Literary Elements


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Literary Elements

  1. 1. Literary Elements … words used to describe what goes on in books
  2. 3. <ul><li>DIRECTLY STATED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obviously stated or given to the reader in the novel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INDIRECTLY STATED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must figure out theme by analyzing what the novel reveals about life or the people </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Friendship Courage Freedom Love Good vs. Evil Determination Hope Man vs. Nature Struggles Perseverance Prejudice Death Acceptance Loyalty Suffering Responsibility
  4. 5. Theme
  5. 6. <ul><li>The way an author develops the characters in the story </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Clear statements are made about the character. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ron is honest.” </li></ul><ul><li>The author writes about a character’s thoughts or what others are thinking about them . </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Time & place of the story </li></ul><ul><li>The “backdrop” </li></ul><ul><li>Helps create the feeling or atmosphere of the book. </li></ul><ul><li>Real or imaginary. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Ocean Desert Europe Farm Cave Glacial School Inner city Small town Magical Forest Asia 19 th century House Tropical Urban Outer space Island museum
  9. 10. <ul><li>Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Hints </li></ul><ul><li>Builds suspense </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps reader wondering. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Authors use flashback to show something about a character’s past. </li></ul><ul><li>A flashback is a scene that interrupts a story to describe an earlier event. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Conflict is the struggle or problem in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict drives the action of a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution is the way the conflict is settled. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Takes place within the mind of a character. </li></ul><ul><li>They may struggle to make a decision, take action, or overcome a feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>A character struggles against an outside force. </li></ul><ul><li>May have conflict w/ another character or a force in nature. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Arrangement of events in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Exposition – introducing the characters, setting, & situation </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Events that increase action </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Climax </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High point of the story, story’s outcome becomes clear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Falling Action </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Events that follow the climax </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outcome </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><ul><li>Mood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mood is the feeling the author creates during the story. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator takes part in the action of the story and refers to him/her self as “I”. Limited insight to the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator does not take part of action. Is an outside observer, can share information that other characters do not know. Is all-knowing. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>To develop ideas about what will happen next in a story. You must use your prior knowledge and clues from the story!! </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Author’s purpose & perspective go together. </li></ul><ul><li>Author wants you to see the topic based on his beliefs/background. </li></ul><ul><li>Author reveals his feelings/personal interest in the subject. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>“ Through My Eyes” by Ruby Bridges. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Inform – to learn something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts, details, instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Persuade – to believe his position </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-fiction, contains facts & author’s opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertain – tell story, describe places/events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play, poems, stories, jokes, comic strips </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>A symbol stands for or represents something. In literature, symbols stand for ideas (love or hope) </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolism – is used to reinforce the theme or message. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Writers attitude towards the audience/subject. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal, informal, serious, playful, bitter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scary Mary Poppins </li></ul><ul><li>Happy Mary Poppins </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Facts – statements that can be proven </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions – personal beliefs or feelings </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Brief work of fiction. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still contains a plot, conflict, & characters. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Making logical assumptions about something not directly stated in the text. </li></ul>Putting the clues from the story together… like a puzzle !
  25. 26. When you draw a conclusion you use 2 things: 1. What you know in your head. 2. What you’ve read in the story. A conclusion is the decision you come to when you put these two together. Drawing Conclusions: