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The Dominican Republic GCI sept 2013 español

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  • 1. G. van der Linde The Dominican Republic La República Dominicana Guillermo van der Linde Friday, October 4, 13
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  • 3. Area: 48,000 Km2 Un poco más que el doble del estado de New Hampshire Punto más bajo: Lago Enrriquillo -46 m (-151’) Punto más alto: Pico Duarte 3,175 m (10,417’) Friday, October 4, 13
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  • 10. Población • 10,200,000 • Esperanza de vida: • Mujeres: 75.6 • Hombres: 71.88 • Promedio: 73.7 • Tasa de crecimiento:1.5% fuente : ONE Friday, October 4, 13
  • 11. Principales  producto  y  servicios 11 ¡ Minería ¡ Turismo ¡ AgriculturaTexto Friday, October 4, 13
  • 12. Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) per capita 0 1500 3000 4500 6000 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 PIB per Capita US$ source: BANCENTRAL Friday, October 4, 13
  • 13. 0 15000 30000 45000 60000 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 PIB US$ Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) fuente: BANCENTRAL Friday, October 4, 13
  • 14. -3.75 0 3.75 7.5 11.25 15 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Crecimiento del PIB % Crecimiento Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) fuente: BANCENTRAL Friday, October 4, 13
  • 15. Crecimiento PIB per Capita -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 PIB p/c growth fuente: BANCENTRAL Friday, October 4, 13
  • 16. Definimos competitividad como el conjunto de instituciones, políticas, y factores que determina el nivel de productividad del país. Friday, October 4, 13
  • 17. The Global Competitiveness Report 2013–2014 Klaus Schwab, World Economic Forum Friday, October 4, 13
  • 18. RD 50 respondents Friday, October 4, 13
  • 19. Key for factor-driven economies Key for efficiency-driven economies Key for innovation-driven economies Pillar 1. Institutions Pillar 2. Infrastructure Pillar 3. Macroeconomic environment Pillar 4. Health and primary education Pillar 11. Business sophistication Pillar 12. Innovation Pillar 5. Higher education and training Pillar 6. Goods market efficiency Pillar 7. Labor market efficiency Pillar 8. Financial market development Pillar 9. Technological readiness Pillar 10. Market size Basic requirements subindex Efficiency enhancers subindex Innovation and sophistication factors subindex GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS INDEX Friday, October 4, 13
  • 20. 1.1: The Global Competitiveness Index 2012–2013 Table 1: Subindex weights and income thresholds for stages of development STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Stage 1: Transition from Stage 2: Transition from Stage 3: Factor-driven stage 1 to stage 2 Efficiency-driven stage 2 to stage 3 Innovation-driven GDP per capita (US$) thresholds* <2,000 2,000–2,999 3,000–8,999 9,000–17,000 >17,000 Weight for basic requirements subindex 60% 40–60% 40% 20–40% 20% Weight for efficiency enhancers subindex 35% 35–50% 50% 50% 50% Weight for innovation and sophistication factors 5% 5–10% 10% 10–30% 30% Note: See individual country/economy profiles for the exact applied weights. * For economies with a high dependency on mineral resources, GDP per capita is not the sole criterion for the determination of the stage of development. See text for details. this point, competitiveness is increasingly driven by higher education and training (pillar 5), efficient goods markets (pillar 6), well-functioning labor markets (pillar 7), developed financial markets (pillar 8), the ability to harness the benefits of existing technologies (pillar 9), and a large domestic or foreign market (pillar 10). Implementation of stages of development Two criteria are used to allocate countries into stages of development. The first is the level of GDP per capita at market exchange rates. This widely available measure is used as a proxy for wages, because internationally comparable data on wages are not available for all Friday, October 4, 13
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  • 23. nomy steadily nt, many s of skills and titiveness s up since last nsolidates its in Central trengths with , especially 53rd), despite nt; its efficient h levels of h). The country e of the most hindered y, Panama ucational t still remains te R&D e more to (94th), which Figure 1: Transport, electricity, and ICT infrastructures in Latin America and the Caribbean and the OECD, 2012 ICT use Electricity supply Transport Infrastructure 2 3 4 5 6 7 Latin America and the Caribbean OECD Friday, October 4, 13
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  • 36. Comparación de los índices de competitividad de los países que compiten por el mercado del DR-CAFTA 0 30 60 90 120 GCI 07-08 GCI 08-09 GCI 09-10 GCI 10-11 GCI 11-12 GCI 12-13 GCI 13-14 Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras R. D. Nicaragua Friday, October 4, 13
  • 37. Fuente: US Census Bureau 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 C. R. R. D. El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Importaciones de los paises del DR-CAFTA de los EEUU Friday, October 4, 13
  • 38. Exportaciones de los paises del RD-CAFTA a los EEUU 0 3750 7500 11250 15000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 C. R. R. D. El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Friday, October 4, 13
  • 39. Deficit de los paises del DR-CAFTA con los EEUU -5000 -3750 -2500 -1250 0 1250 2500 3750 5000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 C. R. R. D. El Salvador Guatemla Honduras Nicaragua Friday, October 4, 13
  • 40. 0 6.5 13 19.5 26 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 % MFT % PBI en mft. del total PIB Friday, October 4, 13
  • 41. 0 6.5 13 19.5 26 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 % Empleo en mft. del total del empleo formal % MFT Friday, October 4, 13
  • 42. Muchas Gracias.... http://entrepreneurshipgevanderlinde.blogspot.com http://www.linkedin.com/pub/guillermo-vanderlinde/14/512/673 @gvanderlinde gvanderlinde@gmail.com http://www.slideshare.net/gevanderlinde Fuente: G. van der LindeTexto Friday, October 4, 13