Release of nasopharynx,sinuses and URT cellular damage
Inflammatory of nasopharynx
mediators in Cholinergic
nasal secretions stimulation
Nasal Rhinorrhea postnasal sore
Stuffiness drip cough throat
Pathophysiology of the common cold
The clinical manifestation
a runny nose
sometimes vomiting and diarrhea
Specific type of URI
Herpangina: coxsackie-viruses group A.
summer /fall.High fever, sore throat ，
1-4mm vesicles /ulcers on anterior tonsillar pillars, softpalate,uvula,tonsils pharyngeal wall.
Pharyngoconjunctival fever : type 3,7 adenovirus, spring /summer.
High fever, sore throat ， pharyngitis, conjunctivitis, cervical lymphadenopathy.
Early phase of acute infectious disease
Sometimes sore throat Sore throat Fatigue, may persist Mild fatigue severe aches and pains Slight aches and pains Cough, may progress Mild, hacking cough Sometimes sneezing Sneezing Sometimes stuffy nose Stuffy, runny nose Commonly headache Sometimes headache High fever Low or no fever Flu Cold
increased fluid intake
avoidance of secondhand smoke
Saline nose drops
bulb syringe remove the mucus
cool mist humidifier
antipyretics, such as acetaminophen,ibuprofen, decrease the discomfort of colds.
Do not give aspirin (associated with Reye syndrome)
Keep your child away from a person with a cold.
Encourage your child to wash his/her hands frequently and not to touch his/her mouth, eyes, or nose until their hands are washed.
Make sure toys and play areas are properly cleaned, especially if multiple children are playing together.