Literary Elements
…words used to describe what
goes on in books


DIRECTLY STATED
› Obviously stated or

given to the reader
in the novel



INDIRECTLY
STATED
› Must figure out

theme ...
Friendship
Good
vs. Evil
Struggles

Courage
Determination

Perseverance

Acceptance Loyalty

Freedom

Love

Hope

Man vs.
...
Theme


The way an
author
develops the
characters in
the story


Clear statements are
made about the
character.



“Ron is honest.”



The author writes
about a character’s
thoughts ...





Time & place of the story
The “backdrop”
Helps create the feeling or atmosphere
of the book.
Real or imaginary.
Ocean

Europe

Cave

Desert

Farm

Glacial

Forest

19th
century

House

Asia

Tropical

School
Inner
city

Small
town
Mag...





Clues
Hints
Builds suspense
Keeps reader
wondering.


Authors use
flashback to show
something about a
character’s past.



A flashback is a
scene that
interrupts a story to...
Conflict is the struggle
or problem in the story.
Conflict drives the
action of a story.
Resolution is the way
the conflic...



Takes place within the mind of a
character.
They may struggle to make a decision,
take action, or overcome a feeling....
Arrangement of events
in the story.


Exposition – introducing the

characters, setting, & situation

Rising

Action

• ...
Mood
› Mood is the feeling the

author creates during the
story.


First Person



Narrator takes part in
the action of the
story and refers to
him/her self as “I”.
Limited insight to t...
To develop ideas about what will happen
next in a story. You must use your prior
knowledge and clues from the story!!
Author’s purpose & perspective go
together.
 Author wants you to see the topic
based on his beliefs/background.
 Author ...
“Through My Eyes” by Ruby Bridges.


Inform – to learn something
› Facts, details, instructions



Persuade – to believe his position
› Non-fiction, contai...




A symbol stands for or represents
something. In literature, symbols stand for
ideas (love or hope)
Symbolism – is us...


Writers attitude towards the
audience/subject.
› Formal, informal, serious, playful, bitter



Scary Mary Poppins



...



Facts – statements that can be proven
Opinions – personal beliefs or feelings


Brief work of fiction.
› Still contains a plot, conflict, & characters.


Making logical assumptions about
something not directly stated in the text.

Putting the clues
from the story
together…...
When you draw a conclusion
you use 2 things:
1. What you know in
your head.
2. What you’ve read
in the story.

A conclusio...
Literary Elements
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Literary Elements

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Transcript of "Literary Elements"

  1. 1. Literary Elements …words used to describe what goes on in books
  2. 2.  DIRECTLY STATED › Obviously stated or given to the reader in the novel  INDIRECTLY STATED › Must figure out theme by analyzing what the novel reveals about life or the people
  3. 3. Friendship Good vs. Evil Struggles Courage Determination Perseverance Acceptance Loyalty Freedom Love Hope Man vs. Nature Prejudice Suffering Death Responsibility
  4. 4. Theme
  5. 5.  The way an author develops the characters in the story
  6. 6.  Clear statements are made about the character.  “Ron is honest.”  The author writes about a character’s thoughts or what others are thinking about them.
  7. 7.     Time & place of the story The “backdrop” Helps create the feeling or atmosphere of the book. Real or imaginary.
  8. 8. Ocean Europe Cave Desert Farm Glacial Forest 19th century House Asia Tropical School Inner city Small town Magical Urban Outer space Island museum
  9. 9.     Clues Hints Builds suspense Keeps reader wondering.
  10. 10.  Authors use flashback to show something about a character’s past.  A flashback is a scene that interrupts a story to describe an earlier event.
  11. 11. Conflict is the struggle or problem in the story. Conflict drives the action of a story. Resolution is the way the conflict is settled.
  12. 12.   Takes place within the mind of a character. They may struggle to make a decision, take action, or overcome a feeling.  A character struggles against an outside force.  May have conflict w/ another character or a force in nature.
  13. 13. Arrangement of events in the story.  Exposition – introducing the characters, setting, & situation Rising Action • Events that increase action  Climax • High point of the story, story’s outcome becomes clear  Falling Action • Events that follow the climax  Resolution • Outcome
  14. 14. Mood › Mood is the feeling the author creates during the story.
  15. 15.  First Person  Narrator takes part in the action of the story and refers to him/her self as “I”. Limited insight to the story. Third Person  Narrator does not take part of action. Is an outside observer, can share information that other characters do not know. Is allknowing. 
  16. 16. To develop ideas about what will happen next in a story. You must use your prior knowledge and clues from the story!!
  17. 17. Author’s purpose & perspective go together.  Author wants you to see the topic based on his beliefs/background.  Author reveals his feelings/personal interest in the subject. 
  18. 18. “Through My Eyes” by Ruby Bridges.
  19. 19.  Inform – to learn something › Facts, details, instructions  Persuade – to believe his position › Non-fiction, contains facts & author’s opinions Entertain – tell story, describe places/events › Play, poems, stories, jokes, comic strips
  20. 20.   A symbol stands for or represents something. In literature, symbols stand for ideas (love or hope) Symbolism – is used to reinforce the theme or message.
  21. 21.  Writers attitude towards the audience/subject. › Formal, informal, serious, playful, bitter  Scary Mary Poppins  Happy Mary Poppins
  22. 22.   Facts – statements that can be proven Opinions – personal beliefs or feelings
  23. 23.  Brief work of fiction. › Still contains a plot, conflict, & characters.
  24. 24.  Making logical assumptions about something not directly stated in the text. Putting the clues from the story together… like a puzzle!
  25. 25. When you draw a conclusion you use 2 things: 1. What you know in your head. 2. What you’ve read in the story. A conclusion is the decision you come to when you put these two together.
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