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Uranium enrichment by laser method a selected bibliography

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Paper presented at 9thSPLG, Sept. 18-21, 2006, Beijing, China

Paper presented at 9thSPLG, Sept. 18-21, 2006, Beijing, China

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  • 1. URANIUM ENRICHMENT BY LASER METHOD - A Selected Bibliography Gheorghe VĂSARU National Institute for Isotopic and Molecular Technology, Cluj-Napoca Aleea Tarniţa Nr. 7, Apt. 11 400659 CLUJ-NAPOCA , ROMANIA e-mail: gvasaru@hotmail.com Abstract: This selected bibliography contains a comprehensive compilation of references from the scientific and technical literature on the laser isotope separation of uranium. The references are arranged chronologically according to the leading author and structured on the following chapters: A. B. C. D. E. Laser Method: Physical, Technical and Economical Aspects Uranium Spectroscopy Lasers Laser-Atom Interactions Thermal Properties of Uranium Key Words: Uranium Enrichment, Laser Isotope Separation, Bibliography. ----&&&&---- A. Laser Method: Physical, Technical and Economical Aspects 1. * * * Proceedings of the Enrichment Services Seminar, Report ORO-665, Nov. 1968 2. M. Benedict, S.S. Berman, J. Bigeleisen, J.E. Powell, J. Shacter, P.R. Vanstrum: Report of Uranium Isotope Separation Review Ad Hoc Committee, Oak Ridge, June, 1972 3. C. B. Moore: The Applications of Lasers to Isotope Separation, Accounts of Chem. Res, 6, 323, 1973 4. B.B. Snavely: Separation of Uranium Isotopes by Laser Photochemistry, Preprint UCRL-75725, LLL, June 11, 1974 5. W.D. Metz: Uranium Enrichment: Laser Methods Nearing Full-Scale Test, Science, 185, 4151, 602, 1974 6. * * * Laser Isotope Enrichment, Spectra-Physics Laser Review 2, 3, 1, 1975 7. C.P. Robinson, R.J. Jensen: Isotope Separation by Lasers, Report LA-UR-75-1877 and Encyclopaedia Britannica, LASL, USERDA, 1975 8. * * * Enrichment – New Processes but Higher Prices, Nucl. Eng. Int. 20, 231, 576, 1975 9. * * * Urananreicherung – Prognosen, Prozesse, Planungen, Atomwirtschaft / Atomtechnik, 20, 5, 259, 1975
  • 2. 10. B.B. Snavely, R.W. Solarz: Separation of Uranium Isotopes by Selective Photoionization, Laser Spectroscopy, 43 Proc. Second Intl. Conf. Megeve, France, June 23-27, 1975, S. Baroche et al., Eds., Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1975 11. R.C. Stern, B.B. Snavely: The Laser Isotope Separation Program at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Preprint UCRL-76720, SP 75-62, LLL, April 9, 1975 12. A. Hartford: Laser Isotope Separation of Uranium, Preprint UCRL-76601, SP 75-71, LLL, April 15, 1975 13. S.A. Tuccio, R.J. Foley, J.W. Dubrin, O. Krikorian: Macroscopic Isotope Separation of Uranium by Selective Photoionization, Preprint UCRL-76829, LLL, April 29, 1975 14. P. Rigny, R. Bir: Separation des isotpes de l’uranium par laser, BIST 204, p. 61, CEA, June 1975 15. * * * Uranium Isotope Separation – Proceedings, International Conf. on Uranium Isotope Separation, London, 5-7 March 1975, British Nuclear Energy Society, London, 1976 16. C. Lebrun, M. Mezin: La separation isotopique, La Recherche, 7, 71, 823, 1976 17. J.I. Davis, R.W. Davis: Some Aspects of the Laser Isotope Separation Program at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Preprint UCRL – 77981, LLL, Nov. 15, 1976 18. E. Stark Jr.: Solution Looking for a Problem: Laser Isotope Separation, Ind. Res., p. 78, Oct. 1976 19. * * * Nuclear Power and Its Fuel Cycle, Technical Session 2.3: Isotope Separation, Proc. of an International Conference, Salzburg, 2-13, May 1977, The Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Vol. 3, Part 2, IAEA, Vienna, 1977 20. A.S. Krass: Laser Enrichment of Uranium: The Proliferation Connection, Science, 196, 721, 1977 21. R.N. Zare: Laser Separation of Isotopes, Scientific American, 236, 2, 86, Febr.1977 22. Ph. Mathieu: Techniques de separation des isotopes de l’uranium par lasers, Coll. Publications Faculte des sciences appliquees, Univ. Liege, No. 65, p. 136, 1977 23. P. Rigny: La separation isotopique par laser, Sciences et Techniques, No. 40, Mars 1977 24. K. Yamad, N. Ozaki, M. Yamamoto, K. Ueyanagi, Optimum Operating Conditions for a Laser Uranium Enrichment Plant, Applied Energy, 3, 287, 1977 25. W. Ehrfeld, U. Ehrfeld: Uranistopentrennung, Chemiker Zeitung, 101, 53, 1977 26. H.D.V. Bohm: Isotopentrennung von 235U und 238U im Atomstrahl mit selektiver zweistufiger Photoionisation, Report GKSS 77/E/39, Hamburg University, 1977 27. S. Villani, Ed.: Uranium Enrichment, Chap. 6: Laser Methods of Uranium Isotope Separation (by C.P. Robinson and R.J. Jensen), Topics in Applied Physics, vol. 35, 269, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1979 28. M.C. Frejacques: Le CEA fournisseur de procedes d’enrichissement, Echos du CEA, 1, 15, 1979 29. J.W. Leonhardt, G. Muller: Neue Aspekte de Uranisotopentrennung, Kernenergie, 22, 5, 149, 1979 30. R.G. Harrison: Separating Isotopes by Lasers, Phys. Bull., 30, 259, 1979 31. R.J. Jense, J.A. Sullivan, F.T. Finch: Laser Isotope Separation, Report LA-UR-792727, LASL, 1979
  • 3. 32. J.H. Coates: L’enrichissement isotopique de l’uranium, CEA Notes d’information, 6, 3, 1980 33. K. Oshima: The Status and Future Perspective of Uranium Enrichment in Japan, , Int. Conf. On the Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Amsterdam, Sept. 15, 1980 34. W. Ehrfeld, U. Ehrfeld: 2.4: Anreicherung von 235U; 2.4.8: Photoselektive Isotopentrennung durch Laserstrahlung, Gmelin Handbuch der anorganischen Chemie, U Erganzungsband A2 Isotope, p. 134, 1980 35. * * * INFCE – Enrichment Availability, Report of Working Group 2, IAEA, Vienna, 1980 36. C. Frejacques: Progres recents en chimie nucleaire: Fotochimie selective par laser, Institut de France, C.R. Academie des Sciences 292, Supplement, 6 Oct. 1980 37. G. Mainfray: L’ionisation multiphotonique des atoms, Echos CEA, Science et recherche, Special 1980, p. 59, 1980 38. P. Benetti, M. Broglia, F. Catoni, P. Zampetti: Atomic Uranium Laser Isotope Separation, Energia nucleare, 27, 3, 151, 1980 39. J.I. Davis: Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation, Preprint UCRL–83516, Febr. 1980 40. * * * Report of the Energy Research Advisory Board Study Group on Advanced Isotope Separation,DOE/NMB-3012771, Nov. 1980 41. * * * Nuclear Engineering for an Uncertain Future, K. Oshima, Y. Mishima, Y. Ando Eds., Univ. of Tokyo Press, p. 71, 1981 42. M. Clerc: Procede d’enrichissement de l’uranium par lasers, AIEA “Le cycle du combutible nucleaire”, 1-30 Sept., 1981, Module 2 – Debut de cyclce, 2.9, CEA, CEN. Saclay, 1981 43. M. Stuke: Isotopentrennung mit Laserlicht, Spektrum der Wiss, p. 76, April 1982 44. C. Ungureanu, V. Mercea, V. Cosma: Separarea izotopica prin excitare selectiva laser, Rev. Chimie, Bucharest, 33, 4, 391, 1982 45. D. Massignon: Genie nucleaire: Cycle de combustible – Enrichissement de l’uranium, Techniques de l’ingenieur, Paris France, Fiche B 3600, 1982 46. J.I. Davis: Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation, Preprint UCRL – 88040, LLNL, Oct. 1982 47. * * * Report of the Energy Research Advisory Board on Advanced Isotope Separation, USDOE, May, 1982 45. R.J. Jensen, O. P.Judd, J.A. Sullivan: Separating Isotopes with Lasers, Los Alamos Science, 3, 1, 2, 1982. 46. G. Meyer-Kretschmer, H. Jetter: Uran-Anreicherung mit Lasern, Naturwiss., 70, 7, 1983 47. P. Rigny: Separation isotopiques – nouveau procedes, 2, 12, Ete 1984 48. A.Y. Portnoff: Uranium enrichi: la bataille des procedes, Techniques, 8, 35, 1984 49 J.I. Davis: Laser Isotope Program – Background, IEEE J. Quantum Electronics, QE20, 6, 597, 1984 50. * * * Laser Applications – Isotope Separation, Report LLL-TB-067, LLNL, 1984 51. * * * Business Development Opportunity in Laser Applications : Isotope Separation, Report LLL-TB-068, LLNL, 1984 52. S. Villani: Progress in Uranium Enrichment, Naturwiss., 71, 115, 1984 53. * * * AVLIS Industrial Access Program, Report UCID-20160, Nov. 1984
  • 4. 54. * * * AVLIS Documentation Overview and Tables of Contents, Report UCID-20180, Nov. 1984 55. * * * AVLIS Production Plant Project Management Plan, Report UCID- 20189, Nov. 1984 56. * * * AVLIS Production Plant Work Breakdown Structure and Dictionary, Report UCID-201190, Nov. 1984 57. * * * AVLIS Production Plant Project Schedule and Milestones, Report UCID20191, Nov. 1984 58. * * * AVLIS Production Plant Preliminary Quality Assurance Plan and Assessment, Report UCID-20196, Nov. 1984 59. * * * AVLIS Production Plant Waste Management Plan, Report UCID-20197, Nov. 1984 60. M. Clerc, P. Rigny, O. de Witte: Separation isotopique par laser, Le laser, H. Maillet Ed., p. 197, CEN Saclay, 1984 61. G. Văsaru: Uranium and Nuclear Power, Priorities in the Field of Energy, Series Vol. II, p.104, I. Ursu, Ed.), Dacia Press, Cluj-Napoca, 1984. 62. R.C. Stern, J.A. Paisner: Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation, Preprint UCRL93584, Nov. 1985 63. J.I. Davis, J.A. Paisner: Science, Technology, and the Industrialization of LaserDriven Processes: Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation, Report UCID-20448, LLNL, May 1985 64. L.L. Ott: Enriched Diagnostic System (EDS) Operator and Control Software, Preprint UCRL-92089, LLNL, April 1985 65. * * * Access to Laser Isotope Separation, Report LLL-TB-70, LLNL, 1985 66. * * * AVLIS – Advanced Enrichment Technology of the United States, Report LLLTB-072, LLNL, 1985 67. P. Rigny: Le reenrichissement de l’uranium de retraitement, Journee SFEN “Le recyclage dans les reacteurs a eau sous pression”, p. 24, CEN Saclay, 15 Oct. 1985 68. P. Rigny: Present and Prospective Situation in Laser Isotope Separation: Will the FEL be Needed?, Nucl. Instr. & Methods in Physics Res. A239, 432, 1985 69. * * * Separative Work, NUKEM Market Report 6, p. 6, 1985 70. M.Clerc, P.Rigny: Physique des procedes de separation des isotopes de l'uranium par laser, Rev. Gen. de Nucleaire (France), 6, 513, 1985 71. W. de Rutter: La separation isotopique par laser, La Recherche, 162, 32, Jan. 1985 72. H. Mohrhauer, M. Krey: Urananreicherung und Konversion, Kerntechnik – Der internationale Markt, Deutsche Atomforum, URANIT GmbH, Okt. 1985, 73. C.B. Hitz: Laser Enrichment of Uranium, Lasers & Applications, p. 105, Sept. 1985 74. * * * British Look to Laser Enrichment of Uranium, Res. & Dev., p. 41, Nov. 1986 75. R. Kuchelka: Uranium Enrichment – the Situation Hitherto and Possible Effects of the Decision by the US Dept. of Energy on the Sole Further Development of AVLIS, Braunkohle 38, 1-2, 10, 1986 76. J.I.Davis, M.L. Spaeth: AVLIS : A Technical and Economic Forecast, Preprint UCRL-94272, April, 1986 77. * * * SILVA – Enrichissement de l’uranium par laser, CEA, Mai, 1986 78. M. Clerc, P. Plurien: Advanced Uranium Enrichment Processes, CEC, Nuclear Science and Technology, Report EUR 10743 EN, Brussels, June 1986
  • 5. 79. K. Takeuchi, H. Tashiro: Uranium Enrichment by Lasers, Radioisotopes, 35, 6, 333, 1986 80. A.Petit: Principes de base du procede SILVA, Cours sur l'enrichissement de l'uranium par le procede SILVA, p.1, CEA, IRDI, DESICP, CEN Saclay, Oct. 1986. 81. A. Pouris: The Future Cost of Uranium Enrichment. Technology and Economics, Energy Policy, p. 558, Dec. 1986 82. J.H. Coates: L’enrichissement de l’uranium, quel future?, Clefs CEA, 2, 17, 1986 83. R.S. Hargrove, J.B. Knighton, R.S. Eby, J.H. Pashley, R.E. Norman: Integration of the AVLIS Process into the Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Preprint UCRL-95079, August 1986 84. H.G. Tolland: Advanced Enrichment Technologies, Atom, 359, 2, Sept. 1986 85. B. Comaskey, J. Crane, G. Erbert, C. Haynan, M. Johnson, J. Morris, J. Paisner, R. Solarz, W. Worden: Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation Using Resonance Ionization, Preprint UCRL-95020, LLNL, Sept. 1986 86. Cours sur l’enrichissement de l’uranium par le procede SILVA. I. Principes de base du procede SILVA (par A. Petit); II Les lasers du procede SILVA et leur mise en oeuvre (par M. Clerc); III. Presentation du separateur et evocation des problemes technologiques du procede SILVA (par E. Bails), CEA, IRDI, DESICP, Oct. 1986 87. V.S. Crocker, P.F.P. Roberts: UK Laser isotope separation, Atom, 363, 2, Jan. 1987 88. * * * Laser Isotope Separation Research, Report UCI-21182, Sept. 1987, reprinted from Energy & Technology Rev., July 1987 89. J.R. Lomgenecker, N. Haberman: The AVLIS Programme, Nucl. Technol. Intl, , Sterling Publ. Ltd., p. 99, 1987 90.Soubbaramayer: Physical Aspects of the Isotope Separation by Laser Induced Selective Ionization (with Emphasis on Model Analysis), Report CEA-Conf-9309, July, 1987, CEN-Saclay, IRDI, DESICP, DPC-SPP-SPAP, Febr. 1998 91. J.A.Paisner: Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation, Applied Physics B 46, 253, 1988. 92. P.G. Sewell N. Haberman: AVLIS Programme Powers Ahead in United States, Nucl. Eng. Intl., p. 17, Oct. 1988 93. C. Whitehead: An Up-Date on the British Laser Isotope Separation Programme, Intl. Enrichment Conference, Monterey, California, June 18, 1989 94. P. Plurien: AVLIS Technology - Principal Advantages and Problems, Technical Reports Series No. 305, Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the 1990’s an Beyond the Century: Some Trends and Foreseeable Problems, p. 55, IAEA, Vienna, 1989 95. C. Whitehead: Uranium Enrichment for Nuclear Power, Chemistry in Britain, p. 1161, Dec. 1990 96. P.T. Greenland: Laser Isotope Separation, Contemporary Physics, 31, 6, 405, 1990 97. K. Katoh, A. Suzuki: Coherent Population Trapping in Four-Photon Three-Step Ionization Scheme, J. Nuclear Sci. & Technol., 27, 6, 554, 1990 98. P. Rigny: R & D Update on SILVA French Laser Enrichment Process, Nuclear Europe Worldscan, 3-4, 11, 1990 99. Xu Bao-yu: Laser Isotope Separation of Uranium by Three Susequent Resonance Excitation Process, Chines Sci. Bull. 36, 1, 21, 1991
  • 6. 100. G. Văsaru, C. Ungureanu: Isotope Separation by Laser Method, Proc of the Third Natl. Conf. on Lasers Applications, Sept. 26-28, 1991, Timisoara, p. 85. 101. * * * Proceedings of the International Symposium on Isotope Separation and Chemical Exchange Uranium Enrichment, Oct.29 - Nov.1, 1990, Y. Fujii, T. Ishida, K.Takeuchi, Eds. Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan 199o, Chapter 2, p. 99 and Chapter 4, p. 229, 1992. 102. * * * Separation Phenomena in Liquids and Gases, Third Workshop Proceedings, Houston G. Wood Ed., Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, 1992, pp. 77; 87; 99; 151; 189, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1992 103. S. Goldstein, F.Lambert, Y. Lapierre: L’enrichissement de l’uranium plusieurs axes de recherche, Clefs CEA, 26, 26, 1993 104. K. Moore: Caution and Over capacity in the Enrichment Market, Atom , 431, 34, 1993. 105. * * * SPIE Proceedings, Vol. 1859, Laser Isotope Separation, J.A. Paisner Ed., LLNL, Los Angeles, CA, 1993, pp. 2; 14; 38; 64; 69; 79; 86; 98; 108; 117; 120; 130; 145; 154; 172; 182; 194; 251; 263; 273; 277, Los Angeles, CA., 1993 106. P. Jelinek, M. Lenders: Uranium Enrichment Services in the United States, Atomwirtschaft, p. 502, July 1994 107. * * * Separation Phenomena in Liquids and Gases, Fourth Workshop Proceedings, Chuntong Ying Ed., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, P.R. China, 1994, pp. 1; 7; 15; 31; 41; 45; 65; 73, Beijing, China 108. K. Moore: Will Uranium Market heed the Call for More from Mines, Atom, 437, 32, 1995 109. * * * Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation, AVLIS Overview, USEC, 1995 110. * * * 1996 AVLIS Program Acievements, USEC, 1996 111. * * * Advantages of U-AVLIS, USEC ,1996 112. * * * Separation Phenomena in Liquids and Gases, Fifth Workshop Proceedings, C. Schwab, N.A.S. Rodrigues, Houston G. Wood, Eds. Foz do Iguacu, Brasil, 1996, pp. 213; 222; 241; 254; 263; 270; 278; 288; 290; 305; 317; 348, INPE; Foz de Iguacu, Brasil, 1996 113. J. Longenecker, R. Witzel: Uranium Enrichment. A Market in Transition, Fuel Review 1996: Enrichment Market, p. 15, Sept. 1996 114. R. Baudrillart, M. Alexandre, G. Bordier, A. Rosengard: Un exemple d’actinide dand tous ses etats, Clefs CEA, 31, 14, 1996 115. N. Camarcat: Histoire de la recherche sur l’enrichissement au CEA, RGN, 2, 9, 1996 116. Y. Lapierre, P. Zeller: Le procede moleculaire d’enrichissement de l’uranium, RGN, 2, 18, 1996 117. J. Cazalet: Le procede atomique SILVA, RGN 2, 20, 1996 118. Y. Coupin: Les enjeux actuels et les defis pour emain de l’enrichissement de l’uranium, RGN, 2, 24, 1996 119. I. Hore-Lacy: Nuclear Electricity, 4th Edition, UIC, Melbourne, Australia, 1997 120. Mr. Sauzay: AVLIS Process: COGEMA’s Point of View, International Nuclear Fuel Seminar, Saclay, No. 7, March 9-20, 1997 121. * * * Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation, Report UCRL-ID-109089-94,
  • 7. 122. G. Văsaru: Uranium Isotopic Enrichment in the Perspective of the Years 2000-2010, National Seminar on Public Information on Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy “NUC Info ’98 Proceedings, 30th Sept – 2nd Oct. 1998, Bucharest, Romania, Volume 2, Paper 18, Bucharest, 1998 123. * * * Separation Phenomena in Liquids and Gases, Sixth Workshop Proceedings, Nagoya, Oct. 18-21, 1998, I. Yamamoto Ed., Nagoya Univ, Japan, 1998, pp. 190; 191; 213; 231; 246; 250; 258; 266; 279; 286; 298; 310, Nagoya, Japan, 1998 124. * * * International Conference on Stable Isotopes and Isotope Effects, Carry le Rouet, France, June 20-25, 1999, Book of Abstracts, E. Soulie, E. Roth, Eds., p. B02, Carry le Rouet, 1999 125. I. Hore-Lacy: Nuclear Electricity, 5th Edition, UIC, Melbourne, Australia, 1999 126. * * * Military Warheads as a Source of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Issues Briefing Paper 4, UIC, Melbourne, Australia, April, 1999 127. * * * Cronology of the Megatons to Megawatts Contract (as of Oct. 10, 1999), USEC, 1999 128. B. Szymanski: U.S. Enriched Market, EIA, DOE, 12, 29, 1999 129. G. Văsaru, Uranium Enriched Market After 2000, Separation Phenomena in Liquids and Gases, Seventh Workshop Proceedings, V.D. Borisevich Ed., Moscow State Eng. Physics Institute (Technical University), p. 243, Moscow 2000. B. Uranium Spectroscopy 1. K.L.V.Sluis: Least Squares Adjustment of Atomic Energy Levels, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 56, 11, 1600, 1966 2. L.J. Radziemski, Jr., K.J. Fisher, D.W. Steinhaus, A.S. Goldman: Calculation of Atomic Energy Level Values, Computer Phys. Comm., 3, 9, 1972 3. L. Radziemski, Jr., K. Fischer, D. Steinhous, A.S. Goldman: Wave Number Calculation from Least-Squares Level Values, Computer Phys. Comm., 3, 19, 1972 4. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, C.B. Arnoult, D. Merle: Structure hyperfine du niveau fondamental, moments dipolaire et quadrupolaire de l’isotope 235U de l’uranium, Le J. de Physique, 34, 805, Oct. 1973 5. F. Guyon, J. Blaise, J.F. Wyart: Etude parametrique des configurations impaires profondes dans les spectres de l’uranium U I et U II, J. de Physique, 35, 929, 1974 6. R.W. Solarz, J.A. Paisner, L.R. Carlson, C.A. May, S.A. Johnson: Multi-Step Laser Spectroscopy in Atomic Uranium, Preprint UCRL – 77590, LLL, Dec. 8, 1975 7. P.A. Voigt: Measurement of U I and U II Relative Oscillator Strengths, Phys. Rev. A, 11, 6, 1845, June, 1975 8. R. Solarz, C. May: Autoionization Spectra and High Lying Odd Parity Levels in Uranium Vapor, Preprint UCRL-76356, LLL, May 13, 1975 9. J.S. Klose: Mean Life of the 27 887-cm-1 Level in U I, Phys. Rev. A, 13, 6, 1840, June, 1975 10. L.J. Radziemski, Jr., S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc: Uranium Transitions and Energy Levels which may be Useful in Atomic-Photoionization Schemes for Separating 238U and 235 U, Optics Comm. 15, 2, 273, 1975 11. F.S. Tomkins: Furnace Spectra of Neutral Uranium, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 65, 1188A, 1975
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