4-1 Project road section 4-49 Table 4-2 24 Hour 7-days Traffic Counts @ Karachi Toll Plaza on Motorway M9 4-51 Table 4-3 24 Hour 7 days Traffic Count @ Hyderabad Toll Plaza on Motorway M9 4-67 Table 4-4 24 Hours 7 Days Traffic Count @ Kathor Near Ansari Bridge on Motorway M9 4-83 Table 4-5 48 HoursTraffic @ Karachi Toll Plaza on Motorway M9 4-99 Table 4-6 48 Hours Traffic Counts @ Kathor near Ansari Bridge on Motorway M9 4-107 Table 4-7 48 Hours Traffic Counts @ Hyderabad Toll Plaza on Motorway M9 4-115 Table 4-8 24 Hour-7 Days Traffic Counts @ Junction Motorway M9 and Dumba Goth 4-125 Table 4-9 24 Hour-7 Days Traffic Counts @ Junction Motorway M9 and Kathor Interchange 4-142 Table 4-10 24 Hours Traffic Count @ Link Road on Kathor Toll Plaza4-174 Table 4-11 24 Hours 7 Days Traffic Counts @ Junction of Motorway M9 –Lucky Cement 4-176 Table 4-12 24 Hours 7 Days Traffic Counts @ Junction Motorway M9 – Noriabad 4-179 Table 4-13 24 Hours 7 Days Traffic Counts @ Junction Motorway M9 –Thana Bola Khan 4-196 Table 4-14 24 Hours 7 Days Traffic Counts @ Junction Motorway M9 - Bolari 4-213 Table 4-15 24 Hour 7 Day Traffic Count On National Highway N5 @ Sassi Toll Plaza 4-231 v MARCH 2012
  7. 7. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project Table 4-16 24 Hour Traffic Count On National Highway N5 @ Sassi Toll Plaza 4-245 Table 4-17 ADT Both Directions at Karachi Toll Plaza-Year 2009 and 2011 4-248 Table 4-18 ADT Both Directions at Kathor-Year 2009 and 2011 4-249 Table 4-19 ADT Both Directions at Hyderabad Toll Plaza-Year 2009 and 2011 4-250 Table 4-20 Zone Distribution –Passenger Vehicles 4-253 Table 4-21 Zone Distribution –Goods Vehicle 4-260 Table 4-22 Distribution of Trips by Vehicle Type and Purpose 4-267 Table 4-23 Average Trip Length and Average Trip Time of the Passenger Vehicles 4-268 Table 4-24 Distribution of Trips by Mode and Frequency 4-269 Table 4-25 Vehicle –Wise Average Occupancy 4-270 Table 4-26 Distribution of Trips by Vehicle Type and Commodity Carried 4-271 Table 4-27 Average Trip Length and Average Trip Time of the Goods Vehicles 4-272 Table 4-28 Distribution of Trips by Mode and Frequency 4-273 Table 4-29 Zone Distribution Passenger Vehicle on National Highway4-277 Table 4-30 Zone Distribution Goods Vehicle on National Highway4-281 Table 4-31 Distribution of Trips by Vehicle Type and Purpose on National Highway 4-286 Table 4-32 Average Trip Length and Average Trip Time of the Passenger Vehicles on National Highway 4-287 Table 4-33 Distribution of Trips by Mode and Frequency on National Highway 4-288 Table 4-34 Distribution of Trips by Vehicle Type and Commodity Carried on National Highway 4-289 Table 4-35 Distribution of Trips by Mode and Frequency 4-290 Table 4-36 Average Trip Length and Time on National Highway 4-291 Table 4-37 Effect Of Road Condition on the Trips 4-293 Table 4-38 Willing to Pay Extra Toll 4-294 Table 4-39 Reason for willing to pay Extra Toll 4-295 Table 4-40 Extra amount witch may pay for Improved Facility 4-296 Table 4-41 Reaction if Higher Toll Rate would Impose 4-298 Table 4-42 Transport Owner Response 4-299 Table 4-43 Vehicle Classification and PCU Factors 4-305 vi MARCH 2012
  8. 8. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project Table 4-44 Capacity Analysis 4-306 Table 5-1 Proposed Toll Rate 5-311 List of Figures Figure 1-1 Project Road 1-1 Figure 1-2 Location Plan 1-1 Figure 1-3 Methodology 1-2 Figure 2-1 Karachi Mass Transit Options 2-7 Figure 2-2 Karachi Circular Railway 2-8 Figure 2-3 Bus Rapid Priority Corridors 2-9 Figure 2-4 Proposed Ring Road 2-11 Figure 2-5 Location Plan of Education and DHA City 2-13 Figure 2-6 Population Data 2-17 Figure 2-7 Pakistan Exports 2-21 Figure 2-8 Pakistan GDP Annual Growth Rate 2-22 Figure 2-9 Pakistan GDP Per Capita 2-23 Figure 2-10 Pakistan Imports 2-23 Figure 2-11 Pakistan Inflation Rate 2-24 Figure 2-12 Pakistan Interest Rate 2-24 Figure 3-1 Location plan of Traffic Counting Stations with GPS Coordinates 3-33 Figure 3-2 Location of All Traffic Survey Stations on Linear Plan 3-34 Figure 4-1 Project road section 4-50 Figure 4-2 Motorway M9 – Dumba Goth Junction 4-141 Figure 4-3 Motorway M9- Kathor Interchange Junction 4-173 Figure 4-4 Motorway M9 –Lucky Cement Junction 4-178 Figure 4-5 Motorway M9 –Noriabad Junction 4-195 Figure 4-6 Motorway M9 –Thana Bola Khan Junction 4-212 Figure 4-7 Motorway M9 –Bolari Junction 4-229 Figure 4-8 Vehicle Type and Purpose 4-268 Figure 4-9 Distribution of Trip by Frequency 4-270 Figure 4-10 Distribution of Trips by Commodity Carried by Vehicle4-272 Figure 4-11 Distribution of Trips by Frequency 4-274 Figure 4-12 Location of National Highways in Sindh Province 4-284 Figure 4-13 Extra Toll per KM for Car Owner and M.Bus Coaches4-297 vii MARCH 2012
  9. 9. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project Figure 4-14 Extra Toll per KM for Bus, Truck and Articulated Trailer4-302 Figure 5-1 Proposed Location of Toll Plaza 5-309 List of Annexure Annexure-A Mid block Traffic Count @ Karachi Toll Plaza On Karachi Hyderabad Motorway 5-312 Annexure-B Mid block Traffic Count @ Kathor On Karachi Hyderabad Motorway 5-319 Annexure-C Mid block Traffic Count @ Hyderabad Toll Plaza On Karachi Hyderabad Motorway 5-326 Annexure-D Mid block Traffic Count @ Link Road Toll Plaza On Link Road 5-333 Annexure-E Mid block Traffic Count @ Sassi Toll Plaza On National Highway 5-340 Annexure-F Photograph of Mid block Traffic Count 5-347 viii MARCH 2012
  10. 10. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project1 Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project1.1 Introduction1.1.1 General The existing Karachi – Hyderabad Highway (136 km) serves all important industrial and commercial areas of Pakistan. It forms the backbone of the road network connecting all northern areas to the port city of Karachi. The location plans are attached at Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2 In order to accelerate the process of expansion of motorways the Government has invited the private sector to participate in expansion of Motorway Network, on the basis of build, operate and transfer (BOT) arrangement. The GOP believes that the technical, managerial and financial resources of the private sector can make a useful addition to its own efforts in this regard. The present Traffic Report is prepared with the objective of estimating the toll able traffic on entire section of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 and all major intersections along Karachi Hyderabad Motorway-M9. The project road is about 136 km from Sohrab Goth to Hyderabad. The distance between Karachi toll plaza and Hyderabad toll plaza is about 118 km. The project concerns Construction of 3 dual lane carriageways with interchanges at all major intersections. Operation, maintenance and toll collection for a specified concession period. For the above project, the National Highway Authority (NHA) had invited Expression of Interest (EOI) from local and international private developers. As a result Bina Puri Holding, a Malaysian owned company was selected to issue a Letter of Intent (LOI) from NHA for the construction of Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway (M9) on BOT basis. Bina Puri Holding in turn has appointed Halcrow (Pakistan) as their Traffic Study consultant. The present report is prepared with the objective of providing the existing traffic levels on the project road, connecting intersections and other competing routes in the project influence area. The present report cover Estimation of the tollable traffic on the project road Advice on the tolling strategy 1-1 MARCH 2012
  11. 11. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project1.2 Scope of the Study The scope of services of the study is to:1.2.1 Review of previous traffic studies as well as other relevant documentation including the proposed toll plaza locations1.2.2 Undertaking primary data collection by conducting traffic counts (Mid block counts and intersection / junction counts), origin-destination, and willingness to pay and travel time survey. These shall include:1.2.3 Traffic count surveys at mid blocks to identify traffic movement volumes. The survey will be carried out for 24-hours- 7 days round the clock. The survey will be carried on following locations. Toll Plaza at Karachi; Toll Plaza at Hyderabad. At Ansari Bridge near Kathor on Super Highway Toll Plaza at National Highway near Sassi Toll Plaza1.2.4 Traffic count surveys at intersections to determine available route choices. This would assist in the evaluation of alternative routes to the proposed toll road. The survey will be carried out for 24-hours-7 days round the clock. The survey will be carried out on following locations. Dumba Goth Link road of National Highway and Super Highway (M-9) at Kathor interchange Lucky Cement Factory Nooriabad Industrial Estate Thana Bola Khan Bolari1.2.5 Origin and Destination Survey will carried on following location Toll Plaza at Karachi. Noriabad Toll Plaza at Hyderabad Sassi Toll Plaza at National Highway The O-D Survey will be carried out 10 % of total traffic in any direction1.2.6 Willingness to pay survey will carried out at following locations Toll Plaza at Karachi Noriabad Toll Plaza at Hyderabad 1-2 MARCH 2012
  12. 12. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project The willingness to pay survey will be carried out for all five markets with minimum of 70 surveys for each market. Travel speed surveys to determine the level of service on arterial roads. These surveys will be conducted three (3) times a day for two directions on a weekday. Based on appreciation of the project objective and scope conceived by Bina Puri and Hal crow’s experience on similar project, a detailed methodology is being adopted to carry out this assignment. The proposed methodology is given in Figure-1.3 envisages the following task 1.3 Constraints and Limitation Our scope of work only limited to traffic surveys as mentioned in Para 1.2 The following constraints are not included in our scope of work Detail traffic modeling of the project Sensitivity and risk analysis WTP Analysis. Growth rate analysis Traffic Projections Revenue forecast and projection To estimate toll traffic at proposed toll plaza locations after identification of competing routes and analysis of network condition ,traffic characteristic and level of toll (if any) charged to the competing corridors.1.4 Structure of the Report Following the initial introductory chapter, the Report is organised as per the following main chapter, sections and subsections: Chapter 2 described the project detail and demographic profile of project influence area Chapter 3 described the data collection. Chapter 4 contains data analysis Chapter 5 explains the tolling strategy 1-3 MARCH 2012
  13. 13. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project Figure 1-1 Project Road 1-1 MARCH 2012
  14. 14. Traffic Study of Karachi-Hyderabad (M9) Project Figure 1-2 Location Plan 1-1 MARCH 2012
  15. 15. Karachi Education City Master Plan Final Report-Circulation Figure 1-3 Methodology Reconnaissance survey − Analyze existing road network and study the proposed identified spots to conduct Primary surveys Secondary data collection− 24 hr-7 days Classified Volume Traffic Count Survey at − Demographic and Socio-economic Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway (3 locations) characteristics− 24 hr-7 days Classified Volume Traffic Count on − Registered vehicles alternate route i.e. National Highway − Existing and proposed toll rates− 24 hr- 7 days counts on major intersections on − Socio economic base line data Motorway and on the adjoining roads (6 Locations at − Government policies regarding BOT proposed interchanges) − Proposed and planned developments, land− Travel time survey (3 times in 24 hours in both use plans, population/vehicle growth rates, directions) − Willingness to pay survey− Road condition survey − Origin and Destination survey Data analysis − Calculation of Average Daily Traffic (ADT), Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT), etc., − Assess travel pattern and traffic flow for Vehicular traffic − Capacity Analysis − Proposed toll rate and toll plaza locattions Recommendations − Suitable proposed toll rates, tolling arrangement, access control mechanism with the objective of maximizing toll and minimizing leakages 1-2 MARCH 2012
  16. 16. The Project2 The Project2.1 Background The existing Karachi –Hyderabad Motorway (136 km) serves all important industrial and commercial areas of Pakistan. It forms a backbone of the road network connecting all northern areas to the port city of Karachi. This highway provides an important link between two major cities Karachi and Hyderabad. Its also link the National Highway N-5 and Indus Highway N55 Understanding the existing socio-economic characteristics of the region is a prelude to the assessment of likely project impacts (positive/ negative). The project corridor traverses through three districts, viz. Karachi, Dadu and Hyderabad. These districts have together been identified as the Project Influence Area (PIA). A socio-economic assessment of the project influence area has been attempted in the following sections.2.2 Demographic Profile2.2.1 Brief Profile of the Project Influence Region The project influence area of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 is spread over the entire Pakistan and specially in Sindh Province viz three district Karachi, Hyderabad and very small portion of Dadu district. The profile of Karachi, Hyderabad and entire Pakistan has been given in Section 2.2.2. Four national highways connect the Sindh province with the rest of the Pakistan. The National Highway (N-5) is 1819 kms long and connects Karachi-Hyderabad- Multan-Lahore-Rawdpindi-Peshawar-Torlkiam. It starts form Karachi and has a length of about 671 Kms in the Province of Sindh. It is the primary transport artery of the country, which carries 60 % of port traffic and 55 % of the intercity traffic. N-5 has a dual carriageway. In Sindh it passes through the cities of Karachi, Thatta, Hyderabad, Hala, Sakrand, Moro, Khairpur, Rohri, Pannu Aquil, Ghotki and Ubaro. The Karachi Hyderabad Motorway (M-9) i.e. Super Highway is 136 Kms long and has a dual carriageway with two lanes in each direction. At present it is a four lane highway with out access control. Expansion to access controlled 6-lane motorway on BOT basis is underway. The Super Highway leads to N-55. The Indus Highway which starts from Kotri (Near Hyderabad to D.G Khan to D.I.Khan to Kohat to Peshawar. This road is 1264 Kms 2-3 MARCH 2012
  17. 17. The Project long. It has a length of about 495 Kms in Sindh Province. This road passes through the cities of Kotri, Sehwan, Dadu, Larkana, Shikarpur and Kandhkot in the province of Sindh. Another Highway i.e., N-25 links Karachi with Bela-Khuzdar-Kalat-Quetta-Chaman. It is 813 Kms in length, but has a very small portion in the Province of Sindh which is about 23 Kms. The project road might have some influence on the traffic plying on this road and going towards the Province of Balochistan. A newly constructed highway namely the Makran Coastal Highway (N-10) also links Sindh province with the coastal belt of Balochistan. It is about 653 kms in length. The Provincial Government of Sindh is planning to extend this highway along its coastal belt linking the coastal areas of Keti Bunder and Ali Bunder.2.2.2 Karachi District The city of Karachi is the major commercial centre of Pakistan situated in Sindh province, presently has a population of 20 million (govt. statistics from 1998 census: 9.35 million) which is expected to reach 27 million mark by the year 2020.with an annual growth rate of 4.2 % compared to the national growth of 3% per annum. An unprecedented growth rate is mainly attributed to the large-scale exodus of population from all rural areas of Pakistan to Karachi besides natural growth. It is estimated that approximately 2,00,000 people are added to the metropolis every year Table 2-1 Population Projection of Karachi as per Karachi Strategic Development Plan 2020 –KSDP 2020 Scenario 1998 2005 2010 2020 Population 11,353 15,120 22,594 27,550 (000s) AAGR in 4.20% 4.15% 4.05% - following yers T h e The total land area of the Karachi district is approximately 3600 sq.km of which about 1300 sq.km are occupied by the built up area. Consisting of 18 towns, six Cantonment Boards and other agencies. The city is administered by the office of City Nazim (Mayor) who is the head of the City District Government of Karachi (CDGK). The Karachi metropolitan region, as determined by the commuter zone, spread over parts of the surrounding districts, Thatta, Dadu and Jamshoroof Sindh to the east, Lasbella of Balochistan to the west. The coastal line in the district is about 135 kilometres long extended along the Gharo Creek westward beyond Cape Monze to the estuary of Hub River. Almost in the centre of the coast sheltered by the island of 2-4 MARCH 2012
  18. 18. The Project Manora, lies the port of Karachi, with entire Pakistan and Afghanistan forming its vast hinterland. The Port Muhammad Bin Qasim at Pipri on the Gharo Creek serves a complementary route. Karachi is expected to maintain its dominant role as a major industrial and commercial centre over the next decade. It has a significant position in the nations socio-economic setting. It is the important hub of trade and commerce. Geographically, the city of Karachi is situated in the south of Pakistan spread along and beyond the coastline of Arabian Sea. As the largest city and the transportation, trade and financial gateway to the outside world. Karachi economic fate is closely tied to that of the nation, and even that of Central Asia. Karachi considerable presence cab be portrayed best by showing the city’s central role in various sector of national economy activity 40 percent of financial activity 30 percent of manufacturing and 40 percent of large – scale manufacturing 50 percent of bank deposits 20 percent of federal tax revenue 40 percent of Sindh’s provincial revenue 62 percent of income tax collection 95 percent of foreign trade passes through Karachi from two ports and airport The city of Karachi is located on semi-arid zone but enjoys a moderate climate due to marine affects. May and June are hottest months of the year with temperature as high as 43.3 degree centigrade while January is the coldest month with temperature as low as 5 degree centigrade. The mean annual rain fall is about 7 inches. The City of Karachi has a radial network of roads that converges towards the Karachi Port. The Central Business District (CBD) is located next to the Karachi Port with the result that in the morning most of the traffic goes to the CBD and the peak hour traffic is from 9:00 AM to 11:00 AM which is witnessed on most of the major roads in Karachi. In the evening, the traffic plies in the reverse direction i.e., from the port towards the residential areas and the peak hours vary from 5:00 PM to 9:00 PM. In Karachi, business and shopping centres are open till late in the night. This generates a lot of trips and in the absence of any mass transit or light rail system; roads are the only source of travel. Many projects and proposals have been considered in the past and some are still in the planning stage but none of them could be materialized due either to shortage of funds or other reasons. Of 24.2 million trips taken every day in Karachi, the public transport (buses) is deemed to provide 50-60 percent of all trips, Para transit (taxis and rickshaws) and private cars account about 20 percent of trip. Pedestrian trips represent about 20 percent of all trips. 2-5 MARCH 2012
  19. 19. The Project The Karachi City District has 9,764 kilometres of roads at all levels, from expressway to collectors to alleys. The layri express way begins north of Karachi City Port and west of the central city, and runs northeast between Layri and Site districts .The Layri express way is about seventeen kilometres in length. The Northern Bypass road forming a wide semi-circle beyond the north of urban Karachi has been completed. Its connects the RCB road north of Baldia with the NBP interchange on the motorway –M9.The RCD Highway is an important highway which link with Northern by pass.2.2.3 Proposed Karachi Mass Transit System In 1990 Karachi Mass Transit plan identified seven high volume transit corridors. The largest volume corridors are “Sohrab Goth to Tower” and “Orangi Town to Cantonment Station” The all options which are considered for Karachi Mass Transit System is shown in Figure-2-1.The details of options are as under: a. Karachi Circular Railway The revival of existing circular railway is an effective option for Karachi Mass Transit System. The existing Karachi Circular Railway is approximately 50 kilometres in length. Links the downtown with other dense central parts of Karachi. The existing and proposed extension of Karachi Circular Railway are shown in Figure-2-2 b. Bus Rapid Transit System Bus Rapid Transit System is also in consideration as a possible option for Karachi Mass Transit System. Buses Rapid Transit may operate on normal roads have stations just like a rail service. The two priority corridor as identified by JIAC on “The Study for Karachi Transportation Improvement Project” as shown in Figure 2-3 c. Light Rail System Two mass transit lines have already prioritized on the basis of demand and volume for Light Rail System as shown in Figure-2-2. The priority corridors are: Priority- 1 Corridor: From Sohrab Goth to Tower Priority-11 Corridor: From Orangi Town to Cantonment station. 2-6 MARCH 2012
  20. 20. The Project Figure 2-1 Karachi Mass Transit Options 2-7 MARCH 2012
  21. 21. The Project Figure 2-2 Karachi Circular Railway 2-8 MARCH 2012
  22. 22. The Project Figure 2-3 Bus Rapid Priority Corridors 2-9 MARCH 2012
  23. 23. The Project2.2.4 Proposed Ring Roads and Bye Passes An important road and highway initiative is the creation of Ring Road .KSDP 2020 have identified / proposed four ring roads as shown in Figure 2-4. The details are as under: d. Central Ring Road (R1) Central ring road –R1 is a loop approximately 32 kilometres long with grade separation all along it and will utilized the alignment of Layri express way, Jail road, Shaheed-e- Millat road, Kahyaban-e- romi ,Mai Kolachi by pass and the Maripur road e. Inner Ring road (R2) The inner ring road –R2 is 32.5 kilometres long, its alignment with R1 in the south western part, has separated northern and eastern alignment. f. Northern Ring Road (R3) Northern ring road-R3 on the northern bypass is 65 kilometre long. It will incorporate the existing northern bypass road and will be extended southward on east and west ends. g. Outer ring Road (R4) Outer ring road –R4 is conceived as long term development beyond the time horizon of the KSDP 2020. The southern section is partly in place .The western extension will begin at RCD highway, and then continue west and near Hawks bay. The eastern portion will provide accessibility to the eastern part and further linking the existing link road up to “Education City” 2-10 MARCH 2012
  24. 24. The Project Figure 2-4 Proposed Ring Road 2-11 MARCH 2012
  25. 25. The Project2.3 Proposed Development Project along Project Corridor As per Karachi Strategic Master Plan (KSDP 2020) for Karachi the proposed development along project corridor are as under A new additional urban trade and warehousing center at the interchange of RCD highway and Northern Bypass will be develop A new government center at the intersection of Northern Bypass and Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway shall be established A special purpose corridor shall be built along Northern Bypass within 300 meter reservation on both sides, to include housing, commercial, institutional and public area. Development of Education city on 9000 acres on both side of Link road in Deh Chohar. As shown in Figure 2-5 Development of DHA City on 12000 acres near link road on Karachi Hyderabad Motorway Development of other small societies along the Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 2-12 MARCH 2012
  26. 26. The Project Figure 2-5 Location Plan of Education and DHA City 2-13 MARCH 2012
  27. 27. The Project2.4 Hyderabad District Hyderabad is the second largest city in the Sindh province of Pakistan and seventh largest city in the country. Hyderabad is located on the east bank of the Indus River. Two of Pakistan largest highways Indus Highway N55 and National Highway N5 join at Hyderabad. The National Highway divide in to routes N5 going southwest and M9 Karachi Hyderabad motorway going north to link Karachi. Several towns surrounding the city includes Kotri 6.7 kilometre, Jamshoro at 8.1 km and Husri at 7.5 kilometer. Hyderabad is an important commercial center where industries include textile, sugar, and cement .manufacturing of mirror, soap and handicraft industries. Hyderabad produces almost all of the ornamental glass bangles in Pakistan. Hyderabad is the major agricultural produce of the surrounding area. Hindered district was subdivided in four talukas namely Hyderabad city taluka, Hyderabad taluka (rural), Latifabad and Qasimabad. The population of Hyderabad is as per 1998 census is 1.166 million. The approximate built up area for greater Hyderabad Master Plan is about 140 square kilometers.2.5 Brief Profile of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 The existing Karachi – Hyderabad motorway (136 km) serves all important industrial and commercial areas of Pakistan. It forms the backbone of the road network connecting all northern areas to the port city of Karachi. The location plans are attached at Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2 In order to accelerate the process of expansion of motorways the Government has invited the private sector to participate in expansion of Motorway Network, on the basis of build, operate and transfer (BOT) arrangement. The GOP believes that the technical, managerial and financial resources of the private sector can make a useful addition to its own efforts in this regard. The proposed project is conversion of existing four lane dual carriageways in to 6 lane motorway with complete access control. The major and minor junction where interchange may required are Dumba Goth Link road of National Highways and Super Highway –M9 Lucky Cement Factory Nooriabad Industrial Estate Thana Bola Khan Bolari 2-14 MARCH 2012
  28. 28. The Project2.6 Brief Profile of Pakistan Pakistan is situated in South Asia with India on its eastern border, Iran and Afghanistan on its western borders, with China and Tajikistan on the northern side and Arabian Sea in the South. Islamabad is its capital of Pakistan which is situated in the northern part of Pakistan. Pakistan comprises of an area of 7,96,096 sq. Kms. It has four Provinces namely Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khybar Pakhtunkhwa. Punjab is the biggest province in terms of population followed by Sindh. Blochistan is the largest province in terms of area but smallest in population. Every province has its administrative capital, which is as follows and shown in Table 2-2 2-15 MARCH 2012
  29. 29. The Project Table 2-2 Pakistan –Administrative CapitalS.No Province Administrative Capital1 Punjab Lahore2 Sindh Karachi3 Balochistan Quetta4 Khybar Pakhtunkhwa Peshwar2.6.1 PAKISTAN POPULATION The total population in Pakistan was last reported at 175.0 million people in 2010 from 45.9 million in 1960, changing 282 percent during the last 50 years. Pakistan has 2.54 percent of the world’s total population which means that one person in every 39 people on the planet is a resident of Pakistan. The Table 2-3 and Figure 2-6 shows 1998 population and population projections graphically. Table 2-3 The population of Pakistan as per 1998 censusRegion Population (in Percentage Share Growth rate thouand)Pakistan 132352 2.69Punjab 73621 55.63% 2.64Sindh 30440 23.00% 2.80Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 17744 13.41% 2.82Balochistan 6566 4.96% 2.47FATA 3176 2.40% 2.19Islamabad 805 0.61% 5.19 Source: "Population Census Organisation, Government of Pakistan 2-16 MARCH 2012
  30. 30. The Project Figure 2-6 Population Data2.6.2 Road Sector in Pakistan The total inland traffic by road and railways in Pakistan is currently estimated at 239 billion passenger-km of passenger traffic and 153 billion ton-km of freight traffic. Road is the dominant mode of inland traffic and carries about 90% of Passenger traffic and 95% of freight traffic in Pakistan. The road network in Pakistan is about 194313 Km with on-road vehicles at 4.2 million. The National Highway Authority (NHA) operates and maintains the National Highways and Motorways which are mostly inter Provincial roads. The Provincial Roads are maintained by the Communication & Works Departments presently known as Works & Services Departments. Following the devolution plan in 2001, majority of the road networks are being operated and maintained by district government offices and by the offices of City Governments. Railways in Pakistan is also an economic mode of mass haulage over long distances, but due to crumbling network and its inability to comply with the needs of increased demands, this sector has been unable to provide an efficient, alternate mode of freight traffic. This has resulted in a shift of 2-17 MARCH 2012
  31. 31. The Project freight traffic to the road sector mainly due to its provision of door to door service. Rail services currently carrying only 5% of interurban freight. Road network in Pakistan is also deteriorating due to lack in maintenance spending and due to focus on new investments in the form of new constructions rather than maintenance of its existing road assets. During the 1990s, transport volume by road grew at 5% per year for passenger and 12% per year for freight in terms of passenger-kms and tons- kms, respectively. The province wise breakdown of road network in Pakistan excluding municipal and cantonment area roads as mentioned in “ Transport Policy Report 2007 GOP”is given in Table 2-4: Table 2-4 – Total Road Length in Pakistan -KmProvince National Highways Provincial District TotalPunjab 2,226 39,242 37,079 78,547Sindh 1,334 9,793 19,100 30,227NWFP 1,527 12,796 13,867 28,190Balochistan 3,042 20,128 19,011 42,181Other 790 9,603 4,775 15,168Total 8919 91,562 93,832 194,3132.6.3 Motor Vehicle Registration Data The motor vehicle registration data from year 2001 to year 2010 for Pakistan and breakup in provinces is shown in Table -2.5 2-18 MARCH 2012
  32. 32. The Project Table 2-5 Motor Vehicles Registered DataMotor Vehicles Registered Motor Motor Motor Motor Cycles / Cars jeeps Buses /Year Cabs / Trucks Cycles 2 Motor Others Total & station Mini-Buses taxis Wheels Rickshaws 3 wagons WheelsPAKISTAN2001 1198918 90062 161507 155793 2283381 107555 786907 47841232002 1279362 90077 155555 169274 2341051 120569 814239 49701272003 1289854 90424 165846 177478 2379260 127360 834424 50646462004 1298353 90460 166136 179727 2609442 138153 848688 53309592005 1318488 91893 168713 182516 2649910 101058 861851 53744292006 1372191 105373 175589 189950 2757842 136394 896014 56333532007 1440801 103397 184368 199447 2895734 143215 940851 59078132008 1549854 104431 187367 202574 3039815 156068 961646 62017552009 1657860 106463 195163 210944 3215583 167910 1005441 65593642010 1726347 122882 198790 216119 4305121 201827 1081916 7853002PUNJAB2001 535755 20845 96780 54550 1525939 46980 522565 28034142002 571703 20848 99206 59270 1565882 52664 540716 29102892003 576391 20929 99380 62143 1590013 55631 554120 29586072004 580189 20937 99554 62930 1743839 56370 563593 31274122005 589187 21292 101098 63907 1770883 27246 572333 31459462006 613185 23694 105218 66510 1843012 59577 595020 33062162007 643844 23931 110479 69835 1935163 62556 624795 34706032008 692576 24171 112276 70930 2031449 68170 638605 36381772009 740840 24641 116948 73861 2148912 73343 667688 38462332010 807162 24818 118366 76214 3078239 98340 708058 4911197SINDH2001 495848 46790 24990 25483 629930 37858 149228 14101272002 529118 46798 25616 27688 646419 42439 154411 14724892003 533457 46978 25661 29030 656381 44829 158239 1494575 2-19 MARCH 2012
  33. 33. The Project2004 536972 46997 25706 29398 719882 54525 160944 15744242005 545300 47726 26105 29854 731046 46131 163440 15896022006 567510 56186 27169 31070 760822 48009 169919 16606852007 595886 53718 28527 32624 798863 50410 178422 17384502008 640988 54255 28991 33135 838612 54934 182365 18332802009 685657 55311 30198 34504 887102 59102 190671 19425452010 686534 71539 31796 35520 1029454 67085 223848 2145776KHYBER PAKHTOON KHWA2001 136490 21815 33535 43580 81932 19527 73790 4106692002 145648 21819 24376 47351 81977 21890 76353 4194142003 146843 21903 34436 49646 85372 23123 78246 4395692004 147810 21911 34496 50275 93632 23430 79583 4511372005 150102 22251 35031 51055 95084 23794 80818 4581352006 156216 24797 36459 53135 98957 24763 84021 4783482007 164027 25045 38282 55791 103904 26001 88226 5012762008 176442 25295 38905 56666 109074 28335 90176 5248932009 188738 25788 40523 59007 115381 30485 94282 5542042010 188770 25790 40539 59078 121555 31337 95377 562446BALOCHISTAN2001 30825 612 6202 32180 45580 3190 41324 1599132002 32893 612 6357 34965 46773 3576 42759 1679352003 33163 614 6369 36659 47494 3777 43819 1718952004 33382 615 6380 37124 52089 3828 44568 1779862005 33899 624 6479 37700 52897 3887 45260 1807462006 35280 696 6743 39235 55051 4045 47054 1881042007 37044 703 7080 41197 57804 4248 49408 1974842008 39848 710 7195 41843 60680 4629 50500 2054052009 42625 723 7494 43572 64188 4980 52800 2163822010 43881 735 8089 45307 75873 5065 54633 233583a= Islamabad, N. Areas and AJK included.P= ProvisionalSource: Provincial Excise & Taxation Departments, Punjab, Sindh, NWFP, Balochistan, AJK and Northern Areas. 2-20 MARCH 2012
  34. 34. The Project2.6.4 Pakistan Export Pakistan exports were worth 2057 Million USD in December of 2011. Pakistan exports rice, furniture, cotton fiber, cement, tiles, marble, textiles, clothing, leather goods, sports goods, surgical instruments, electrical appliances, software, carpets and rugs and food products. Pakistan now is being very well recognized for producing and exporting cements in Asia and Mid-East. Main exports partners are European Union (UK), United States, UAE, and Afghanistan. The Figure 2.7 includes: Pakistan Exports chart, historical data and news. Figure 2-7 Pakistan Exports2.6.5 Pakistan GDP Annual Growth Rate The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Pakistan expanded 2.39 percent in the second quarter of 2011 over the same quarter, previous year. Unlike the commonly used quarterly GDP growth rate the annual GDP growth rate takes into account a full year of economic activity, thus avoiding the need to make any type of seasonal adjustment. Historically, from 1952 until 2011, Pakistans average annual GDP Growth was 5.00 percent reaching an historical high of 10.22 percent in June of 1954 and a record low of -1.80 percent in June of 1952. The Figure 2.8 includes: Pakistan GDP Growth Rate chart, historical data, forecasts and news. Data is also available for Pakistan GDP Quarterly Growth Rate, which measures growth over the previous quarter. 2-21 MARCH 2012
  35. 35. The Project Figure 2-8 Pakistan GDP Annual Growth Rate2.6.6 Pakistan GDP Per Capita The GDP per capita in Pakistan was last reported at 669 US dollars in December of 2010, according to the World Bank. Previously, the GDP per capita in Pakistan stranded at 654 US dollars in December of 2009. The GDP per capita in Pakistan is obtained by dividing the country’s gross domestic product, adjusted by inflation, by the total population. Historically, from 1960 until 2010, Pakistans average GDP Per Capita was 403.27 dollars reaching an historical high of 668.55 dollars in December of 2010 and a record low of 187.75 dollars in December of 1960. This Figure 2.9 includes a chart with historical data for Pakistans GDP Per Capita. 2-22 MARCH 2012
  36. 36. The Project Figure 2-9 Pakistan GDP Per Capita2.6.7 Pakistan Imports Pakistan imports were worth 3082 Million USD in December of 2011. Pakistan imports mainly petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel and tea. Its major import partners are: European Union, China, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and United States. The Figure 2-10 includes: Pakistan Imports chart, historical data and news. Figure 2-10 Pakistan Imports 2-23 MARCH 2012
  37. 37. The Project2.6.8 Pakistan Inflation Rate The inflation rate in Pakistan was last reported at 10.1 percent in January of 2012. From 2003 until 2010, the average inflation rate in Pakistan was 10.15 percent reaching an historical high of 25.33 percent in August of 2008 and a record low of 1.41 percent in July of 2003. Inflation rate refers to a general rise in prices measured against a standard level of purchasing power. The most well known measures of Inflation are the CPI which measures consumer prices, and the GDP deflator, which measures inflation in the whole of the domestic economy. The Figure 2-11 includes: Pakistan Inflation Rate chart and historical data. Figure 2-11 Pakistan Inflation Rate2.6.9 Pakistan Interest Rate The benchmark interest rate in Pakistan was last reported at 12 percent. In Pakistan, interest rates decisions are taken by the State Bank of Pakistan. The official interest rate is the discount rate. From 1992 until 2010, Pakistans average interest rate was 12.78 percent reaching an historical high of 20.00 percent in October of 1996 and a record low of 7.50 percent in November of 2002. This Figure 2-12 includes: Pakistan Interest Rate chart, historical data and news. Figure 2-12 Pakistan Interest Rate 2-24 MARCH 2012
  38. 38. 2-25 MARCH 2012
  39. 39. Data Collection3 Data Collection3.1 Introduction Traffic forms a key element of project preparation studies of road projects proposed to be implemented under the BOT basis. It has a direct bearing on several aspects, including carriageway configuration and width requirements, pavement thickness, structural design, other design features and elements, wayside facilities as well as revenues and project viability, both economic and financial. All these signify the importance of traffic data and analyses, and are a major determinant of improvement costs, particularly if the project is to be developed and implemented on BOT basis. Given this, decisions on the type of traffic surveys, locations and duration have therefore been taken judiciously to arrive at representative traffic flows on the various sections, traffic desire patterns and characteristics. An extensive analysis of the traffic database developed by conducting various surveys has been made not only to appreciate present traffic and travel characteristics but also to arrive at realistic traffic scenarios for future years on the project corridor. The present chapter discusses the various traffic surveys and data collection methodology. As mentioned it is prerequisite for this study, the reliable traffic data on entire route of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 and all major intersections on Motorway-M9 is required to determine the traffic pattern on entire route. Unfortunately the historic data counts are not available. The only data is available from Commercial Feasibility Report of Motorway – 2009. The report only contains the mid block traffic data at three locations and there is no data available at major intersection and competing route – National Highway –N5 and major interconnecting road of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway-M9 –Link road in the Report. In the absence of reliable data, the consultant felt a need for carrying out fresh counts. The traffic counts were carried out at three locations on entire length of Motorway, all major intersections, Link Road connecting Motorway-M9 and National Highway N-5 and competing route National Highway-N5 Traffic pattern on adjoining roads is one of the prerequisites for travel demand assessment as it is required to study the present traffic pattern and to study the impact on this traffic condition due to any proposed development. As the latest traffic data was not available from any Govt. agency for the influence area under consideration, Halcrow (Pvt) Ltd. carried out 48 hour 3-26 MARCH 2012
  40. 40. Data Collection counts at main points and junctions on 14th -15th December 24 hour traffic counts on 22nd December on all junctions in the influence area. To ascertain the weekly variation factors 7days- 24 hours traffic counts were also carried out from 18th February to 5th March 2012. on three locations and all major junctions of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway-M93.2 Traffic Surveys Traffic Surveys were carried out as per schedule and at the prescribed time. Table 3.1 lists the traffic surveys which were carried out.3.3 Methodology Traffic surveys were carried out by adopting two techniques, All mid block and junction count survey were carried out by using Metro Counters. Metro Counters are latest instrument used to record all type of traffic modes. The data store in Metro Counter will be downloaded on computers for analysis purpose. A sample manual count survey for 72 hours near Karachi toll plaza and 24 hours at all junctions were also carried out to converted 12 classes traffic which were obtained from Metro counter to Five classes as per NHA Tollable classifications 3-27 MARCH 2012
  41. 41. Data Collection Table 3-1: Traffic Survey scheduleS. Type of Survey No of Locations DurationNo Locations1 Mid Block Traffic 05 1.Toll Plaza at Karachi 1.a) 48 hours on Volume Counts 14th and 15th December 2011 b) 7 days-24 hours round the clock 18th feb -25th feb 2012 2.Toll Plaza at 2. Do Hyderabad 3. Do 3.Ansari Bridge near Kathore 4. 24 hours on 22nd 4.Toll Plaza at Link December 2011 Road 5. a)24 hours on 5.National Highway at 22nd December Sassi Toll Plaza 2011 b) 7 days-24 hours round the clock 25th feb -5th March 20122 Turning Movement 06 1. Dumba Goth a)24 hours on 22nd Count Survey At 2.Kathore at Link December 2011 Intersections Road b) 7 days-24 hours 3. Lucky Cement round the clock 4. Nooriabad 25th feb -5th March 2012 5. Thana Bola Khan 6. Bolari3 Origin & Destination 2 1.Toll Plaza @ Karachi 1- a)24 hours on Survey 22nd December 201 2-Noriabad b) 72 hours from 1st March -3rd March 2012 3. Toll Plaza @ 2-do Hyderabad 3- Sassi Toll Plaza at National Highway a) 72 hours from 1st March -3rd March 20124 Willingness to Pay 2 1.Toll Plaza @ Karachi a)24 hours on 22nd Survey 2-Noriabad December b) 72 hours from 3-28 MARCH 2012
  42. 42. Data Collection 3Toll Plaza @ 1st March -3rd Hyderabad March 20125 Travel Time @ Delay 3 3 times a day on 24 hours on 26th Survey Karachi-Hyderabad December Motorway3.4 Vehicle Classifications Vehicles were classified in two different classifications3.4.1 Vehicle Classification as per standard Metro Counter As per traffic counter methodology the vehicles are classified in 12 numbers of Classes. The detail of Classes are shown in Table-3.23.4.2 Vehicle Classification as per NHA Tollabe Classification As per NHA tollable classification all vehicles which were classified by Metro Counter further classified in 5 Classes. The detail of Classes are shown in Table-3.3 3-29 MARCH 2012
  43. 43. Data Collection Table 3-2: Vehicle Classification as per Metro CounterAxles Description Class Aggregates2 Very Short Bicycle or Motor Cycle MC 12 Short Car, Taxi, Pickup ,Coach SV 2 Light3,4 or Short, Towing, Caravan SVT 352 Two Axle Truck or Bus TB2 43 Three Axle Truck TB3 5 Medium>3 Four Axle Truck T4 63 Three Axle Articulated Vehicle or Rigid Vehicle and ART3 7 Trailer4 Four Axle Articulated Vehicle or Rigid Vehicle and ART4 8 Trailer5 Five Axle Articulated Vehicle or Rigid Vehicle and ART5 9 Heavy Trailer>=6 Six Axle Articulated Vehicle or Rigid Vehicle and Trailer ART6 10>6 Double or Heavy Truck and Trailer BD 11 Heavy>6 Double or Triple Trailer or Heavy Truck and two Trailer DRT 12 Table 3-3 Vehicle Classification as per NHA toll able classificationS.No Description1 Car /Jeep/Land Cruiser/Pajero/Tractor without Trolley & Eqvuivalent2 Wagon up to 24 seats/Coaster/Mini Bus Mazda Chasis up to 24 seats and Mini Truck3 Busses greater then 25 seats4 2 Axle, 3 Axles Truck , Tractor with Trolley5 4/5/6 Axle Truck (Articulated) 3-30 MARCH 2012
  44. 44. Data Collection3.5 Mid Block Traffic Counts3.5.1 Mid Block Traffic Counts at Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 For Mid block traffic counts entire Karachi Hyderabad Motorway-M9 is divided in three sections a. Section -1 from Karachi Toll Plaza to Kathor Intersection. To ascertain the traffic of Section-1 the traffic counters were installed near Karachi Toll Plaza b. Section -2 from Kathor Intersection to Nooriabad. To ascertain the traffic of Section-2 the traffic counters were installed adjacent to Ansari Bridge near Kathor c. Section -3 from Karachi Nooriabad to Hyderabad Toll Plaza. To ascertain the traffic of section-3 the traffic counters were installed near Hyderabad Toll Plaza3.5.2 Mid Block Traffic Counts at Link Road connecting Karachi Hyderabad Motorway –M9 and National Highway To ascertain the traffic at link road traffic counters were installed near Toll Plaza at Link Road3.5.3 Mid Block Traffic Counts at National Highway-N5 The National Highway is competing route of Karachi Hyderabad Motorway .To ascertain the traffic at National Highway the traffic counters were installed near Sassi Toll Plaza at National Highway The detail of traffic result are attached in data analysis section. The photograph of mid block traffic counting are placed at Annexure-F3.6 Traffic count surveys at Intersections Turning movement counts at major intersections were carried out to determine the traffic volume which inward and outward from connecting road to Motorway. The volume of traffic is also determining the possibility of interchanges at connecting roads. The survey was carried out on following locations. Dumba Goth Link road of National Highway and Super Highway (M-9); Lucky Cement Factory Nooriabad Industrial Estate Thana Bola Khan Bolari 3-31 MARCH 2012
  45. 45. Data Collection3.7 Origin and Destination Survey will Origin & destination survey were carried out to ascertain the route choice. The Origin & Destination survey carried out at four locations Toll Plaza at Karachi. -10 percent of total traffic Samples Noriabad. -10 percent of total traffic Samples Toll Plaza at Hyderabad -10 percent of total traffic Sassi Toll plaza at National Highway - 10 percent of total traffic3.8 Willingness to pay survey Willingness to pay survey was carried out to ascertain public opinion and willingness to pay extra toll on improved facility. Willing to pay survey were carried out at two locations. Toll Plaza at Karachi -100 Samples Toll Plaza at Hyderabad -100 Samples Nooriabad mid point -150 Samples3.9 Travel Time and Delay Survey Travel Time and Delay Survey were carried out to determine the level of service on arterial roads. These surveys will be conducted three (3) times a day for two directions on a weekday in Peak and off Peak hours. The location of traffic counting stations were marked on linear plan and shown in Figure-3.1 and Figure 3-2. 3-32 MARCH 2012
  46. 46. Data Collection Figure 3-1 Location plan of Traffic Counting Stations with GPS Coordinates 3-33 MARCH 2012
  47. 47. Data Collection Figure 3-2 Location of All Traffic Survey Stations on Linear Plan 3-34 MARCH 2012
  48. 48. Data Collection 3-35 MARCH 2012
  49. 49. Data Collection 3-36 MARCH 2012
  50. 50. Data Collection 3-37 MARCH 2012
  51. 51. Data Collection 3-38 MARCH 2012
  52. 52. Data Collection 3-39 MARCH 2012
  53. 53. Data Collection 3-40 MARCH 2012
  54. 54. Data Collection 3-41 MARCH 2012
  55. 55. Data Collection 3-42 MARCH 2012
  56. 56. Data Collection 3-43 MARCH 2012
  57. 57. Data Collection 3-44 MARCH 2012
  58. 58. Data Collection 3-45 MARCH 2012
  59. 59. Data Collection 3-46 MARCH 2012
  60. 60. Data Collection 3-47 MARCH 2012
  61. 61. Data Analysis4 Data Analysis Detailed data analysis were carried out at each section , intersection and competing route to determine the traffic pattern, traffic frequency, average daily tollable traffic ,travel times and delays on Karachi Hyderabad Motorway-M9 The analysis of the classified traffic volume count observed at the count locations was carried out to arrive at the Average Daily Traffic as per NHA Toll able Classification ( ADT) Hourly Variation and Peak Hour Factor (PHF) Directional Distribution Traffic Composition Intersection Turning Movements Review of Previous Studies Willingness to Pay Survey Origin and Destination Survey Travel time and Delay Survey Capacity Analysis4.1 Average Daily Traffic as per NHA Toll able Classification (ADT) As mentioned earlier the various types of traffic surveys were carried as per schedule attached in Table 3-1 to analysis traffic characteristics and traffic pattern on project road. The Traffic survey was carried out with the help of Metro Counter. Metro counters are latest equipment which are used internationally to record traffic as per traffic classification. The main reason of using these counters is to avoid errors and leakages due to manual counting. The data stored in Metro Counter were further download in computer using specialized software. As mentioned in above Para the metro counter recorded the traffic in 12 classes. To convert the 12 classes of traffic data into 5 tollable classes as per NHA tollable classification 72 hours manual counts on Karachi toll plaza and 24 hours manual counts on each junction were also carried out. The available data at toll plaza were also obtained for analysis purpose The traffic data was then analysed to study traffic trend, directional variation, and peak hour traffic and mode variation. The Project road was divided in three section based on the traffic intensity as shown in Table 4.1 and Figure 4,1 4-48 MARCH 2012
  62. 62. Data Analysis Table 4-1 Project road sectionS.No Section Name Section Length Location of (KM) Installation of Metro Counter1 Karachi Toll Plaza 15 Near Karachi Toll to Kathor -Link Plaza Road Intersection2 Kathor- Link Road 50 Near Ansari bridge Intersection to at Kathor Nooriabad Intersection3 Nooriabad 53 Near Hyderabad Intersection to Toll Plaza Hyderabad Toll PlazaTotal 118 4-49 MARCH 2012
  63. 63. Data Analysis Figure 4-1 Project road sectionThe average daily traffic as per Metro Counter classification and NHA toll able classificationat all sections of Project Road, for 24 hour 7- days counts are mentioned in Table 4-2 ,4-3and 4-4. 48 hors counts are given in Table 4-5 , 4-6 and 4-7. 4-50 MARCH 2012
  64. 64. Data Analysis Table 4-2 24 Hour 7-days Traffic Counts @ Karachi Toll Plaza on Motorway M9 TRAFFIC VOLUME COUNT SURVEY 1/16 HOURLY TRAFFIC ON MOTORWAY M9 (KARACHI - HYDERABAD) KARACHI TO HYDERABAD @ KARACHI TOLL PLAZA* Sunday, February 19, 2012 Light Medium Heavy Vehicles Vehicles Vehicles Cls Cls Cls Cls Cls Cls Cls Cls Cls Cls Double or Double 3 Axle 4 Axle 5 Axle 6 Axle Triple CAR / 2 or 3 4 Articulated Articulated Articulated Articulated Trailer Time TAXI Axle Heavy Total Axle Axle Veh or Veh or Veh or Veh or or / JEEP/ Truck Truck Truck Truck Rigid Veh Rigid Veh Rigid Veh Rigid Veh Heavy Vans / Bus and and Trailer and Trailer and Trailer and Trailer Truck Trailer and 2 Trailer 2 3+4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12:00:00 - 1:00:00 AM AM 297 123 70 3 1 55 4 8 2 1 5641:00:00 AM - 2:00:00 AM 257 123 56 0 0 92 15 18 1 1 5632:00:00 AM - 3:00:00 AM 155 83 49 1 0 71 9 16 1 2 3873:00:00 AM - 4:00:00 AM 101 64 29 0 0 38 3 7 1 0 2434:00:00 AM - 5:00:00 AM 64 40 39 0 0 30 6 8 0 0 1875:00:00 AM - 6:00:00 AM 110 42 50 0 0 30 7 16 2 2 2596:00:00 AM - 7:00:00 AM 135 52 33 0 0 18 4 14 0 1 2577:00:00 AM - 8:00:00 AM 232 74 66 1 0 17 5 6 1 1 4038:00:00 AM - 9:00:00 AM 355 83 49 1 1 21 1 14 0 0 525 10:00:009:00:00 AM - AM 536 102 32 4 1 15 5 6 1 0 702 10:00:00 11:00:00 - AM AM 555 101 31 6 1 22 2 6 0 1 725 11:00:00 12:00:00 - AM PM 599 111 34 10 1 18 6 10 0 1 790 12:00:00 - 1:00:00 PM PM 583 98 31 2 0 12 4 6 1 0 7371:00:00 PM - 2:00:00 PM 533 94 33 2 0 9 2 4 2 1 6802:00:00 PM - 3:00:00 PM 437 89 32 2 1 7 4 5 0 0 5773:00:00 PM - 4:00:00 PM 491 105 28 1 1 9 1 4 0 0 6404:00:00 PM - 5:00:00 PM 534 68 23 7 1 9 3 7 2 0 6545:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM 497 77 33 3 0 11 4 8 1 0 6346:00:00 PM - 7:00:00 PM 435 86 24 4 0 9 3 4 0 0 5657:00:00 PM - 8:00:00 PM 403 103 32 3 0 14 1 14 0 0 5708:00:00 PM - 9:00:00 PM 391 143 35 3 0 10 4 6 0 0 592 10:00:009:00:00 PM - PM 344 181 31 5 0 7 3 4 1 1 577 10:00:00 11:00:00 - PM PM 294 151 22 1 0 4 3 1 0 1 477 11:00:00 12:00:00 - PM AM 238 86 20 0 0 3 3 6 0 0 356 Total 8576 2279 882 59 8 531 102 198 16 13 12664 4-51 MARCH 2012

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