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Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
Monarchism vs
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Monarchism vs

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  • 1. Monarchism vs. Republicanism
  • 2. Louis Napoleon and the Second French Republic  Louis Napoleon- illustrious name fired the imagination of the French people.  A nephew of Napoleon the Great  1848- elected as a president of the Second French Republic.  Born in 1808 in the palace of the Tuileries in Paris.
  • 3. • He was the son of Joseph Bonaparte- the king of Holland and younger brother of Napoleon the Great, and Hortense Beauharnais- the daughter Josephine by her first husband. • He was well-educated in academic and military studies, and he was trained since boyhood to uphold the Napoleonic glory. • He spent his youth in Switzerland, Savoy and Germany. • 1831-He joined Carbonari- a revolutionary society in Italy and participated in the unsuccessful uprising in the papal states.
  • 4. • 1836- 1840- he was imprisoned in France for his revolutionary activities. • 1848- he was elected to the National Assembly, which established the Second French Republic. • He was a clever demagogue and a good actor. He gained the affection of the laborers by mixing with them and raising their wages. • He won the friendship of the Catholics by restoring the privileges of the clergy. • Sending a French army to Rome to save the Pope from an uprising. • Protecting economic interest.
  • 5. The Second French Empire (1852-72) • President Louis Napoleon- like his illustrious uncle, coveted power and glory. But he did not possess the Napoleonic talent. • Victor Hugo- critical contemporary of Louis Napoleon - a famous writer called him “Napoleon the Little”  December 2, 1851- President Louis Napoleon using the same tactics employed by his great uncle, seized the government by coup d’etat.
  • 6. Courageous leaders of French Democracy • Victor Hugo(poet novalist) • Adolphe Thiers (historian- statesman)
  • 7. • December 2, 1852- Louis Napoleon was crowned as Napoleon III, Emperor of French. • 1852-59- the Empire prospered during the early years of his reign.
  • 8. Achievements • Commerce and industries expanded • Agricultural production increased. • Railroads, roads, and canals were built. • Prosperity kept both capitalists and laborers happy. • Paris regained its role as “ the world’s most beautiful city.” • The magnificent court of the Second Empire was presided over by Empress Eugene- Spanish wife of Napoleon III.
  • 9. Decline of the Second French Empire • 1859- Napoleon deserted the Sardinians in the midst of their war against the Austrian. • 1865- he also abandoned Archduke Maximillan- the Austrian Prince whom he had helped to overthrow the Mexican Republic and rule Mexico as an emperor. • He withdraw the French forces from Mexico.
  • 10. • Rash declaration of war on Prussia in 1870 • His country and armies then were woefully unprepared. • He was defeated and captured in Sedan on September 3, 1870.
  • 11. The Third French Republic (1870- 1940) • September 4, 1870- Napoleon III and the main French army had surrendered in Sedan. • The republicans led by the fiery Leon Gambetta- proclaimed the establishment of the third French Republic. • Adolphe Theirs- the newly elected provisional president, negotiated the Treaty of Funkfort which ended the Fraco- Prussian War.
  • 12. • August 1871- the National Assembly of the Third French Republic passed the “ Rivet Law”- authorizing the Assembly to draft a constitution for the Republic and conferring on Adolphe Thiers the title of “President of the French Republic”.
  • 13. Three Rival Faction • Bourbons • Orleanists • Bonapartists 1889- monarchists and clerics supported General Boulanger- who became so popular that he could have overthrown the Republic had been more courageous.
  • 14. • Dreyfus Affair(1894)- a serious threat to republic. • Alfred Dreyfus- a Jewish captain, although innocent, was convicted by a court-martial and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island off the coast of Guaina. • Emile Zola- ( French novelist) get Dreyfus acquitted.

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