Chapter 1 notes vocab


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Chapter 1 notes vocab

  1. 1. Hardware Basic Computers A
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Hardware the equipment that makes up a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Central Processing Unit (CPU) hardware that directs how information flows in, out, and through a computer also called processor. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard drive a tool, built into the computer, for storing data and instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard : the set of keys with numbers and letters used to type information into a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse: a pointing tool that you move with your hand. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Monitor: a screen that shows information on a computer </li></ul><ul><li>Input: the information that is put into a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Output: the information that comes out of a computer </li></ul><ul><li>Software: a set of instructions that tells a computer what to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Processing – entering data into the computer </li></ul><ul><li>Storage – saving data, programs, or output for future use. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>Data – Raw, unorganized facts </li></ul><ul><li>Information – Data that has been processed into a meaningful form </li></ul><ul><li>Communication – The transmission of data from one device to another </li></ul><ul><li>Icon a picture that stands for something else, such as a disk or a program </li></ul><ul><li>Window an area on the screen where information and icons appear </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vocabulary <ul><li>Cursor a blinking vertical line that shows the place on the computer screen where text is being entered </li></ul><ul><li>Desktop an area on the screen where icons and windows are shown on a background </li></ul><ul><li>Character a letter, number word, punctuation mark or symbol on a keyboard </li></ul>
  6. 6. Vocabulary <ul><li>Trackball an input tool that moves the cursor when rolled </li></ul><ul><li>Joystick an input tool with a lever and some buttons. </li></ul><ul><li>Stylus an input tool, like a pen with not ink, used to draw on a special pad </li></ul><ul><li>Scanner an input tool used to input a picture of something </li></ul>
  7. 7. Vocabulary <ul><li>Word Processing Teacher Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Word Processing --a computerized method of writing, editing, saving, and printing text </li></ul><ul><li>Document --anything produced on a word processing program. </li></ul><ul><li>Edit --to make changes to a document </li></ul><ul><li>Indent — the distance, or number of blank spaces used to separate a paragraph from the left or right </li></ul>
  8. 8. Vocabulary <ul><li>Tab Key --used to indent text in a line; can also be used to set-up columns in a document </li></ul><ul><li>Word Wrap --letting the computer decide where to end each line (typing text without pushing return at the end of each line) </li></ul><ul><li>Delete --to remove or erase </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vocabulary/Notes <ul><li>Format -- Describe the page layout or style of text in a word processing document. When you format the layout of a page, you can modify the page size, page margins, and line spacing. When you format the text, you can choose the font and font size, as well as text styles, such as bold, underlined, and italics. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vocabulary/Note <ul><li>Style—The design or type of document / font used. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular—Times New Roman 12 size font. </li></ul><ul><li>Bold -- this is bold text – make darker. </li></ul><ul><li>Italic -- Style of font that slants the letters evenly to the right. </li></ul><ul><li>Underline- - draw a line under a word or underlines are very commonly used to represent a link on a web page </li></ul>
  11. 11. Vocabulary/Notes <ul><li>Point Size-- A pt, point, or point size , is a unit of vertical measurement used in lettering. There are a total of approximately 72 (72.272) points in one inch. Font-- Computer fonts A graphical representation of text that may include a different type of typeface, point size </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vocabulary/Notes <ul><li>Serif Font - - Font or typeface that contains small lines that extend from the upper and lower edges. Some examples of serif fonts are Book Antiqua, Georgia, Century Schoolbook, and Times New Roman. </li></ul><ul><li>San Serif Font - - Font that does not contain a serif . Some good examples of these types of fonts are Arial, Century Gothic, Helvetica, Impact, Tahoma, Trebuchet MS and Verdana </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example
  14. 14. Vocabulary/Notes <ul><li>Page Set-up : how a printed page will appear. Can include everything from the size, margins , page orientation , or quality of print. A page setup dialog box is usually available from the File drop down menu. </li></ul><ul><li>Margin - - Space separating text or other elements from the edge of the paper commonly adjusted through the page setup . Most programs allow for the Top, Bottom, Left and Right margins to be set. The standard margin settings are 1&quot; Top and Bottom and 1.25&quot; Left and Right. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Vocabulary/Notes <ul><li>Orientation - - Page or print orientation is the placement of elements on a page that are set through the page setup . The majority of all programs allow the page orientation to be either portrait or landscape. </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait- -Term used to describe a monitor display or printer printout that is taller than it is wide, much like a picture portrait . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Vocabulary/ Notes <ul><li>Landscape - - Printing that prints the image horizontally across the page instead of vertically. Landscape mode is commonly used to print charts or other images and text that may not fit properly vertically on a page. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Vocabulary / Notes <ul><li>Alignment: where the typing starts or is placed </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatively referred to as a lign or alignment , justify is a term used to describe how text is aligned on the screen. For example, text that is justified to the left will produce a clean crisp line of text on the left-hand side of the page and would therefore be considered left justified. Text can be aligned along the edge of a page, cell, table, or other visible or non-visible line. Below are some different examples of aligned text. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Examples/ notes <ul><li>Left aligned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tab aligned Tab aligned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Center aligned </li></ul><ul><li>Right aligned </li></ul><ul><li>Click on new document icon </li></ul><ul><li>file, New, Blank document </li></ul><ul><li>highlight copy and past. Using the copy and past button or right click on mouse copy and past </li></ul><ul><li>Space bar, back space bar, ENTER </li></ul><ul><li>Today is Friday. Thank goodness. </li></ul><ul><li>Please see the following items: jacket; coat, pencil, and desk. Typing a word. </li></ul>