Refers to the
changes that led
to the transition
society to a
change in man’s
life caused by
of hand labor by
in England in the
middle of the 18th
Britain had large
resources of coal
and iron ore.
From its colonies
Britain had capital available for investing in
Funds came from wealthy landowners and
from merchants who had grown rich through
Britain had many fine harbors as well an
extensive canal system.
It was far cheaper to transport heavy
goods by water than by land.
and its colonies
provided a good
market for the
cloth , two
of threads into
Invented the “flying shuttle” which
doubled the speed of weaving cloth
the spinning jenny
named after his
wife jenny, which
could spin 80
threads at one
An Anglican clergy
man, invented the power
loom which quickened the
process of weaving.
This machine made possible an adequate supply
of American cotton for England’s mills, for it
speeded up the removal of seeds from the cotton
NEW SOURCES OF POWER
All the machines
which had been
operated by water
only near a
Watt’s steam engine
supplied most of the
power to run industries
in England and in other
countries in Europe.
chemist, best known for
his experiments in
electrochemistry and for
his invention of a
miner's safety lamp.
This saved thousands of
lives of miners who might
have been killed through
explosions of deadly
gases in the coal mines.
MICHAEL FARADAY- an
English scientist who
contributed to the fields of
an industrial facility for the generation of
First harnessed in a super-powerful
bomb that destroyed the Japanese city
British inventor, born in
Charlton, Hertfordshire, En
gland, and largely self-
Removing impurities from
iron and making it hard.
The refined iron is called
Mixture of manganese, tungsten and steel
to make a finer and lighter, yet strong.
This alloy have been used in making
airplanes, automobiles, refrigerators and
One effect of the
was the improvement of
A macadamized road is
one which is reinforced
by a layer of clay and
John L. McAdam- a Scottish
engineer, used a new method in building
Aside from roads, canals were built to
facilitate the flow of trade.
Many inland canals were dug in Europe and
In 1825, the Erie Canal which connects the
Great Lakes and the Hudson River was
Suez Canal -
connecting the Red
Sea and the
MediterraneanThe Panama canal connects
two oceans-The Pacific and
the Atlantic Ocean
Robert Fulton invented the first steamboat
sailed by means of steam
power along the Hudson
River from NewYork to
Albany in 32 hrs..
The Savannah crossed the
Atlantic in 29 days using
part steam and part sail.
GREAT WESTERN- crossed the
Atlantic in 15days using the
steam power throughout the
George Stephenson- invented the first
He used it in 1825 on the
The first railroad in
German engineer and inventor, born in
invented the first gasoline engine.
German inventor of diesel engine, using
This engine, which is cheaper to operate
than gasoline-powered machine. Used in
automobiles, trains, ships, and factories.
A former bicycle mechanic, who founded the
FORD MOTOR COMPANY IN 1902.
American industrialist, best known for his
pioneering achievements in the automobile
The discovery of rubber vulcanization in 1839
contributed to the rise of the automobile
The Montgolfier brothers
( French) sent up the first balloon
on July 5, 1783
They invented the first
airplane and flew it
successfully on December
1903 in Kitty Hawk, North
Invented a cigar-shaped
ballon, named after him.
(1914-1918), huge Zeppelins
bombed London, and
the airplanes of the
combatants fought in
Revolution started in
England. In order to
production, farmers had
to adopt scientific
methods of cultivation
and to use farm
An English country gentleman invented the
A farm machine that plants
seeds in spacious rows to insure
An English,A friend of JethroTull and a
worked out an efficient system of crop
He doubled the yield per
Hectare of the farm by
growing different crops
An Englishman who introduced the scientific
breeding of animals.
He discovered that the quality of
cattle, horses, and sheep, could
be improved by the selection
Luther Burbank, an
botanist, horticulturist, an
d plant breeding pioneer
of the late
improved techniques for
plant propagation .
His work resulted in the creation of new varieties
of vegetables, fruits, and ornamental plants.
Inventor Cyrus McCormick
introduced the horse-drawn
reaper in 1831..
The reaper allowed the average
farmer to harvest his crops five
times faster than before.
He introduced the artificial fertilization.
German chemist and educator, known for his
skill in experimentation.
He proved that by adding certain
chemicals, such as potash, nitrogen, and
phosphorus to the soil, its fertility could be
restored or increased.
Born to slave
He is known
commercial uses for
beans, and sweet
The greatestAmerican inventor, produced
more than 1000 inventions.
ELECTRIC LIGHT BULB(1879)
MOVIES OR MOTION PICTURES( 1893)
RENE LAENEC (French-1819)- Stethoscope
Louis Daguerre(French-1839)- Photography
Elias Howe(American- Sewing machine
J. E. Lundstrom( Swede-1855)- Safety
William Barrows( American-1885) adding
George Eastman(American-1888)- camera
Lee de Forest(American-1906)-radio
Goerges Claude( French-1915)-neon lamp
John L. Baird( Scottish-1926)-television
Expansion of industry
Increase of commerce and trade
Growth of population
Rise of cities
Greater comforts and higher standard of
Division of labor
Increase of wealth
1. Ruin of the domestic system, causing the
disappearance of small independent working
2. Rise of the factory system which has led to the
exploitation of the workingmen.
3. growth of cities and decadence of rural
4. child and woman labor
5. Unemployment of workers
6. concentration of wealth in the hands of a few
7. bitter class war between labor and capital.
1. Industrial revolution, by means of the
railway, steamboat, telegraph, and
newspaper, fostered nationalism, for it
helped people within a country know one
2.The Industrial Revolution intensified
- the new means of of transportation and
communication broke down the barriers of
misunderstanding among nations.
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