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Relative pronouns para enviar

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  • 1. RELATIVEPRONOUNS
  • 2. Os pronomes relativos introduzem orações subordinadas adjetivas (restritivas ouexplicativas). Essas orações definem, limitam ou acrescentam algo ao significado antecedente.
  • 3. Who / That(Quem/que)São usados quando o antecedente for pessoa The girl who/that arrived is beautiful
  • 4. Which/That(que) São usados quando o antecedente não for pessoa The book which/that you suggested is good
  • 5. O pronome relativo pode sersujeito ou objeto do verbo The girl who has just arrived is beautiful (sujeito) The girl who I saw is beautiful (objeto)
  • 6. Quando o pronome relativo for objeto do verbo: ele pode ser omitido Who pode ser substituído por whom (que, quem) The girl who/whom/that/ X I saw is pretty The dog which/ that/ X I saw is hurt
  • 7. Após preposições usa-se: Whom (pessoa) which (não pessoa) Nesses casos o relativos não pode ser omitido The girl about whom you are talking is my sister The book about which you are talking is expensive
  • 8.  The woman who called you is my friend. The woman whom/ who you called is my friend. The woman that called you is my friend. (informal) The woman that you called is my friend. (informal)
  • 9. Subject who vs. Object whomPronouns WHO - SUBJECT OF THE CLAUSE / WHOM - OBJECT OF THE CLAUSEThe woman who called you is here.Subject can´t omitThe woman (whom) you called is here.You can omit the object pronoun.The woman (that) you called is here.You can omit the object pronoun.
  • 10. How do you know if it takes the place of an object? If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, then it is likely that the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause. It cannot be deleted. If the relative pronoun is followed by a subject noun or pronoun – I, we, he, she, they – then that or who must be the object and it can be deleted.
  • 11.  They guy who showed us his car appears to be honest. (Cannot delete who.) (verb) The guy [who/whom] we spoke to appears to be honest. (Can delete who.) (subject pronoun) The guy who sold me the car disappeared. (Cannot delete who.verb)
  • 12.  The guy [who/whom] Jack sold the car to is angry. (Can delete who.) (subject pronoun) The driver who probably hit my car lives next door. (Cannot delete who.) (adverb + verb) The driver [who/ whom] Jack and I probably hit is angry. (Can delete who.) (double subject pronoun)
  • 13. WhoseCujo, cuja, cujos, cujas É usado para mostrar relação de posse. É sempre seguido por um substantivo e nunca pode ser omitido The man whose son was sick wants to talk to you The house whose windows are open is for sale
  • 14. Put in the relative who, which orwhose where necessary. Type an x ifthe relative pronoun can be left out.1) This is the boy______ had an accident.2) Yesterday I saw a car______ was really old.3) Mandy is the girl_______ I met on Friday.4) I havent seen Frank,________ brother is five, for a long time now
  • 15. 4) I havent seen Frank,_____ brother is five, for a long time now.5) The robber stole the car____ the lady parked in front of the supermarket.6) This is the man________ house is on fire.7) Can I talk to the girl________ is sitting on the bench?
  • 16. 8) The book________ you gave me is great.9) She likes hamburgers are hot.10) Bill Clinton,________ was President of the USA, has only one daughter