Os pronomes relativos introduzem orações subordinadas adjetivas (restritivas ouexplicativas). Essas orações definem, limitam ou acrescentam algo ao significado antecedente.
Who / That(Quem/que)São usados quando o antecedente for pessoa The girl who/that arrived is beautiful
Which/That(que) São usados quando o antecedente não for pessoa The book which/that you suggested is good
O pronome relativo pode sersujeito ou objeto do verbo The girl who has just arrived is beautiful (sujeito) The girl who I saw is beautiful (objeto)
Quando o pronome relativo for objeto do verbo: ele pode ser omitido Who pode ser substituído por whom (que, quem) The girl who/whom/that/ X I saw is pretty The dog which/ that/ X I saw is hurt
Após preposições usa-se: Whom (pessoa) which (não pessoa) Nesses casos o relativos não pode ser omitido The girl about whom you are talking is my sister The book about which you are talking is expensive
The woman who called you is my friend. The woman whom/ who you called is my friend. The woman that called you is my friend. (informal) The woman that you called is my friend. (informal)
Subject who vs. Object whomPronouns WHO - SUBJECT OF THE CLAUSE / WHOM - OBJECT OF THE CLAUSEThe woman who called you is here.Subject can´t omitThe woman (whom) you called is here.You can omit the object pronoun.The woman (that) you called is here.You can omit the object pronoun.
How do you know if it takes the place of an object? If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, then it is likely that the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause. It cannot be deleted. If the relative pronoun is followed by a subject noun or pronoun – I, we, he, she, they – then that or who must be the object and it can be deleted.
They guy who showed us his car appears to be honest. (Cannot delete who.) (verb) The guy [who/whom] we spoke to appears to be honest. (Can delete who.) (subject pronoun) The guy who sold me the car disappeared. (Cannot delete who.verb)
The guy [who/whom] Jack sold the car to is angry. (Can delete who.) (subject pronoun) The driver who probably hit my car lives next door. (Cannot delete who.) (adverb + verb) The driver [who/ whom] Jack and I probably hit is angry. (Can delete who.) (double subject pronoun)
WhoseCujo, cuja, cujos, cujas É usado para mostrar relação de posse. É sempre seguido por um substantivo e nunca pode ser omitido The man whose son was sick wants to talk to you The house whose windows are open is for sale
Put in the relative who, which orwhose where necessary. Type an x ifthe relative pronoun can be left out.1) This is the boy______ had an accident.2) Yesterday I saw a car______ was really old.3) Mandy is the girl_______ I met on Friday.4) I havent seen Frank,________ brother is five, for a long time now
4) I havent seen Frank,_____ brother is five, for a long time now.5) The robber stole the car____ the lady parked in front of the supermarket.6) This is the man________ house is on fire.7) Can I talk to the girl________ is sitting on the bench?
8) The book________ you gave me is great.9) She likes hamburgers are hot.10) Bill Clinton,________ was President of the USA, has only one daughter