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Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes   a selected bibliography
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Separation of heavy oxygen isotopes a selected bibliography

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Paper presented at 10thSPLG, August 11-14, 2008, Angra dos Reis, Brazil

Paper presented at 10thSPLG, August 11-14, 2008, Angra dos Reis, Brazil

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  • 1. SEPARATION OF HEAVY OXYGEN ISOTOPES - A Selected Bibliography Gheorghe VASARU National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Cluj-Napoca, ROMANIA Aleea Tarniţa Nr. 7, Apt. 11, 400659 Cluj-Napoca , ROMANIA e-mail: gvasaru@hotmail.com Abstract: This selected bibliography contains a comprehensive compilation of references from the scientific and technical literature on the separation of the heavy oxygen isotopes (17O and 18O). The references are arranged chronologically according to the leading author. --- &&& --1. Welles, S.B.: Partial Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion, Phys. Rev. 59, 679, 1941; 59, 920(A), 1941. 2. Clusius, K; Dickel, G; Becker, E: Reindarstellung des schweren Sauerstoffisotopes 18 O2 und des Stickstoffe 14N15N, Naturwiss., 31, 210, 1943. 3. Clusius, K; Dickel, G: Separation Tube, V: Preparation of 274-286, 1944. 18 O, Z. phys. Chem. 3 pp. 4. Welles, S.B: Partial Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion and Deuteron Bombardment of 17O, Phys. Rev. 69, 11-12, pp. 586-589, 1946. 5. Lauder, I: The Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion, Trans. Faraday Soc., 43, pp. 620- 630, 1947. 6. Davies, R.H.: The Separation of the Oxygen Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion, Trans. Faraday Soc., 45, pp. 145-148, 1949. 7. Whalley, E; Winter, E.R.S; Briscoe, H.V.A: Diffusion Phenomena in Gases. Part I. The Thermal Diffusion of Oxygen. Experimental, Trans. Faraday Soc., 45, pp. 10851090, 1949. 8. Whalley, E; Winter, E.R.S: Diffusion Phenomena in Gases. Part II. The Thermal Diffusion of Oxygen. Theoretical, Trans. Faraday Soc., 45, pp. 1091-1097, 1949. 9. Winter, E.R.S: Diffusion Properties of Gases. Part III. Diffusion and Thermal Diffusion Coefficients for Isotopic Gases and Gas Mixtures, Trans. Faraday Soc., 46, pp.81-92, 1950. 10. Denton, W.H: Measurements of the Gaseous Thermal Diffusion Constants for Oxygen (18O16O – 16O16O) and Methane (13CH4 – 12CH4) Report AERE G/R.469, Harwell, U.K.,May, 1950, pp. 19, 1950..
  • 2. 11. Becker, H.W: Effect of Pressure on Thermal Diffusion in Gases, J. Chem. Phys. 19, pp. 131-132, 1951. 12. Dostrovski, I.; Llevellin, D.; Vromen, B.: H2O Rectification,…, J. Chem. Phys.,9, 3509, 1952. 13. Panchenkov, G.M.; Moiseev, V.D.: Concentration of the Carbon-13 and Oxygen18 Isotopes in Carbon Monoxide by the Method of Thermal Diffusion, Zhur. Fis. Khim., 30, pp. 1662 -1667, 1956. 14 Uvarov, O.B.; Sokolski, B.A.; Javoronkov, N.M.: H2O Rectification …, Khim. Prom. 7, 20, 1956. 15. Kuhn, W.: H2O Rectification …, Chem.Eng. Techn., 29, 6, 1957. 16. Dostrovski, I; Raviv, A: Separation of Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen by Distillation, Proc. Symp. Isotope Separations, Amsterdam, Holland, pp. 336-349, 1957. 17. Dostrovski, I: The Production and Distribution of Heavy Isotopes of Oxygen, A /CONF.15/P/1612, ISRAEL, Second UN Int. Conf. On the Peaceful Uses of AtomicEnergy, Geneva, Switzerland, 24 June 1958, pp. 9, 1958. 18.* * * Isotope Separation – A Literature Survey, Report Ls/23, Israel AEC, Nov. 1958. 19. Silvestri, M; Villani, S; Adorni, N; Angelino G.C: Diffusional Distillation in a Gas Stream, A /CONF.15/P/1400, ITALY, Second UN Int. Conf. On the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, 24 June 1958, pp. 20, 1958. 20. Horibe, Y: Separation of Oxygen Isotopes with Thermal Diffusion Column of Concentric Cylinder Type, Isotopes and Radiation, 2, (1), pp. 25-33, 1959. 21. Vojta, G: Naherungsformeln zur quantenstatistischen Berechnung chemischer Isotopen-austauschgleichgewichte und Anvendung auf Molekule mit 18O, Kernenergie, 3, (9/60), pp .927-930, 1960. 22. Krell, E: Gewinnung des stabilen Isotops 18O durch Gegenstrom-Destillation von Waser, Chem-Ing-Technik, 32, pp. 233-240, 1960. 23. Huber, M: Sulzer Rectifying Columns, Sulzer Techn. Rev., 2, 1960, pp. 10, 1960. 24. Wartenweiler, M: The New Process Engineering Laboratory, Sulzer Techn. Rev., 2, 1960, pp. 3, 1960. 25. Turkhauf, M.; Narten, A.; Kuhn, W. : H2O Rectification ..., Helv. Chim. Acta, 43, 989, 1960. 26. Hanny, J; Hartmann, F; Hiltbrunner, R: Nomogrammes pour le calcul des echangeurs de matiere a contre-courant, Sulzer Techn. Rev., 4, 1961, pp. 6, 1961.
  • 3. 27. Saxena, S.C; Bhatnagar, D.N: On the Possibility of Enriching 18O by the Chemical Exchange of Water & Carbon Dioxide, J. Sci. & Ind. Research, 20A, (6), pp. 316-318, 1961. 28. Adorni, N; Angelino, G.C; Brigoli, B: A Distillation Plant for H218O Enrichment, Chemical Age of India, 12, (4), pp. 333-337, 1961. 29. Bank, C.A; Verdurmen, E.A.Th; Vries, A.E. de: Oxygen Exchange between CO and O2, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 17, pp.295-301, 1961. 30. Saxena, S.C; Bhatnagar, D.N; Ramaswamy, S: Partition Function Ratios and Equilibrium Constants for 18O Exchange Reactions, J. Chem. & Eng. Data, 7, (2), pp.240-242, 1962. 31. Saxena, S.C.; Raman, S.: Theory and Performance of Thermal Diffusion Column, Rev. Mod. Phys., 34, 3, pp. 252 – 266, 1962. 32. Amiel, S; Peisach, M: Oxygen-18 Analysis by Counting Delayed Neutrons of Nitrogen-17, Report IA-691, Israel Atomic Energy Commission, June 1962, pp. 21, 1962. 33. Gazith, M: Isotope Separation Methods, Annotated Bibliography, Report Ls/101, Israel Atomic Energy Commission, June 1962. 34. Borowitz, J.L: Relative Volatilities of the System H217O/H216O, Preprint IA-728, Israel Atomic Energy Commission, March, 1962, pp. 14, 1962. 35. Dirian, J: Constantes physiques des varietes isotopiques de l’eau (17O - 18O - D – T) Report CEA (Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique, France), No. 15, 1962, pp. 106 p, 1962. 36. Olariu, A: Das Optimale Regime der Totalen Trennung der Leichten Isotopen ( 13c, 15 N, 18O) und die Stufung der Trennanlagen, Report 25-IS, Institutul de Fizica Atomica, Bucharest, Romania, 1962, pp. 8, 1962. 37. Olariu, A: Optimale Ruckflussbedingung fur Isotopentrennkolonnen, Report 26-IS, Institutul de Fizica Atomica, Bucharest, Romania, 1962, pp. 9, 1962. 38. Saxena, S.C.; Taylor, T.I: Enrichment of 18O by the Chemical Exchange of Nitric Oxide with Nitric Acid Solutions, J. Phys. Chem., 66, pp. 1480-1487, 1962. 39. Clusius, K; Schleich, K: Das Trennrohr XXIV. Darstellung von 18O und das Problem der Anreicherung von 17O, Helv. Chim. Acta, XLV, V, (197), pp. 1702-1721, 1962. 40. Clusius, K; Varde, E: Das Trennrohr XXV. Konzentrationsverteilung polynarer Isotopengemische in einer Thermodiffusion-Trennanlage, Helv. Chim. Acta, XLV, VI, (263), pp .2273-2281, 1962
  • 4. 41. Semiokhin, I.A; Ageev, E.P; Pancenkov, G.M; Smirnov, B.I: Separation of Oxygen Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion of Oxygen, Russian J. of Phys. Chem. 36, 1, pp.62-65, 1962; Zhur. Fiz. Khim. 36, (1), pp. 124-129, 1962. 42. Bank, C.A; Verdurmen, E.A.Th: Oxygen Exchange between CO and CO2, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 25, pp. 667-675, 1963. 43. Verdurmen, E.A.Th; Bank, C.A: Oxygen Exchange between CO and CO2, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 25, pp. 1521-1530, 1963. 44. Ageev, E.P; Panchenkov, G.M: Oxygen Isotope Separation by Thermal Diffusion, Atomnaia Energhia, 14, (5), pp. 494-496, 1963. 45. Drury, J.S: Isotopes of Hydrogen, Lithium, Boron, Nitrogen, Oxygen, in Report ORNL-TM-1047, Isotopes Development Center, Research Materials Coordination and Planning Meeting, Nov. 14-15, Oxygen, pp. 25-29, Oak Ridge, Tenn.,1963. 46. von Halle, E; Drury, J.S: Enrichment of Oxygen-17. I. Cascade Calculations, Report ORNL, 14 Jan. 1963, Oak Ridge, Tenn., pp. 26, 1963. 47. Groth, W; Murrenhoff, A; Rufov, H.H:: Prototype-Trennelemente fur eine Mehrzweck-Thermodiffusions-Isotopentrennanlage fur gase, Report Jul-46-PC, Julich, Germany, Febr. 1963, pp. 38, 1963. 48. Bigeleisen, J.: Chemistry of Isotopes, Brookhaven Lecture Series, BNL 870 (T-349), Nr 30, Oct. 1963. 49. Etterich, J: A Continuously Working Installation for the Separations of Isotopes in the Gas Phase (in German), Kerntechnik, Isotopentechnik und – Chemie, 6, 12S, pp. 577-581, 1964. 50. Silvestri, M; Angelino, G.C; Brigoli, B: A New Distillation Techniques for Isotope Concentration, A /CONF.28/P/557, ITALY, Third UN Int. Conf. On the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, May 1964, pp. 18,. 51. Hering, H ; Le Bail, H ; Sutton, S ; Vanderchmitt, A ; Botter, R ; Ducheylard, G; Majzoub, M: Sur la conversion d’oxygene en CO2, en vue du dosage isotopique de O, Pure and Appl. Chem., 8, pp. 281-286, 1964. 52. Robertson, J.S. : The Impact of Isotopic Tracers on Physiological Concepts, Brookhaven Lecture Series, BNL 857 (T-341), Nr 33, Febr. 1963. 53. Casas, J ; Saviron, J.M ; Quintanilla, M : Difusion Termica de 16O/18O en Columna de Clusius-Dickel. Comparacion de Resultados con las Predicciones Teoricas, Anales de la Real Sociedad Espagnola de Fisica y Quimica, Serie AFISICA, LX(A), (7-8), pp. 167-174, 1964. 54. Staschewski, D: Experimentale Bestimmung der 18O/16O – Trennfaktoren in den Systemen CO2/H2O und CO2/D2O, Ber. Bunsengesellschaft fur Physikalische Chemie, 68, (5), pp. 454-495, 1964.
  • 5. 55. Eichelberger, J.F; Grove, G.R; Jones, L.V: Oxygen, Mound Lab. Progress Report for Febr. 1965, MLM-1245, Miamisburg, Ohio, pp. 14, 1965. 56. Narten, A.H; Landau, L: Separation of 17O from Natural Oxygen in Thermal Diffusion Column, J. Chem. Phys. 43, (2), pp. 751-755, 1965. 57. Borowitz, J.I; Samuel, D; Steckel, F: Research with the Isotopes of Oxygen (15O, 17 O and 18O) during 1961-1963, J. Appl. Rad. and Isotopes, 16, pp. 97-142, 1965. 58. Amiel, S; Nir, A: Analysis of 18O based on the Reaction 18O(α,n)21Ne, Radiochemical Methods of Analysis, Vol. 1, pp. 287-294, IAEA Vienna, Austria, 1965. 59. Fritz, G.J; Han, J; Ellis, W.H: Analysis of 18O in Carbon Dioxide by Thermal Neutron Activation, J. Appl. Rad. And Isotopes, 16, pp. 431-437, 1965. 60. Staschewski, D: Statistische Berechnung der 18O – und 17O – Gleichgewichtsverteilung in den Systemen CO2/H2O und CO2/D2O aus Molekulspektroskopischen Daten, Ber. Bunsengesellschaft fur Physikalische Chemie, 69, 5, pp. 426-440, 1965. 61. Műller, M : Spezielle Methoden der Analyse stabiler Isotope, Kernenergie, 8, (5), pp. 265-283, 1965. 62. Roth, E. ; Ravoire, J.: Chap. VII, Généralités sur les propriétés physico-chimiques des isotopes, Genié Atomique, Tome 5, Bibliothéque des sciences et techniques nucléaires, Edition 1965, pp. 255 – 292, 1965. 63. Roth, E. ; Ravoire, J.: Chap. VIII, Généralités sur les séparations d’isotopes, Genié Atomique, Tome 5, Bibliothéque des sciences et techniques nucléaires, Edition 1965, pp. 293 - 316, 1965. 64. InGun, Han: Mass Spectrometric Measurement of Samples, Anal. Chem., 37, pp. 1442-1443, 1965 18 O in Small Carbon Dioxide 65. Rutherford, W.M: Thermal Diffusion Column Transport Coefficients for Mass 28 and Mass 29 Carbon Monoxide, J. Chem. Phys., 42, (3), pp. 869-872, 1965. 66. Drury, J.S: Isotopes of Hydrogen, Lithium, Boron, Nitrogen, Oxygen, in P.S. Baker: Oxygen, Research Materials Coordination and Planning Meeting, Nov. 1415, 1963, Oxygen, pp. 25-29, Report ORNL-TM-1047, April, Oak Ridge, Tenn.,1965. 67. Muller, G: Experimental Determination of Clusius-Dickel Column Constants for Binary and Polynary Isotope Mixtures, Kernenergie 8, pp. 226-236, 1965. 68. Majzoub, M : Une methode d’analyse isotopique de l’oxygene sur microquantites d’eau. Determination des coefficients de partage a l’equilibre de l’oxygene-18 entre H2O et CO2 ; D2O et CO2, J. Chim. Phys., 4, pp. 563-568, 1966. 69. Chupakhin, M.S: The Measurement of Difference in Isotopic Ratios in Small Volumes of Gases and Possibilities for the Mass-Spectrographic Determination of
  • 6. Micro amounts of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Solid Substances, J. Anal. Him., XXI, 7, pp. 817-825, Moscow, Russia, 1966. 70. Singleton, J.H: Interaction of Oxygen with Hot Tungsten, J. Chem. Phys, 45, (8), pp. 2819-2826, 1966. 71. Guizouarn, L: Proprietes physiques moleculaires des isotopes de l’hydrogene et de leurs combinaisons isotopiques, Etude bibliographique, Report CEA (Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique), France No. 87, 1967, pp. 49, 1967. 72. Waldstein, P; Rabideau, S.W: 17O NMR of Single Crystals of D2O Ice, J. Chem. Phys. 47, (12), pp. 5338-5342, 1967. 73. Vasaru, G: Tabulated Values of Thermal Diffusion Factors for Various Isotopic Gaseous Mixtures, Preprint IFA IS-35, Bucharest, 1966; Isotopenpraxis, 3, (9), pp. 368-374, 1967. 74. Vasaru, G: Thermal Diffusion in Isotopic Gaseous Mixtures, Fortschritte der Physik, 15, (1), pp. 1-111, 1967. 75. Lamb, J.F; Lee, D.M; Markowitz, S.S: Simultaneous Determination of 18O and 16O Isotopes by 3He Activation Analysis, Report UCRL-17812, Univ. of California, E.O. Lawrence Radiation Lab, Berkeley, California, Oct. 1967, pp. 11, 1967.. 76. Verdurmen, E.A.Th: Mechanism of Oxygen Isotopic Exchange in Mixtures of Carbon Monoxide and Oxygen in a Quartz Vessel, J. Phys. Chem., 71, (3), pp. 678694, 1967. 77. Huber, M :: Colonnes de rectification sous vide Sulzer, Rev. Techn. Sulzer, 1, 1967, pp. 8, 1967. 78. Vasaru, G; Rap, I: Thermal Diffusion Bibliography (for the period 1856–1966), Bibliographical Series No. 28, IAEA Vienna, Austria, 1968, pp. 345, 1968. 79. Samuel, D; Steckel, F: Research with the Isotopes of Oxygen (15O, 17O and 18O) during 1964-1966, J. Appl. Rad. And Isotopes, 19, pp. 175-217, 1968. 80. Raman, S; Saxena, S.C; Watson, W.W: Separation of Isotopic Mixtures of Polyatomic Gases by Thermal Diffusion Column: Interpretation of Data on Oxygen, J. Chem. Phys., 48, (7), pp. 2920-2923, 1968. 81. Yamamoto, M; Takahashi, M; Imaoka, M; Nashioka, T; Hirota, K: Enrichment of 18O of High Concentration by Thermal Diffusion Method, Nippon Kagaku Zasoki, 89, 9, pp. 839-843, 1968, Report MLM (Mound Laboratory, Miamisburg, Ohio)-1634 (tr), pp. 28. 82. Rutherford, W.M; Roos, M.J; Kaminski, K.J: Experimental Verification of the Thermal Diffusion Column Theory as Applied to the Separation of Isotopically Substituted Nitrogen and Isotopically Substituted Oxygen, J. Chem. Phys., 50, (12), pp. 5359- 5365, 1969.
  • 7. 83. Vasaru, G; Muller, G; Reinhold, G; Fodor, T: The Thermal Diffusion Column, Theory and Practice with Particular Emphasis on Isotope Separation, VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1969, pp. 210, 1969. 84. Hidalgo, M.A; Saviron, J.M; Yarza, J.C: Concentric and Hot Wire Type Thermal Diffusion Column: Static Performances and Comparison with Theoretical Models: Ne, Kr, Xe, O2, N2, ASTI-69, Leipzig, Germany, 1969. 85. Mathur, B.P; Watson, W.W: Thermal Diffusion in Isotopic 16O2 – 18O2, J. Chem. Phys., 51, (5), pp. 2210-2214, 1969. 86. Mathur, B.P; Watson, W.W: Isotopic Thermal Diffusion in Polyatomic Gases ( 16O, 18 O), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., Jan. 66, 1969. 87. Staschewski, D: Densimetrische Isotopenanalyse des leichten und schweren Wassers unter Ausnutzung des Sauerstoffaustausches zwischen Kohlendioxid und Wasser, Ber. Bunsengesellschaft fur phys. Chem., 73, 1, pp. 59-65, 1969. 88. Staschewski, D: Kinetik des mit Bicarbonat katalysierten Sauerstoff-Austausches zwischen Kohlewndioxid und Wasser, Z. Chem-Ing-Techn., 41, (20), pp. 1111-1118, 1969. 89. Vasaru, G: Les isotopes stables, Report CEA-BIB-136, CEN Saclay, France, 1970, pp. 369, 1970. 90. Kaminski, K.J; Rutherford, W.M; Willis, M.S: Thermal Diffusion Coefficients for the Separation of 14,14N – 14,15N and 16,16O – 16,18O, Report MLM (Mound Laboratory, Miamisburg, Ohio) -1439, 1970, pp. 127, 1970. 91. Dixit, V.K; Sharma, M.N: Exp. Potential Parameters for Neon, Oxygen and Nitrogen, J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 30, 4, pp. 1166-1168, 1971. 92. Staschewski, D: Hochanreicherung der stabilen Sauerstoff-Isotope durch Gegenstromdestillation von Schwewasser, Chem. Ing. Tech. 43, 14, pp. 810-816, 1971. 93. Blanchard, M; Louguet, G: Etude de l’echange isotopique d’oxygene par les catalyseurs de la serie V2O5-MoO3, Bull. Soc. Chim. de France, 3, pp. 814-819, 1971. 94. Jordan, S; Bonner, F.T: : Fractionation of Oxygen Isotopes between NO and H 2O, J. Chem. Phys., 54, (11), pp. 4963-4964, 1971. 95. Johnston, E.R., Chase, C., Ladov, E.N., Holtzschelter, Jr. W.: Method of Increasing the Concentration of Oxygen-18 in an Oxygen-containing Compound, US Patent: 3,622,480 Assignee: USAEC, Nov. 23, 1971. 96. Johnston, E.R., Chase, C., Ladov, E.N.: Method of Producing Compounds Enriched in Oxygen-18, US Patent: 3,622,481 Assignee: USAEC, Nov. 23, 1971. 97. * * * Rehovot, Winter 1971-72, p. 17: Prof. Israel Dostrovsky – A Profile.
  • 8. 98. Yinon, J; Ashkenazi, Y; Gilath, Ch; Meri, M; Grinberg, MR; Wolf, D: Computerized Mass Spectrometer Control of a Thermal Diffusion Plant for Isotope Separation, Chem. Instrumentation, 4(4) pp. 255-268, 1972. 99. Wolf, D; Cohen, H: Process-Design Considerations and Steady-State Operational Data for the Separation of Isotopes of Oxygen, Can. J. Chem. Eng., 50, (5), pp. 621627, 1972. 100. Klein, P.D., Peterson, S.V., Editors,: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Stable Isotopes in Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, May 9 – 11, 1973, Argonne National Laboratory, pp. 478, CONF -730525 USAEC, 1973. 101. Staschewski, D: Extreme Enrichment of 18O by Countercurrent Distillation of Heavy Water, International Meeting on Isotope Effects in Physical and Chemical Processes, June 25 – 28, Cluj-Napoca, 1973. 102. Villani, Stelio: Separazione degli isotopi, pp.500, CNEN, Roma, 1974. 103. Vasaru, G: Separation of Isotopes by Thermal Diffusion, USAEC ERDA-tr-32, Oak Ridge Tenn., pp. 376, July 1975. 104. Vasaru, G; Ursu, D; Mihaila, A; Szentgyorgyi, P: Deuterium and Heavy Water – A Selected Bibliography, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co, Amsterdam-Oxford-New York, pp. 805, 1975. 105. Marling, J.K.: Isotope Separation by Selective Photodissociation of Glyoxal, US Patent Reference :3947335, March, 1976. 106. Marling, J.K.: Isotope Enrichment by Frequency-tripled Temperature Tuned Neodymium Laser Photolysis of Formaldehyde, US Patent Reference: 4029558, June, 1977 107. IAEA-TC-90, IAEA – CMEA, Technical Committee Meeting on Modern Trends in the Biological Applications of Stable Isotopes, Abstracts, Leipzig, Germany, 14-18 Febr. 1977. 108. x x x Stable Isotopes in the Life Sciences, Proceedings of a Technical Committee Meeting Leipzig, 14-18 February, 1977 Jointly Organized. by the IAEA and CMEA, pp. 460, IAEA, Vienna, 1977. 109. Bakhtadze, A.B.: Separation of Stable Isotopes, Stable Isotopes in the Life Sciences, Proceedings of a Technical Committee Meeting Leipzig, 14-18 February, 1977 Jointly Organized. by the IAEA and CMEA, pp. 3 - 20, IAEA, Vienna, 1977. 110. Asatiani, P.Ya.; Giorgadze, L.P.; Partsakhashvili, G.L.; Tevzadze, G.A.; Chikaidze, I.V.: Industrial Pilot Plant for the Production of 18O, Separation of Stable Isotopes, Stable Isotopes in the Life Sciences, Proceedings of a Technical Committee Meeting Leipzig, 14-18 February, 1977 Jointly Organized. by the IAEA and CMEA, pp. 75 - 83, IAEA, Vienna, 1977.
  • 9. 111. Staschewski, D: Production of 18O and 17O bz Countercurrent Distillation of Reactor-Grade Heavy Water, Separation of Stable Isotopes, Stable Isotopes in the Life Sciences, Proceedings of a Technical Committee Meeting Leipzig, 14-18 February, 1977 Jointly Organized. by the IAEA and CMEA, pp. 85 - 95, IAEA, Vienna, 1977. 112. Oziashvili, E.D., Kobaladze, M.G., Kakuliya, D.A., Beridze, Eh.A., Production of Water Labelled with Oxygen Isotopes by the Reduction of Nitric Oxide, Separation of Stable Isotopes, Stable Isotopes in the Life Sciences, Proceedings of a Technical Committee Meeting Leipzig, 14-18 February, 1977 Jointly Organized. by the IAEA and CMEA, pp. 123 -129, IAEA,Vienna, 1977. 113. Halliday, D., et al.: The Use of Stable Isotopes in Medicinal Chemistry, 1978. 114. Abrudean, M.; Axente, D.; Baldea, A.; Jalobeanu, M.: Calculul debitelor si al concentratiei fluidelor care circula intr-o cascada pentru separarea 18O prin schimb isotopic NO, NO2 – H2O, HNO, Rev. Chimie, 29, 10, pp. 953 – 955, 1978. 115. DeWitt, R.: Enriched Isotope Applications: Biomedical Field, ICON, 1979. 116. Moore et al.: Separation of Isotopes by Photo-induced Predissociation, US Patent Reference: 4212717, July, 1980. 117. Vasaru, G: Concentration Profiles in Thermal Diffusion Columns. I. Isotope Ternary Systems. Applications to Nitrogen, Oxygen, Neon and Argon Isotopes (in Romanian), St. Cerc. Fiz, (Bucharest, Romania), 33, (2), pp.113-139, 1981. 118. Dostrovski, I., et al., Stable Isotopes, pp. 693-702: The Production of Stable Isotopes of Oxygen, 1982. 119. Matwiyoff, N.A; McInteer, B.B; Mills, T.R: Stable Isotope Production – a Distillation Process, Los Alamos Science, 8, pp. 65, 1983. 120. Vikis, A. Ch.: Photochemical separation of isotopes, CA Patent 1122567. 121. Rockwood et al. : Device and Method for Separating Oxygen Isotopes, US Patent Reference: 4437958, March, 1984. 122. Majima, T. and al.: Dissociation Reaction of Multiple Infrared Photon in Perfluorodimethyl Ether, Nihon Kagakukai Journal No. 10, Oct., 1984, (Tokyo), pp. 1490-1497, 1984. 123. Mills, T.R; Garcia, M.G; Vandervoort, R.C; McInteer, B.B: A Chemical Exchange System for Isotopic Feed to a Nitrogen and Oxygen Isotope Separation Plant, Separation Science and Technol., 24(5&6), pp. 415-428, 1989. 124. Rich et al.: Method for Enriching a Middle Isotope Using Vibration-vibration Pumping, US Patent Reference: 4801365, January, 1989. 125. Laptev V. B., et al .: Laser Separation of Oxygen Isotopes by IR Multiphoton Dissociation of Dimethyl Ether. Chemical Abstracts, vol. 111, No. 16, pp. 559, Oct. 9, 1989, No. 142702q, 1989..
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