Alternative choice test in which the student or
examinee indicates whether each of
several statements is true or false.
-are utilized to assess a student's ability to recognize
the accuracy of a declarative statement. Due to the
nature of this type of assessment, true-false
statements are particularly useful in measuring a
student's ability to differentiate between forced-
choice statements :
true-false Yes- no
Used to measure ability to identify whether
statements of facts, principles, generalizations,
relationships, or evaluative statements are correct.
Can be factual or can be a thought question that
Can be used in most disciplines.
Used to quickly poll a class as an introduction to a
discussion or determine knowledge of topic.
To be most effective in assessing specific learning
objectives, each true-false item should target only
one fact at a time and should restrict statements to
a single idea.
instructors should include an equivalent number of
true and false items within the assessment.
avoid using exact wording from the textbook.
test designers should try to make all true-false items
similar in length.
X The true or false items, which is favored by all tests
experts ,is also called an alternative- response item.
The true or false items is also called an alternative-
instructors should make wrong answers more
attractive by wording statements in a way that is
supported by superficial logic or popular
avoid absolute words (such as all, always, never) and
indefinite adjectives, generalizations, and qualifying
terms (such as usually, generally, sometimes).
test designers should use statements that are
clearly true or false.When using an opinion-oriented
statement, be sure to include the source of the
Good Example: Dr. Bartels prefers using the Chaos theory
to study science
Poor Example: Scientific method is the only way of
Good Example: Dr. Bartels prefers using the Chaos theory to study science
Poor Example: Scientific method is the only way of studying science
Good Example:The nous form of the verb, when used in a
command, means let's
Poor Example: The nous form of the imperative always
Instructors should avoid negative statements
(especially double-negatives) when writing true-
Good Example: Bread and grain are at the
bottom of the food pyramid.
Poor Example: Bread and grains are not at the
top of the food pyramid.
Quite easy to write
Easy to score
Scoring is objective
More information is sampled from a lot of content
Effective as either a written or oral assessment.
Limits bias due to poor writing and or reading skills.
Useful for questions where there are only two
Useful in testing misconceptions.
Amendable to item analysis.
May overestimate learning due to the influence of
Difficult to differentiate between effective difficult
items and trick items
Often leads to testing of trivial facts or bits of
Generally less discriminating than multiple-choice
May not accurately reflect realistic circumstances in
which issues are not absolutely true or false
Often criticized for encouraging rote memorization
Measures only low level of learning - facts,
Need a larger number of items to distinguish
stronger and weaker knowledge levels.
Students have a 50 percent chance of being correct,
just by chance.
May be perceived as an unfair judgment of learning
1. The true/false item is also called an alternative-
2. To limit response-bias, test designers should try to
make all true-false items similar in length.
3. One of the advantages of true or false item is , it is
less discriminating than multiple choice item.
4. One of the disadvantages of true or false item is, it
often criticized for encouraging rote
5. One of the disadvantages of true or false item is, it
limits bias due to poor writing and/or reading skills