Literary Elements

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Grades 4-7

Grades 4-7

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  • 1. Literary Elements …words used to describe what goes on in books
  • 2.  DIRECTLY STATED › Obviously stated or given to the reader in the novel  INDIRECTLY STATED › Must figure out theme by analyzing what the novel reveals about life or the people
  • 3. Friendship Good vs. Evil Struggles Courage Determination Perseverance Acceptance Loyalty Freedom Love Hope Man vs. Nature Prejudice Suffering Death Responsibility
  • 4. Theme
  • 5.  The way an author develops the characters in the story
  • 6.  Clear statements are made about the character.  “Ron is honest.”  The author writes about a character’s thoughts or what others are thinking about them.
  • 7.     Time & place of the story The “backdrop” Helps create the feeling or atmosphere of the book. Real or imaginary.
  • 8. Ocean Europe Cave Desert Farm Glacial Forest 19th century House Asia Tropical School Inner city Small town Magical Urban Outer space Island museum
  • 9.     Clues Hints Builds suspense Keeps reader wondering.
  • 10.  Authors use flashback to show something about a character’s past.  A flashback is a scene that interrupts a story to describe an earlier event.
  • 11. Conflict is the struggle or problem in the story. Conflict drives the action of a story. Resolution is the way the conflict is settled.
  • 12.   Takes place within the mind of a character. They may struggle to make a decision, take action, or overcome a feeling.  A character struggles against an outside force.  May have conflict w/ another character or a force in nature.
  • 13. Arrangement of events in the story.  Exposition – introducing the characters, setting, & situation Rising Action • Events that increase action  Climax • High point of the story, story’s outcome becomes clear  Falling Action • Events that follow the climax  Resolution • Outcome
  • 14. Mood › Mood is the feeling the author creates during the story.
  • 15.  First Person  Narrator takes part in the action of the story and refers to him/her self as “I”. Limited insight to the story. Third Person  Narrator does not take part of action. Is an outside observer, can share information that other characters do not know. Is allknowing. 
  • 16. To develop ideas about what will happen next in a story. You must use your prior knowledge and clues from the story!!
  • 17. Author’s purpose & perspective go together.  Author wants you to see the topic based on his beliefs/background.  Author reveals his feelings/personal interest in the subject. 
  • 18. “Through My Eyes” by Ruby Bridges.
  • 19.  Inform – to learn something › Facts, details, instructions  Persuade – to believe his position › Non-fiction, contains facts & author’s opinions Entertain – tell story, describe places/events › Play, poems, stories, jokes, comic strips
  • 20.   A symbol stands for or represents something. In literature, symbols stand for ideas (love or hope) Symbolism – is used to reinforce the theme or message.
  • 21.  Writers attitude towards the audience/subject. › Formal, informal, serious, playful, bitter  Scary Mary Poppins  Happy Mary Poppins
  • 22.   Facts – statements that can be proven Opinions – personal beliefs or feelings
  • 23.  Brief work of fiction. › Still contains a plot, conflict, & characters.
  • 24.  Making logical assumptions about something not directly stated in the text. Putting the clues from the story together… like a puzzle!
  • 25. When you draw a conclusion you use 2 things: 1. What you know in your head. 2. What you’ve read in the story. A conclusion is the decision you come to when you put these two together.