What is a Bibliography?
A bibliography is a list of all the
different sources that you
used for support of your
When do you use a Bibliography?
1. In a report with statistics to show
where you found those facts.
2. In a paper/report that uses a main
idea from an author.
3. In a research paper to show ALL the
different sources required by the
What are some “sources” your
teacher might ask you to use?
2. Reference books
3. Books on the topic
5. Reliable websites
6. Magazine articles
What does it mean to “cite” a
If you “borrow” ideas from a source,
you must give the source credit, or it
You “cite” the source by writing it
down in the Bibliography
(or sometimes referred to as
How many sources should
This often depends upon your
Usually a teacher will give you a
limit such as, “You must use at
least 5 sources.”
What types of sources should be
Once again this will probably
depend upon your teacher,
who will give requirement:
Use at least 1 encyclopedia
Use at least 2 books
Use at least 2 reliable websites
What information do you need
for a book?
Author’s last name, first name. Title of Book.
City of publication: Publishing company,
Preston, George. Fun with Helium. New York:
Watts Publishing Company, 2007.
Always check punctuation!
Double check that you have used correct
There is ALWAYS a period at the end of every
Be sure to indent the second line (if there is one)
of each entry.
What about a reliable website?
“Title of the topic.” Complete website
address. Date accessed. (when you
looked it up)
com. April 28, 2010.
What information is needed for
“Topic Title.” Name of Entire
Encyclopedia. Year of
publication. volume, page(s).
“Helium.” The World Book Encyclopedia.
2008. 6, 98-107.
Other types of entries:
You may find that a book has no author.
Look back at the example for a book. You
would skip the author’s name and simply
begin with the title of the book. Then
continue the rest of the entry with the
information needed for a book.
The many uses of Helium. Boston:
Bradford Publishers, Inc., 2007.
After all resources have been
written down, they must be
alphabetized with the first
letter of the entry.
Alphabetize the following:
“Carbon.” www.sciencejournal.edu. January 28,
Barthel, Anne. Common Carbon. New York: Dell
Olson, Joseph. Carbon-dating in Science.
Mankato: Harcourt/Brace Publishing,
“Carbon.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2005.
3. “Carbon.” www.sciencejournal.
edu.com. January 28, 2010.
1. Barthel, Anne. Common Carbon.
New York: Dell Publishers, 2009.
4. Olson, Joseph. Carbon-dating in
Science. Mankato: Harcourt/Brace
2.“Carbon.” The World Book
Encyclopedia. 2005. 3, 78-91.
Add correct punctuation:
Silicon The Encyclopedia
Britannica 2007 20
“Silicon.” The Encyclopedia
Britannica . 2007. 20, 118132.
Reliable internet source:
university of UCLA.edu
March 6 2010
university of UCLA.edu.
March 6, 2010.
Book with one author:
Setterberg John The Many
Uses of Silicon Chicago
Braxton Publishers , Inc.
Setterberg, John. The Many
Uses of Silicon .Chicago:
Braxton Publishers , Inc.,