Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata (Proposals)

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Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata (Proposals)

  1. 1. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODALTRANSPORT INTERCHANGEStudy Area: Sealdah Interchange, KolkataProposals Gargi Ghosh 10 AR 60 R08 Under the guidance of: Prof. Debapratim
  2. 2. •To enable the establishment of quality focused multimodal transport system to provide a “ single journey experience ” i.e. to plan for “seamless travel” • To co-coordinate the use of different modes and their proper integration for efficiency and cost effectiveness of interchange. • already overcrowded network • preventing modal shift to private modes • ever - increasing demand for • energy efficiency and environmental travel protection • social inclusionFORMULATION OF FRAMEWORK & GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT HUB: Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  3. 3. TRANSPORT FACILITIES URBAN REALM 1 Queuing space in auto stop 12 Distance of paratransit stop from building Frequency of auto service= waiting time for 2 auto service 13 Parking areas Performance of auto stand( weather 14 Entrance accessibility 3 protection, safety, toilet facilities ) 15 Location of entrances Distance of paratransit stop from building 16 Walking distance (mode1 to ticket counter) 4 17 Pedestrian pathways ( adequacy, safety ) Queuing space in taxi stand 5 18 Subway Frequency of taxi service = waiting time for 6 taxi service 19 Weather protection in interchange area Adequacy of queuing space in taxi stand 20 Disabled access 7 Performance of taxi stand( weather protection, 21 Surveillance 8 safety, toilet facilities ) 22 toilet facilities Bus stop performance(queuing space, toilet 9 facilities etc) 23 Cleanliness 24 Safety Frequency of bus service 10 25 Organised retail in the interchange Feeder service 11PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  4. 4. BUILT FACILITY DESIGN 26 Level changes 27 Queuing time in ticket counter 28 Queuing space for ticket counter 29 No of ticket counters 30 Location of ticket counters 31 Real time information 32 Information system placement 33 Walking distance (from ticket counter to platform) 34 Waiting area in platform 35 Railway Station performance 36 Safety & surveillance @ platform 37 Alignment of platform and the entrance location 38 Goods loading/unloading area on platformPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  5. 5. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  6. 6. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  7. 7. QoS FOR WAITING TIME AT BUS STAND LIG Preference of surface walkway over 78%INCOME CATEGORY subway Preference of subway over FoB 54% MIG Tolerance for level change 2 stories (63%) Willingness to pay for feeder service 45 % HIG Willingness to go for integrated 40% 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 TIME ticketing • Quality of Service measure for Quantifiable parameters • Qualitative assessment of other parameters • UTTIPEC guideline for Connectivity Features of MRTS Stations • Quality of Service Manual ~ TRB Spatial management guidelines for design and evaluation of Multimodal Transport Interchange PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  8. 8. • should be located within than 4min to 7min of walking distance from concourse ( primary survey) • should be located not more than 50m from exit point of the built facility ( UTTIPEC) • should be universally accessible, weather protected and automatic surveillance system should be installed ( UTTIPEC) • Automatic ticketing booths (ticket vending machines, 55% respondents) and integrated ticketing system (40% respondents) should be initiated ( primary survey) • Queuing space for 100 persons per minute in peak-hours and 50 persons per minute at all other times should be provided ( primary survey) • Waiting time at bus stop should be between 4min to 8min ( primary survey) • Loading for buses at Sealdah interchange should not exceed 1.7 during peak hours and 1.5 at all other timesPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  9. 9. • should be located within than 4min to 7min of walking distance from concourse ( primary survey) • should be located not more than 150m from exit point of the built facility ( UTTIPEC) • should be universally accessible, weather protected and automatic surveillance system should be installed ( UTTIPEC) • Queuing space for 50 persons per minute in peak-hours and 20 persons per minute at all other times should be provided ( primary survey) • Waiting time at pratransit stop should be between 4min to 6min ( primary survey)PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  10. 10. • should be located within than 4min to 7min of walking distance from concourse ( primary survey) • should not be located more than 150m from exit point of the built facility ( UTTIPEC) • should be universally accessible, weather protected and automatic surveillance system should be installed ( UTTIPEC) • Waiting time at taxi stop should be between 10min to 15min ( primary survey)PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  11. 11. • Surface pathways are preferable over subways and skywalks. (78% respondents) Subways should be provided wherever possible over skywalks. (54% respondents ) (primary survey) • Direct linkages from subway to platform/concourse should be provided with adequate provisions for ticketing ( primary survey) • Subways links should be extended to the peripheral areas of the interchange to improve the Quality of Service of the interchange ( primary survey) • All surface walkways to be designed according to “ Street Design Standards by UTTIPEC” • There should be minimum conflict between vehicular and pedestrian movement and suitable measures to taken for crime prevention and personal safetyPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  12. 12. • Universal Accessibility is required for all sidewalks, crossings, parks, public spaces and amenities.( to be designed according to UTTIPEC street design standards) •There should be level boarding on all concourses. (TfL Guidelines) • Toilet facilities, with one unit with disabled access should be provided every 800 m of a continuous street (UTTIPEC street design standards) • Toilet facilities, with one unit with disabled access, should be provided near bus and paratransit stops and waiting areas. • CCTV coverage and natural surveillancePLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  13. 13. • Hawker Zones must be provided within the Multi-functional Zone or other incidental spaces along a pedestrian pathway - within the overall RoW - but must be clear of all minimum walking and cycling rights-of-way.( UTTIPEC street design standards) •Organized retail/hawking (of displaced shops) should be allowed near subway entrances and strategic locations in the subway to give life to the place and also prevent crime. • Parking locations should be located at least 250m away from main exits (Connectivity Features of MRTS Stations: UTTIPEC) • Parking should be located without interfering the barrier free movement in the interchange zone. (UTTIPEC) • The interchange zone should not have a level difference of more than 2 stories, where automated walkways or elevators are not provided. (Primary survey ) • Drop off area should be designed away from the main pedestrian exit but no more than 100m from the interchange facility entrance (UTTIPEC)PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  14. 14. • Ticketing time should be within 3min to 8min. • Automated ticketing booths and integrated ticketing systems should be initiated • Internet booking facilities may also be looked into for monthly and quarterly ticketing schemes • Queuing space for 12 to 30 persons @ manual ticketing booths and 10 to 28 persons @ automatic ticketing booths. •Real time information (Passenger Information System, visual and audio) should be provided at all decision making areas • Accuracy of information should not be less than 10min. (primary survey). • Waiting time should not exceed 12 min for suburban passengers. • Air conditioned waiting lounges (pay and use) for passenger comfort and revenue generation.PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  15. 15. • Concourse area should be accessible from the ticketing counter at a walking distance of 3min to 5 min on level movement course • Waiting time at platform should not exceed 12 min for suburban passengers • Safety and security to be ensured at al times of the day • Freight movement should be segregated from normal flow of passengers.PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  16. 16. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  17. 17. URBAN DESIGN (physical design/planning)INTERCHANGE LOS ofPLANNING & Pedestrian pedestrianDEVELOPMEN management facilitiesT TRANSPORT PLANNING Vehicular MODAL SHIFT management to Metro Requirement of FEEDER servicePLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  18. 18. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  19. 19. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  20. 20. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  21. 21. 0.87 0.75 0.6 0.45 1.40 1.2 4 1.06 0.73 2 1.63 1.29 1.4 0.85 4 2.28 1.9 1.95ROAD V/C V/C after feeder 1.18 introduction A P C ROAD 0.77 0.81PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  22. 22. 0.06 0.05 2.1 2.3 2.7 7 5 4 0.03 1.5 0.01 1.5 1.2 1.3 6 9 6 0.9 2.17 1.72 1.85 1.2 1.21 0.96 1.04 0.7ROAD V/C V/C after feeder introductionAPC 0.77 .81ROADLENIN 0.45 0.49SARANIPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  23. 23. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  24. 24. BUS STOP BAITHAKHANA MARKET PARKING SEALDAH AUTO STOP STATION KOLEY MARKET BR SINGH HOSPITAL BUS STOP SEALDAH BUS DEPOTPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  25. 25. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  26. 26. • walking distance – 4 MIN • queuing/gathering space • weather protection sub way link to • CCTV & natural 3-5min to railway & metro MG ROAD. surveillance 5-7min to PRESENT ROUTE • passenger amenities KAISER ST. ( through flyover) • automatic ticketing • integrated ticket booths CHALLENGES BUS STOP •walking distance • queuing space • weather protection BUS•DROP safety OFF • passenger amenities FEEDER STOP12 min to PROPOSED ROUTENRS. • walking distance ( through station area)• walking distance – 6 • queuing spaceMIN • weather protection• queuing space • safety• weather protection • passenger amenities• safety• passenger amenitiesPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  27. 27. • minimizing walking distance – 3 MIN • subway access • queuing/gathering STATION space ENTRANCE sub way link to • weather protection railway & metro 5 • safety M • passenger amenities WEATHER PROTECTED STAND SUBWAY AUTO ENTRANCE STOP STATION TAXIENTRANCE STAND • queuing space CHALLENGE • weather protection • queuing space • safety • weather protection • passenger amenities • safety • passenger amenitiesPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  28. 28. SEGMENT DESCRIPTION 2 1 SEGMENT 1 PF 1 ENTRY TO KAISER STREET BUS STAND SEGMENT 2 PF 1 ENTRY TO M G ROAD PEDESTRIAN BUS STAND 3 PREMISES SEGMENT 3 PF 1 ENTRY TO BBG ST- 8 FLYOVER CROSSING 5 4 SEGMENT 4 SOUTH EXIT TO BBG ST- FLYOVER CROSSING SEGMENT 5 BBG ST – FLYOVER 7 CROSSING TO BAITHKKAHANA BAZAR 6 SEGMENT 6 BBG ST-FLYOVER CROSSING TO NRS HOSPITAL SEGMENT 7 TAXI STAND TO BR SINGH HOSPITALPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  29. 29. • SUBWAY WIDTH :Width of 6m, adequate for 2011 and 2021. • SURFACE PATHWAYS : Widening of the pathways to improve the LOSPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  30. 30. DESIGN & EVALUATION GUIDELINES • linkage to the bus, auto and taxi stands. • elevator/escalators for universal access • minimizing transfer time • CCTV surveillance • multiple exits ensuring safety • organised retail • authorised commercial activities near entrances CHALLENGE • transfer • time •linkages to peripheral areas • linkages to concourse from bus, auto & taxi stands. • level changes/universal accessPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  31. 31. DESIGN & EVALUATION GUIDELINES • PIS at all decision spaces PARKING • Toilet facilities at regular intervals • Parking for 4 wheelers and emergency vehicles within 250m of entrance • CCTV surveillance TOILET coverage • Universal access at all places of level change. CHALLENGE • Toilet facilities • CCTV/surveillance • Organised retail areas • Parking area • Real time information • Passenger information systemPLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata
  32. 32. PLANNING FOR A MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT INTERCHANGE : Study Area: Sealdah Interchange, Kolkata

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