flashback to show
something about a
A flashback is a
interrupts a story to
describe an earlier
Conflict is the struggle
or problem in the story.
Conflict drives the
action of a story.
Resolution is the way
the conflict is settled.
Takes place within the mind of a
They may struggle to make a decision,
take action, or overcome a feeling.
A character struggles against an outside
May have conflict w/ another character or a
force in nature.
Arrangement of events
in the story.
Exposition – introducing the
characters, setting, & situation
• Events that increase action
• High point of the story, story’s
outcome becomes clear
• Events that follow the climax
› Mood is the feeling the
author creates during the
Narrator takes part in
the action of the
story and refers to
him/her self as “I”.
Limited insight to the
Narrator does not
take part of action.
Is an outside
observer, can share
other characters do
not know. Is allknowing.
To develop ideas about what will happen
next in a story. You must use your prior
knowledge and clues from the story!!
Author’s purpose & perspective go
Author wants you to see the topic
based on his beliefs/background.
Author reveals his feelings/personal
interest in the subject.
“Through My Eyes” by Ruby Bridges.
Inform – to learn something
› Facts, details, instructions
Persuade – to believe his position
› Non-fiction, contains facts & author’s
Entertain – tell story, describe places/events
› Play, poems, stories, jokes, comic strips
A symbol stands for or represents
something. In literature, symbols stand for
ideas (love or hope)
Symbolism – is used to reinforce the theme
Writers attitude towards the
› Formal, informal, serious, playful, bitter
Scary Mary Poppins
Happy Mary Poppins
Facts – statements that can be proven
Opinions – personal beliefs or feelings
Brief work of fiction.
› Still contains a plot, conflict, & characters.
Making logical assumptions about
something not directly stated in the text.
Putting the clues
from the story
together… like a
When you draw a conclusion
you use 2 things:
1. What you know in
2. What you’ve read
in the story.
A conclusion is the decision you come
to when you put these two together.