“ Mystery illness paralyses girl given cervical cancer jab”
All girls in Britain aged 12 and 13 are being offered vaccinations with Cervarix, a drug that stimulates the body to defend itself against HPV, to protect against the later onset of cervical cancer which is linked to the virus.
GlaxoSmithKline's (GSK) cervical cancer vaccine, Cervarix
The stool of the breast-fed infant has a lower pH than that of the infant fed cow's milk, and its bacterial content is predominantly of the lacto-bacillus group in contrast to a preponderance of the coliform group in artificially fed infants.
Human milk contains a "growth factor" which facilitates intestinal colonization by Lactobacillus bifidus .
The intestinal flora of infants fed human milk may protect them against infections caused by some species of E. coli.
Milk from the mother whose diet is quantitatively adequate and properly balanced will supply the necessary nutrients, with the possible exception of vitamin D after several months and fluoride .
Iron stores are sufficient for the 1st 6-9 mo in term infants.
The iron of human milk is well absorbed by the infant; breast-fed infants may not require supplemental iron during the 1st yr, but their diets should be supplemented after 6 mo of age by the addition of cereal and meat or by administration of one of the ferrous iron preparations.
Human milk contains sufficient vitamin C for the infant's needs, provided the mother's intake is adequate.
The infant should be hungry at feeding time, and held in a comfortable, semisitting position for his or her enjoyment and for facilitation of eructation without vomiting
The mother must be comfortable and completely at ease.
The baby is supported comfortably with the face held close to the mother's breast by one arm and hand while the other hand supports the breast so that the nipple is easily accessible to the infant's mouth and yet does not obstruct the infant's nasal breathing.
The baby's lips should be expected to engage considerable areola as well as nipple .
The normal infant is equipped with several reflexes, which are designed to make him a successful feeder from the breast. The most obvious of these reflexes are those concerned with the actual getting of food--rooting, sucking, swallowing, and satiety reflexes.if the infant is not hungry, he or she will not search for the nipple or suck.
At the end of the nursing period the infant should be held erect over the mother's shoulder or on her lap to eructate swallowed air,to facilitate emptying of the stomach into the intestines and to lessen the chances of regurgitation .
Low birth weight infants who are too weak to suck or those who tire before an adequate volume is ingested may be given human milk by gavage. Many such infants have thrived.
Human breast milk has also been advocated in the management of necrotizing enterocolitis .
The low vitamin K content of human milk may contribute to hemorrhagic disease of the newborn. Administration of 1 mg of vitamin K1 parenterally at birth is recommended for all infants, especially for those who will be breast-fed .
Pathogenic organisms in significant numbers may gain access to the milk from mastitis.
Both tubercle and typhoid bacilli and herpes, hepatitis B, rubella, mumps, and cytomegaloviruses may be found at times in the milk of women infected with these organisms.
The emptying time of the stomach is more rapid for human than for whole cow's milk;
The curd of cow's milk is reduced in size by boiling and is made considerably less tough and much smaller by the heating required in evaporation, by the addition of acid or alkali, and by homogenization.
In contrast, the curd of breast milk is fine and flocculent and readily broken down in the stomach. The fat of cow's milk is less readily digested than that of breast milk.