Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Sustainable urban travel- brts ahmedabad,brts pune,suburban railway mumbai

2,282

Published on

Suburban railway Mumbai, BRTS Ahmedabad, BRTS Pune

Suburban railway Mumbai, BRTS Ahmedabad, BRTS Pune

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,282
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. SUSTAINABLEURBAN TRAVEL Presented by: Gargi Ghosh, 10AR60R08 1st yr MCP, IIT Kgp.
  • 2. 2Methodology…. • UNDERSTANDING SUSTAINABILITY 1 • SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT • FACTORS AFFECTING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORTATION •Case study of Didcot,Orfordshire 2 • Case study of Mumbai • Case study of BRTS Ahmedabad • SUSTAINABILITY IN A NEW CITY- CASE 3 OF PIMPRI- CHINCHWADSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 3. 3How can sustainability be achieved? Sustainability in transport can be brought about by the following: •REDUCE THE DEMAND TO TRAVEL BY CAR shaping the design of cities reduced GHG emissions, Restraining motorization. reduced pollution, traffic congestion, oil use, and Planning and policy to restrain light vehicles infrastructure expenditures, increase land-use density social equity goals •SHIFT TRAVEL TO A MORE EFFICIENT MODE reducing transport emissions, strong and optimized public transport, social benefit of increasing the mobility of integrating transit with efficient land use, people without access to cars.  enhancing walking and cycling, and encouraging mini-cars and electric two-wheelers. bus rapid transit (BRT ) is gaining attention •IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF TRAVEL light-duty road vehicles Energy efficient transport modes and vehicles by old used cars. In the medium and longer term, electric, hybrid, and  fuel-cell vehicles is currently small fuel economy regulations, taxes, and subsidies can be effective in promoting vehicle efficiency improvements. eco-driving styles, increased load factors, improved maintenance, in-vehicle technological aids, more efficient replacement tires, reduced idling, and better traffic management and route choice.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 4. 4Sustainability in transportation……As articulated by the Brundtland Commission, sustainable development meets theneeds of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to do thesame. These ‘needs’ are now widely accepted to include goals related to economicdevelopment, social and human development, and environmental and ecologicalhealth. In the context of natural resource policy, sustainability would mean limitingdepletion of resources to the rate at which they can be replenished, or alternativescan be identified.Sustainability in transportation is ensured by the fact that it does not consumeexhaustible resources: energy, human and ecological habitats, atmospheric carbonloading capacity, and individuals’ available time.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 5. 5ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORTSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 6. 6ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORTCase study of Didcot, Oxford shire T h e s e l e c t e d development at Didcot comprises a mixed urban extension together with associated infrastructure. The 180 hectare site known as Great Western Park (GWP) is located around the western edge of the existing built-up area, about a mile from the grade separated interchange of the A4130 w i t h t h e d u a l carriageway A34. Most of the site (and Didcot itself) falls within South Oxfordshire District, the remainder within the Vale of White Horse district.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 7. 71.SETTLEMENT SIZE  total population or number of dwellings within a contiguous built-up area.  Larger settlements provide an opportunity for greater self-containment and a mix of uses  We should aim to maximise the proportion of new development  metropolitan areas and large urban areas and settlements with a population of 25,000 tend to have shorter annual travel distances and lower car mode shares than average2.STRATEGIC SETTLEMENT LOCATION the selection of areas for major new residential and non-residential development To promote sustainable travel, the aim should be tolocate development where travel generation is likely to bereduced. Hence, in locations where there is good public transportaccessibility, particularly for short trips to existing or newcentres.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 8. 83. STRATEGIC TRANSPORT NETWORK The strategic transport network refers to transport infrastructurethat supports medium and long-distance travel. It includes all modes whose configuration and design serves, andcould potentially influence, spatial development patterns (e.g.rail, bus priority route and highway).The strategic network can be conceived as an integrated networkof different modes and ownership – with combined conflicts andopportunities.4.DENSITY Density refers to the intensity of use of land. In UK planning practice, density is generally measured in dwellings per net hectare (dph), where the area includes developable residential landSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 9. 95.JOB-HOUSING BALANCEJobs-housing balance refers to the approximate [equal] distributionof employment opportunities and workforce population across ageographic areaThe aim of jobs-housing balance is to provide local employmentopportunities that may reduce overall commuting distance amongresidents6.ACCESIBILITY OF KEY ISSUES Accessibility refers to the ease of reaching destinations or activities . Places that are highly accessible can be reached by many people quickly, whereas inaccessible places can only be reached by a few people in the same amount of time.  The focus for practitioners can be on improving accessibility rather than mobility, and in moving people rather than vehicles.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 10. 107.DEVELOPMENT SITE LOCATIONDevelopment site location refers to the selection of sites for newhousing allocations or other new developments. Development site location is often a catalyst for transportinterventions, helping to justify or making viable a new transportservice.The selected development site should also be well integratedinto the existing urban fabric, including local transport networks8.MIX OF USESMix of uses refers to the degree to which different landuses are contained within a geographic area, generally abuilding, street or neighbourhood. The location of key facilities such as health facilities andschools in relation to other uses should be assessed andplanned for at the city-region, sub-regional and localscalesSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 11. 119.NEIGHBOURHOOD DESIGNNeighbourhood design and street layout are alsoimportant to travel. The relationships betweenbuildings, streets and open spaces form the urban fabricthat helps to give a neighbourhood its physical identity.10.TRAFFICDEMAND MANAGEMENT Traffic demand management (TDM) (sometimes known as ‘mobility management’) covers a range of measures aimed at reducing the adverse impacts of car use. They are complementary measures to spatial planning (and vice versa).  The commentary here is necessarily brief, in the context of supporting mechanisms to spatial policySustainable Urban Travel......
  • 12. 1211.PARKING AND SERVICING Parking refers to the amount of space planned for the storage of cars and other vehicles (on and off-street) in new development and to the management of space in existing and new developments.  It also includes provision for two wheelers (motorised) and bicycles. People do not necessarily park within their destination site so it is necessary to consider parking provision and management in the context of local parking conditions and policies as well as regional standards, where they exist. Servicing is also becoming increasingly important, covering retail, home and other deliveries. Parking policy is a central element in traffic demand management, however is much under-utilised. It can be used beyond the traditional management of space, i.e. ensuring safe and efficient on-street conditions, catering for servicing and loading, and utilising the available public space to maximum benefit.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 13. 13Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 14. 14ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORTCase study of Mumbai Local Trains…..FACTS AND FIGURES Spread over 464 route kilometres, The Suburban Railway system operates on 1500 V DC / 25000 VAC (Virar-Borivali & Kasara - Titwala) power supply from overhead catenary lines. The suburbanservices are run by electric multiple units (EMUs). 191 rakes (train sets) of 9-car & 12-car compositionare utilised to run 2342 train services, carrying 6.94 million passengers per day.Over 88% of the commuters in Mumbai travel by Suburban trainsMumbais Suburban Rail System carries about 64 lakhs (6.4 million) passengers per day.About 4700 passengers travel in a 9-car rake during peak hours, as against its rated carryingcapacity of only 1,700. Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 15. 15Case study of Mumbai Local Trains-what makes it sustainable?  Supply preceded demand and created the URBAN STRUCTURE of Mumbai.  LAND USE WAS INTEGRATED along with transport from the start.  The LINEAR NATURE OF GROWTH of the city makes it possible to run a large no of trains at high frequency.  Runs in a CORRIDOR OF HIGH DENSITY leading to greater mobility of the citizens.  ECONOMIC, AFFORDABLE POLLUTION FREE ; no transport emission  SOCIAL EQUITYSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 16. 16 Sustainable Urban Travel......Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 17. 17ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORTBRTS Ahmedabad…….The BRTS of Ahmedabad was the first of its kind in Indiaand despite of its many criticisms, it has beenrecognized as a successful project.This years Sustainable Transport Award nomineesdemonstrate the relevance of the developing world inthe fight against climate change while improvingcitizens quality of life and enhancing theirinternational competitivenessAhmedabad BRTS happened to be the only masstransit system from India that was nominated for thisaward which was to be conferred in Washington DCin the US. Last year, this award was given to New Yorkfor its transportation system.BRTS presently runs along the following routes :1.R.T.O to Kankaria Lake2. Kankaria Lake - Maninagar Railway Station -Kankaria Telephone Exchange3. Dani Limbda to Narol4. Narol - Soni ni Chal Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 18. 18BRTS AHMEDABAD –What makes it sustainable?The sustainability factor is decided by the following factors:lessening the impact of climate changewhich enhances the sustainability and liveability of its community or regionthrough innovative transportation strategies .This leads to increase mobility for all,reducing transportation greenhouse and air pollution emissionsimproving safety and access for bicyclists and pedestrians .A major reason for the AJL clinching the title is that the city residents embracedtheir new BRTS system 35,000 daily passengers to commute to work, to schooland elsewhere. In just a few months of operation, AJL has transformed thedelivery of transit in South Asia. BRTS stations here uses innovative centralmedian stations pulled away from the junctions.Bus stations have passive solar design, an inexpensive way to keep stationsnaturally cool. The BRTS system has incorporated high-quality pedestrianfacilities in some corridors, as well as bicycle lanes. Besides, this the city hadinitiated car-free days.BRTS systems can positively impact air quality if car and motorbike drivers starttaking trips by bus, said Sophie Punte, executive director of the Clean AirInitiative for Asian Cities (CAI-ASIA ).Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 19. 19BRTS AHMEDABAD –Essential Features for a successful BRTS Road sectionsAdequate road width isare required toaccommodate thevarious road utilities for asuccessful BRTS . Various other featuressuch as walking tracksand cycle tracks can beincorporated along withBRTS to make the entiresystem more efficient.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 20. 20BRTS AHMEDABAD –Essential Features for a successful BRTS Interchanges…. The essential feature of a road interchange for a BRTS system to be successful is to have a minimum no of interchanges.  Signalized intersections stop the exclusive bus route, hence the entire point of rapid transit is lost.  The no of feeder inputs into the BRTS network has to be made efficient. Exclusive bus ways….  There needs to be exclusive bus bays to ensure speedy and efficient transport  lesser no of signalized intersections  elevated bus bays in areas where ROW is less that required.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 21. 21BRTS AHMEDABAD –Essential Features for a successful BRTS Bus stands…  The bus stands are to located at points of great trip generators.  Safety elements : Passenger protection from passing traffic ·Access for people with disabilities  All-weather surface to step from/to the bus ·Proximity to pedestrian crossings ·Proximity to major trip generators ·Convenient passenger transfers to the existing AMTS routes with nearby stops Street lighting  Operating elements consist of: · Adequate curb space for the number of buses expected at the stop at onetime ·Bus routing patterns ·Directions (i.e., one-way) and widths of intersection streets ·Types of traffic signal controls (signal, stop, or yield) ·Volumes and turning movements of other traffic ·Width of pedestrian pavements ·Pedestrian activity through intersectionsSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 22. 22BRTS AHMEDABAD –Essential Features for a successful BRTS Vehicles…For selection of BRT vehicles following aspects must be taken intoconsideration.1. External Dimension and Capacity2. Access- Internal Layout- Doors & Aisle width- Floor Height3. Fuel Choice4. Vehicle Guidance5. Aesthetics, Identity and BrandingSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 23. 23BRTS AHMEDABAD –Advantages… ECONOMYINCREASED PUBLIC TRANSIT PATRONAGE EFFICIENT PUBLIC TRANSIT OPERATION EFFICIENT MIXED PERSONALISED TRANSIT OPERATIONSREDUCTION IN ACCIDENTSIMPROVED AIR QUALITYBRTS AHMEDABAD –criticism…. LARGE NO OF STATIONS MAKE IT TIME CONSUMING INCREASED NUMBER OF INTERSECTIONS DO NOT KEEP THE SYSTEM”RAPID”. BUSES NOT SUITABLE FOR A SINGLE ENTRY SINGLE EXIT SYSTEM – FOR INDIAN CONDITIONS.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 24. 24
  • 25. 25PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD –BRTSProfile…Pimpri – Chinch wad is a city in the Pune district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It consists ofthe twin towns of Pimpri and Chinch wad which are governed by a common municipal body(the Pimpri- Chinch wad Municipal Corporation or PCMC). It is located to the North-West ofPune and is well connected to the Pune city proper via the Old Pune-Mumbai HighwayPimpri-Chinchwad is a major industrial hub and hosts one of the biggest industrial zones in Asia.The industrial estates in the city were established by the MIDC. The city is home to the Indianoperations of major automobile companies like Premier Limited, Mahindra Navistar, BajajAuto, BEL Optronic Devices Ltd, TATA Motors (formerly TELCO), Kinetic Engineering, Force Motors(formerly Bajaj Tempo) and DaimlerChrysler.Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 26. 26PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD –proposed BRTS route NIGDI DAPODI The first phase of the BRTS route is from NIGDI to DAPODI Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 27. 27PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD –proposed BRTS route RESIDENTIAL INDUSTRIAL Trip AREA generation destination WAKAD RESIDENTIAL NASHIK Trip PHATA generation The second phase of the BRTS route is from WAKAD to NASHIK PHATA Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 28. 28PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD –feasibility of BRTS. The success of any BRTS system depends on the following factors: 1. Adequate ROW : In case of Pimpri- Chinchwad most part of the BRTS route passes through the NH4 which is 30 m wide, so ROW is not a hindrance. 2. Lesser intersections : The intersections along the NH4 and most roads in Pimpri – Chinchwad are either subways or elevated corridors, so lesser hindrance for the BRTS. 3. Economically placed bus stations: The no of bus station must be at adequate intervals that ensures feasibility by getting enough passengers and also that the speed does not go below the economic limit. 4. Adequate no of commuters: BRTS is an expensive system , and for the system to run successfully, adequate no of commuters must be ensured. 5. Right Choice of Vehicle: The right choice of vehicle is necessary so that it suits the Indian conditions. Sustainable Urban Travel......
  • 29. 29REFERENCE : 1.Charles Correa”Mumbai", India Today, Sept 2010. 2. AHMEDABAD MUNICIPAL CORPORATION – website 3.PIMPRI CHINCHWAD MUNICIPAL CORPORATION – website 4. INDIAN RAILWAYS –website 5. AHMEDABAD BRTS – Report by CEPT 6. AHMEDABAD BRTS – Executive summary report by CEPT 7. IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRAVEL POLICIES - EUROPEAN CONFERENCE OF MINISTERS OF TRANSPORT 8. Planning for Sustainable Travel Summary Guide October 2009,www.plan4sustainabletravel.org 9. Investing in Sustainable Urban Transport -the GEF Experience 10. Sustainable urban transport: Four innovative directions Todd Goldman a, Roger GorhamSustainable Urban Travel......
  • 30. 30 THANK YOU….Sustainable Urban Travel......

×