Recent trends In Automobile

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Recent trends In Automobile

  1. 1. “RECENT TRENDS IN AUTOMOBILES” ByNinad Babarao Ghormade Guided by Prof. A.R.Sonekar(Lecturer, Mechanical Engineering Department) P.R. PATIL INSTITUTE OFPOLYTHECNIC & TECHNOLOGY, AMRAVATI.
  2. 2. A STUDY CYCLE OF AUTOMOBILE… A FUTURE PRESENT PAST 4/19/2013
  3. 3. 4/19/2013
  4. 4. PAST… Cylinders : 3or4 - Cylinder Cycle : Two-stroke cycle Four-stroke cycle Diesel cycle Fuel : Petrol or Diesel Energy efficiency: 37% Ignition :Spark or by Compression 4/19/2013
  5. 5. 4/19/2013
  6. 6. We Have…Super -Charged Engine & Turbo-Charged Engine Cylinders : 4 or 6 or 8 - Cylinder Cycle : Two-stroke cycle Four-stroke cycle Diesel cycle Fuel : Petrol or Diesel, Petroleum gas , Compressed natural gas, Jet fuel (aviation fuel) , Residual fuel, Coal, Biofuels and vegoils. Energy efficiency: Super -Charged Engine :70% Turbo-Charged Engine:56% to 61% Ignition : MPFI System, Mechanically timed ignition, Electronic ignition Digital electronic ignitions 4/19/2013
  7. 7. 4/19/2013
  8. 8. PAST… MATERIAL USED FOR VEHICALS : •IN 1970,s a lot of Stamped metal, more Vinyl for interiors, Molded plastics, and Laminated Plastics will tempered glass for windshields. •In 2009, a lot of Molded plastics inside and out, a lot of very Thin Steel, laminated windshields, Tupper ware bumpers ,etc, and Aluminum4/19/2013 HEAVY MATERIAL
  9. 9. 4/19/2013
  10. 10. WE HAVE… MATERIAL USED FOR VEHICALS : Aluminum - for car bodies + wheel hubs. Iron/steel - for car bodies. Copper - for electrical wires. Lead - for lead-acid batteries. Plastic - for dials, dashboards + bumpers. PVC- for metal wirings. Glass + plastic - for windscreens. Leather - for seats.4/19/2013 VERY LIGHT MATERIAL
  11. 11. 4/19/2013
  12. 12. PAST… RACK AND PINION STEERING SYSTEM TURNING RADIUS: VERY LARGE 4/19/2013
  13. 13. 4/19/2013
  14. 14. WE HAVE…HYDRAULIC POWER STEERING TURNING RADIUS: VERY SMALL ELECTRONIC POWER STEERING 4/19/2013
  15. 15. 4/19/2013
  16. 16. PAST… VERY HARD BRAKE NO OTHER ARREGMENT FOR SAFTY 4/19/2013
  17. 17. 4/19/2013
  18. 18. WE HAVE… DISC BRAKEPNEUMATIC BRAKE HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM 4/19/2013ELECTRONIC-BRAKING SYSTEM
  19. 19. OTHER SAFTY ARREGMENTS: REAR SENSORS G-CON TECHNOLOGY ABS SYSTEM AIR-BAG SYSTEM 4/19/2013
  20. 20. SOME OTHER ASPECTS IN AUTOMOBILE… AC FOR COMFERT ALLOY RIMS FOR LOOKTUBELESS TYRES 4/19/2013
  21. 21. 4/19/2013
  22. 22. WE HAVE… STEERING WHEEL FREE VEHICAL0 0 TURNING RADIUS VEHICALS 4/19/2013
  23. 23. CONCLUSION:•Vehicle in the future will evolve to run cleaner and faster than ever .•While more mainstream technologies like hybrid cars and hydrogen fuelcells continue to push the edges of today’s car technology, all newinnovations will be introduced in the future, which also contribute to betterfuel economy, lower greenhouse gases and improved tailpipe emissions. 4/19/2013
  24. 24. REFERANCESS:•http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1350805/history•http://mandieselturbo.com/files/news/filesof16119/tech_paper_low_speed.pdf•http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/290504/internal-combustion-engine•http://auto.howstuffworks.com/supercharger.htm 4/19/2013
  25. 25. 4/19/2013
  26. 26. 4/19/2013

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