Energy for kids: a 60min school presentation for 10 year old kids
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Energy for kids: a 60min school presentation for 10 year old kids

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What is energy?

What is energy?
Resources
Usages
Waste
Risks and opportunities
The future of Energy

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Energy for kids: a 60min school presentation for 10 year old kids Energy for kids: a 60min school presentation for 10 year old kids Presentation Transcript

  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 1Few things I knowabout « ENERGY »Intervention en classe de CM2bGuillaume FERYJune 2013
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 2Plan de lexposeLintervenantLenergie: ressources et usagesLa technique: « fabriquer » de l’energieLe cote obscur de la force : les sujets qui font debatLavenir, notre avenirVos questions
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 3Reactions a ces images ?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 4Abordons le sujet a travers 3 aspectsDe la source a l’usage en passant par la creation d’energieLES SOURCESSOURCESDENERGIE:Le petroleLe ventLa merLe boisLe soleilFusion nucleaireEtc.LES USAGESUSAGESChauffageAutomobileAvionFer a repasserCuisineChauff-eau, etc.LES TYPES D’ENERGIES(« vecteurs »)ElectriciteGazEssenceKerozeneVapeur1 2 3
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 5Quelles sont nos sources d’energie?Consumption of primary energy resource0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%petrol Coal natural gas biomass &wastenuclearSource AIE >80% of the resource come from fossile energy1Consequence?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 6EvolutionExpliquez pourquoi cette “explosion”Quels sont les usages qui ses sont developpes ?Quand? Ou? Sous quelle influence?Et dans le futur? Pourra-t-on continuer?1
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 7Meme a la maison, lesusages explosent !3
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 8Usages finaux de lénergie3KerozeneDieselEssenceChauffageEclairageElectricite (tapisroulants, etc.)ChaudieresRobotsPressesEclairageSouduresEtc.Usagesdomestiques:chauffage,eclairage,electromenager,fer a repasser, etc.
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 9Difference beetwen resource, types of energy and usage=> energy vectorsSources : French Academy of Technologies123
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 10La techniqueComment “fabrique-t-on de l’energie”?Pourriez-vousciter des moyensde creer del’energie?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 11Power generationExemple simplifie de l’electricite
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 12Comment faire de l’electricitea partir du charbon ?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 13D’un pays a l’autre, des approchesdifferentes dans le rapport al’energie.(disponibilite, acces, cout, usages)
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 14Deux “mondes” …Afrique Las Vegas(USA)Pourriez-vous dire en quoi etpourquoi des pays n’ont pas lesmemes usages de l’energie?Climat, existence deressources, opinion publique,richesse, etc.
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 15Consumption A chinese has a yearly consumption of 1 Ton of oilequivalent (toe) while european need 4 and an American 8. The USA weight 5% of the world’s population but consume25% of the total energy
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 16Energy access In the world, about 2 billion people have noaccess to modern energy With no access to energy, wood is the only wayto cook and heat => impact on deforestation Decentralized systems are a good way to solveenvironmental problems and enabledevelopment With electricity => television, fridge, telephone,pumps, etc.
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 17ACTIVITELa classe se separe en 5 groupes.On prend 5 minutes pour repondre.On presente ensuite sa reponse a la classe (soustoutes ses formes = dessin, mime, chanson,phrase)Un extraterrestre arrive sur TerreExpliquez lui de la maniere que vousvoulez ce que cest que lenergieHelloWIX
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 18Le cote obscure…Il existe des points negatifs et de debatsautour des questions d’energiePourriez-vous citer des pointsde debats et dire pourquoi?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 19La production d’energie a des effects negatifs, deslimites et alimente des critiques et des oppositions= le cote obscure de l’energie• Car ce sont des ressources fossiles• Certaines energies ne sont pasdisponibles tout le temps• Car cela provoque des emissionspolluantes, visibles et invisibles• Car cela presente des risques• Car cela diffuse des polluants• Car cela conduit a etre dependant decertains pays (guerre?)• Car cela conduit a faire travailler des gensdans des conditions difficiles (mines)
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 20Environmental risksMaree noire, accidentsPiper Alpha, Amocco, BP
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 21Nuclear risks• Radioactivite• Acceptance• Example:– Tchernobyl 1986– Fukushima 2011
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 22Tout ca coute cher ! …
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 23Pollution atmospherique• Smog in London (1952)• Temperature + hiver + charbon = smog• Impact sur la sante (enfants, personnes agees)D’autres pollutions causent de l’asthme
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 24Gaspillage? Efficacite energetique ? Attitudes ?• Autos• Appareils en veille• Non sens?Les appareils en veille augmentent la facture d’électricité de 10%C’est beau … mais a quel prix ?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 25Exemple d’une utilisation intensive d’energie.A vous de juger …
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 26Renewables is great, but ...Public acceptance + transport issuesRenewable ? Transport is key = How to manage the network ?Need for many new wind farms. Land use ?Need for robust grid = acceptance of new aerial networks
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 27Aspects humainsDans certains pays, l’exploitation du charbon se fait dans desconditions tres difficiles pour les travailleurs
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 28Impacts environnementauxEffet de serre et CO2L’explosion des emissionsLe CO2 est responsible de l’effet de serrequi est responsible du dereglementclimatique (Climate Change)
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 29Impacts environnementauxCO2 Emissions
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 30UNE DEBAT ENTRE DEUX GROUPESLa classe se separe en 2 groupes.On prend 5 minutes pour preparer ses arguments.On presente ses argumentsL’autre groupe pose des questions.On interverti les rolesGroupe 1: va trouver des arguments pour expliquer pourquoi ilest important de developper plus de sources d’energie,explorer plus de petrole, des gaz de schiste, du nucleaire, etc.Pour le progres de l’humanite.Groupe 2: va trouver des arguments pour expliquer pourquoi ilvaut mieux tout faire pour limiter nos besoins, comment fairedes economies et se passer de choses plus ou moinsindispensables.
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 31Le FUTURAlors on fait quoi?Pourriez-vous citer despistes pour le futur?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 32Facts: energy and the city By 2030, 60% of the world’spopulation will live in urban areas(49% in 2007) Architecture & planning have bigimpact. 2 similar cities can havedifferent energy needs. 2.5 millionpeople and … : Atlanta : 4300 KM² and 7.5 TCO2/hab/year Barcelona : 162 KM² and 0.7 TCO2/hab/year Energy price raise will impact peoplelocalisation, lifestyle and city planning
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 33What scenario ?Clear rules versus uncertaintyUncertaintyTechnologicalPoliciesEconomyDemographyFinanceA need forFLEXIBILITYIn the long term;scenarios should allowflexibility, not closingany door, able toadapt and cope withvarious technologiesand emerging usages(electric vehicle,energy stotrage, shalegas, etc.)
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 34Towards energy in 2050Recommandations ?Both sides : supply and demandFocus on sober homes and sober industriesEmpower energy efficiencyAnticipate impacts of any policy or economicinitiative on jobs, CO2 emissions, investmentcapabilities, balance of tradeNeed for costs and prices transparencyWork at continent level (Europe)Establish world standards for nuclear safetyKeep the doors open and keep an eye on anytrends and technologies. Meanwhile use currenttechnologies to remain nimble flexible to facedemand.
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 35L’energie est precieuse, comme un cadeau …et de plus en plusCitez trois raisons pour lesquelles il faudra etre attentif a l’utilisationde l’energie dans le futur, avant que cela ne devienne un vrai luxe
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 36Energy needs are growing and energy is a lever to develop the economy… but don’t forget : In the world, about 2 billion people have no access to moderneenergy At least 70% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read abook or sign their names. Approximately half the world’s population now live in cities andtowns. In 2005, approximately 1 billion people was living in slumconditions.http://www.un.org/fr/millenniumgoals/En guise de conclusion
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 37Follow the links … http://www.iea.org/ http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/ http://www.energystar.gov http://www.world-nuclear.org http://www.cleanenergystates.org/ http://www.ademe.fr http://www.masdar.ae/en/home/index.aspx
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 38Thank you for your attention.Any questions ?Guillaume FERYJuin 2013
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 39Appendix
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 40
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 41Global trendsRising energy needs, worldwideGrowth in emerging countriesPredominent marketshare for fossile energy in the long termBooming market for unconventional energsourcesSaddly, still millions of people with no access to energy
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 42 Heating: from the ages, to head, to cook and for industrialprocesses Lighting: with huge technological evolution from gas toelectricity Power: for transportation and industrial processes as well Raw material: some resource are used directly (gas, oil,coke) Electricity for appliances, devices and motors in ourenvironment (at home, at work, etc.)3Quels sont nos usages de l’energie?
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 43Energy and Industry sectorLess than 1/3 of final energy needsEnergy intensive industries : heavyindustry (coal, steel, chemical, cement)Goegraphical issues (relatively to energycost all around the world)Energy efficiency could lead to savings upto 20% in Europe
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 44About energy mix(examples) 75% of energy in South Africa comes from coal(idem in China) 90% of energy in Algeria come from internal gasresource 45% of hydraulic & biomass in Brazil 35% energy come from imported oil in Italy=> Impact on CO2 emissions and energyindependance (+geostrategy issues as well)
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 45Energy & the buildings In France, 46% of final demand come from thebuildings 69% for heating 19% for hot water 12% for electricity Key issues for the future Insulation Home automation, regulation Energy efficiency Eco materials
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 46Jobs, national economiesand competitivenessNeed to build strong industriesGreen and energy jobsDont rely just on the internal marketDont rely on subsidiesNeed for some clarity on national policies (IE FeedIn tarifs, etc.)Manage transition and change = training,educational system, etc.Think globally, energy is already to be managed atcontinental level, not just national.A need for transparencyReal energy pricesGive customers a fair and true signal = energy isnot cheep
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 47Experts (technical, financials) are key but …new stakeholders in the energydebateMAN IN THE STREETNGOsAcceptanceVoice of the customerLOCAL AUTHORITIESBig impact on local policiesConstructionCity planningTansportation
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 48An application for each resource ?What energy to produce Electricty ? 80% from nuclear in France 80% from hydraulic in Brazil 80% from Coal in China 90% from gas in Algeria
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 49Energy, ressources and contrainstsRessourcesPeak oil, etcCarbon targetsInternationalobjectivesCamcun protocolInternational green agenda is the first lever toact and enter a low carbon revolution. Not justa question of resources.Carbon emissions today : 30 billions tonsCarbon tagets : 20 billions in 2035, 13 billions in 2050 !In order to limit global warming at 2°CRENEWABLESNUCLEARENERGY EFFCIENCY
  • Guillaume Fery – June 2013 – London 50Exemple de la production d’electricite