The key words change the meaning of the generalization. Some flowers have petals. Flowers always have petals. Flowers never have petals. Most flowers have petals. Many flowers have petals. All flowers have petals. Flowers generally have petals. You have to be VERY careful if you use the word never. Does it NEVER happen?? Is it remotely possible?? Likewise you have to be careful with the words always and all. They include the whole group. Does it ALWAYS happen??
WHAT IS A GENERALIZATION?
• A broad statement
about a group of people
• It states something they
have in common.
• Faulty means false.
–Not supported by
–Watch for the key
“I don’t like peppers.
words: none, all,
They’re all hot!”
• What is wrong with this generalization?
• How could you make it a valid generalization?
“A friend of mine got food
poisoning from MacDonald's
last week. I'm never going
Ford is an American-made car.
I owned a Ford, and it broke down all the time.
A car that breaks down all the time is not very
American-made cars are not very good.
• Valid means true.
– Supported by facts
– Agrees with what you
already know about
– Uses logic and
– Proven with several
READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE:
Ginger is one of my best friends.
When I enter my home, she races to
greet me with kisses and excited
leaps. She acts like it’s been eight
days since she’s seen me, instead of
the actual eight hours. Her coat is
honey brown; her eyes are large and
She’s a six- month old cocker
spaniel puppy, a breed originally
intended to hunt birds in England.
Her faithful companionship
comforts me when I’m sad or sick.
Her playfulness makes me laugh
when she races after a toy I’ve
tossed. All cocker spaniels make
WHAT GENERALIZATION IS MADE IN
• All cocker spaniels
make perfect pets.
ALL COCKER SPANIELS MAKE PERFECT
• Is this a valid generalization?
• Does the author:
– Use facts to support the idea?
– Share past experiences to
support the idea?
– Provide several examples?
– Use logical thinking?
• Generalizations make broad
statements about a group.
• Some a valid, others are faulty.
• Valid generalizations are
supported by facts, examples,
and logical thinking.
• Watch out for words like all or
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