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How to Write a Bibliography
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How to Write a Bibliography


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Grades 5-8

Grades 5-8

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  • 2. What is a Bibliography? A bibliography is a list of all the different sources that you used for support of your topic.
  • 3. When do you use a Bibliography? 1. In a report with statistics to show where you found those facts. 2. In a paper/report that uses a main idea from an author. 3. In a research paper to show ALL the different sources required by the teacher.
  • 4. What are some “sources” your teacher might ask you to use? 1. Textbooks 2. Reference books 3. Books on the topic 4. Encyclopedias 5. Reliable websites 6. Magazine articles
  • 5. What does it mean to “cite” a source? If you “borrow” ideas from a source, you must give the source credit, or it is plagiarism. You “cite” the source by writing it down in the Bibliography (or sometimes referred to as Works Cited).
  • 6. How many sources should you use? This often depends upon your teacher. Usually a teacher will give you a limit such as, “You must use at least 5 sources.”
  • 7. What types of sources should be used? Once again this will probably depend upon your teacher, who will give requirement: Use at least 1 encyclopedia Use at least 2 books Use at least 2 reliable websites
  • 8. What information do you need for a book? Author’s last name, first name. Title of Book. City of publication: Publishing company, copyright date. Preston, George. Fun with Helium. New York: Watts Publishing Company, 2007.
  • 9. Always check punctuation! Double check that you have used correct punctuation marks. There is ALWAYS a period at the end of every entry. Be sure to indent the second line (if there is one) of each entry.
  • 10. What about a reliable website? “Title of the topic.” Complete website address. Date accessed. (when you looked it up) “Helium.”www.helium/sciencedigest/Loyola. com. April 28, 2010.
  • 11. What information is needed for an encyclopedia? “Topic Title.” Name of Entire Encyclopedia. Year of publication. volume, page(s). “Helium.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2008. 6, 98-107.
  • 12. Other types of entries: You may find that a book has no author. Look back at the example for a book. You would skip the author’s name and simply begin with the title of the book. Then continue the rest of the entry with the information needed for a book. The many uses of Helium. Boston: Bradford Publishers, Inc., 2007.
  • 13. Next Step! After all resources have been written down, they must be alphabetized with the first letter of the entry.
  • 14. Alphabetize the following: “Carbon.” January 28, 2010. Barthel, Anne. Common Carbon. New York: Dell Publishers, 2009. Olson, Joseph. Carbon-dating in Science. Mankato: Harcourt/Brace Publishing, 2008. “Carbon.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2005. 3, 78-91.
  • 15. 3. “Carbon.” www.sciencejournal. January 28, 2010. 1. Barthel, Anne. Common Carbon. New York: Dell Publishers, 2009. 4. Olson, Joseph. Carbon-dating in Science. Mankato: Harcourt/Brace Publishing, 2008. 2.“Carbon.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2005. 3, 78-91.
  • 16. Add correct punctuation: Encyclopedia entry: Silicon The Encyclopedia Britannica 2007 20 118-132
  • 17. “Silicon.” The Encyclopedia Britannica . 2007. 20, 118132.
  • 18. Reliable internet source: Silicon university of March 6 2010
  • 19. “Silicon.” university of March 6, 2010.
  • 20. Book with one author: Setterberg John The Many Uses of Silicon Chicago Braxton Publishers , Inc. 2004
  • 21. Setterberg, John. The Many Uses of Silicon .Chicago: Braxton Publishers , Inc., 2004.