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essay

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  • 1. EssayRochelle AlabadoGerome Mikhail C. Tipan
  • 2. Etymology►The word essay derives from the Frenchinfinitive essayer, "to try" or "to attempt".►In English essay first meant "a trial" or "anattempt", and this is still an alternativemeaning.
  • 3. Definition►“prose composition with a focused subjectof discussion”► a "long, systematic discourse”►Like the novel, essay, is a literary devicefor saying almost everything about almostanything, usually on a certain topic(Aldous Huxley).
  • 4. Advantages►All cognitive levels can be addressed withessay questions.►It takes less time to write an essay test(only because there are fewer questions towrite).►Students’ organizational skills are alsomeasured.
  • 5. Disadvantages►Essay questions are time-consuming toanswer and answers take more time toscore.►Less content can be sampled.►Reliability of both response and score isless (although validity may be better).
  • 6. Example of the type of test►China claims the whole China Sea as itsterritory. Do you agree to this? Do theyhave the basis historically? Has thePhilippines the right to object to this claim?Discuss and explain very well.
  • 7. Rubric5 4 3 2 1oAnswers thespecificcentralquestion thatwas askedoIncorporatespertinent anddetailedinformationoprovideneededevidenceoQuiteanswer thespecificquestion thatwas askedoIncorporatessomeinformationoprovidingsomenecessaryevidence, butlessthoroughlyoAddressesthe specificcentralquestionasked butdoes notrelate directlyto thequestion ordoes notaddress allrequiredelementsoDoes notdirectlyanswer thespecificcentralquestionaskedominimallyand/orirrelevantlydoes notincorporatestheinformationoDoes notanswer thespecificcentralquestion inany wayoDoes notincorporateinformationfrom pertinentclassdiscussionand/orassignedreadings
  • 8. 5 4 3 2 1oMaintainsfocus/avoidsbeingsidetrackedby tangentsoPresents allinformationclearly andconcisely andin anorganizedmannerooffer a briefresponseodigress fromthe specifictopicoPresentsinformationfairly clearly,concisely,may haveminororganizationproblemsoSometimesstrays fromthe specificoPresentsinformation ina manner thatis sometimesunclear,and/or hassignificantorganizationproblemsoundevelopedresponseoSubstantiallydigressesfrom thespecific topicosignificantproblems withclarity,concision, andorganization,making theinformationpresenteddifficult for thereader tounderstandoProvides noinformationthat can beunderstood orrelated to thespecific topicoMay lackanyrecognizableorganization
  • 9. 5 4 3 2 1oAvoidsdistractinggrammar/spelling/etc.ProblemsoMaycontain afewdistractinggrammar/spelling,problemsoMaycontain afew or asignificantnumber ofdistractinggrammar/spelling/etc.problemsoMaycontainsubstantialdistractinggrammar/spelling/etc.problemsthat muddletheinformationpresentedoMaycontainenoughdistractinggrammar/spelling/etc.problems tomake itsubstantiallyincomprehensible

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