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Planning for a multimodal transport interchange   literature
 

Planning for a multimodal transport interchange literature

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    Planning for a multimodal transport interchange   literature Planning for a multimodal transport interchange literature Presentation Transcript

    • FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORKAND GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODALTRANSPORT HUBStudy Area: Sealdah Interchange, KolkataLiterature Review Gargi Ghosh 10 AR 60 R08 Under the guidance of: Prof. Debapratim
    • A multimodal journey:A multimodal transport hub facilitates- •R a i l f a c i l i t i e s •Passenger waiting area •Bus facilities •Commercial facilities •Water facilities •Ticketing offices •Air facilities •Parking facilities •Vertical and horizontal passenger link.FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • TOLLYGUNJ BUS DEPOT TOLLYGUNJ METRO AUTO STANDS TOLLYGUNJ TRAM DEPOT TOLLYGUNJ METROFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Case Study East – West Metro Corridor, Kolkata
    • •To enable the establishment of quality focused multimodal transport system to provide a “ single journey experience ” i.e. to plan for “seamless travel” • To co-coordinate the use of different modes and their proper integration to decongest road, reduce journey time, enhance environment, provide greater convenience for commuters & for efficiency and cost effectiveness.FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • PRELIMINARY Study on interchange site and catchment area APPROACH : EVALUATION Parameters of interchange Barriers of interchange LEVEL OF SENSITIVITY SERVICE ANALYSIS APPROACH APPROACH Prioritizing and ranking of parameters LEVEL OF SERVICE APPROACH SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS APPROACH LOS values Methodology for Estimation of demand response planning process for variation in interchange Gap analysis of factors/barriers opinions Arrive at stable priorities for development Recommendation of Design standards / guidelines for transport recommendation infrastructure and planningFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • • DEFINITIONS 1 • THEORY OF INTERCHANGE 2 • INTERCHANGE AND UTILITY OF TRAVEL 3 • COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INTERCHANGE 4 PARAMETERS Parameters to be studied • STUDY OF SURVEYS UNDERTAKEN 5 Surveys to be undertaken • STUDY OF DATA ANALYSIS PROCEDURES 6 Data analysis methodology • METHODOLOGY OF WORK 6 Domain of workFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • Group for Urban Interchanges Development and Evaluation (GUIDE)URBAN INTERCHANGES - a good practice guide: Lists out the Study confined to barriers to Ways of Cost effective interchange area interchange – improving interchange level – European through expert interchange proposals context opinion and experience literature studyStudy on Mobility, Intermodality and Interchanges (MIMIC) Study on Classification, r interchange anking of Estimation of and catchment interchange Interchange demand area – 30 barriers – specific response – European survey at the proposals logit model interchanges of interchange four scales site
    • PIRATE: Derives values Study on Lists out the for LOS from interchange Provides parameters of users and and catchment methodology interchange – operators – area –a sample for planning based on EU survey at the of 22 European approach transport policy 22 interchange interchanges sites Multi Modal Transportation System Planning and Design- unpublished PhD Thesis Study on Delhi MMTS Lists out the Provides methodology –interchange as a parameters of MMTS for planning approach componentFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • A study of intermodal transport Coordination and its contribution to Sustainable urban transportation In Hong Kong: unpublished dissertation ,Lui Kwok Wai, William Study on Derives values for Recommendations Public transport interchange and LOS for public for intermodality policies in Hong catchment area – transport contributing to Kong Hong Kong context interchanges sustainability An analysis of Transport Interchanges in west rail – unpublished dissertation work MAK Steven Chi Fai: Study on interchange Specifies evaluation Evaluates and west rail network process for interchanges in west – Hong Kong interchanges rail linkFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • The word interchanges can have with two meanings: • It can describe the action of interchanging, as undertaken by passengers as part of a journey (sometimes termed transfer) • But it can also mean a location where interchange takes place. Source GUIDE Public Transit Interchange is a location where passengers transfer from one mode of transport to another, or between two services of the same mode. An interchange can mean three things: the act of changing between mode – interchange the place where one changes between modes – interchange zone a purpose-built facility to improve interchange quality – interchange facility Source: The Intermodal Transport Interchange for London - Best Practice Guidelines (Tfl et al, January 2001FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • Public transport works by concentrating passengers onto selected corridors, and inevitably this leaves some journeys without a direct connection. So interchange is a necessary evil when it comes to providing comprehensive linkages within an urban area.We regard the utility of having to interchange (Uint) as having three principal components: a requirement to interchange (I) which has a penalty associated with it (α) independent of the amount of time spent interchanging ·the time spent transferring between vehicles (TT) with a weight β ·the time spent waiting for the connection (W) with a weight δExpressed as a linear-additive function, this utility of interchange is: U = αI + βTT + δw + ε0FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • So utility of travel can be expressed as: Ui = Uint + U rest + ε Urest denotes the utility associated with the travel attributes which influence choice other than those contained in Uint If Urest is considered to be a function of simply in-vehicle time and cost, then utility of travel can be expressed as : Ui = αIi + βTTi + δWi + γCi + μTi + ε1FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • Ui = αIi + βTTi + δWi + γCi + μTi + ε1 (i) Interchange penalty I (ii) Transfer Time Value (iii) Wait Time Value W TT α=λ0 + λ1 E(W)+ λ2E(A)+ λ3PJ+ λ4NL + λ5 TC • Security of interchange •Amount of transfer time Λ0 = Fixed level of penalty • Ability to engage in •Nature of transfer worthwhile E(W), E(A) = additional waiting time activities •Transfer environment PJ = position in journey where (iii) Cost Value C (iii) In-vehicle time Value T interchange occurs • Cost of a single mode NL= non linear effects journey • amount of time in vehicle TC= transaction cost of interchange •Cost to interchange • cost of travelFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • The parameters of study have been catergorised under the following heads: 1 • LOCAL PLANNING AND LAND USE 2 • L O G I S T I C S A N D O P E R AT I O N A L 3 • PHYSICAL DESIGN 4 • I N F O R M AT I O N 5 • OVERALL PERFORMANCEFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • HONGKONG UTILITY PARAMETERS FORPARAMETERS PIRATE MIMIC STUDY FUNCTION DELHI MMTS STUDY Location and overall Rail- streetLOCAL accessibility Pedestrian linkages movement ease Accessibility local roads Entrance accessibilityPLANNINGAND entrance Existence of Cycle rail-PTI Legibility of interchangeLANDUSE accessibility tracks movement ease movement pattern zone No conflicting vehicular and PTI- rail Rail-street movement pedestrian flows movement ease Ease of access ease Cycle storage Street- street facility movement ease Ease of egress Rail-PTI movement ease Reliable feeder Catchment area passenger flow – Street- street services < 500m adequate capacity movement ease High density pick Parking Pedestrian linkage to up points availability parking location catchment area Segregation of Bus & Cab & taxi services passengers Conflict among modes Walking distance – segregation of inside & outside Parking areas modes interchange FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • HONGKONG UTILITY PARAMETERS FOR PARAMETERS PIRATE MIMIC STUDY FUNCTION DELHI MMTS STUDY Network Frequency of Public transport Connectivity operational connectivity Taxi provision service provision between modes integration between modes Time synchronisedLOGISTIC AND Operation Time physical operation betweenOPERATIONAL Overall quality Waiting time Bus availability synchronization integration modes Unified ticketing Frequency of network Frequency of Car parking system Tram availability modes integration service Cost of interchange Non -road based peak utilization of Queuing time public transport Waiting time mode Waiting time Unified ticketing personal safety bicycle parking feeder services system PTI part of real property safety station Feeder services Peak utilization of bicycle storage modes Distribution transfer facility network Pedestrian Transfer parking capacity facility Drop off/ Pick up max accumulation FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • PARAMETERS FOR PARAMETERS PIRATE MIMIC HONGKONG STUDY UTILITY FUNCTION DELHI MMTS STUDYPHYSICAL Security Single level Interchange ConnectivityDESIGN Equipment Functionality services environment subways between levels Designing for Surveillance Aesthetic design Toilets security transfer facilities legibility of layout Ticketing Walking Distances Seating areas waiting areas Automated ticket vending Protected machines walkways ease of access Commercial Overall lighting facilities Level change of 120-15o lux ease of egress shopping transfer between facilities Ramp availability levels Car & bike Elevator Ticket vending rentals availability machines waiting facilities Lift availability Disabled access Safety waiting waiting rooms areas queuing space guide routes for toilets blinds catering Disabled access FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • HONGKONG UTILITY PARAMETERS FOR PARAMETERS PIRATE MIMIC STUDY FUNCTION DELHI MMTS STUDY IntegratedOVERALL interchange real timePERFORMANCE Safety & security management Integrated safety information Integration passenger Image of perception of personal safety interchange capacity comfort pedestrian safety Efficiency Minimize walking property safety Urban Setting distance Property safety Efficiency Functionality Safety Functionality Integrated Passenger interchange coordination Cleanliness facilities management Shops and retail Security Efficiency services personnel Easy layout operation Cost of travel Pedestrian safety Information Urban setting Shops and retail Placement services LegibilityFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • HONGKONG PARAMETERS FOR PARAMETERS PIRATE MIMIC STUDY UTILITY FUNCTION DELHI MMTS STUDY Multi level car Weather protected parking stacking areas link pedestrian Drop off area pathways Drop off area no conflict among modes Parking areas loading areas Peripheral bus bay Walking distance less Bus stop than 500m performance weather protected link peripheral saw- toothed bus bay Real time Pre- trip C. INFORMATION information information CCTV Pre-trip information Total Travel Real time Travel time time information Maps informationFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • LOCAL PLANNING AND LOGISTICAL AND OVERALL LANDUSE OPERATIONAL PHYSICAL DESIGN PERFORMANCE INFORMATION Network connectivity Connectivity between Integration with urban Entrance accessibility between modes levels setting Pre-trip information Time synchronised operation between Efficiency of Legibility modes legibility of layout interchnage Travel time information Rail-street movement Frequency of service waiting areas Property safety Rail PTI movement waiting time ease of access Functionality Integrated interchangeStreet- street movement Unified ticketing system ease of egress management Pedestrian linkage to catchment area feeder services transfer between levels Easy layout Ticket vending conflict among modes Peak utilization of modes machines Pedestrian safety Walking distance Distribution network Disabled access Urban setting Shops and retail Weather protected link queuing space services Drop off area Parking areas Peripheral bus bayBus stop performanceFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • BUILT FACILITY DESIGN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT PLANNING EFFICIENT DESIGN INTEGRATED INFRASTRUCTURE MGMT FEEDER ROUTES PROPERTY SAFETY PRE- TRIP INFORMATION TIME SYNCHRONISED OPERATION LEGIBILITY OF LAYOUT REAL TIME INFORMATION NETWORK CONNECTIVITY BETWEEN MODES DISABLED ACCESS PEDESTRIAN LINKAGE TO CATCHMENT FREQUENCY OF SERVICE AREA ENTRANCE ACCESSIBILITY PARKING/DROP OFF AREA PEAK UTILIZATION OF MODES RETAIL SERVICES BUS BAYS DISTRIBUTION NETWORK WEATHER PROTECTED LINK UNIFIED TICKETING SYSTEM PEDESTRIAN FLOWS TICKET VENDING INTEGRATION MACHINES WAITING AREA VOLUME OF INTERCHANGE QUEUING SPACE TRANSFER STAGE EASE OF ACCESS/EGRESS LINE HAUL STAGE CONNECTIVITY BETWEEN LEVELSFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • INTERCHANGE SITE & USER & EXPERT CATCHMENT AREA SURVEY for •Trip factors •Individual factors •Interchange BARRIERS OF factors INTERMODALITY Questionnaire INTERCHANGE on catchment DELINEATION OF DECONSTRUCTI area CATCHMENT AREA CLASSIFICATION OF ON BARRIERS GIS mapping MICRO SIMULATION ON SITE SURVEY NESTED LOGIT CHANGE IN DEMAND MODEL RESPONSE FOR VARIATION IN FACTORS COST EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONS FOR EACH BARRIER CATEGORYFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • AIM TOOLS USER AND EXPERT SURVEY on • Trip factors BARRIER • Interchange factors IDENTIFICATIO • Individual factors DATA ANALYSIS N INTERCHANGE • marking DECONSTRUCTION Calculation of mean marks: • ranking for importance • visual profiling matrices • energy, distance, time matrices m(i) = Σ Mj(i) nΣni MICROSIMULATION MODEL Mj(i) is the mark given to factor i by individual j; i = 1,...,K is the generic factor considered, with K Totally Moderately Extremely the total number of door-to-door factors listed in unimportant Important important the questionnaires; j = 1,...,n is the generic individual interviewed, 1 5 9 with n the total number of interviewees; ni is the number of interviewees who circled an „N‟ in the question referring to factor i.FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • VISUAL PROFILING MATRICES TIME, ENERGY, DISTANCE MATRICES Dist Spee Time Energ (m) d (s) y (J) (m/s) Horizontal 200 1.34 149.2 52.1 walking ( outside) Horizontal 50 1.34 37.3 13.0 walking ( inside) Horizontal 10 1.34 7.5 2.6 walking ( platform distance) Stairs (up) 3.5 .30 11.7 10.9 Stairs(down) .34 12.1 6.0R – ramps B – barriersH – handrails P - Pavement obstacleFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • A simulation is a technique for using computers to imitate, or simulate, the operations of various kinds of real-world facilities or processes.•It looks at the interaction of individual"units" such as people or vehicles –AGENT BASED APPROACH• Each unit is treated as an autonomousentity and the interaction of the units isallowed vary depending on stochastic(randomized) parameters• each unit is represented by a recordcontaining a unique identifier and a set ofassociated attributes – e.g. a list ofvehicles with known origins, destinationsFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkataand operational characteristics
    • INTERCHANGE AREA PARAMETR SELECTION Priority rating Priority rating by user group PRIORITISING THE by expert PARAMETERS group User Operator Perceived perspecti perspecti Targeted QoS ve ve QoS Desired QoS QUALITY OF SEVRVICE Delivered QoS Minimum QoS GAP ANALYSIS Establishing Stable Demand – Supply priorities – using SD analysis and mean mark PROPOSAL FOR INTERCHANGE IMPROVEMENTFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • 10 PRIORITISATION USER GROUP 9 OF PARAMETERS SURVEY: 8 UNDER PROVISIONED 7 INTERCHANGE UG 1: W+R, P+R, Importance 6 PERFORMANCE R+R, C+R 5 4 • perceived quality of UG2: Non users 3 service 2 OVER PROVISIONED 1 • delivered quality of 0 service 0 2 4 6 8 10 Perceived LOS • desired quality of EXPERT GROUP service SURVEY I>LOS = Under provision I<LOS = Over provision • targeted quality of PG1: operators Totally Moderately Extremely unimportant Important important service • min acceptable PG2:Planners and 1 5 9 Totally Moderately quality of service administrative Very displeased satisfied pleased machineryFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • USER GROUPS EXPERT GROUPS Priority, Perceived QoS, Expected QoS ,Minimum QoSAge wise Gender wise Operator - planner Delivered QoS, Targeted QoS Mode wise High SD = less probability of the issue to be solved Consistently high mean value for priority 3.5 = More stable a candidate for6 development 35 2.5 24 UG1 1.53 UG2 1 PG12 PG1 0.51 0 PG1-UG1 PG1-UG1 UG1-UG2 PG1-PG2 PG2-UG1 PG2-UG20 feeder routes feeder routes Walking distance Unified Ticketing waiting time Walking distance Gap in mean value for parameter priority Gap in SD value between groups for parameter priorityFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • • perceived LoS • delivered LoS PERCEIVED LOS (USER) GAP • desired LoS • targeted LoS MIN TARGETED DESIRED LOS LOS (OPERATOR) LOS (USER) • min acceptable LoS ? WILLINGNESS TO PAY – USER ? SUBSIDIES - GOVERNMENT OPTIMUM VALUES OF LOS GUIDELINES & FRAMEWORKFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Case Study East – West Metro Corridor, KolkataFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • STUDY FORMATION IMPLEMENTATION OF OF GUIDELINES GUIDELINES To derive the LOS values for interchange, user and expert survey would be conducted at: DUMDUM INTERCHANGE • Suburban railway, bus, metro line, paratransit & pedestrian flow T O L LY G U N J I N T E R C H A N G E • Terminal metro station, bus, pedestrian & paratransit flows SEALDAH INTERCHANGE • Terminal suburban railway station, bus, pedestrian, paratransit flow & future metroFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • SHORTLISTING OF PARAMETERS ( BARRIERS & ATTRACTION) under TRANSPORT INFRA. & PLNG • perceived LoS SURVEY FOR SURVEY FOR SURVEY OF PRIORITISATION OF SATISFACTION OPERATORS FOR PARAMETERS ( USER+ • delivered LoS (USER + EXPERT) EXPERT) CATCHMENT AREA • desired LoS DERIVING LEVEL OF SERVICE • targeted LoS VALUES • min acceptable LoS GAP ANALYSIS USER SURVEY FOR WILLINGNESS TO PAY ARRIVING AT OPTIMUM LEVELS FROM DEMAND SUPPLY & COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS GENERAL FRAMEWORK AND GUIDELINESFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Case Study East – West Metro Corridor, Kolkata
    • Transport modes at the interchange: 1. S U B R U R B A N R A I L W AY S 2. BUS TRANSIT 3. PA R AT R A N S I T 4. M E T R O (upcoming) Major issues at the interchange: • Conflict of flows • Congestion • Pedestrian safety • Parking space •Application of the formulated guidelines •Detailed planning of selected parametersFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • 1. Terzis, G (2000) GUIDE: Group for Urban Interchanges Development and Evaluation , MVA Consultants 2. Coccia Enzo (2002), PIRATE 3. Wardman Mark, Hine Julian, Stradling Stephen (2001), Interchange and Travel Choice, Vol-1, Vol-2., DETR 4. South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (2001), MIMIC: Mobility, Intermodality and Interchange, EU Commission under Transport 5. A study of intermodal transport Coordination and its contribution to Sustainable urban transportation In Hong Kong (2001), Lui Kwok Wai, William, unpublished dissertation work. 6. Singh Y.P. (2002), “Performance of Kolkata Metro railway: A case study.” CODATUX Pa., 337 – 342. 7. KMDA. “Master Plan for Traffic & Transportation for Kolkata Metropolitan Area - 2025,” Report. 8. C. Jotin Khisti, B. Kent Lall, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, Transportation Engineering An IntroductionFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
    • FORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata