Literary Elements … words used to describe what goes on in books
Obviously stated or given to the reader in the novel
Must figure out theme by analyzing what the novel reveals about life or the people
Friendship Courage Freedom Love Good vs. Evil Determination Hope Man vs. Nature Struggles Perseverance Prejudice Death Acceptance Loyalty Suffering Responsibility
The way an author develops the characters in the story
Clear statements are made about the character.
“ Ron is honest.”
The author writes about a character’s thoughts or what others are thinking about them .
Time & place of the story
Helps create the feeling or atmosphere of the book.
Real or imaginary.
Ocean Desert Europe Farm Cave Glacial School Inner city Small town Magical Forest Asia 19 th century House Tropical Urban Outer space Island museum
Keeps reader wondering.
Authors use flashback to show something about a character’s past.
A flashback is a scene that interrupts a story to describe an earlier event.
Conflict is the struggle or problem in the story.
Conflict drives the action of a story.
Resolution is the way the conflict is settled.
Takes place within the mind of a character.
They may struggle to make a decision, take action, or overcome a feeling.
A character struggles against an outside force.
May have conflict w/ another character or a force in nature.
Arrangement of events in the story.
Exposition – introducing the characters, setting, & situation
Events that increase action
High point of the story, story’s outcome becomes clear
Events that follow the climax
Mood is the feeling the author creates during the story.
Narrator takes part in the action of the story and refers to him/her self as “I”. Limited insight to the story.
Narrator does not take part of action. Is an outside observer, can share information that other characters do not know. Is all-knowing.
To develop ideas about what will happen next in a story. You must use your prior knowledge and clues from the story!!
Author’s purpose & perspective go together.
Author wants you to see the topic based on his beliefs/background.
Author reveals his feelings/personal interest in the subject.
“ Through My Eyes” by Ruby Bridges.
Inform – to learn something
Facts, details, instructions
Persuade – to believe his position
Non-fiction, contains facts & author’s opinions
Entertain – tell story, describe places/events
Play, poems, stories, jokes, comic strips
A symbol stands for or represents something. In literature, symbols stand for ideas (love or hope)
Symbolism – is used to reinforce the theme or message.
Writers attitude towards the audience/subject.
Formal, informal, serious, playful, bitter
Scary Mary Poppins
Happy Mary Poppins
Facts – statements that can be proven
Opinions – personal beliefs or feelings
Brief work of fiction.
Still contains a plot, conflict, & characters.
Making logical assumptions about something not directly stated in the text.
Putting the clues from the story together… like a puzzle !
When you draw a conclusion you use 2 things: 1. What you know in your head. 2. What you’ve read in the story. A conclusion is the decision you come to when you put these two together. Drawing Conclusions: