Barcamp Gent2008

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  • Barcamp Gent2008

    1. 1. Bar charts with iText Guy Geens < [email_address] > http://www.iggyland.com/ http://kanonnenpoetser.blogspot.com/ Barcamp Gent 2008
    2. 2. Case: Work Balance Board <ul><li>“Yamazumi” (Japanese: “to stack up”) </li></ul><ul><li>= Stacked bar chart </li></ul><ul><li>Each stack represents a specific workload on a workstation </li></ul><ul><li>Used to compare and optimize a production process </li></ul>
    3. 3. Example
    4. 4. <ul><li>Each bar consists of a series of tasks (“Balance cards”) </li></ul><ul><li>Each task contains one or more of </li></ul>Legend TF1: Useful tasks TF2: Overhead Auto: Time using machines Walk: Time spend moving/bending (ergonomy)
    5. 5. Cycle time <ul><li>= Time available for a single car </li></ul><ul><li>Determined by line speed </li></ul><ul><li>“Overshoot” may lead to line stops </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributing tasks between workstations </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Restrictions <ul><li>Up to 10 bars per page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users print the report and add notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The list of balance cards for a single variant is available on a separate report (“Operator Instruction Sheet”) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Why iText? <ul><li>The report is called from a web application </li></ul><ul><li>Exact layout is difficult in HTML </li></ul><ul><li>There is no way to specify “Print in Landscape mode” from the server. In iText, this is achieved by: </li></ul>Document doc = new Document(PageSize.A4.rotate());
    8. 8. Positioning the graph <ul><li>Determine left and right edges </li></ul><ul><li>Divide by the number of bars </li></ul><ul><li>Determine top and bottom coordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Offsets are determined by header and footer height </li></ul>left = page.left(50); right = page.right(10); x[i] = left + i * (right – left) / n; top = page.top(100); bottom = page.bottom(100);
    9. 9. Scaling the graph <ul><li>Find the total TMU for each bar </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the maximum time for all bars + Cycle Time </li></ul><ul><li>Scale = (y1 – y0) / max </li></ul>
    10. 10. Drawing the bar <ul><li>For each balance card: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw each element in the order: TF1, TF2, Auto, Walk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Height = time * scale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Draw a rectangle with this height and advance the start position </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Add a marker with the total workload </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, draw a line for the cycle time </li></ul>
    11. 11. Code <ul><li>Drawing a rectangle: </li></ul>cb.setColorFill(PdfGraphHelper.tf1Color); cb.rectangle(x, y, width, height); cb.fill(); y += height;
    12. 12. “Minus” times <ul><li>Balance card 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take screwdriver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fasten screw A </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Balance card 2: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take screwdriver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fasten screw B </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combined: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take screwdriver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fasten screw A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fasten screw B </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Balance cards remain unchanged </li></ul><ul><li>A correction is applied to the total time </li></ul><ul><li>When balance cards are separated, the correction is removed </li></ul>
    13. 13. Example <ul><li>Negative values are plotted in a second bar </li></ul><ul><li>Bars are aligned at the top </li></ul><ul><li>Data is shown from bottom to top </li></ul>
    14. 14. Changes to flow <ul><li>When calculating the scale, only use positive values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives the height of the main bar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Calculate the total of the negative values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the height of the second bar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Positive values go to the main bar, negative values to the secondary bar (absolute values) </li></ul><ul><li>Workload marker shows the grand total (pos + neg) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>iText provides enough detail to show even the smallest bars (size ~10 – total size ~2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Online documentation lacks some information (e.g., coordinate units). </li></ul><ul><li>There seems to be no way to obtain the position of text elements/tables (for aligning with graphics) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Thank you for your time Questions?

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