State
of the

STEM Workforce
STS-127 Pre-launch
Education Forum
Amanda Stiles
NASA Ames Research Center

Garret Fitzpatric...
What   Science
is
       Technology
STEM   Engineering
?      Mathematics
“Today, more than ever before,
             science holds the key
             to our survival as a planet and our
       ...
STEM makes up
  Why
  is it      less than 5%
             of the nation’s workforce,
Important?   but has ahigh impact on...
Technology accounts for

  Why
  is it
             1/2
               GDP growth
Important?   of
             in
        ...
“Economic studies conducted even before
             the information-technology revolution have
  Why        shown that as...
Why
              But STEM in the
is there a
problem      United States
?              is in trouble.
“By the year 2000, U.S.
Why          students will be the first in
is there a   the world in mathematics
problem      and ...
In   2006, out of 26 developed
Why          countries,   the U.S. ranked
is there a
problem                            22n...
Percentage of
             undergraduates majoring
             in engineering in 2006:
Why
is there a
problem      •  Eur...
Why          So our STEM testscores are down
is there a   and our STEM numbers relative to
problem      other competing na...
This does not
Why
is there a   bode well for the   future
problem      of the

?            U.S. STEM
             workfor...
This does not
Why
is there a   bode well for the   future
problem      of the

?            NASA
             workforce.
How can we expect

             to lead    the   world
Why          in
                                        Bold endeav...
How can we expect

             to lead   the   world
Why          in
                                       Bold endeavor...
Which brings us to
             Generation Y.
             The newest

Generation   generation

   Y
             to enter...
Generation Y
                            will have a
                          big role
                          in the f...
So what is the
Generation

   Y         outlook for Generation
                   Y at NASA?
Generation Y actually
                           makes up a
Generation
              huge percentage

   Y              of...
Number of Births in U.S.
        by Generation




       Authors’ note: The term
       “Next Gen” defined as
       comb...
Yet,
                  there’s only

                      a small
Generation
             percentage
   Y             ofG...
Percentage of Workforce
                by 5-Year Age Band




Next Gen   25% of U.S.
            Baby Boomer
           w...
And
Generation   this is

             common across
   Y                   all

                       NASA centers.
This shortage of Gen   Y in the workforce
             leads to gaps in
              communication,
Generation    career ...
Generation

   Y                      Ultimately, this

              shortage has a direct
                         effec...
If we don’t get
             enough Gen Y
             personnel in the
             workforce…
Generation

   Y          ...
NASA is
             taking steps
Generation   to prepare for the future


   Y               &
             engaging
    ...
So
what can
we
do
to
prepare
for
the
future?
First of all,

                              It’s a
the                        Different
world is different today
than it ...
In the 60’s…

NASA inspired millions to enter
STEM fields                          It’s a
because of a                    ...
Different challenges

   Economy
   Terrorism
                                It’s a
   Energy
                           ...
But our values haven’t
      changed.
1.
To instill within ourselves these       Foundations
essential qualities of leadership in        of
pursuit of technical...
Discipline       ...Being able to follow as well as to lead, knowing we
                 must master ourselves before we c...
2.
To always be aware that suddenly    Foundations
and unexpectedly we may find            of
ourselves in a role where ou...
3.
To recognize that the greatest error    Foundations
is not to have tried and failed, but        of
that in the trying w...
We still have the

same drive
                              Creating
 to explore                     the
 to understand th...
But today we have the potential to take a
new role as an agency and a country.

                                          ...
To do so, one place to start from is the
bottom of the ladder.                      Creating
                             ...
Creating
(That’s YOU!)     the
                Future
Creating
(and us…)     the
            Future
Engaging Generation Y isn’t all about

catering                                Creating
to young people.                  ...
Creating
                                                  the
Engaging Generation           Y is              Future
acti...
Engaging Generation Y is

  setting the tone
for positive change in the agency         Creating
                          ...
And there’sa ton     of exciting   Creating
things happening at NASA to do       the
just that.                         Fu...
Current activities happening all
over the agency are…



        Creating new,
         innovative
                       ...
Current activities happening all
over the agency are…

          Utilizing
   emerging technologies
        to increase
  ...
Current activities happening all
over the agency are…




          Connecting
                                     Curren...
Current activities happening all
over the agency are…



             Sharing
               the
                         ...
Current activities happening all
over the agency are…



       Re-establishing
                and
                      ...
YOU!
         YOU! YOU!           TU!
         YOU!
  YOU!     YOU!
                      YOU!
                           ...
It’s all
(So don’t blow it.)   YOU
Message
       Be patient.                     to
                                     Gen Y
It will take time, energy, an...
Message
Learn Learn Learn.                    to
                                    Gen Y
Learn all that you can from you...
Message
            Step up.                    to
                                      Gen Y
Neither the United States n...
Message
  Make a difference.                         to
                                           Gen Y
The best way to p...
Message
So what difference
 Make a                  to
do you want to make?   Gen Y
[4-5] “The STEM Workforce Challenge: the Role of the
Public Workforce System in a National Solution for a
Competitive Scie...
State Of The STEM Workforce in the U.S.
State Of The STEM Workforce in the U.S.
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State Of The STEM Workforce in the U.S.

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This presentation was given at the NASA STS-127 Pre-Launch Education Forum at Kennedy Space Center on June 12, 2009. Its purpose was to describe, on a very high-level, the state of the STEM workforce in the United States, how that relates to NASA, and to motivate young aerospace professionals to be a part of strengthening American STEM capabilities. It was not intended to describe specific programs, projects, or solutions to NASA or the United States education system.

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State Of The STEM Workforce in the U.S.

  1. 1. State of the STEM Workforce STS-127 Pre-launch Education Forum Amanda Stiles NASA Ames Research Center Garret Fitzpatrick NASA Johnson Space Center 12 JUNE 2009
  2. 2. What Science is Technology STEM Engineering ? Mathematics
  3. 3. “Today, more than ever before, science holds the key to our survival as a planet and our security and prosperity as a nation. Why is it It’s time we once again put science Important? at the top of our agenda and work to restore America’s place as the world leader in science and technology.” President Obama Science Team Rollout Radio Address December 17th, 2008
  4. 4. STEM makes up Why is it less than 5% of the nation’s workforce, Important? but has ahigh impact on the economy of the nation.
  5. 5. Technology accounts for Why is it 1/2 GDP growth Important? of in industrialized nations.
  6. 6. “Economic studies conducted even before the information-technology revolution have Why shown that as much as is it 85% of measured growth Important? in US income per capita was due to technological change.” –National Science Foundation; Rising Above the Gathering Storm.
  7. 7. Why But STEM in the is there a problem United States ? is in trouble.
  8. 8. “By the year 2000, U.S. Why students will be the first in is there a the world in mathematics problem and science achievement.” ? - U.S. Dept. of Education’s National Commission on Excellence in Education; A Nation At Risk (1983)
  9. 9. In 2006, out of 26 developed Why countries, the U.S. ranked is there a problem 22nd in math and ? 19th in science in middle school test scores.
  10. 10. Percentage of undergraduates majoring in engineering in 2006: Why is there a problem •  Europe: 12% ? •  Singapore: 20% •  China: 40% •  U.S.: 6%
  11. 11. Why So our STEM testscores are down is there a and our STEM numbers relative to problem other competing nations are down, too. ?
  12. 12. This does not Why is there a bode well for the future problem of the ? U.S. STEM workforce.
  13. 13. This does not Why is there a bode well for the future problem of the ? NASA workforce.
  14. 14. How can we expect to lead the world Why in Bold endeavors is there a technical Exploring new problem achievement frontiers Discovery ? Innovation if all the technical expertise resides elsewhere?
  15. 15. How can we expect to lead the world Why in Bold endeavors is there a technical Exploring new problem achievement frontiers Discovery ? Innovation if our own technical expertise becomes second-rate?
  16. 16. Which brings us to Generation Y. The newest Generation generation Y to enter the workforce.
  17. 17. Generation Y will have a big role in the future Generation state of STEM in the U.S. Y
  18. 18. So what is the Generation Y outlook for Generation Y at NASA?
  19. 19. Generation Y actually makes up a Generation huge percentage Y of the U.S. workforce.
  20. 20. Number of Births in U.S. by Generation Authors’ note: The term “Next Gen” defined as combination of Gen X & Y
  21. 21. Yet, there’s only a small Generation percentage Y ofGen Y in NASA’s workforce.
  22. 22. Percentage of Workforce by 5-Year Age Band Next Gen 25% of U.S. Baby Boomer workforce is under 30. Only 4% of NASA’s workforce is under 30.
  23. 23. And Generation this is common across Y all NASA centers.
  24. 24. This shortage of Gen Y in the workforce leads to gaps in communication, Generation career expectations, Y development, knowledge sharing, leadership, and technical experience.
  25. 25. Generation Y Ultimately, this shortage has a direct effect on mission success.
  26. 26. If we don’t get enough Gen Y personnel in the workforce… Generation Y …our future leaders will not have the experience necessary to tackle the tough challenges ahead.
  27. 27. NASA is taking steps Generation to prepare for the future Y & engaging its own Generation Y employees to address workforce strategies.
  28. 28. So what can we do to prepare for the future?
  29. 29. First of all, It’s a the Different world is different today than it World was in the 60’s.
  30. 30. In the 60’s… NASA inspired millions to enter STEM fields It’s a because of a Different bold goal, World visionary leadership, and real threat of the Cold War.
  31. 31. Different challenges Economy Terrorism It’s a Energy Different Climate Change World Different national agenda Different national status Superpower Lone in the world
  32. 32. But our values haven’t changed.
  33. 33. 1. To instill within ourselves these Foundations essential qualities of leadership in of pursuit of technical and professional excellence... Mission Operations
  34. 34. Discipline ...Being able to follow as well as to lead, knowing we must master ourselves before we can master our task. Competence. ...There being no substitute for total preparation and complete dedication, for space will not tolerate the careless or indifferent. Confidence ...Believing in ourselves as well as others, knowing t that we must master fear and hesitation before we can succeed. Responsibility ...Realizing that it cannot be shifted to others, for it belongs to each of us; we must answer for what we do, or fail to do. Toughness ...Taking a stand when we must; to try again, and again, even if it means following a more difficult path. Teamwork ...Respecting and utilizing the abilities of others, realizing that we work toward a common goal, for success depends upon the efforts of all. Vigilance ... Always attentive to the dangers of spaceflight; Never accepting success as a substitute for rigor in everything we do.
  35. 35. 2. To always be aware that suddenly Foundations and unexpectedly we may find of ourselves in a role where our performance has ultimate Mission consequences. Operations
  36. 36. 3. To recognize that the greatest error Foundations is not to have tried and failed, but of that in the trying we do not give it our best effort. Mission Operations
  37. 37. We still have the same drive Creating to explore the to understand the universe Future to seek out new challenges to bring people together to create the future
  38. 38. But today we have the potential to take a new role as an agency and a country. Creating Today, we can the lead the world Future by facilitating involvement and participation (across all nations, generations, organizations, etc.) in the exploration of space.
  39. 39. To do so, one place to start from is the bottom of the ladder. Creating the Generation Y. Future
  40. 40. Creating (That’s YOU!) the Future
  41. 41. Creating (and us…) the Future
  42. 42. Engaging Generation Y isn’t all about catering Creating to young people. the re-engaging all It’s also about Future generations.
  43. 43. Creating the Engaging Generation Y is Future actively creating the future instead of passively reacting to the present.
  44. 44. Engaging Generation Y is setting the tone for positive change in the agency Creating the by empowering employees to take control Future of their own future.
  45. 45. And there’sa ton of exciting Creating things happening at NASA to do the just that. Future
  46. 46. Current activities happening all over the agency are… Creating new, innovative Current opportunities for Activities growth
  47. 47. Current activities happening all over the agency are… Utilizing emerging technologies to increase Current workforce Activities effectiveness and technical competence.
  48. 48. Current activities happening all over the agency are… Connecting Current the Activities NASA team
  49. 49. Current activities happening all over the agency are… Sharing the Current NASA Activities story
  50. 50. Current activities happening all over the agency are… Re-establishing and Current Re-integrating Activities core values
  51. 51. YOU! YOU! YOU! TU! YOU! YOU! YOU! YOU! YO YOU U! YOU! YOU! YOU! ! YOU! YOU! YOU It’s all will play a pivotal role in creating YOU NASA’s future. YOU! YOU!YOU! YOU! YOU! YOU! YOU! U! YOU! Not me! YOU! YOU YOU! YOU! !
  52. 52. It’s all (So don’t blow it.) YOU
  53. 53. Message Be patient. to Gen Y It will take time, energy, and relentless dedication to maintain and enhance the standards of excellence it will take to achieve our future missions. But it will be worth it.
  54. 54. Message Learn Learn Learn. to Gen Y Learn all that you can from your mentors and peers. Approach learning with humility and grace. Challenge accepted assumptions to better understand WHY things are done a certain way before trying to change them.
  55. 55. Message Step up. to Gen Y Neither the United States nor NASA were built by passive acceptance, but by active involvement from passionate individuals dedicated to a common mission for the benefit of future generations. Honor their legacy by stepping up to the challenges of our time.
  56. 56. Message Make a difference. to Gen Y The best way to predict the future is to invent it. - Alan Kay Computer Scientist 1971
  57. 57. Message So what difference Make a to do you want to make? Gen Y
  58. 58. [4-5] “The STEM Workforce Challenge: the Role of the Public Workforce System in a National Solution for a Competitive Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Workforce.” U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration. (2007). [6, 10] “Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future.” Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century. (2007). Washington, DC: National Academies Press. References [9] Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), PISA 2006 Results, http://www.oecd.org/ [20-24] “The State of the Next Generation of Explorers” by Garth Henning and Richard Leshner, NASA Office of Program Analysis and Evaluation, 2006 (updated 2008).

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