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Communication Models Unit 2: Listening & Comm. English 9 Mr. Hill
Introduction <ul><li>Communication, like most anything else, can be studied in order to find out exactly how it works. </l...
MODEL #1: CONTINUOUS LOOP MODEL <ul><li>This is the EARLIEST model of communication that has been presented and accepted b...
Continuous Loop Model
Continuous Loop Model CONTENT
Continuous Loop Model M MESSAGE CONTENT
Continuous Loop Model M Channels MESSAGE CONTENT
Continuous Loop Model S M Channels SENDER MESSAGE CONTENT
Continuous Loop Model S M Info Source Channels SENDER MESSAGE CONTENT
Continuous Loop Model S M R Info Source Channels SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER CONTENT
Continuous Loop Model S M R Info Source Channels Break = diff. Message received  = confusion SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER CONTENT
Continuous Loop Model S M R F Info Source Channels Break = diff. Message received  = confusion SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER FEE...
Continuous Loop Model S M R F Info Source Channels Break = diff. Message received  = confusion SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER FEE...
CONTINUOUS LOOP <ul><li>This model is based upon the concept that language is a system or a machine. </li></ul><ul><li>In ...
CONTINUOUS LOOP <ul><li>While this is the EARLIEST model of communication, it is not known who the developer or the creato...
CONTINUOUS LOOP <ul><li>One of the flaws of the model is that it assumes “continuous” communication. </li></ul><ul><li>The...
MODEL #2: SHANNON & WEAVER <ul><li>This model was created in 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not certain if this pair of res...
MODEL #2: SHANNON & WEAVER <ul><li>Just as the “Loop” model was more “academic,” the Shannon & Weaver Model is more “down-...
MODEL #2: SHANNON & WEAVER <ul><li>The team studied only what they deemed to be “important” or “significant” calls of some...
Shannon and Weaver Model T Transmitter = Phone
Shannon and Weaver Model T R Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone
Shannon and Weaver Model S T R Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone Sender =  Info Source
Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone
Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE
Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE Static or Connection
Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE Static or Connection Me...
Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N ? Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE Static or Connection ...
Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N ? Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone Altered Message = Confusion...
MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>This is the MOST RECENT model of communication study. </li></ul><ul><li>An exact date is...
MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>Even with all of the good things that this “model” illustrates and tries to describe, th...
MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>IT’S NOT REALLY EVEN A TRUE MODEL IN THE FIRST PLACE! </li></ul>
MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>It is NOT a model because it was never actually tested. </li></ul><ul><li>Berlo designed...
MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>Since it was never “field-tested,” the “model” that Berlo developed has to take on a new...
MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>IT HAS TO BE CALLED A “THEORY” </li></ul>
Berlo’s Listening Theory
Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT
Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT CODE
Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT CODE Sender: Emotions Knowledge Background Biases Ability
Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT CODE Sender: Emotions Knowledge Background Biases Ability Receiver: Emotions Knowledge Ba...
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Communication Models Presentation

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Unit 1 Powerpoint presentation on Communication Models and Theories in Mr. Hill's English 9 class

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  1. 1. Communication Models Unit 2: Listening & Comm. English 9 Mr. Hill
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Communication, like most anything else, can be studied in order to find out exactly how it works. </li></ul><ul><li>This can be done in real life situations or it can be done on a more “academic” level. </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation will show you the three most recognized and accepted models of communication and how they work. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MODEL #1: CONTINUOUS LOOP MODEL <ul><li>This is the EARLIEST model of communication that has been presented and accepted by others who study the field. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also the SIMPLEST model (though it might not look like it at first). </li></ul><ul><li>It includes all of the basic parts/players in the communication process. </li></ul><ul><li>There are still a few problems, though! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Continuous Loop Model
  5. 5. Continuous Loop Model CONTENT
  6. 6. Continuous Loop Model M MESSAGE CONTENT
  7. 7. Continuous Loop Model M Channels MESSAGE CONTENT
  8. 8. Continuous Loop Model S M Channels SENDER MESSAGE CONTENT
  9. 9. Continuous Loop Model S M Info Source Channels SENDER MESSAGE CONTENT
  10. 10. Continuous Loop Model S M R Info Source Channels SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER CONTENT
  11. 11. Continuous Loop Model S M R Info Source Channels Break = diff. Message received = confusion SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER CONTENT
  12. 12. Continuous Loop Model S M R F Info Source Channels Break = diff. Message received = confusion SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER FEEDBACK CONTENT
  13. 13. Continuous Loop Model S M R F Info Source Channels Break = diff. Message received = confusion SENDER MESSAGE RECEIVER FEEDBACK Break = diff info sent to Sender = improper reactions CONTENT
  14. 14. CONTINUOUS LOOP <ul><li>This model is based upon the concept that language is a system or a machine. </li></ul><ul><li>In this machine, communication acts as the “gears” for the machine to work properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Any breakdowns hurt efficiency! </li></ul>
  15. 15. CONTINUOUS LOOP <ul><li>While this is the EARLIEST model of communication, it is not known who the developer or the creator of the model was. </li></ul><ul><li>The only thing we know for sure is that it was most-likely developed in the 1920s or 1930s. </li></ul>
  16. 16. CONTINUOUS LOOP <ul><li>One of the flaws of the model is that it assumes “continuous” communication. </li></ul><ul><li>There are times when we choose to stop communicating. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, this is good on paper, but it does not fit all situations. </li></ul>
  17. 17. MODEL #2: SHANNON & WEAVER <ul><li>This model was created in 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not certain if this pair of researchers had seen the “Continuous Loop” model, but they were probably at least familiar with it. </li></ul><ul><li>This model was designed to be practical! </li></ul>
  18. 18. MODEL #2: SHANNON & WEAVER <ul><li>Just as the “Loop” model was more “academic,” the Shannon & Weaver Model is more “down-to-earth.” </li></ul><ul><li>The basis for this model was a study of telephone conversations over a very lengthy 2-year time. </li></ul>
  19. 19. MODEL #2: SHANNON & WEAVER <ul><li>The team studied only what they deemed to be “important” or “significant” calls of some length. </li></ul><ul><li>Quick calls to a neighbor or a store were not considered for the study. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus was on the “mechanics” of the messages. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Shannon and Weaver Model T Transmitter = Phone
  21. 21. Shannon and Weaver Model T R Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone
  22. 22. Shannon and Weaver Model S T R Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone Sender = Info Source
  23. 23. Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone
  24. 24. Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE
  25. 25. Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE Static or Connection
  26. 26. Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE Static or Connection Mental or Electronic
  27. 27. Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N ? Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone NOISE Static or Connection Mental or Electronic
  28. 28. Shannon and Weaver Model S T R R N ? Sender = Info Source Transmitter = Phone Receiver = Phone Altered Message = Confusion NOISE Static or Connection Mental or Electronic
  29. 29. MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>This is the MOST RECENT model of communication study. </li></ul><ul><li>An exact date is not given for the study, but it is believed to have been completed in the late 1970s or the early 1980s. </li></ul><ul><li>This one is not designed to be “academic” or “practical.” It is designed to be “ALL-INCLUSIVE” </li></ul>
  30. 30. MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>Even with all of the good things that this “model” illustrates and tries to describe, there is still one little issue to remember… </li></ul>
  31. 31. MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>IT’S NOT REALLY EVEN A TRUE MODEL IN THE FIRST PLACE! </li></ul>
  32. 32. MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>It is NOT a model because it was never actually tested. </li></ul><ul><li>Berlo designed what he thought would be the ideal system to describe communication, but never had a chance to put it to the test in real life. </li></ul>
  33. 33. MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>Since it was never “field-tested,” the “model” that Berlo developed has to take on a new title… </li></ul>
  34. 34. MODEL #3: BERLO’S “MODEL” <ul><li>IT HAS TO BE CALLED A “THEORY” </li></ul>
  35. 35. Berlo’s Listening Theory
  36. 36. Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT
  37. 37. Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT CODE
  38. 38. Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT CODE Sender: Emotions Knowledge Background Biases Ability
  39. 39. Berlo’s Listening Theory CONTENT CODE Sender: Emotions Knowledge Background Biases Ability Receiver: Emotions Knowledge Background Biases Ability
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