OUR NATION
CELEBRATES
BLACK HISTORY
MONTH
Black History Month
is celebrated
in February.
We are asked to remember the
many African-Americans in our
country who stru...
The Fight for Freedom
1700’s
• During the 1700’s the
Black slave trade was
centered in New England
• Many states pass laws...
Crispus Attucks
Did you know?
In 1770, Crispus
Attucks, a runaway
slave was the first
American killed in
the Boston
Massac...
In 1776- the Second Continental
Congress banned the importation
of slaves- but it continued
ILLEGALLY!
So- what was a slave to do?
Some, like Elizabeth “Mum Bett”
Freeman, sued. She successfully sued
for her freedom in 1780- ...
So- what was a slave to do?

Still others simply escaped into the “free” states.
Henry Brown escaped slavery by climbing i...
The Road to Rights
In 1863, when
President Lincoln
freed the slaves with
the Emancipation
Proclamation, many
states began ...
Important figures of the
1800’s
Sojourner Truth
worked as a women’s
rights activist in
New York and other
states in the early
1800’s. She began
her work w...
Harriet Tubman
was another slave
who worked to free
slaves.  She ran
away and helped
other slaves escape
to freedom throug...
Frederick Douglass started
his own newspaper called
the North Star, in which he
wrote against slavery.
Frederick Douglass
...
Change without Violence
A growing number of people also used non-violence
protests to persuade other citizens that civil r...
Change without Violence
In 1960, four students from the North Carolina
Agriculture and Technical College sat-in at a Green...
Change without Violence
Soon African American’s
were riding in segregated
buses and defying other laws
they thought were b...
Change without Violence

In 1963, more than 250,000 people marched on
Washington, D.C., to push for civil rights. Dr. King...
The Sixties Struggle

The civil rights movement
of the 1960’s took many
forms. Some groups, like
the Black Panthers urged
...
Enduring Impact

Everyone now recognizes the effect of the
African-American struggle for civil rights. It has
inspired sim...
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Black History Month - a summary

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Black History Month - a summary

  1. 1. OUR NATION CELEBRATES BLACK HISTORY MONTH
  2. 2. Black History Month is celebrated in February. We are asked to remember the many African-Americans in our country who struggled for “civil rights.”
  3. 3. The Fight for Freedom 1700’s • During the 1700’s the Black slave trade was centered in New England • Many states pass laws prohibiting slaves from voting, owning land, and even learning to read. • The abolitionist movement begins.
  4. 4. Crispus Attucks Did you know? In 1770, Crispus Attucks, a runaway slave was the first American killed in the Boston Massacre- a battle between the British and the colonists.
  5. 5. In 1776- the Second Continental Congress banned the importation of slaves- but it continued ILLEGALLY!
  6. 6. So- what was a slave to do? Some, like Elizabeth “Mum Bett” Freeman, sued. She successfully sued for her freedom in 1780- stating that the law said “ all men were created equal” Some, like Denmark Vesey, organized a rebellion and were killed.
  7. 7. So- what was a slave to do? Still others simply escaped into the “free” states. Henry Brown escaped slavery by climbing into a box and shipping himself from Virginia to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  8. 8. The Road to Rights In 1863, when President Lincoln freed the slaves with the Emancipation Proclamation, many states began to pass laws limiting the rights of black people.
  9. 9. Important figures of the 1800’s
  10. 10. Sojourner Truth worked as a women’s rights activist in New York and other states in the early 1800’s. She began her work with groups designed to assist all women and was a speaker all over the country speaking for women’s rights.
  11. 11. Harriet Tubman was another slave who worked to free slaves.  She ran away and helped other slaves escape to freedom through the Underground Railroad.
  12. 12. Frederick Douglass started his own newspaper called the North Star, in which he wrote against slavery. Frederick Douglass continued to travel around the country giving speeches about how he was a slave and what it was like for him growing up. He tried to convince his listeners to fight against the evils of slavery.
  13. 13. Change without Violence A growing number of people also used non-violence protests to persuade other citizens that civil rights were important to everyone. The most famous among this group was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  14. 14. Change without Violence In 1960, four students from the North Carolina Agriculture and Technical College sat-in at a Greensboro restaurant where laws kept them from eating. That sit-in sparked the formation of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee and many other protests.
  15. 15. Change without Violence Soon African American’s were riding in segregated buses and defying other laws they thought were bad. Rosa Parks was arrested for sitting in the wrong part of the bus!  She worked with civil rights organizations to start the Montgomery Bus Boycott and help end segregation on buses in the South.
  16. 16. Change without Violence In 1963, more than 250,000 people marched on Washington, D.C., to push for civil rights. Dr. King gave his most famous speech at this event. Dr. King later was assassinated in 1968.
  17. 17. The Sixties Struggle The civil rights movement of the 1960’s took many forms. Some groups, like the Black Panthers urged blacks to rely on themselves. Others, such as Malcolm X advocated equality by any means necessary.
  18. 18. Enduring Impact Everyone now recognizes the effect of the African-American struggle for civil rights. It has inspired similar efforts among Latinos, Native Americans, the elderly, and women.
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