traditional modern
Labor-intensive Capital intensive
New forms of power, particularly
machines, replaced animal strength and human
muscle.
1. M I L __S
2. E D M U N D C __ RT __ R I G HT
3. ELI __ H IT N E __
4. B __S S E M E __ P __ O C E __ S
5. M A __ A D A ...
INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION
Technological
Innovations
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Refers to the
social and
economic
changes that led
to the transition
from
agricultural and
commercia...
The Industrial
Revolution began
in England in the
middle of the 18th
century.
Why the
industrial
revolution
began in
Engla...
Reasons why
industrial
revolution
began in
England.
Labor
supply
Natural
Resources
Investment
capital
Entrepreneurs
Transp...
LABOR SUPPY
Britain had large
resources of coal
and iron ore.
From its colonies
Britain obtained
other resources.
Britain had capital available for investing in
new industries.
Funds came from wealthy landowners and
from merchants who h...
Britain had
energetic and
daring
entrepreneurs.
People who
organized and
managed
businesses
Britain had many fine harbors as well an
extensive canal system.
It was far cheaper to transport heavy
goods by water than...
Great Britain
and its colonies
overseas
provided a good
market for the
sale of
manufactured
goods.
The weaving
of threads
into cloth.
In the
making of
cloth , two
processes
were
employed:
The spinning
of threads into
clot...
Invented the “flying shuttle” which
doubled the speed of weaving cloth
An English
watchmaker
An English
carpenter invented
the spinning jenny
named after his
wife jenny, which
could spin 80
threads at one
time.
A poor
English
barber, inve
nted the
water frame
by adding
the
“spinning
jenny”
An Anglican clergy
man, invented the power
loom which quickened the
process of weaving.
This machine made possible an adequate supply
of American cotton for England’s mills, for it
speeded up the removal of see...
NEW SOURCES OF POWER
All the machines
which had been
invented were
operated by water
power.
The factories
called “mills”
w...
Watt’s steam engine
supplied most of the
power to run industries
in England and in other
countries in Europe.
Renowned British
chemist, best known for
his experiments in
electrochemistry and for
his invention of a
miner's safety lam...
MICHAEL FARADAY- an
English scientist who
contributed to the fields of
electromagnetism and
electrochemistry.
Electric
dyn...
an industrial facility for the generation of
electric power.
First harnessed in a super-powerful
bomb that destroyed the J...
NEW METAL FOR
INDUSTRIES
HENRY BESSEMER
British inventor, born in
Charlton, Hertfordshire, En
gland, and largely self-
educated.
Removing impuritie...
 Mixture of manganese, tungsten and steel
to make a finer and lighter, yet strong.
 This alloy have been used in making
...
 One effect of the
Industrial revolution
was the improvement of
transportation.
 A macadamized road is
one which is rein...
Macadamized road
Asphalt
road Concrete road
 Aside from roads, canals were built to
facilitate the flow of trade.
 Many inland canals were dug in Europe and
America...
 Suez Canal(1869)
 Panama canal(1914)
Suez Canal -
connecting the Red
Sea and the
MediterraneanThe Panama canal connects...
 Robert Fulton invented the first steamboat
Clermont successfully
sailed by means of steam
power along the Hudson
River f...
The Savannah crossed the
Atlantic in 29 days using
part steam and part sail.
GREAT WESTERN- crossed the
Atlantic in 15days...
 George Stephenson- invented the first
steam locomotive.
He used it in 1825 on the
Stockton(California) and
Darlington Ra...
 German engineer and inventor, born in
Schorndorf,Württemberg.
 invented the first gasoline engine.
 German inventor of diesel engine, using
crude oil.
 This engine, which is cheaper to operate
than gasoline-powered mach...
 A former bicycle mechanic, who founded the
FORD MOTOR COMPANY IN 1902.
 American industrialist, best known for his
pion...
 The discovery of rubber vulcanization in 1839
contributed to the rise of the automobile
industry.
The Montgolfier brothers
( French) sent up the first balloon
on July 5, 1783
 Wilbur Wright
 Orville Wright
They invented the first
airplane and flew it
successfully on December
1903 in Kitty Hawk,...
 Invented a cigar-shaped
ballon, named after him.
 DuringWorldWar
(1914-1918), huge Zeppelins
bombed London, and
the air...
REVOLUTION IN
COMMUNICATION
Better means of
communication developed
as a result of the Industrial
Revolution.
An American who
Invented the first
telegraph.
On May 24, 1844, he
sent the first telegraph
message from
Washington to
Balt...
 A NewYork merchant, succeeded in laying
the first underwater submarine telegraph
cable across the Atlantic
 A Scot-born American, invented the
telephone.
 An Italian who invented the wireless
telegraphy.
 Futher improvement in communications has
been realized with the marvelous growth of
the:
 - newspaper due to the invent...
THE
AGRICULTURAL
REVOLUTION
TheAgricultural
Revolution started in
England. In order to
increase agricultural
production, farmers had
to adopt scientif...
 An English country gentleman invented the
“SEED DRILL”
A farm machine that plants
seeds in spacious rows to insure
bette...
 An English,A friend of JethroTull and a
worked out an efficient system of crop
rotation.
 He doubled the yield per
Hect...
 An Englishman who introduced the scientific
breeding of animals.
He discovered that the quality of
cattle, horses, and s...
Luther Burbank, an
American
botanist, horticulturist, an
d plant breeding pioneer
of the late
1800s, developed
improved te...
Inventor Cyrus McCormick
introduced the horse-drawn
reaper in 1831..
The reaper allowed the average
farmer to harvest his ...
 He introduced the artificial fertilization.
 German chemist and educator, known for his
skill in experimentation.
He pr...
Born to slave
parents, George
Washington
Carver became
an internationally
respected
agricultural
scientist.
He is known
pr...
 The greatestAmerican inventor, produced
more than 1000 inventions.
 PHOTOGRAPH(1878)
 ELECTRIC LIGHT BULB(1879)
 MOVI...
 He invented the parachute(1797))
 RENE LAENEC (French-1819)- Stethoscope
 Louis Daguerre(French-1839)- Photography
 Elias Howe(American- Sewing machine
...
 William Barrows( American-1885) adding
machine
 George Eastman(American-1888)- camera
 Lee de Forest(American-1906)-ra...
 ChesterCarlson( American-1937)-
xerography
 Axel L.Wenner- Gren (Swede-1946)-
monorail
 Expansion of industry
 Increase of commerce and trade
 Growth of population
 Rise of cities
 Greater comforts and hi...
 1. Ruin of the domestic system, causing the
disappearance of small independent working
classes.
 2. Rise of the factory...
 1. Industrial revolution, by means of the
railway, steamboat, telegraph, and
newspaper, fostered nationalism, for it
hel...
Industrial revolution
Industrial revolution
Industrial revolution
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Industrial revolution

  1. 1. traditional modern
  2. 2. Labor-intensive Capital intensive New forms of power, particularly machines, replaced animal strength and human muscle.
  3. 3. 1. M I L __S 2. E D M U N D C __ RT __ R I G HT 3. ELI __ H IT N E __ 4. B __S S E M E __ P __ O C E __ S 5. M A __ A D A __ I Z A __ I O N 6. S __ E A M B __ AT
  4. 4. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Technological Innovations
  5. 5. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Refers to the social and economic changes that led to the transition from agricultural and commercial society to a modern industrial one. Remarkable change in man’s life caused by the replacement of hand labor by machine work.
  6. 6. The Industrial Revolution began in England in the middle of the 18th century. Why the industrial revolution began in England?
  7. 7. Reasons why industrial revolution began in England. Labor supply Natural Resources Investment capital Entrepreneurs Transportation Markets
  8. 8. LABOR SUPPY
  9. 9. Britain had large resources of coal and iron ore. From its colonies Britain obtained other resources.
  10. 10. Britain had capital available for investing in new industries. Funds came from wealthy landowners and from merchants who had grown rich through trade.
  11. 11. Britain had energetic and daring entrepreneurs. People who organized and managed businesses
  12. 12. Britain had many fine harbors as well an extensive canal system. It was far cheaper to transport heavy goods by water than by land.
  13. 13. Great Britain and its colonies overseas provided a good market for the sale of manufactured goods.
  14. 14. The weaving of threads into cloth. In the making of cloth , two processes were employed: The spinning of threads into cloth.
  15. 15. Invented the “flying shuttle” which doubled the speed of weaving cloth An English watchmaker
  16. 16. An English carpenter invented the spinning jenny named after his wife jenny, which could spin 80 threads at one time.
  17. 17. A poor English barber, inve nted the water frame by adding the “spinning jenny”
  18. 18. An Anglican clergy man, invented the power loom which quickened the process of weaving.
  19. 19. This machine made possible an adequate supply of American cotton for England’s mills, for it speeded up the removal of seeds from the cotton
  20. 20. NEW SOURCES OF POWER All the machines which had been invented were operated by water power. The factories called “mills” were established only near a rapid stream or waterfall.
  21. 21. Watt’s steam engine supplied most of the power to run industries in England and in other countries in Europe.
  22. 22. Renowned British chemist, best known for his experiments in electrochemistry and for his invention of a miner's safety lamp. This saved thousands of lives of miners who might have been killed through explosions of deadly gases in the coal mines. Sir humphrey Davy
  23. 23. MICHAEL FARADAY- an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. Electric dynamo used to run machinery
  24. 24. an industrial facility for the generation of electric power. First harnessed in a super-powerful bomb that destroyed the Japanese city of Hirosima
  25. 25. NEW METAL FOR INDUSTRIES
  26. 26. HENRY BESSEMER British inventor, born in Charlton, Hertfordshire, En gland, and largely self- educated. Removing impurities from iron and making it hard. The refined iron is called “STEEL”
  27. 27.  Mixture of manganese, tungsten and steel to make a finer and lighter, yet strong.  This alloy have been used in making airplanes, automobiles, refrigerators and precision tools.
  28. 28.  One effect of the Industrial revolution was the improvement of transportation.  A macadamized road is one which is reinforced by a layer of clay and gravel. John L. McAdam- a Scottish engineer, used a new method in building roads.
  29. 29. Macadamized road Asphalt road Concrete road
  30. 30.  Aside from roads, canals were built to facilitate the flow of trade.  Many inland canals were dug in Europe and America.  In 1825, the Erie Canal which connects the Great Lakes and the Hudson River was completed.
  31. 31.  Suez Canal(1869)  Panama canal(1914) Suez Canal - connecting the Red Sea and the MediterraneanThe Panama canal connects two oceans-The Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean
  32. 32.  Robert Fulton invented the first steamboat Clermont successfully sailed by means of steam power along the Hudson River from NewYork to Albany in 32 hrs..
  33. 33. The Savannah crossed the Atlantic in 29 days using part steam and part sail. GREAT WESTERN- crossed the Atlantic in 15days using the steam power throughout the whole trip.
  34. 34.  George Stephenson- invented the first steam locomotive. He used it in 1825 on the Stockton(California) and Darlington Railroad. The first railroad in the world.
  35. 35.  German engineer and inventor, born in Schorndorf,Württemberg.  invented the first gasoline engine.
  36. 36.  German inventor of diesel engine, using crude oil.  This engine, which is cheaper to operate than gasoline-powered machine. Used in automobiles, trains, ships, and factories.
  37. 37.  A former bicycle mechanic, who founded the FORD MOTOR COMPANY IN 1902.  American industrialist, best known for his pioneering achievements in the automobile industry.
  38. 38.  The discovery of rubber vulcanization in 1839 contributed to the rise of the automobile industry.
  39. 39. The Montgolfier brothers ( French) sent up the first balloon on July 5, 1783
  40. 40.  Wilbur Wright  Orville Wright They invented the first airplane and flew it successfully on December 1903 in Kitty Hawk, North Caroline.
  41. 41.  Invented a cigar-shaped ballon, named after him.  DuringWorldWar (1914-1918), huge Zeppelins bombed London, and the airplanes of the combatants fought in the skies.
  42. 42. REVOLUTION IN COMMUNICATION
  43. 43. Better means of communication developed as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
  44. 44. An American who Invented the first telegraph. On May 24, 1844, he sent the first telegraph message from Washington to Baltimore
  45. 45.  A NewYork merchant, succeeded in laying the first underwater submarine telegraph cable across the Atlantic
  46. 46.  A Scot-born American, invented the telephone.
  47. 47.  An Italian who invented the wireless telegraphy.
  48. 48.  Futher improvement in communications has been realized with the marvelous growth of the:  - newspaper due to the invention of linotype machine  Rotary press  teletype
  49. 49. THE AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
  50. 50. TheAgricultural Revolution started in England. In order to increase agricultural production, farmers had to adopt scientific methods of cultivation and to use farm machinery.
  51. 51.  An English country gentleman invented the “SEED DRILL” A farm machine that plants seeds in spacious rows to insure better cultivation
  52. 52.  An English,A friend of JethroTull and a worked out an efficient system of crop rotation.  He doubled the yield per Hectare of the farm by growing different crops Alternatively.
  53. 53.  An Englishman who introduced the scientific breeding of animals. He discovered that the quality of cattle, horses, and sheep, could be improved by the selection breeding.
  54. 54. Luther Burbank, an American botanist, horticulturist, an d plant breeding pioneer of the late 1800s, developed improved techniques for plant propagation . His work resulted in the creation of new varieties of vegetables, fruits, and ornamental plants.
  55. 55. Inventor Cyrus McCormick introduced the horse-drawn reaper in 1831.. The reaper allowed the average farmer to harvest his crops five times faster than before.
  56. 56.  He introduced the artificial fertilization.  German chemist and educator, known for his skill in experimentation. He proved that by adding certain chemicals, such as potash, nitrogen, and phosphorus to the soil, its fertility could be restored or increased.
  57. 57. Born to slave parents, George Washington Carver became an internationally respected agricultural scientist. He is known primarily for developing industrial and commercial uses for peanuts, soy beans, and sweet potatoes.
  58. 58.  The greatestAmerican inventor, produced more than 1000 inventions.  PHOTOGRAPH(1878)  ELECTRIC LIGHT BULB(1879)  MOVIES OR MOTION PICTURES( 1893)
  59. 59.  He invented the parachute(1797))
  60. 60.  RENE LAENEC (French-1819)- Stethoscope  Louis Daguerre(French-1839)- Photography  Elias Howe(American- Sewing machine  J. E. Lundstrom( Swede-1855)- Safety match  Christopher Sholes(American-1868)- Typewriter  LewisWaterman(American-1884)- fountain pen
  61. 61.  William Barrows( American-1885) adding machine  George Eastman(American-1888)- camera  Lee de Forest(American-1906)-radio telephone  Goerges Claude( French-1915)-neon lamp  John L. Baird( Scottish-1926)-television  HowardAiken(American-1937)- electric computer
  62. 62.  ChesterCarlson( American-1937)- xerography  Axel L.Wenner- Gren (Swede-1946)- monorail
  63. 63.  Expansion of industry  Increase of commerce and trade  Growth of population  Rise of cities  Greater comforts and higher standard of living  Division of labor  Increase of wealth
  64. 64.  1. Ruin of the domestic system, causing the disappearance of small independent working classes.  2. Rise of the factory system which has led to the exploitation of the workingmen.  3. growth of cities and decadence of rural communities.  4. child and woman labor  5. Unemployment of workers  6. concentration of wealth in the hands of a few capitalists  7. bitter class war between labor and capital.
  65. 65.  1. Industrial revolution, by means of the railway, steamboat, telegraph, and newspaper, fostered nationalism, for it helped people within a country know one another.  2.The Industrial Revolution intensified internationalism.  - the new means of of transportation and communication broke down the barriers of misunderstanding among nations.
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