Etymology►The word essay derives from the Frenchinfinitive essayer, "to try" or "to attempt".►In English essay first meant "a trial" or "anattempt", and this is still an alternativemeaning.
Definition►“prose composition with a focused subjectof discussion”► a "long, systematic discourse”►Like the novel, essay, is a literary devicefor saying almost everything about almostanything, usually on a certain topic(Aldous Huxley).
Advantages►All cognitive levels can be addressed withessay questions.►It takes less time to write an essay test(only because there are fewer questions towrite).►Students’ organizational skills are alsomeasured.
Disadvantages►Essay questions are time-consuming toanswer and answers take more time toscore.►Less content can be sampled.►Reliability of both response and score isless (although validity may be better).
Example of the type of test►China claims the whole China Sea as itsterritory. Do you agree to this? Do theyhave the basis historically? Has thePhilippines the right to object to this claim?Discuss and explain very well.