Verb to be practice

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Verb to be practice

  1. 1. Welcome to CELLWelcome to CELL Cooperative Environment for Language LearingCooperative Environment for Language Learing It’s a gift to have you among us!It’s a gift to have you among us! Gerson Araujo de Moura
  2. 2. Welcome acrosticWelcome acrostic  WWhen youhen you  EEnter thisnter this  LLittle classittle class  CConsider yourselfonsider yourself OOne of the specialne of the special  MMembers whoembers who  EEnjoys learningnjoys learning
  3. 3. THE ENGLISH ALPHABETTHE ENGLISH ALPHABET (ei) (djei)(ai)(eitch) (dji)(ef)(i)(di)(ci)(bi) (pi)(ou) (en)(em)(el)(quei) (ti)(ess)(ar)(quiu) (uai)(eks)(dâbol iú)(vi)(iu) (zi)
  4. 4. HOW ARE YOU?HOW ARE YOU? Thoughtful In love Happy wonderful SleepyFunnyAngry SickOk ThirstyHungry Bad HgayGREAT Sad I am...
  5. 5. How are they?How are they? They are bored They are scared They are confusedThey are nervous They are stressed They are dizzy
  6. 6. How...?How...?
  7. 7. How is it?How is it? It’s rsttrangeIt’s rsttrange It is impatient It is excited It is curious It’s beautifulIt’s beautiful
  8. 8. How moody are you?How moody are you? Lunch time! Get up! Drive home! Back to work! Internet time! Drive to work!
  9. 9. The Lord's Prayer is the model of prayer that Jesus taught us, as recorded in the gospels of Matthew and Luke. It is presented here in traditional and modern language - Matthew 6:9-13 The Lord’s Prayer: Traditional Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your Kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as in heaven Give us today our daily bread. Forgive us our sins, as we forgive those who sin against us. Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For the kingdom, the power and the glory are yours. Now and for ever. Amen The Lord’s Prayer: Modern version Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy Kingdom come, thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom, the power and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen
  10. 10. Wh/H questions = Long AnswersWh/H questions = Long Answers  WhatWhat is your name?is your name? My nameMy name is ‘Joe’is ‘Joe’  WhereWhere are you from?are you from? I am fromI am from BrasíliaBrasília  WhenWhen is your birhtday?is your birhtday? It’s onIt’s on June 3rd.June 3rd.  WhyWhy do you study English?do you study English? BecauseBecause I need.I need.  WhoWho is that?is that? That’sThat’s my friend Johnmy friend John  WhoseWhose book is this?book is this? It’sIt’s “Ricardo“Ricardo’s’s”.”.  WhichWhich is your favorite color? It’s “is your favorite color? It’s “blueblue”.”.  HowHow are you? I’m “are you? I’m “greatgreat”.”.  How manyHow many “people” are there in this class? There are“people” are there in this class? There are 2424 peoplepeople here.here.  How muchHow much money is enough for you? “money is enough for you? “200 thousand200 thousand” reais.” reais.  How oldHow old is your father? He is ‘is your father? He is ‘7373’ years old.’ years old.
  11. 11. VERB TO BE - VERBO SER/ESTAR O verbo ‘to be’ equivale aos verbos ‘ser’ e ‘estar’, em português. É importante destacar que, na língua inglesa, não há uma distinção entre ser e estar. Para citar um exemplo histórico; uma vez um deputado brasileiro disse: “Eu não sou deputado, eu estou deputado”; em português sabemos que ele quis dizer que não será deputado sempre, pois depende de ser eleito novamente, mas para um falante de inglês é muito difícil de entender isso. A conjugação do verbo to be no presente do indicativo é: 
  12. 12. The Verb To BeThe Verb To Be SS II NN GG UU UU LL AA RR SubjectSubject PronounsPronouns Personal SubjectPersonal Subject pronounspronouns To beTo be (Ser/Estar)(Ser/Estar) complementcomplement 1rst person1rst person II amam A skaterA skater 2nd person2nd person YouYou areare ugluglyy 3rd person3rd person (Masculine)(Masculine) HeHe isis cutecute 3rd person3rd person (Feminine)(Feminine) SheShe isis exercisingexercising 3rd person3rd person (Neutral)(Neutral) ItIt isis my birthdaymy birthday
  13. 13. The conjugation of the Verb To BeThe conjugation of the Verb To Be AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT INTERROGATIVE SHORT ANSWERS Pers. Personal Subj. Pron. To be complement To be Personal Subj. Pron. Complement Affirmative. Negative 1rst I am a professor Am I a professor? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t. 2nd You are a teacher Are you a teacher? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. 3rd He is a student Is he a student? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. She is an engineer Is she an engineer? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t. It is a puppy Is it a puppy? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t. 1rst We are students Are we Students? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t. 2nd You are scientists Are you Scientists? Yes, we are. No, we aren’t. 3rd They are artists Are they Artists? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
  14. 14. How amHow am II reading?reading?  AmAm II reading well?reading well?  Yes,Yes, youyou are.are.  No,No, youyou are not.are not.
  15. 15. How polite areHow polite are youyou??  AreAre youyou polite?polite?  Yes,Yes, II am.am.  No,No, II am not.am not.
  16. 16. How intelligent isHow intelligent is hehe??  IsIs hehe intelligent?intelligent?  Yes,Yes, hehe is.is.  IsIs hehe intelligent?intelligent?  No,No, hehe is not.is not.
  17. 17. How scared isHow scared is sheshe??  IsIs sheshe scared?scared?  Yes,Yes, sheshe is.is.  No,No, sheshe is not.is not.
  18. 18. How violent isHow violent is itit??  IsIs the filmthe film violent?violent?  YesYes itit is.is.  No,No, itit is not.is not.
  19. 19. How shy areHow shy are wewe??  AreAre wewe shy?shy? Yes,Yes, youyou are.are.  No,No, youyou are not.are not.
  20. 20. How well areHow well are youyou dancing?dancing?  AreAre youyou good dancers?good dancers?  Yes,Yes, wewe are.are.  No,No, wewe are not.are not.
  21. 21. How well areHow well are theythey dancing?dancing?  AreAre theythey dancers?dancers?  Yes,Yes, theythey are.are.  No,No, theythey are not.are not.
  22. 22.  Perceba que a terceira pessoa do singular (ele/ela)Perceba que a terceira pessoa do singular (ele/ela) apresenta um pronome a mais: it, do que seuapresenta um pronome a mais: it, do que seu equivalente em português. It refere-se ao gêneroequivalente em português. It refere-se ao gênero neutro que normalmente é usado para representarneutro que normalmente é usado para representar seres inanimados, animais ou objetos. Em português,seres inanimados, animais ou objetos. Em português, os gêneros feminino e masculino incluemos gêneros feminino e masculino incluem indistintamente pessoas, animais e objetos.indistintamente pessoas, animais e objetos. Note ainda, que a segunda pessoa do singular (youNote ainda, que a segunda pessoa do singular (you are) recebe o mesmo tratamento que a segunda pessoaare) recebe o mesmo tratamento que a segunda pessoa do plural (you are). Desta forma o contexto da frasedo plural (you are). Desta forma o contexto da frase indicará o plural ou o singular.indicará o plural ou o singular.
  23. 23. Practice to achieve perfection: Exercise IPractice to achieve perfection: Exercise I  1. I _________ a good student. is am are  2. He ________ a policeman. is am are  3. You ________ twelve years old. is am are  4. There _______ a pen on the table. is am are  5. ________they doctors? Is Am Are 6. She _______ not a good girl. is am are 7. The carpenters________ not in the field. is am are 8. ________ he a good boy? Is Am Are 9. He and She_______ not friends. is am are 10. We________ farmers. is am are                 
  24. 24. Exercises IIExercises II  6. They ________ good boys. is am are  7. I ______ a pretty girl. is am are  8. It ______ a new car. is am are  9. He and I ________ at school. is am are  10. We ________ friends. is am are 1. John _______ a strong man. is am are 2. She _______ a teacher. is am are 3. He _____ a rich man. is am are 4. You ________ a good student. is am are 5. Sida ________ a girl. is am are
  25. 25. 1. We________ farmers. is am are 2. He ________ a policeman. is am are 3. You ________ twelve years old. is am are 4. He and I ________not friends. is am are 5. There _______ a pen on the table. is am are 6. I _________ a good student. is am are 7. The carpenters________ not in the field. is am are 8. ________ he a good boy? Is Am Are 9. ________ she a teacher? Is Am Are 10. She _______ not a good girl. is am are Exercises IIIExercises III
  26. 26.  @ Hello, my name’s ____________________________________________, and yours?@ Hello, my name’s ____________________________________________, and yours?  # Hi! I am _________________________. It’s nice to meet you.# Hi! I am _________________________. It’s nice to meet you.  @ Nice to meet you, too. I’m from __________________ (country, state, city) and you?@ Nice to meet you, too. I’m from __________________ (country, state, city) and you?  # Well, I’m from ________________________________________ (country, state, city)# Well, I’m from ________________________________________ (country, state, city)  @ So ____________________ (name), how is it going/how are you?@ So ____________________ (name), how is it going/how are you?  # I’m _____________________, how about you?# I’m _____________________, how about you?  @ I’m ____________________. How do you spell your first name?@ I’m ____________________. How do you spell your first name?  # Well, it’s _______________________________________, and yours?# Well, it’s _______________________________________, and yours?  @ Oh, it’s ________________________________________. Who is your best friend?@ Oh, it’s ________________________________________. Who is your best friend?  # It’s ___________________________________________. And yours?# It’s ___________________________________________. And yours?  @ It’s _______________________________________. Where is he/she right now?@ It’s _______________________________________. Where is he/she right now?  # I think she/he is ___________________________________. And where is yours?# I think she/he is ___________________________________. And where is yours?  @ I believe she/he is ___________________________. Oh, I’m sorry. I have to go now!@ I believe she/he is ___________________________. Oh, I’m sorry. I have to go now! Bye, bye!Bye, bye!  # O.K, See you later!# O.K, See you later!
  27. 27. ‘‘Wh’ / ‘H’ questions: Interrogative Pronouns = Long answersWh’ / ‘H’ questions: Interrogative Pronouns = Long answers  Who is this?Who is this?  What is that?What is that?  What are these?What are these?  What are those?What are those?  Where is Goiânia?Where is Goiânia?  Where are you from?Where are you from?  When is your birthday?When is your birthday?  Why is this school good?Why is this school good?  Which colour do you prefer?Which colour do you prefer?  Whose bag is this?Whose bag is this?  How are you feeling today?How are you feeling today?  How many brothers do you have?How many brothers do you have?  How much money do you need?How much money do you need?  How long did you stay?How long did you stay?  How old are you?How old are you?
  28. 28. Cool sites for learners:Cool sites for learners:
  29. 29. Good night everyone!Good night everyone! Sweet dreams!Sweet dreams!

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