How to get tested for HIV

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How to get tested for HIV

  1. 1. HIV Testing What You Really Need to Know Developed by: Joey Nicholson Fall 2010
  2. 2. Have you had an HIV test?  Yes, I had a test over a year ago.  No, I don’t know what HIV is.  No, I’m not at risk for that.  If you said any of the above, you should view this.
  3. 3. These slides will cover these questions:  What is HIV?  Who gets HIV?  What is an HIV test?  How do I get tested?  When should I get tested?  What does it mean I test positive?  Where can I get tested?
  4. 4. What is HIV?  HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus.  It is the virus that causes AIDS.  A person who has HIV is HIV positive.
  5. 5. What is AIDS? • AIDS is the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. • This is the most serious stage of an HIV infection. • It can take 10 years to reach this stage.
  6. 6. What does HIV do?  HIV attacks the immune system.  The immune system is the part of your body that fights off infections*.  HIV makes it hard for your body to fight off infections. *To learn more about antibodies and the immune system, click here!
  7. 7. Learn More! You can learn more about HIV and AIDS by watching the video below: In English: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/aids/htm/in dex.htm En Español: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/tutorials/aid sspanish/htm/index.htm
  8. 8. Who gets HIV?  In New York City in 2009*:  96% of women who found out they were HIV positive were black or Latina.  67% of women who found out they were HIV positive got it through unsafe sex with men.  Anyone who has had sex without a condom is at risk.  Anyone who has shared a needle is at risk. *This is from the April 2010 NYC HIV Report. View the complete report at: http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/dires/2010_1st_semi_rpt.pdf
  9. 9. Myth: I can tell if someone has HIV by looking at them. How much do other Latinos in Washington Heights know about HIV? Watch this video from Latina.com to find out: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLF0nufQ2D M
  10. 10. What is an HIV test?  An HIV test tells you if you have HIV.  Most tests look for antibodies to HIV in your blood or mouth fluid.  An antibody is produced by the immune system to fight the virus.
  11. 11. Myth: I don’t need an HIV test. There’s no way I could be infected.
  12. 12. Fact: Most new HIV infections are from people who do not know they are infected. 72% of people in Inwood and Washington Heights have not had an HIV test in the past year*. *This is from the 2006 NYC Inwood and Washington Heights Community Profile Report. View the complete report at: http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/data/2006chp-301.pdf
  13. 13. Myth:  I only have sex with one person. I don’t need to be tested.
  14. 14. Fact: Sex is a risk. 62% of adults in Inwood and Washington Heights did not use a condom the last time they had sex*. *This is from the 2006 NYC Inwood and Washington Heights Community Profile Report. View the complete report at: http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/data/2006chp-301.pdf
  15. 15. Who should get tested?  Many people have HIV but do not know. You might not feel sick, but you can still give HIV to other people. • Even Miss Universe Dayana Mendoza gets tested!  Anyone who has sex without a condom should get tested.  Anyone who shares needles should get tested.
  16. 16. I don’t want to get tested.  Yes, an HIV test can be stressful.  But, finding out you do not have HIV is a relief.  You can break the cycle!  Yes, an HIV test can be scary.  But, finding out when it is too late is worse.
  17. 17. Everyone is doing it! Click here to watch a video of a couple getting tested at Columbia.
  18. 18. Where can I talk to someone?  It is hard for Latinas to talk about HIV.  Alianza Dominicana on Amsterdam Avenue and 176th Street can help.  You don’t have to be Dominican to go there.  They help many people from Mexico and Central and South America. Click here to find out what they can do.
  19. 19. How does the HIV test work?  Most HIV tests look for antibodies in your blood.  Blood tests give you results in two weeks.  Rapid tests look for antibodies in your mouth fluid.  Rapid tests give you results in about 20 minutes.
  20. 20. When should I get tested?  You can be tested more than once.  Most HIV infections show up in 25 days.  It can take up to six months to show up in a test.  You can take an HIV test right away.  You should take one again in six months.
  21. 21. What does it mean if I test positive?  A positive test result means that you have HIV antibodies.  Having HIV antibodies means you have HIV.  This does NOT mean you have AIDS.  NYC can help! Click on the image to see what they can do!
  22. 22. What will I do if I test positive?  You can live a healthy and long life.  You can get good medical care.  There are places in Washington Heights and Inwood to get help.  The person who gives you the HIV test can hook you up.
  23. 23. Are the test results private?  A positive test result is given to the city Department of Health.  Your name is NOT shared with anyone else.  Your name is NOT shared with Immigration (INS).  You CAN get tested in New York without giving your name.
  24. 24. Where can I get tested?  HIV tests are done at many places.  A doctor’s office.  Central Harlem Free Clinic.  At Fifth Avenue and 137th Street  Click here to see more free clinic locations.  Washington Heights Corner Project.  76 Wadsworth Avenue  Click here to get more information.
  25. 25. Where can I get tested?  Community Healthcare Network Center  1996 Amsterdam Avenue  Click here for more information.  Washington Heights Chest Center  600 W 168th St, 3rd Floor  Click here for more information.  Or find a place near you:  Click here for to find more places to get tested.
  26. 26. Bottom Line  Get tested.  Know your HIV status.
  27. 27. For More Information:  Read the basics of HIV, AIDS, and HIV testing at: http://www.thebody.com/  Get an introduction in English or Spanish at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/aids.html  Find out more about HIV tests at: http://hivtest.org/  Find out about HIV in NYC at: http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/dires/epi_reports.sht ml#fsu
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