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How To Fill out a NAFTA - The Fundamentals
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How To Fill out a NAFTA - The Fundamentals

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  • 1. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Properly completed document required for Canadian importers to claim preferential U.S. Tariff Treatment. Must be completed by the exporter of the goods.  NOTE: Where the exporter is not the producer, reasonable knowledge of the goods’ origin or written representation from the producer regarding the goods’ origin is required. Exporters are required to produce certificates upon request by Customs and maintain supporting records for a period of 5 years.
  • 2. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 1: Exporter NAME, ADDRESS AND FEDERAL TAX IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE EXPORTER The company that shipped or consigned the goods to the recipient in Canada. Not necessarily the Vendor NOTE: The Tax Identification number for U.S. companies is the Employer’s Identification Number or, in the case of individuals, Social Security Number.
  • 3. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 1: Exporter Cannot be left blank. Must contain name of the exporter (company causing the movement of the goods to Canada – other than customs broker or forwarder.
  • 4. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 2: Blanket Period FOR REPETITIVE SHIPMENTS OF IDENTICAL GOODS Specified period of coverage for multiple shipments – “Blanket” certificates are valid for a period of up to one year. Indicate the certificate’s beginning and expiry date of coverage.
  • 5. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 2: Blanket Period Should be completed ONLY IF certificate is intended to cover multiple shipments of identical goods. Blanket period must have beginning/ending dates in D/M/Y order. Period cannot exceed one year.
  • 6. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 3: Producer’s Name NAME, ADDRESS AND FEDERAL TAX IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE PRODUCER (MANUFACTURER) If more than one producer’s good is included on the Certificate, attach a crossreferenced list. If the information is confidential, state “Available to Customs upon request.” If the producer and exporter are the same, indicate “SAME”. If the producer is not known, indicate “UNKNOWN”.
  • 7. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 3: Producer’s Name The producer cannot be from a country outside the NAFTA territory.
  • 8. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 4: Importer’s Name & Address NAME, ADDRESS AND FEDERAL TAX IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE IMPORTER If the importer is not known, indicate “UNKNOWN”. If the Certificate is being provided to multiple importers, state “VARIOUS”.
  • 9. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 4: Importer’s Name & Address If completed for multiple importers (i.e., “Various”), the Exporter must still keep track of these companies in order to notify them of any subsequent changes to their certificate.
  • 10. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 5: Description of Goods FULL DESCRIPTION OF THE GOODS COVERED BY THE CERTIFICATE Description of the goods sufficiently detailed to directly relate them to the CCI or Commercial Invoice, as well as to the HS classification. For individual shipments, include the invoice number or any other unique reference number such as purchase order or sales order.
  • 11. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 5: Description of Goods Use of vague or general descriptions is not acceptable. Descriptions must be product specific and should relate directly to the invoice description whenever possible. A part number alone is not acceptable. If not a “blanket” certificate, specific reference should be made to the invoice number, purchaser order, etc.
  • 12. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 6: H.S. Classification HARMONIZED CLASSIFICATION OF THE GOODS COVERED BY THE CERTIFICATE Valid HS classification number (6 or 8 digits, depending on the NAFTA Rule of Origin) corresponding to the Description in Field 5 of the form. Correct tariff classification is important in order to determine the appropriate Rule of Origin.
  • 13. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 6: H.S. Classification Cannot be left blank. The H.S. classification number must be at least 6-digits (or 8-digits as required). Must be a valid H.S. description relating to the goods listed on the invoice.
  • 14. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Origin/Preference Criterion CODE REPRESENTING THE APPROPRIATE RULE OF ORIGIN UPON ON WHICH THE GOODS QUALIFY FOR NAFTA TREATMENT In order to be entitled to preferential tariff treatment, each good must meet at least one of the preference criteria (A through F).
  • 15. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion A GOODS WHOLLY OBTAINED OR PRODUCED ENTIRELY IN THE NAFTA TERRITORY Refers only to natural extraction, growth, production or similar processes carried out in the NAFTA region. Examples: Minerals, vegetables, livestock, fish, shellfish, goods taken from the seabed, finished products made from originating materials, waste & scrap derived from used goods.
  • 16. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion A The phrase “wholly obtained” in context with Origin Criterion “A” does NOT mean “purchased” or simply “acquired” in Canada, Mexico or the United States. The goods must be basic products naturally extracted or cultivated.
  • 17. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion B CHANGE IN TARIFF CLASSIFCATION OR “TARIFF SHIFT” WITH REGIONAL VALUE ADDED Goods may qualify under NAFTA if their last place of manufacture was in North America and the manufacturing process resulted in a “significant” transformation of the goods – i.e., as dictated in the Rules of Origin stated in Article 401. Example: Non-Originating Materials: Steel Billets — Heading 72.07. Finished Product: Steel Beams — Heading 72.16
  • 18. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion C PRODUCTION FROM ORIGINATING GOODS Goods produced in North America from originating materials. Materials qualify as “originating” by virtue of meeting the Rules of Origin – e.g., tariff shift representing a significant transformation.
  • 19. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion D1 VALUE-ADDED RULE Technical provision applicable where no change in classification occurs. 1) Goods imported in an unassembled or disassembled condition and classified as if the goods were complete (according to GIR 2a). Value-added in the NAFTA region equaling 60% of the selling price required in order to qualify. Example: Unassembled Bicycle Kits classified under subheading 8712.00 as a complete bicycle.
  • 20. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion D2 GOODS CLASSIFIED UNDER THE SAME HEADING AS THE FINISHED PRODUCT Technical provision applicable where no change in classification occurs. 2) Where the tariff subheading provides for both the goods themselves and their parts. Example: Electric train sets of heading 95.03 assembled from various non-originating parts.
  • 21. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion E CODE FOR CERTAIN AUTOMATIC DATA PROCESSING EQUIPMENT AND PARTS SPECIFIED IN NAFTA ANNEX 308.1 Allowance to permit NAFTA preference to certain non-originating computer equipment.
  • 22. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 7: Preference Criterion F ORIGINATING AGRICULTURAL GOODS Qualifying agricultural products as defined in NAFTA Annex 703.2. Relevant Section A or B must be specified.
  • 23. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 8: Producer PRODUCER STATUS State “YES” if you are the actual producer of the good. State “NO” if you are not the producer of the good, followed by: 1), 2); or 3) indicating the nature of your understanding of the good’s origin: 1) Your own personal knowledge. 2) Producer’s written representation (other than Certificate of Origin). 3) Completed NAFTA Certificate of Origin.
  • 24. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 9: Net Cost REGIONAL VALUE CONENT (RVC) Where goods are subject to a RVC requirement, indicate “N/C” if the method used to calculate the amount utilizes Net Cost. If Net Cost is calculated over a period of time, indicate the start and ending dates applicable. Otherwise, indicate “NO.”
  • 25. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 10: Country of Origin of Goods COUNTRY OF ORIGIN FOR AGRICULTURAL OR TEXTILE GOODS State “MX” or “US” as appropriate for specified goods in accordance with Canadian Marking Rules
  • 26. NAFTA Certificate of Origin Field 11: Exporter Certification NAME AND CONTACT INFORMATION OF THE PERSON COMPLETING THE CERTIFICATE ALONG WITH DATE COMPLETED The person completing the form should have sufficient knowledge of the goods and the applicable Rules of Origin in order to ensure legitimacy of the Certificate.