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# Incepatori d curbele

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### Incepatori d curbele

1. 1. SQUIRKLING VALUES Brenda Hoddinott D-01 BEGINNER: SQUIRKLINGWhat do you get when you cross squiggles with circles? You get Squirkles! Squirkling is amethod of shading incorporating randomly drawn curved lines to create textured values. I chosethis name based on the method of morphing squiggles with circles to create shading. Many of mystudents, from the past two decades, are very familiar with this word!By varying the density (drawing the lines either far apart or close together) of the lines, you canachieve many different values. Light values with squirkles tend to have noticeable curved lineswith lots of white space showing. In darker values, the lines are drawn more closely together,filling in most of the paper with the texture of squirkles.This lesson is divided into the following two parts: DRAWING BASIC SQUIRKLE SETS CREATING SQUIRKLE VALUE SCALESSuggested drawing supplies include HB and 4B pencils, vinyl and kneaded erasers, good qualitydrawing paper, a pencil sharpener, and a sandpaper block. This lesson is recommended for artists of all ages and abilities, as well as home schooling, academic and recreational fine art educators. 6 PAGES – 10 ILLUSTRATIONS Published by Hoddinott Fine Art Publishers, Halifax, NS, Canada – Revised 2005
2. 2. 2 DRAWING BASIC SQUIRKLE SETS Squirkling is a method of shading incorporating randomly drawn curved lines to create textured values and graduated value scales. In this section, you use a 2B pencil to draw three squirkle values. Values are the different shades of gray created by varying the density of the shading lines, and/or the pressure used in holding various pencils. In this exercise, the values are rendered by drawing curved and compound curved lines either far apart or close together. Curved lines are created when a straight line curves (or bends). Examples of curved lines include the letters C and U. A curved line can become a circular shape when the ends meet as in the letter O. A compound curve is created when a straight line curves (or bends) in more than one direction. An example of a compound curve is the letter “S”. Squint your eyes and look at the following sets of squirkles. ILLUSTRATION 01-01 The first set (on the far left) has very few lines drawn far apart, creating the illusion of a light value. The second set is darker, and the third set is the darkest. ILLUSTRATION 01-02 1. Draw a set of lines that curve in many different directions. Notice that some individual lines cut across themselves in many places, creating lots of different shapes, an abstract composition, and an overall light value. The old expression “few and far between” works well here. The lines are far apart and few in number.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
3. 3. 3 ILLUSTRATION 01-03 2. Draw a second set of squirkle lines that are closer together than in your first set. Note that there are more lines than in the first set and the lines are closer together. ILLUSTRATION 01-04 3. Draw the darkest set of squirkle lines very closely together. Many more lines make up this third squirkle set, and the lines are much closer together. Very little of the white paper is still showing.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
4. 4. 4 CREATING SQUIRKLE VALUE SCALES In this exercise you vary the density of the lines (as in the previous exercise), and also use various pencils to help render five different values with squirkles. Before you begin, practice drawing squirkles with each of the three pencils and notice their differences. The 2H is the lightest (hardest) and the 4B is the darkest (softest). The 4B is very good for darker values, 2B is great for middle values, and 2H works well for light values. ILLUSTRATION 01-05 1. Using your 2H pencil, draw the first two values beginning with the lightest. More lines are used to create the second value than the first. ILLUSTRATION 01-06 2. With your 2B pencil, draw the next two values. Again, pay attention to the density of the lines so each progressive value is darker than the last. ILLUSTRATION 01-07 3. Use your 4B to draw the darkest value. Keep practicing these values in your sketchbook until you can draw all five different values.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
5. 5. 5 4. Draw another value scale from light to dark, and then try one from dark to light. Refer to these completed value scales to see the five values in sequence. ILLUSTRATION 01-08 ILLUSTRATION 01-09 ILLUSTRATION 01-10 The beauty of squirkles is its ability to produce an infinite range of values and a variety of textures. Texture is the surface detail of an object, as defined in a drawing with various shading techniques. The senses of touch and sight help identify the surface texture of drawing subject. Examine the wool on this cartoon sheep and identify a light, medium and dark value. Note how the different values make the sheep’s body look three-dimensional.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
6. 6. 6 BRENDA HODDINOTT - BIOGRAPHY As a self-educated teacher, visual artist, portraitist, forensic artist, and illustrator, Brenda Hoddinott utilizes diverse art media including graphite, technical pen, colored pencil, chalk pastel, charcoal, conté crayon, and oil paints. My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. Hence, in creating a passion for the subject matter, the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. >Brenda Hoddinott< Born in St. John’s, Newfoundland, Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. She developed strong technical competencies with a personal commitment to self directed learning, and the aid of assorted “Learn to Draw” books. During Brenda’s twenty-five year career as a self-educated civilian forensic artist, numerous criminal investigation departments have employed Brenda’s skills, including Royal Canadian Mounted Police and municipal police departments. In 1992, Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and in 1994, she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “Forensic Artists International”. Her home-based art career included graphic design, and teaching recreational drawing and painting classes. As supervisor of her community’s recreational art department, Brenda hired and trained teachers, and designed curriculum for several children’s art programs. In 1998, Brenda chose to end her eighteen-year career as an art educator in order to devote more time to writing, drawing, painting, and developing her websites. Drawspace http://www.drawspace.com incorporates her unique style and innovative approach to curriculum development. This site offers downloadable and printable drawing classes for students of all abilities from the age of eight through adult. Students of all ages, levels and abilities have praised the simple step-by-step instructional approach. This site is respected as a resource for fine art educators, home schooling programs, and educational facilities throughout the world. LEARN-TO-DRAW BOOKS BY BRENDA HODDINOTT Drawing for Dummies (2003): Wiley Publishing, Inc., New, York, NY, this 336 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People (2004): Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the Year Award 2004, Alpha - Pearson Education – Macmillan, Indianapolis, IN, this 360 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
9. 9. 3 ILLUSTRATION 03Squirkles work beautifully forrendering foliage andshrubbery in a nature drawing.Both high and low contrastshading can be rendered withsquirkles. Contrast is thecomparison of different valueswhen put beside one another. ILLUSTRATION 04A full range of values from white to blackis used in this high contrast drawing a darkhaired young lady, named Anne. Highcontrast is created when very dark valuesare drawn close to the lightest values.The texture of the fleece fabric of herjacket looks very realistic when renderedwith squirkling. ILLUSTRATION 05 With the exception of the pupils of the eyes, the graduated values, in this low contrast drawing of a baby (my niece Claire), range between light to medium. Low contrast shading has a limited range of values. Graduated squirkles work nicely for rendering both the texture of her terrycloth hat, and the delicate texture of her beautiful face. Specific sections of a drawing subject frequently need customized approaches to graduating values.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
13. 13. 7Brenda HoddinottAs a self-educated teacher, visual artist, portraitist, forensic artist, and illustrator, Brenda utilizesdiverse art media including graphite, technical pen, colored pencil, chalk pastel, charcoal, contécrayon, and oil paints.My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gentlyintroducing the technical and academic. Hence, in creating a passion for the subject matter, thequest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable.>Brenda Hoddinott<BiographyBorn in St. John’s, Newfoundland, Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. Shedeveloped strong technical competencies with a personal commitment to self directed learning,and the aid of assorted “Learn to Draw” books. During Brenda’s twenty-five year career as aself-educated civilian forensic artist, numerous criminal investigation departments haveemployed Brenda’s skills, including Royal Canadian Mounted Police and municipal policedepartments. In 1992, Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal CanadianMounted Police, and in 1994, she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “ForensicArtists International”.Her home-based art career included graphic design, and teaching recreational drawing andpainting classes. As supervisor of her community’s recreational art department, Brenda hired andtrained teachers, and designed curriculum for several children’s art programs. In 1998, Brendachose to end her eighteen-year career as an art educator in order to devote more time to writing,drawing, painting, and developing her websites.Drawspace http://www.drawspace.com incorporates her unique style and innovative approach tocurriculum development. This site offers downloadable and printable drawing classes forstudents of all abilities from the age of eight through adult. Students of all ages, levels andabilities have praised the simple step-by-step instructional approach. This site is respected as aresource for fine art educators, home schooling programs, and educational facilities throughoutthe world.Learn-to-draw booksDrawing for Dummies: Wiley Publishing, Inc., New, York, NY, this 336 page book is availableon various websites and in major bookstores internationally.The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People: Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the YearAward 2004, Alpha - Pearson Education – Macmillan, Indianapolis, IN, this 360 page book isavailable on various websites and in major bookstores internationally.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
15. 15. 2OUTLINING IRIS AND FRIENDSThe goals in this section are to become familiar with a few parts of an eye, and sketch their outlinesin preparation for adding shading with squirkles. You focus on two parts of an eye, the iris and pupil,as well as a highlight and the edge of the upper eyelid. Refer to Figure 301 and the following:1. Highlight is the brightest area where light bounces off the surface of the eye. Figure 3012. Pupil is the darkest circular shape, within the iris, that adjusts its size under different lighting conditions.3. Iris is the colored circular section of the eyeball surrounding the pupil.4. Upper eyelid is a movable fold of skin that opens and closes to protect the eyeball. The edge of an upper eyelid is represented in this sketch by a curved line. ART SPEAK Shading: (noun) refers to the various values in a drawing that make images appear three-dimensional; (verb) the process of adding values to a drawing so as to create the illusion of texture, form and/or three-dimensional space. Squirkling: is an easy method of shading, in which randomly drawn curved lines (called squirkles) combine squiggles and scribbles with circles to create textured values. Figure 302 As you sketch the outlines, keep in mind that the iris and pupil of an eye are very rarely perfect circles. More often than not, you view an eye from a slight angle; hence the iris and pupil are more oval-shaped. Check out the irises and pupils of the eyes in Figure 302. 1) Use an HB pencil to lightly sketch a circular shape as the iris of an eye. Remember to press very Figure 303 lightly.T I P : When you draw circles or circular shapes, rotate yourpaper and look at your drawing from different perspectives. Thislittle trick often allows you to find problem areas. Be patient withyourself; drawing circular shapes freehand requires lots ofpractice before you can do it well. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
16. 16. 32) Add a slightly curved line cutting through the upper section of the iris (Figure 304). This line represents the lower edge of the upper eyelid. The upper sections of eyes are usually hidden under the upper eyelid.3) Sketch a small circular shape in the upper left section of the iris (Figure 305). This is the highlight. Its location indicates that the dominant light source is from the upper left. Figure 304 Figure 305 Figure 306 ART SPEAK Light source is the direction from which a dominant light originates. A light source identifies the light and shadow areas of a drawing subject, so artists know where to add different values.4) Draw the pupil of the eye (Figure 306). The ends, of the curved line that outline the pupil, meet the highlight.5) Erase the section of the iris above the edge of the upper eyelid. Figure 3076) Use your kneaded eraser to gently pat your sketch until all the outlines are very faint. The outline is complete and the next step is to add shading. If you are not familiar with squirkles, refer to Lessons D01: Squirkling Values and D-02: Graduating Squirkles in the Beginner section. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
18. 18. 5 Figure 311 10) Use a 4B pencil and squirkles to fill in the pupil. Naturally, the highlight is left white. Use your vinyl eraser to clean up any smudges or fingerprints on your drawing paper.You’ve just drawn an iris, pupil and highlight. Put today’s date on the page, sign your name and patyourself on the back!CHALLENGEThe iris you just completed would be considered light in color (or in this case value); for example,blue or gray. However, lots of people have dark eyes; hazel or brown for example.You are now challenged to draw a dark iris. First of all, draw another iris, following steps 1 to 10.Then use 2B and 4B pencils to add darker shading to the iris. (Remember to leave a lighter sectionin the lower right.) Then use a 6B pencil to add darker shading to the pupil. Figure 312 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
19. 19. 6Brenda HoddinottAs a self-educated teacher, visual artist, portraitist, forensic artist, and illustrator, Brenda utilizesdiverse art media including graphite, technical pen, colored pencil, chalk pastel, charcoal, contécrayon, and oil paints. My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. Hence, in creating a passion for the subject matter, the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. Brenda HoddinottBiographyBorn in St. John’s, Newfoundland, Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. Shedeveloped strong technical competencies with a personal commitment to self directed learning, andthe aid of assorted “Learn to Draw” books. During Brenda’s twenty-five year career as a self-educated civilian forensic artist, numerous criminal investigation departments have employedBrenda’s skills, including Royal Canadian Mounted Police and municipal police departments. In1992, Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and in1994, she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “Forensic Artists International”.Her home-based art career included graphic design, and teaching recreational drawing and paintingclasses. As supervisor of her community’s recreational art department, Brenda hired and trainedteachers, and designed curriculum for several children’s art programs. In 1998, Brenda chose to endher eighteen-year career as an art educator in order to devote more time to writing, drawing,painting, and developing her websites.Drawspace http://www.drawspace.com incorporates her unique style and innovative approach tocurriculum development. This site offers downloadable and printable drawing classes for students ofall abilities from the age of eight through adult. Students of all ages, levels and abilities have praisedthe simple step-by-step instructional approach. This site is respected as a resource for fine arteducators, home schooling programs, and educational facilities throughout the world.Learn-to-draw booksDrawing for Dummies: Wiley Publishing, Inc., New, York, NY, this 336 page book is available onvarious websites and in major bookstores internationally.The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People: Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the YearAward 2004, Alpha - Pearson Education – Macmillan, Indianapolis, IN, this 360 page book isavailable on various websites and in major bookstores internationally. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
21. 21. -2- You first outline the shape of the baby’s face in the lower half of a square drawing space, and add the eyes, eyebrows, nose, ears, and mouth. In addition to creating the texture of curly hair with squirkles, you use a graduation of squirkles to make the hair look three-dimensional. ILLUSTRATION 04-01 1. Draw a large square to represent your drawing format. Your square can be any size you wish. Suggested sizes include 4 inches by 4 inches, 6 inches by 6 inches, or 8 inches by 8 inches. 2. Draw a wide U-shape to represent the lower half of the head. Take note that this whole U-shape (face) is totally within the lower half of your drawing space. Observe also that there is a slight curve to each side of the face. ILLUSTRATION 04-02 ILLUSTRATION 04-03 3. Outline two almond shaped eyes. The eyes are very far apart, and lower on the face than the beginning point of the lines indicating the sides of the face. 4. Draw a tiny circle in the upper right section of each eye. The inside of the tiny circles need to remain white, so be careful not to accidentally fill them in.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
22. 22. -3- ILLUSTRATION 04-04 5. Use your 4B pencil to shade in each eye. Remember to leave the small circle white. This tiny white spot is called a highlight, and helps make the eye look shiny. A highlight is the brightest area of an eye where light bounces off its surface. 6. Draw a slightly curved short line above each eye to represent eyebrows. ILLUSTRATION 04-05 7. Draw an oval shape between and slightly below the eyes to represent the nose. 8. Draw a slightly curved line below the nose to represent the mouth. 9. Add a tiny curved line on each end of the mouth. 10. Draw another curved line slightly above the bottom of the face to represent a double chin.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com